57th Academy Awards
The 57th Academy Awards were presented March 25, 1985, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles. Jack Lemmon presided over the ceremonies; the big winner at the ceremony was Miloš Forman's Amadeus, which had received 11 nominations and won 8 awards including Best Picture and Best Actor for F. Murray Abraham; as of the 90th Academy Awards, Amadeus is the most recent film to receive two lead actor nominations. The winner of Best Supporting Actor was significant. Haing S. Ngor, a Cambodian surgeon who survived the horrors of the Khmer Rouge, won the award for his performance as Dith Pran in Roland Joffé's The Killing Fields, despite having had no previous acting experience. Ngor and Harold Russell are the only two non-professional actors. Sally Field won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in Places in the Heart. In her acceptance speech, she exclaimed, "The first time I didn't feel it, but this time I feel it, I can't deny the fact that you like me, right now, you like me!"
77-year-old Peggy Ashcroft won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in A Passage to India, making her the oldest winner in that category. This ceremony marked the first time that multiple black nominees would win an Oscar, when Prince and Stevie Wonder won for their respective work on Purple Rain and The Woman in Red. Additionally, it was the only time that all five nominees in Best Original Song topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart. One of the more notable gaffes in Oscar history occurred during the ceremony. Presenting the Best Picture award, Sir Laurence Olivier forgot to list the nominees and tore open the envelope to declare: "Amadeus!". Upon accepting the award on the film's behalf, Producer Saul Zaentz had the presence of mind to mention all the other Best Picture nominees during his thank you speech to make up for Olivier's flub. Winners are highlighted in boldface and indicated with a double dagger. James Stewart "for his fifty years of memorable performances.
For his high ideals both off the screen. With the respect and affection of his colleagues." National Endowment for the Arts "in recognition of its 20th anniversary and its dedicated commitment to fostering artistic and creative activity and excellence in every area of the arts." David L. Wolper The River – Kay Rose for Sound Effects Editing The following persons, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers. 42nd Golden Globe Awards 5th Golden Raspberry Awards 1984 in film Submissions for the 57th Academy Award for Best Foreign Film 27th Grammy Awards 36th Primetime Emmy Awards 37th Primetime Emmy Awards 38th British Academy Film Awards 39th Tony Awards "The Official Academy Awards Database". Awardsdatabase.oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2009
Richard A. Baker is a retired American special make-up effects creator known for his creature effects and designs. Baker won the Academy Award for Best Makeup seven times from a record of eleven nominations, beginning when he won the inaugural award for An American Werewolf in London. Baker was born in Binghamton, New York, to Doris and Ralph B. Baker, a professional artist, he has two daughters. As a teen, Baker began creating artificial body parts in his own kitchen, he appeared in the fan production The Night Turkey, a one-hour, black-and-white video parody of The Night Stalker directed by William Malone. Baker's first professional job was as an assistant to prosthetic makeup effects veteran Dick Smith on the film The Exorcist. Baker received the inaugural Academy Award for Best Makeup for his work on An American Werewolf in London, he created the werewolf creature Michael Jackson transforms into in the music video Thriller. Subsequently, Baker has been nominated for the Best Makeup Oscar ten more times, winning on seven occasions, both records in his field.
He was married to Elaine Melba Parkyn for ten years. Baker claims. On October 3, 2009, he received the Jack Pierce – Lifetime Achievement Award title of the Chiller-Eyegore Awards, he was awarded a Doctorate of Humane Letters from the Academy of Art University San Francisco in 2008. He contributes commentaries to the web series Trailers from Hell for trailers about horror and science fiction films. Baker received the 2485th star of the Hollywood Walk of Fame on November 30, 2012; the star is located in front of the Guinness World Records Museum. Baker announced his retirement on May 28, 2015: "First of all, the CG stuff took away the animatronics part of what I do. It's starting to take away the makeup part; the time is right, I am 64 years old, the business is crazy right now. I like to do things right, they wanted cheap and fast; that is not what I want to do, so I just decided it is time to get out. I would consider designing and consulting on something, but I don’t think I will have a huge working studio anymore."
Baker played the title role in the 1976 remake of King Kong. In the 2005 remake, he had a cameo as the gunner who shot down Kong, he made cameo appearances in: the John Landis film Into the Night as a drug dealer with a business card. Octaman The Thing with Two Heads Schlock The Exorcist It's Alive The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman King Kong Track of the Moon Beast Squirm The Incredible Melting Man Star Wars The Fury An American Werewolf in London The Howling The Funhouse The Incredible Shrinking Woman Videodrome Thriller Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes Starman Into the Night My Science Project Captain EO Ratboy Harry and the Hendersons Beauty and the Beast Werewolf Coming to America Gorillas in the Mist Missing Link Gremlins 2: The New Batch The Rocketeer Wolf Ed Wood Batman Forever The Nutty Professor The Frighteners Escape from L. A. Ghosts Men in Black Critical Care Mighty Joe Young Psycho Life Wild Wild West Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas Nutty Professor II: The Klumps Planet of the Apes Men in Black II The Ring The Haunted Mansion Hellboy The Ring Two King Kong Cursed X-Men: The Last Stand Click (special age makeup artist, special
54th Academy Awards
The 54th Academy Awards were presented March 29, 1982, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. The ceremonies were presided over by Johnny Carson. Chariots of Fire was the surprise winner of the Best Picture Oscar, it was the first time in 13 years. The next year's winner, was a British production. Henry Fonda won his only competitive Oscar this year, as Best Actor for On Golden Pond. At 76 years of age, Fonda became the oldest winner in the Best Actor category in Academy history; the only other nomination he received in his career was Best Actor for his performance in The Grapes of Wrath 41 years earlier – a record gap between acting nominations. His co-star, Katharine Hepburn, won her fourth Best Actress award, extending her own record for the most Best Actress wins by any actress; this year's nominations marked the second time that three different films were nominated for the "Big Five" Academy Awards: Best Picture, Actor and Screenplay. The three films were On Atlantic City and Reds.
However, none of them won the Best Picture prize. This marked the first year that the award for Best Makeup was presented; this was the last year until the 2005 Oscars where all five Best Picture nominations were nominated for Best Director. Reds was the last film to gain nominations in all four acting categories until Silver Linings Playbook matched that feat at the 85th Academy Awards ceremony in 2013. Facilitated in part by their advanced ages at the time, this is the most recent ceremony for which the four acting award winners are all now deceased – though two of the four did live into their late 90s. Chariots of Fire became the last film to win Best Picture and not win for directing until Driving Miss Daisy in 1990. Similar to 1976 and 1977, these Oscars were scheduled directly opposite the NCAA basketball championship game, which this year was broadcast on CBS. Beginning in 1983, NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Game would take place on the Monday following the Academy Awards. Winners are highlighted in boldface and indicated with a double dagger.
Barbara Stanwyck Danny Kaye Albert R. Broccoli Joseph B. Walker Ben Burtt and Richard L. Anderson for Raiders of the Lost Ark for Sound Effects Editing The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers. 1981 in film 2nd Golden Raspberry Awards 24th Grammy Awards 33rd Primetime Emmy Awards 34th Primetime Emmy Awards 35th British Academy Film Awards 36th Tony Awards 39th Golden Globe Awards Submissions for the 54th Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film "The Official Academy Awards Database". Awardsdatabase.oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2009. Blast from the Past: The Oscars of 1982, a January 2007 Entertainment Weekly article looking back at the 54th Academy Awards ceremony
Mask is a 1985 American biographical drama film directed by Peter Bogdanovich, starring Cher, Sam Elliott, Eric Stoltz with supporting roles played by Dennis Burkley, Laura Dern, Estelle Getty, Richard Dysart. Cher received the 1985 Cannes Film Festival award for Best Actress; the film is based on the life and early death of Roy L. "Rocky" Dennis, a boy who had craniodiaphyseal dysplasia, an rare disorder known as lionitis due to the disfiguring cranial enlargements that it causes. Mask won the Academy Award for Best Makeup while Cher and Stoltz received Golden Globe Award nominations for their performances. In Azusa, California in 1979, Rocky Dennis, who has craniodiaphyseal dysplasia, is accepted without question by his freewheeling biker mother's boyfriends Gar, his "extended motorcycle family", his maternal grandparents who share his love of baseball card collecting. Rocky's mother, Florence "Rusty" Dennis, is determined to give Rocky as normal a life as possible, in spite of her own wild ways as a member of the Turks biker gang, as well as her strained relationship with her parents.
She fights for Rocky's inclusion in a mainstream junior high school and confronts a principal who would rather relegate him to a special education school, despite the fact that his condition hasn't affected his intelligence. They go to the doctor for Rocky's semi-annual physical, where Rocky claims to be feeling well, despite continuing headaches, that his mother can sing away. A young doctor tells Rusty that Rocky will not live for more than six months which Rusty scoffs at, as the doctors had been making predictions in the past that Rocky would be blind, deaf etc. none of which came to be. Rocky goes on to thrive at school, he wins friends by assisting a fellow student with remembering his locker combination. Using humor when faced with an awkward silence during roll call, Rocky just repeats the prior new student's line, "Wow, thanks a lot." The class laugh with Rocky. He entertains his history class by giving a rendition of the story of the Trojan Horse and it being the turning point of the Trojan War.
Overcoming discrimination and tutoring his classmates for $3 per hour, Rocky is asked by the principal to accept a job as a counselor's aide at Camp Bloomfield, a summer camp for blind children. At his graduation from junior high, Rocky takes home academic achievement prizes in mathematics and science. Rocky feels the need to leave his chronically depressed and drug-addicted mother, helps her break her drug habit. At camp, Rocky falls in love with Diana Adams, a blind girl who cannot see his deformed skull and is entranced by Rocky's kindness and compassion. Rocky uses his intelligence to explain to Diana words like "billowy", "clouds", "red", "green" by using cotton balls as a touchable vision of "billowy clouds", a warm rock to explain "red" and "pink", a frozen rock to explain "icy blue." Diana introduces Rocky to her parents, who are put-off by Rocky's appearance, do not want Diana to spend time with him. Near the end of the film, Rocky faces the pain of separation from the two people to whom he feels closest.
His dream of a motorbike trip through Europe collapses when his best friend Ben, to come with him, tells him that he is moving back to Michigan for good. This drives Rocky into berating Ben and calling him "stupid" finally revealing to Ben that he conned him out of a Rube Walker card. However, Rocky feels better after taking a bus trip by himself to visit Diana at the equestrian stables, located near Griffith Park. Diana tells Rocky, but she reveals that she is going away to a private school for the blind, cannot be with him. To add to this, a member of his biker family, passes away, he attends high school, where none of his friends are, where he used to respond to taunts with wit and humor, he responds to a boy by pushing him against a locker and calling him a son-of-a-bitch. One evening when Rocky's "biker family" is visiting, Rocky is fighting a fierce headache and withdraws to his room, removes the tacks from his map of Europe, goes to bed; the next morning, Rusty tries to wake up Rocky for school and flies into a fit of grief-stricken rage when she realizes he has died.
After destroying the kitchen, Rusty mourns the death of Rocky and says "Now you can go anywhere you want, baby." She re-pins his map of Europe. The movie ends with Rusty and biker Dozer visiting his grave, leaving flowers and some baseball cards by his headstone and a voice-over by Rocky himself, who recites the poem he wrote for English class earlier in the film. Cher as Florence "Rusty" Dennis, Rocky's mother. Sam Elliott as Gar, a member of Rocky's motorcycle family who acts as a father figure and occasional peacemaker between Rocky and Rusty, based on Bernie Tullis. Eric Stoltz as Roy L. "Rocky" Dennis, a kid who has craniodiaphyseal dysplasia. His makeup was provided by Zoltan Elek. Estelle Getty as Evelyn Steinberg, Rusty's mother and Rocky's grandmother. Richard Dysart as Abe Steinberg, Rusty's father and Rocky's grandfather. Laura Dern as Diana Adams, a blind girl who becomes Rocky's love interest. Micole Mercurio as Babe Harry Carey, Jr. as Red Dennis Burkley as Dozer Barry Tubb as Dewey Lawrence Monoson as Ben, Rocky's best friend.
Ben Piazza as Mr. Simms L. Craig King as Eric Alexandra Powers as Lisa Kelly Jo Minter as Lorrie Todd Allen as Canuck Howard Hirdler as Stickman Les Dudek as Bone Bogdanovich had originall
85th Academy Awards
The 85th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, honored the best films of 2012 and took place on February 24, 2013, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST; the ceremony was the first in the Academy's 85-year history to adopt the phrase "The Oscars" as the ceremony's official name during the broadcast and marketing. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories; the ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, produced by Craig Zadan and Neil Meron and directed by Don Mischer. Actor Seth MacFarlane hosted the show for the first time. In related events, the Academy held its 4th annual Governors Awards ceremony at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center on December 1, 2012. On February 9, 2013, in a ceremony at The Beverly Hills Hotel in Beverly Hills, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by hosts Chris Pine and Zoe Saldana.
Life of Pi won four awards including Best Director for Ang Lee. Argo won three awards, including Best Picture, the fourth film to win an Academy Award for Best Picture without its director nominated. Other winners included Les Misérables with three awards, Django Unchained and Skyfall with two, Amour, Anna Karenina, Curfew, Paperman, Searching for Sugar Man, Silver Linings Playbook and Zero Dark Thirty with one; the telecast garnered more than 40 million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 85th Academy Awards were announced on January 2013, at 5:38 a.m.. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Seth MacFarlane, host of the ceremony, actress Emma Stone. Lincoln received the most nominations with twelve total, Life of Pi came in second with eleven; the winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 24, 2013. Argo was the fourth film to win Best Picture without a directing nomination, following 1927's Wings, 1932's Grand Hotel, 1989's Driving Miss Daisy.
As co-producer of Argo, George Clooney became the third individual to win Oscars for both acting and producing. By virtue of his nomination for Best Original Song in Ted, host Seth MacFarlane became the first person since James Franco, a co-host and a Best Actor nominee during the 83rd ceremony in 2011, to host the ceremony while receiving a nomination in the same year, he was the first singer nominee and the first to host the show solo. Silver Linings Playbook was the fourteenth film to earn nominations in all four acting categories, the first since Reds in 1981. At age 22, Best Actress winner Jennifer Lawrence became the second-youngest winner in that category. With his third win for Best Lead Actor, Daniel Day-Lewis became the first three-time winner in that category, he was the sixth performer to win at least three acting Oscars. Amour was the fourth film nominated for Best Picture and Best Foreign Language Film in the same year. At age nine, Quvenzhané Wallis became the youngest nominee for Best Actress and the youngest female acting nominee overall.
Meanwhile, Emmanuelle Riva was the oldest nominee for Best Actress. This marked the first time in Oscar history that all five nominees in an acting category were all previous winners. Skyfall and Zero Dark Thirty's joint win in the Best Sound Editing category was the sixth occurrence of a tie in Oscar history. Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, indicated with a double dagger; the Academy held its 4th Annual Governors Awards ceremony on December 1, 2012, during which the following awards were presented. Hal Needham — An innovator and master technician who elevated his craft to an art and made the impossible look easy. D. A. Pennebaker — Who redefined the language of film and taught a generation of filmmakers to look to reality for inspiration. George Stevens Jr. — A tireless champion of the arts in America and that most American of arts: the Hollywood film. Jeffrey Katzenberg — who has led our community in enlightened philanthropy by his extraordinary example; the following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
Due to declining interest and viewership in recent ceremonies, the Academy hired a new production team in an attempt to improve ratings and revive interest in the ceremony. Reports surfaced that Academy then-president Tom Sherak approached television producer Lorne Michaels for producing duties with actor and comedian Jimmy Fallon as host. However, the telecast's broadcaster ABC objected to these selections, both men declined afterward. With newly elected Academy president Hawk Koch assuming leadership duties, the Academy hired Neil Meron and Craig Zadan in August 2012 to produce the ceremony. Two months the Academy announced that actor, animator and comedian Seth MacFarlane would host the telecast. MacFarlane expressed that it was an honor and a thrill to be asked to host Academy Awards commenting, "It's an overwhelming privilege to be asked to host the Oscars. My thoughts upon hearing the news were, one, I will do my utmost to live up to the high standards set forth by my predecessors. In an unusual break from previous years, producers Meron and Zadan announced that the on-air telecast of the ceremony would be referred to as "The Oscars" instead of "The 85th Annual Academy Awards".
As evident by the numerous musical numbers featured throughout the telecast, the ceremony was billed as a salute to music and the movies. In keeping with the theme of the evening, numerous film scores from various motion pictu
58th Academy Awards
The 58th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, took place on March 24, 1986, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories honoring films released in 1985; the ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Stanley Donen and directed by Marty Pasetta. Actors Alan Alda, Jane Fonda, Robin Williams co-hosted the show. Fonda hosted the gala for the second time, having been a co-host of the 49th ceremony held in 1977. Meanwhile, this was Williams's first Oscars hosting stint. Eight days earlier, in a ceremony held at The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California on March 16, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Macdonald Carey. Out of Africa won seven awards including Best Picture. Other winners included Cocoon and Witness with two awards, Kiss of the Spider Woman, The Trip to Bountiful, Prizzi's Honor, The Official Story, Broken Rainbow, Witness to War: Dr. Charlie Clements, Molly's Pilgrim, Anna & Bella, White Nights, Back to the Future and Ran with one.
The nominees for the 58th Academy Awards were announced on February 5, 1986. The Color Purple and Out of Africa led all nominees with eleven each. Winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 24, 1986. With its 11 nominations and zero wins, The Color Purple joined The Turning Point as the most nominated films in Oscar history without a single win. At age 79, John Huston became the oldest person nominated for Best Director. By virtue of his father Walter's previous wins, John's daughter Anjelica's victory in the Best Supporting Actress category made her the first third-generation Oscar winner in history. For the first time in Academy Awards history, all lead acting nominees were born in the United States. Argentina's The Official Story became the first Latin American film to win the Best Foreign Language Film category. Winners are highlighted in boldface and indicated with a double dagger. Paul Newman Alex North Charles "Buddy" Rogers The following individuals, in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
Determined to revive interest surrounding the awards and reverse declining ratings, the Academy hired Stanley Donen in December 1985 to produce the telecast for the first time. The following February and comedian Robin Williams was selected as host of the 1986 telecast. Actor Alan Alda and two-time Academy Award-winning actress Jane Fonda were announced to join Williams in sharing emceeing duties. Several other people were involved with the production of the ceremony. Lionel Newman served as musical conductor for the ceremony. Actress Teri Garr performed the titular song from Flying Down to Rio during the opening segment. Singer Irene Cara sang the Cynthia Weil and Barry Mann-penned "Here's to the Losers" in honor of unsuccessful Oscar nominees throughout history. A song-and-dance number featuring actor and singer Howard Keel and several actresses including Cyd Charisse, Leslie Caron, Debbie Reynolds paid tribute to MGM musicals. At the time of the nominations announcement on February 5, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $119 million with an average of $23.9 million.
Witness was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $68.7 million in the domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Out of Africa, The Color Purple, Prizzi's Honor and Kiss of the Spider Woman. Of the 50 grossing movies of the year, 42 nominations went to 12 films on the list. Only Back to the Future, Witness, Jagged Edge, The Color Purple, Prizzi's Honor, Agnes of God were nominated for Best Picture, acting, or screenplay; the other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Rambo: First Blood Part II, White Nights, Young Sherlock Holmes, Ladyhawke. Terrence O'Flaherty of the San Francisco Chronicle wrote, "Last night's sustained-release Oscar pill moved faster through the system than most, but from a standpoint of taste it was the worst in years." Regarding Alda and Williams hosting performance, he commented, "Together they placed a fatal suggestion in the viewer's mind that there must be a shortage of elegant people in the movie business today - a suspicion, substantiated again and again throughout this disjointed and unattractive program."
Chicago Tribune film critic Gene Siskel noted that after co-host Williams opened the ceremony with a slew of humorous jokes, "The show regrettably returned to its old bad habits with a boring onstage production number intended to be a tribute to old movies. Instead, it was a tribute to the continuing inability of the Oscar show producers to create fun for the home viewer rather than for the audience in the auditorium." The Record's Joel Pisetzner remarked "The program might as well have begun with the announcement'Dead, from L. A. it's Academy night!' "Television columnist John J. O'Connor of The New York Times quipped, "Suddenly, it seemed, somebody had listened to the complaints that had grown deadeningly familiar over the years. Clumpy film clips and smirking patronization were out. Spiffy electronic techniques and pure celebration were in, leavened with generous dollops of good-natured and sometimes outrageous humor." He added, "Mr. Williams's improvisational, on-the-precipice style of humor brought the event's comic tone thumpingly into the 1980's."
Yardena Arar from the Los Angeles Daily News said, "This time, the ABC telecast didn't drown in the thank yous -- or, fo
An American Werewolf in London
An American Werewolf in London is a 1981 British-American horror comedy film written and directed by John Landis and starring David Naughton, Jenny Agutter, Griffin Dunne. The film tells the story of two American students and Jack, who are attacked by a werewolf while on a backpacking holiday in England; the film was released by Universal Pictures in the United States on August 21, 1981, the same year as werewolf movies The Howling and Wolfen. It was a critical and commercial success, winning the 1981 Saturn Award for Best Horror Film and the Academy Award for Best Makeup. Since its release, it has become a cult classic. A loosely connected sequel, An American Werewolf in Paris, was released by Hollywood Pictures in 1997. Two American backpackers, David Kessler and Jack Goodman, are trekking across the moors in Yorkshire; as darkness falls, they stop. Jack notices a five-pointed star on the wall, but when he asks about it, the pub-goers stop talking and become hostile; the pair decide to leave.
Instead, the local pub-goers only warn them to keep to the road, stay clear of the moors and beware of the full moon. David and Jack end up wandering off the road onto the moors, where they hear sinister howls, which seem to be getting closer. Meanwhile, the crowd in the pub refuse to go after them, they realise that they're now lost. The boys are attacked by a werewolf, Jack is killed; the attacker is shot by some of the pub-goers, who have come out to search for the boys, but instead of a dead animal, David sees the corpse of a naked man lying next to him. David is taken to a hospital in London; when David wakes up three weeks he does not remember what happened. He is interviewed by police Inspector Villiers who tells him he and Jack were attacked by an escaped lunatic. David insists they were attacked by a large dog or wolf. Jack appears to David as a ghost, explains they were attacked by a werewolf, that David is now a werewolf. Jack urges David to kill himself before the next full moon, not only because Jack is cursed to be a ghost for as long as the bloodline of the werewolf that attacked them survives, but to prevent David from inflicting the same fate on anyone else.
Not David does not believe him, thinking that Jack is a hallucination. Meanwhile, Dr. Hirsch takes a road trip to the Slaughtered Lamb to see if what David has told him is true; when asked about the incident, the pub-goers deny any knowledge of Jack, or the attack. However, one distraught pub-goer speaks to Dr. Hirsch outside the pub and says David should not have been taken away, that everyone else will be in danger when he changes; the man is cut off by a fellow pub-goer. Upon his release from intensive care, David moves in with Alex Price, a pretty young nurse who grew infatuated with him in the hospital, he stays in Alex's London apartment, where they have sex for the first time. Jack, in a more advanced stage of decay, appears to David to warn him that he will turn into a werewolf the next day. Jack again advises David to take his own life to avoid killing innocent people, but David still does not believe him and urges him to go away; when the full moon rises David feels hot, strips off his clothes and painfully transforms into a werewolf.
David begins to prowl the streets and the London Underground, slaughtering six citizens in the process. He wakes up in the morning, naked on the floor of the wolf enclosure at the London Zoo, unharmed by the resident wolves and with no recollection of his activities. David realises that Jack's ghost was right about everything and that he himself is responsible for the murders the night before. After failing to get himself arrested in Trafalgar Square, David runs away from Alex, he goes to Piccadilly Circus, calling his family from a phone booth to say he loves them loses courage when he attempts and fails to slit his wrists with a pocket knife. David sees Jack, in a yet more advanced stage of decay, outside an adult movie theater. Inside, Jack is accompanied by David's victims from the previous night, most of whom are furious with David. While his ghost victims suggest various and comical ways for David to kill himself with the least amount of pain, David transforms into a werewolf again inside the movie theatre and goes on another killing spree.
After bursting out of the cinema and biting off Inspector Villiers' head in the process, David wreaks havoc in the streets, causing various vehicular accidents and deaths. He is cornered in an alley by the police. Alex runs down the alleyway in an attempt to calm David down by telling him she loves him. Although the werewolf David is placated for a moment, he is shot and killed when he lunges forward, turns back into human form in front of a grieving Alex. John Landis came up with the story while he worked in Yugoslavia as a production assistant on the film Kelly's Heroes, he and a Yugoslav member of the crew were driving in the back of a car on location when they came across a group of gypsies. The gypsies appeared to be performing rituals on a man being buried so that he would not "rise from the grave." This made Landis realize he would never be able to confront the undead and gave him the idea for a film in which a man would go through the same thing. Landis wrote the first draft of An American Werewolf in London in 1969 and shelved it for over a decade.
Two years Landis wrote and starred in his debut film, which developed a cult following. Landis developed box-office status in Hollywood