The Big House (1930 film)
The Big House is a 1930 American pre-Code crime drama film directed by George Hill, released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, starring Chester Morris, Wallace Beery, Lewis Stone and Robert Montgomery. The supporting cast features Leila Hyams, George F. Marion, J. C. Nugent, Karl Dane and Tom Kennedy; the story and dialogue were written by Frances Marion, with additional dialogue by Joe Farnham and Martin Flavin. The story was inspired by a spate of prison riots in resulting federal investigation. In response, George Hill wrote a twenty-seven page story treatment called "The Reign of Terror: A Story of Crime and Punishment". Irving Thalberg gave the go ahead for the screenplay and assigned Frances Marion to work with George Hill. Lon Chaney was chosen for the role of Butch, a violent career criminal who rules the prison cellblock. Due to Chaney's death from cancer, this role went to Wallace Beery; the movie launched Beery's sound career to new heights. After The Big House became a hit and his performance earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor in a Leading Role, he became the world's highest-paid actor within two years.
Marion won the Academy Award for Best Writing Achievement. Douglas Shearer won the first Academy Award for Sound; the film was nominated for Best Picture. The Big House was one of the first prison films made and was tremendously influential on the genre. Kent, a drunk driver who carelessly kills a man, is sentenced to ten years for manslaughter. In an overcrowded prison designed for 1800 and holding 3000, he is placed in a cell with Butch and Morgan, the two leaders of the inmates. Butch is alternately menacing and friendly, while Morgan tries to help out the frightened, inexperienced youngster, but Kent rebuffs his overtures; when Butch is ordered into solitary confinement for sparking a protest over the prison food, he passes along his knife before being searched. It ends up in Kent's hands. Meanwhile, Morgan is notified. Prior to a search of their cell, Kent hides the knife in Morgan's bed; when it is found, Morgan's parole is canceled, he is put in solitary as well. He vows to make Kent pay for.
When Morgan is let out of solitary, he escapes by switching places with a corpse on the way to the morgue. He makes his way to the bookstore run by Anne. She, recognizes him, she manages to get his gun and starts to call the police, but changes her mind and gives him back his pistol. Morgan becomes better acquainted with Anne and her family, they all like him Anne. However, he sent back to prison; when Butch tells Morgan of his plan for a jailbreak on Thanksgiving, Morgan tells him that he is going straight. In return for a promise of freedom, Kent informs the warden of the attempt, though he is not privy to the details. Despite the warning, the inmates succeed in taking over the prison, capturing many of the guards, though they are unable to force their way out. Thwarted, Butch threatens to shoot the guards one by one; when the warden stands firm, Butch shoots the warden's right-hand man in cold blood tosses the dying man out for all to see. Army tanks are called to break down the entrance. Morgan grabs a pistol from the prisoner assigned to watch the guards.
He spares him. Kent flees before Morgan locks the guards in to save their lives; when Kent tries to open the front doors, he is killed in the crossfire. Butch is told that Morgan was the "stoolie" who tipped off the warden and learns he has put the guards out of danger, he sets out to kill his former friend. In the ensuing gunfight, both are wounded, Butch fatally. Before he dies, he learns that Kent was the informer, he and Morgan reconcile. For his efforts, Morgan is given a full pardon; when he exits the prison, Anne rushes to embrace him. In the early days of sound films, it was common for Hollywood studios to produce "Foreign Language Versions" of their films using the same sets, costumes and so on. While many of these versions no longer exist, the French and German-language versions of The Big House survive, which are entitled Révolte dans la prison and Menschen hinter Gittern; the French and Spanish versions are available with the original in a triple feature set from the Warner Archives. Mordaunt Hall of The New York Times described it as "a film in which the direction, the photography, the microphone work and the magnificent acting take precedence over the negligible story."Variety called it a "virile, realistic melodrama".
John Mosher of The New Yorker wrote, "So expert are many of the scenes, so effective the photography, so direct and spare the dialogue, that certain obvious and dull moments may be overlooked." Steven H. Scheuer's TV Movie Almanac & Ratings 1958 & 1959 gave The Big House a "Good" rating of 3 stars, summarizing its plot as "esperate convicts try a prison break", with the evaluation, "his early example of prison melodrama is still entertaining". Leonard Maltin's TV Movies & Video Guide put the rating at 3, describing it as "he original prison drama" and indicating that "this set the pattern for all copies. In the third edition of his Classic Movie Guide, Maltin mentioned the surviving French and Spanish-language versions an
The Love Parade
The Love Parade is a 1929 American pre-Code musical comedy film, directed by Ernst Lubitsch and starring Maurice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDonald, involving the marital difficulties of Queen Louise of Sylvania and her consort, Count Alfred Renard. Despite his love for Louise and his promise to be an obedient husband, Count Alfred finds his role as a figurehead unbearable; the supporting cast features Lillian Roth and Eugene Pallette. The film was directed by Lubitsch from a screenplay by Guy Bolton and Ernest Vajda adapted from the French play Le Prince Consort, written by Jules Chancel and Leon Xanrof; the play had been adapted for Broadway in 1905 by William Boosey and Cosmo Gordon Lennox. The Love Parade is notable for being both the film debut of Jeanette MacDonald and the first "talkie" film made by Ernst Lubitsch; the picture was released in a French-language version called Parade d'amour. Chevalier had thought that he would never be capable of acting as a Royal courtier, had to be persuaded by Lubitsch.
This huge box-office hit appeared just after the Wall Street crash, did much to save the fortunes of Paramount. Count Alfred, military attaché to the Sylvanian Embassy in Paris, is ordered back to Sylvania to report to Queen Louise for a reprimand following a string of scandals, including an affair with the ambassador's wife. In the meantime Queen Louise, ruler of Sylvania in her own right, is royally fed-up with her subjects' preoccupation with whom she will marry. Intrigued rather than offended by Count Alfred's dossier, Queen Louise invites him to dinner, their romance progresses to the point of marriage when, despite his qualms, for love of Louise Alfred agrees to obey the Queen. Maurice Chevalier as Count Alfred Renard Jeanette MacDonald as Queen Louise Lupino Lane as Jacques Lillian Roth as Lulu Eugene Pallette as Minister of War E. H. Calvert as Sylvanian Ambassador Edgar Norton as Master of Ceremonies Lionel Belmore as Prime Minister Although The Love Parade was Lubitsch's first sound film, he displayed a mastery of the technical requirements of the day.
In one scene, two couples sing the same song alternately. To do this with the available technology, Lubitsch had two sets built, with an off-camera orchestra between them, directed both scenes simultaneously; this enabled him to cut back and forth from one scene to the other in editing, something unheard of at the time. All songs are by Victor Schertzinger and Clifford Grey: "Ooh, La La" – sung by Lupino Lane "Paris, Stay the Same" – sung by Maurice Chevalier and Lupino Lane "Dream Lover" – sung by Jeanette MacDonald and chorus, reprise sung by Jeanette MacDonald "Anything to Please the Queen" – sung by Jeanette MacDonald and Maurice Chevalier "My Love Parade" – sung by Maurice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDonald "Let's Be Common" – sung by Lupino Lane and Lillian Roth "March of the Grenadiers" – sung by Jeanette MacDonald and chorus, reprise sung by chorus "Nobody's Using It Now" – sung by Maurice Chevalier "The Queen Is Always Right" – sung by Lupino Lane, Lillian Roth and chorus The Love Parade was nominated for six Academy Awards: Best Picture Best Actor - Maurice Chevalier Best Director - Ernst Lubitsch Best Cinematography - Victor Milner Art Direction - Hans Dreier Sound Recording - Franklin Hansen Notes The Love Parade at the American Film Institute Catalog The Love Parade on IMDb The Love Parade at the TCM Movie Database The Love Parade at AllMovie Michael Koresky.
Criterion Collection essay, criterion.com. The Love Parade, jeanettemacdonaldandnelsoneddy.com. The Love Parade, virtual-history.com.
The Case of Sergeant Grischa (film)
The Case of Sergeant Grischa is a 1930 American pre-Code drama film directed by Herbert Brenon, based on the German novel of the same name by Arnold Zweig. John Tribby was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Sound Recording. Sergeant Grischa Paprotkin of the Imperial Russian Army has been captured by the Imperial German Army during World War I, is interned in a prisoner-of-war camp; when his chance comes to escape, he takes it, ending up staying with Babka. However, after a time, he longs to return to his home in Russia. Babka though she has fallen in love with him, agrees to help him. Since he cannot travel under his real name, being an escaped POW, Babka obtains the credentials of a dead Russian soldier, Bjuscheff. After leaving Babka's, on his way back to his home in Russia, he stops at a friend of Babka's, who lives in Mervinsk; when a German soldier arrives at the house, Grischa hides in the basement. As he is about to leave, the soldier notices the Russian soldier's cap which Grischa has dropped on his way to the cellar.
Grischa is captured, after which it is discovered that his false identity is that of a Russian spy, for which he is sentenced to execution. While in captivity, Grischa's real identity is uncovered, but the German command refuses to reverse his sentence. Babka and her friends make plans to help him escape once again, at the same time as a powerful general in the German army, von Lychow, hears about his case and decides to intercede on his behalf. Grischa refuses the help of Babka; when von Lychow meets with the German Commander-in-Chief, General Schieffenzahn, they argue over Grischa's case, von Lychow pleading for leniency, while Schieffenzahn wanting the execution to go forward as soon as possible. They end their argument without seeing eye-to-eye, but after von Lychow departs, Schieffenzahn changes his mind and sends an order to cancel the execution. However, a storm has caused the wires to be down, the message never arrives. Grischa is executed by firing squad; as per AFI: Chester Morris as Sergeant Grischa Paprotkin Betty Compson as Babka Alec B. Francis as General von Lychow Gustav von Seyffertitz as General Schieffenzahn Jean Hersholt as Posnanski Leyland Hodgson as Lieutenant Winfried Paul McAllister as Corporal Sacht Raymond Whitaker as Aljoscha Bernard Siegel as Verressjeff Frank McCormack as Captain Spierauge / Kolja Percy Barbette as Sergeant Fritz Hal Davis as Birkholz The film lost an estimated $170,000.
Mordaunt Hall, The New York Times film critic, gave the film a lukewarm review. John E. Tribby received an Oscar nomination for Best Sound for this film; the Case of Sergeant Grischa on IMDb The Case of Sergeant Grischa at AllMovie
Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film studio based in Hollywood, a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States, the sole member of the "Big Five" film studios still located in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood. In 1916, film producer Adolph Zukor put 22 actors and actresses under contract and honored each with a star on the logo. In 2014, Paramount Pictures became the first major Hollywood studio to distribute all of its films in digital form only; the company's headquarters and studios are located at 5555 Melrose Avenue, California, United States. Paramount Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world after the French studios Gaumont Film Company and Pathé, followed by the Nordisk Film company, Universal Studios, it is the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles.
Paramount Pictures dates its existence from the 1912 founding date of the Famous Players Film Company. Hungarian-born founder Adolph Zukor, an early investor in nickelodeons, saw that movies appealed to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time. By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, Zukor was on his way to success, its first film was Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth. That same year, another aspiring producer, Jesse L. Lasky, opened his Lasky Feature Play Company with money borrowed from his brother-in-law, Samuel Goldfish known as Samuel Goldwyn; the Lasky company hired as their first employee a stage director with no film experience, Cecil B. DeMille, who would find a suitable site in Hollywood, near Los Angeles, for his first feature film, The Squaw Man. Starting in 1914, both Lasky and Famous Players released their films through a start-up company, Paramount Pictures Corporation, organized early that year by a Utah theatre owner, W. W. Hodkinson, who had bought and merged several smaller firms.
Hodkinson and actor, producer Hobart Bosworth had started production of a series of Jack London movies. Paramount was the first successful nationwide distributor. Famous Players and Lasky were owned while Paramount was a corporation. In 1916, Zukor maneuvered a three-way merger of his Famous Players, the Lasky Company, Paramount. Zukor and Lasky bought Hodkinson out of Paramount, merged the three companies into one; the new company Lasky and Zukor founded, Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, grew with Lasky and his partners Goldwyn and DeMille running the production side, Hiram Abrams in charge of distribution, Zukor making great plans. With only the exhibitor-owned First National as a rival, Famous Players-Lasky and its "Paramount Pictures" soon dominated the business; because Zukor believed in stars, he signed and developed many of the leading early stars, including Mary Pickford, Marguerite Clark, Pauline Frederick, Douglas Fairbanks, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, Wallace Reid. With so many important players, Paramount was able to introduce "block booking", which meant that an exhibitor who wanted a particular star's films had to buy a year's worth of other Paramount productions.
It was this system that gave Paramount a leading position in the 1920s and 1930s, but which led the government to pursue it on antitrust grounds for more than twenty years. The driving force behind Paramount's rise was Zukor. Through the teens and twenties, he built the Publix Theatres Corporation, a chain of nearly 2,000 screens, ran two production studios, became an early investor in radio, taking a 50% interest in the new Columbia Broadcasting System in 1928. In 1926, Zukor hired independent producer B. P. Schulberg, an unerring eye for new talent, to run the new West Coast operations, they purchased the Robert Brunton Studios, a 26-acre facility at 5451 Marathon Street for US$1 million. In 1927, Famous Players-Lasky took the name Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation. Three years because of the importance of the Publix Theatres, it became Paramount Publix Corporation. In 1928, Paramount began releasing Inkwell Imps, animated cartoons produced by Max and Dave Fleischer's Fleischer Studios in New York City.
The Fleischers, veterans in the animation industry, were among the few animation producers capable of challenging the prominence of Walt Disney. The Paramount newsreel series Paramount News ran from 1927 to 1957. Paramount was one of the first Hollywood studios to release what were known at that time as "talkies", in 1929, released their first musical, Innocents of Paris. Richard A. Whiting and Leo Robin composed the score for the film. By acquiring the successful Balaban & Katz chain in 1926, Zukor gained the services of Barney Balaban, his brother A. J. Balaban, their partner Sam Katz (who would run the Paramount-Publix theatre chain in New York City from the thirty-five-stor
The Affairs of Cellini
The Affairs of Cellini is a comedy film set in Florence over 400 years ago. This film was adapted by Bess Meredyth from the play The Firebrand of Florence by Edwin Justus Mayer, it was directed by Gregory La Cava. Both the Duke and Duchess have an eye for beauty and other partners; the Duke presently fancies a young woman. The Duchess has her eye on the famous artist, Benvenuto Cellini, in the palace making a set of gold plates to be used at ducal banquets. Cellini purportedly hypnotizes young women, cuckolds the Duke of Florence; the somewhat oblivious Duke is loath to punish the young man, for Cellini fashions gold wares for him, but throws him into the torture chamber. However, a goblet of poisoned wine solves the problem. Constance Bennett as Duchess of Florence Fredric March as Benvenuto Cellini Frank Morgan as Alessandro, Duke of Florence Fay Wray as Angela Vince Barnett as Ascanio Jessie Ralph as Beatrice Louis Calhern as Ottaviano Jay Eaton as Polverino Paul Harvey as Emissary Jack Rutherford as Captain of the Guards Irene Ware as Daughter of the Royal House of Bocci Morgan was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.
The film was nominated for Best Cinematography and Best Sound, Recording. The film was a box office disappointment for United Artists; the Affairs of Cellini on IMDb
1929 in film
The following is an overview of 1929 in film, including significant events, a list of films released and notable births and deaths. The days of the silent film are numbered. A mad scramble to provide synchronized sound is on. February 1 – The Broadway Melody is released by MGM and becomes the first major musical film of the sound era, sparking a host of imitators as well as a series of Broadway Melody films that will run until 1940. February 18 – The first Academy Awards, or Oscars, are announced for the year ended August 1, 1928. March 3 – William Fox announces that he has taken control of Loews Inc. including its subsidiary Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, buying shares from Marcus Loew's widow and sons and Nicholas Schenck for $50 million. The acquisition falls through. May 16 – The first Academy Awards are distributed at The Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles. May 26 – Fox Grandeur News is shown in Fox Film's new widescreen 70 mm Grandeur film format July 13 – The first all color talkie, On with the Show, is released by Warner Bros. who lead the way in a new color revolution just as they had ushered in that of the talkies.
July 17 – William Fox is badly injured in a car accident which kills his chauffeur. August 3 – The Cock-Eyed World beats every known gross for any box office attraction throughout the world with a reported first week gross of $173,391 at the Roxy Theatre. August 20 – Hallelujah! is the first Hollywood film to contain an entire black cast. August 22 – First in the Walt Disney Productions' animated short Silly Symphony series, The Skeleton Dance, is released. September – Paramount Pictures acquires 49% of CBS. October 24 – Jean Harlow signs a five-year, $100 per week contract with Howard Hughes. October 30 – Entertainment newspaper Variety report that Wall Street Lays An Egg leading to many prominent showman and film stars losing money on their investments. November – Warner Bros. gain complete control of First National Pictures buying Fox Film's 36% stake for $10 million November 10 – Première of John Grierson's documentary film Drifters about North Sea herring fishermen, made for the Empire Marketing Board inaugurating the British Documentary Film Movement.
November 15 – U. K. release of Atlantic, a film about the sinking of the RMS Titanic, one of the first British sound-on-film movies and, in its simultaneously-shot German-language version, the first to be released in Germany. December - Anti-trust suits are filed against William Fox and Warner Bros. by the US Department of Justice for Fox's acquisition of Loews and Warners' acquisition of the Stanley Corporation of America and First National. The 2nd Academy Awards honored the best films released between August 1, 1928, July 31, 1929, they took place on April 3, 1930, at an awards banquet in the Cocoanut Grove of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. Most nominations: In Old Arizona – 5 Best Picture: The Broadway Melody Best Director: Frank Lloyd – The Divine Lady Best Actor: Warner Baxter – In Old Arizona Best Actress: Mary Pickford – CoquetteMost awards – no film won more than 1 award Note: Prior to 1933, awards were not based on calendar years. Best Picture and Director went to 1930 films.
U. S. A. unless stated otherwise. After the Verdict, directed by Henrik Galeen, starring Olga Tschechowa and Warwick Ward – Alibi, starring Chester Morris and Mae Busch The Alley Cat, directed by Hans Steinhoff – The American Prisoner, directed by Thomas Bentley, starring Carl Brisson, Madeleine Carroll An Andalusian Dog, a short film by Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí – Applause, directed by Rouben Mamoulian, starring Helen Morgan Arsenal – Asphalt, starring Gustav Fröhlich – Atlantic, starring Madeleine Carroll, the first sound film made in Germany and the first sound Titanic movie – The Awful Truth Berth Marks, a Laurel and Hardy short produced by Hal Roach Big Business, a Laurel and Hardy short Big Time, starring Lee Tracy and Mae Clarke Blackmail, directed by Alfred Hitchcock – The Bridge of San Luis Rey, starring Lily Damita Broadway, a musical comedy with Technicolor sequences The Broadway Melody, musical comedy starring Charles King, Anita Page and Bessie Love Bulldog Drummond, starring Ronald Colman The Canary Murder Case, starring William Powell, Louise Brooks, Jean Arthur Children of the Ritz The Clue of the New Pin – The Cocoanuts, starring the Marx Brothers A Cottage on Dartmoor, directed by Anthony Asquith – Coquette, Directed by Sam Taylor, starring Mary Pickford, Johnny Mack Brown, Matt Moore Dangerous Curves, starring Clara Bow and Richard Arlen Desert Nights, a silent film starring John Gilbert The Desert Song, a musical operetta with Technicolor sequences Devil-May-Care, starring Ramón Novarro – a musical romance with Technicolor sequences Diary of a Lost Girl, directed by G.
W. Pabst, starring Louise Brooks – Disraeli, starring George Arliss and Joan Bennett Drifters, documentary by John Grierson – Dynamite, directed by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Conrad Nagel and Kay Johnson Eternal Love, directed by Ernst Lubitsch starring John Barrymore Fancy Baggage, a part-talkie from Warner Brothers Pictures starring Audrey Ferris and Myrna Loy Father Vojtech, directed by Martin Frič – Finis Terræ, directed by Jean Epstein – The Flying Fleet, starring Ramón Novarro, Ralph Graves, Anita Page, Edward Nugent The Flying Scotsman, starring Moore Marriott and Ray Milland – Footlights and Fools, a musical comedy in
A Farewell to Arms (1932 film)
A Farewell to Arms is a 1932 American pre-Code romance drama film directed by Frank Borzage and starring Helen Hayes, Gary Cooper, Adolphe Menjou. Based on the 1929 semi-autobiographical novel A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway, with a screenplay by Oliver H. P. Garrett and Benjamin Glazer, the film is about a romantic love affair between an American ambulance driver and an English nurse in Italy during World War I; the film received Academy Awards for Best Cinematography and Best Sound, was nominated for Best Picture and Best Art Direction. In 1960, the film entered the public domain in the United States because the last claimant, United Artists, did not renew its copyright registration in the 28th year after publication; the original Broadway play starred Glenn Anders and Elissa Landi. On the Italian front during World War I, Frederic Henry, an American serving as an ambulance driver in the Italian Army, delivers some wounded soldiers to a hospital. There he meets Italian Major Rinaldi, a doctor.
They are interrupted by a bombing raid. Frederic and English Red Cross nurse Catherine Barkley take shelter in the same place; the somewhat drunk Frederic makes a poor first impression. Rinaldi persuades Frederic to go on a double romantic date with him and two nurses and her friend Helen Ferguson. However, Rinaldi becomes annoyed when Frederic prefers Catherine, the woman the major had chosen for himself. Away by themselves, Frederic learns that she was engaged to a soldier, killed in battle. In the darkness, he romantically seduces her, over her half-hearted resistance, is surprised to discover she is a virgin, their romantic relationship is discovered. At Rinaldi's suggestion, Catherine is transferred to Milan; when Frederic is wounded by artillery, he finds himself in the hospital. They continue their affair. Now pregnant, Catherine runs away to Switzerland, but her many letters to her beloved sweetheart/lover are intercepted by Rinaldi, who feels he needs to rescue his friend from the romantic entanglement.
Meanwhile, Frederic's letters to her are sent to the hospital. After a time, Frederic cannot stand being away from Catherine any longer, he heads out in search of her. Returning first to the hospital in Milan, he attempts to convince the reluctant Ferguson to reveal Catherine's whereabouts to him. Displaying animosity toward Frederic, all she reveals is that Catherine has left and is pregnant with Frederic's child. Rinaldi visits him at the hotel where he is hiding, upon hearing of Catherine's pregnancy, out of remorse for having interfered with their correspondence, tells Frederic where she is living, he rows across a lake to her. Meanwhile, Catherine is delighted when she is told she has received some mail, but faints when she is given all of her romantic love letters, marked "Return to Sender", she is taken to the hospital. She herself is in grave danger. Frederic arrives, just as an armistice between Italy and Austria-Hungary is announced, Catherine tragically dies, with him at her side. Helen Hayes as Catherine Barkley Gary Cooper as Lieutenant Frederic Henry Adolphe Menjou as Major Rinaldi Mary Philips as Helen Ferguson Jack La Rue as Priest Blanche Friderici as Head Nurse Mary Forbes as Miss Van Campen Gilbert Emery as British Major Herman Bing as Swiss Postal Clerk Agostino Borgato as Giulio In his review in The New York Times, Mordaunt Hall wrote, "There is too much sentiment and not enough strength in the pictorial conception of Ernest Hemingway's novel... the film account skips too from one episode to another and the hardships and other experiences of Lieutenant Henry are passed over too abruptly, being suggested rather than told...
Gary Cooper gives an earnest and splendid portrayal Helen Hayes is admirable as Catherine... another clever characterization is contributed by Adolphe Menjou... it is unfortunate that these three players, serving the picture so well, do not have the opportunity to figure in more dramatic interludes."Dan Callahan of Slant Magazine notes, "Hemingway... was grandly contemptuous of Frank Borzage's version of A Farewell to Arms... but time has been kind to the film. It launders out the writer's... pessimism and replaces it with a testament to the eternal love between a couple."Time Out London calls it "not only the best film version of a Hemingway novel, but one of the most thrilling visions of the power of sexual love that Borzage made... no other director created images like these, using light and movement like brushstrokes, integrating naturalism and a daring expressionism in the same shot. This is romantic melodrama raised to its highest degree." The film won two Academy Awards and was nominated for another two: Academy Award for Best Picture Academy Award for Best Art Direction Academy Award for Best Cinematography Academy Award for Sound - Franklin Hansen Also, the film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2002: AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – Nominated List of films in the public domain in the United States The House That Shadows Built A Farewell to Arms on IMDb A Farewell to Arms at AllMovie A Farewell to Arms is available for free download at the Internet Archive A Farewell to Arms on Studio One, February 17, 1948 A Farewell to Arms on NBC University Theater, August 6, 1948