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Ted Graber

Ted Graber was an American interior designer. He designed many private residences in California. During the Reagan administration, he designed the family quarters of the White House and the official residence of the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Winfield House. Ted Graber was born circa 1920 in California, his father was an antiquarian. His grandfather was an antiquarian, he had Raymond. Graber studied at the Chouinard Art Institute, he served in the United States Army during World War II. Graber began his career as an assistant to interior designer William Haines. Garber and Haines remodelled windows in Spanish Revival houses, adding larger windows to bring in more sunlight; as an independent interior designer, Graber's style was traditional with a touch of glamour. He mixed antique furniture from the Regency era, with more modern pieces of furniture, he added Asian figurines. Graber was hired by First Lady Nancy Reagan to redecorate the family quarters of the White House in 1981.

He decorated the Reagans's private residence in Bel Air, Los Angeles. Additionally, he designed President Reagan's office in Century City. Meanwhile, Graber was hired by Walter Annenberg and his wife, Leonore Annenberg, to design their Sunnylands residence in Palm Springs, California as well as Winfield House, the official residence of the US Ambassador in London. Additionally, he designed the private residence of Alfred S. Bloomingdale and his wife, Betsy Bloomingdale. In New York City, he was hired to design the apartments of Joan Crawford. Graber retired in 1989. Graber was lived with his partner Archie Case for forty years; the couple stayed the night at the White House after Nancy Reagan's sixtieth birthday. Graber contracted Alzheimer's disease, he lived in a retirement home in Sonoma, where he died on June 3, 2000. He was 80 years old

Air brake (road vehicle)

An air brake or, more formally, a compressed air brake system, is a type of friction brake for vehicles in which compressed air pressing on a piston is used to apply the pressure to the brake pad needed to stop the vehicle. Air brakes are used in large heavy vehicles those having multiple trailers which must be linked into the brake system, such as trucks, buses and semi-trailers, in addition to their use in railroad trains. George Westinghouse first developed air brakes for use in railway service, he patented a safer air brake on March 5, 1872. Westinghouse made numerous alterations to improve his air pressured brake invention, which led to various forms of the automatic brake. In the early 20th century, after its advantages were proven in railway use, it was adopted by manufacturers of trucks and heavy road vehicles. Air brakes are used on heavy trucks and buses; the system consists of service brakes, parking brakes, a control pedal, an air storage tank. For the parking brake, there is a disc or drum arrangement, designed to be held in the'applied' position by spring pressure.

Air pressure must be produced to release these "spring brake" parking brakes. For the service brakes to be applied, the brake pedal is pushed, routing the air under pressure to the brake chamber, causing the brake to be engaged. Most types of truck air brakes are drum brakes, though there is an increasing trend towards the use of disc brakes; the air compressor draws filtered air from the atmosphere and forces it into high-pressure reservoirs at around 120 psi. Most heavy vehicles have a gauge within the driver's view, indicating the availability of air pressure for safe vehicle operation including warning tones or lights. A mechanical "wig wag" that automatically drops down into the driver's field of vision when the pressure drops below a certain point is common. Setting of the parking/emergency brake releases the pressurized air in the lines between the compressed air storage tank and the brakes, thus allowing the spring actuated parking brake to engage. A sudden loss of air pressure would result in full spring brake pressure immediately.

A compressed air brake system is divided into a control system. The supply system compresses and supplies high-pressure air to the control system as well as to additional air operated auxiliary truck systems; the air compressor is driven by the engine either by crankshaft pulley via a belt or directly from the engine timing gears. It is cooled by the engine lubrication and cooling systems. Compressed air is first routed through a cooling coil and into an air dryer which removes moisture and oil impurities and may include a pressure regulator, safety valve and smaller purge reservoir; as an alternative to the air dryer, the supply system can be equipped with an anti-freeze device and oil separator. The compressed air is stored in a supply reservoir from which it is distributed via a four-way protection valve into the primary reservoir and the secondary reservoir, a parking brake reservoir, an auxiliary air supply distribution point; the system includes various check, pressure limiting and safety valves.

Air brake systems may include a wig wag device which deploys to warn the driver if the system air pressure drops too low. The control system is further divided into two service brake circuits, the parking brake circuit, the trailer brake circuit; the dual service brake circuits are further split into front and rear wheel circuits which receive compressed air from their individual reservoirs for added safety in case of an air leak. The service brakes are applied by means of a brake pedal air valve; the parking brake is the air operated spring brake type where its applied by spring force in the spring brake cylinder and released by compressed air via a hand control valve. The trailer brake consists of a direct two line system: the supply line and the separate control or service line; the supply line receives air from the prime mover park brake air tank via a park brake relay valve and the control line is regulated via the trailer brake relay valve. The operating signals for the relay are provided by the prime mover brake pedal air valve, trailer service brake hand control and the prime mover park brake hand control.

Air brakes are used as an alternative to hydraulic brakes which are used on lighter vehicles such as automobiles. Hydraulic brakes use a liquid to transfer pressure from the brake pedal to the brake shoe to stop the vehicle. Air brakes are used in heavy commercial vehicles due to their reliability, they have several advantages for large multi-trailer vehicles: The supply of air is unlimited, so the brake system can never run out of its operating fluid, as hydraulic brakes can. Minor leaks do not result in brake failures. Air line couplings are easier to detach than hydraulic lines. Air brake circuits on trailers can be attached and removed. Air not only serves as a fluid for transmission of force, but stores potential energy as it is compressed, so it can serve to control the force applied. Air brake systems include an air tank that stores sufficient energy to stop the vehicle if the compressor fails. Air brakes are effective with considerable leakage, so an air

Elizabeth Wright (educator)

Elizabeth Wright was one of the founders of Connecticut College. She served as the first Secretary of the college from 1910–1921 and as the college's bursar from 1917–1943. Wright was born on November 1876 in Hartford, Connecticut, she obtained her Bachelor of Arts from Wesleyan University in 1897 where she was a member of the Delta Delta Delta sorority. and went on to teach at Portland High School and Hartford Public High School. In 1872, Wesleyan University began what was known as the "Wesleyan Experiment", allowing women to take classes at the College. Four women matriculated that fall, it was the first time in the Connecticut region that a woman stayed enrolled in classes beyond her first term. Male alumni, were concerned that the College would become populated only by women, that the College was less prestigious with women attending. In turn, they voted to stop admitting women in 1912.. Upon learning that there were no longer any educational options for higher education for women in the state of Connecticut, Elizabeth Wright began contacting other colleges and universities in the region and asking them to allow women to take classes.

When this proved unsuccessful, Wright contacted E. V. Mitchell, president of the women's Hartford College Club, an organization for women with college educations, with her idea of opening a women's college in Connecticut. E. V. Mitchell appointed a committee of herself, Elizabeth Wright, Mary Partridge to work on the founding of a women's college; the committee expanded in order to handle real business, had offers of land for the women's institution in more than twenty cities in Connecticut. The city of New London offered a site for the college, fundraised $135,000 in ten days, was chosen as the location for what would become Connecticut College for Women. A local business man, Morton Plant, endowed $1 million in the College. Wright's original office was in the Mohican Hotel, where she worked as the College's first secretary until the opening of the first campus building in 1915. From there, she moved to New London Hall, where she worked as secretary and served on the board of trustees, she worked as Secretary of the College from 1910-1921, as Bursar from 1921 until her retirement in 1943.

In 1935, Wright founded the Connecticut College Delta chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, a national honor society. That same year, Wright was awarded an honorary Master of Arts degree from the College. In 1960, Elizabeth Wright published a novel titled The Force of Circumstances about a young Irish girl during wartime; the publication came as a surprise to those around her, as Wright had kept everything involving the book a secret. In 1961, it was announced that one of the new dormitories at Connecticut College was to be named in Wright's honor. Today, Wright House is located in the North Complex of dorms at the College, houses students of all genders and class years

Tsukada davidiifolia

Tsukada is an extinct genus of flowering plant in the family Nyssaceae related to the modern "dove-tree", Davidia involucrata, containing the single species Tsukada davidiifolia. The genus is known from fossil leaves found in the early Eocene deposits of northern Washington state, United States and a similar aged formation in British Columbia, Canada. Tsukada leaf fossils have been identified from two locations in Western North America, the 49 million year old Klondike Mountain Formation near Republic, Washington and at the One Mile Creek locality near Princeton, British Columbia. Fossil pollen identified as from the Nyssaceae genus Nyssa has been identified from the related Okanagan Highlands Hat Creek Amber in central British Columbia. Ages for the Okanagan Highland locations are, in general, Early Eocene, with the sites that have current uranium-lead or argon–argon radiometric dates being of Ypresian age, while the undated sites or those given older dates being slightly younger and Lutetian in age.

Tsukada was described from a group of type specimen leaves, the holotype UW 71095, along with two paratypes UW 39187 and UW 71081 were part of the paleobotanical collections of Burke Museum. Additionally the counterpart to specimen UW 39187 was preserved in the University of California Museum of Paleontology collection as UCMP 9302. Working from these specimens, collected in the Republic, Washington area in the early 1980s, the fossils were studied by Jack A. Wolfe of the University of California and Wesley C. Wehr of the Burke Museum, they published their 1987 type description for the genus and species in a United States Geological Survey monograph on the North Eastern Washington dicot fossils. The genus name Tsukada was coined as a patronym recognizing the Quaternary paleoecology and biogeography work of University of Washington palynologist Matsuo Tsukada; the specific epithet was not explained by Wehr. Tertiary leaf veins of Tsukada branch in an angled-opposite system, distinct from that of the "dove tree", Davidia involucrata, where the tertiary vein system is formed from right angle-right angle branching.

Additionally the side bracing veins are looped in Tsukada, while those in D. involucrata are straight and more robust. The glands of the teeth in Tsukada are less distinct. Wolfe and Wehr noted some aspects of the leaf structure, such as the tertiary vein structure and occasional camptodromus secondary branches, are seen in the family Escalloniaceae and not in other Cornales species, they suggested that if Tsukada were of "low grade leaf morphology" to Davidia the two genera might have been closer in relation to Escalloniaceae than to the Cornales. However molecular phylogeny in the years after Wolfe and Wehrs description of Tsukada has shown Davidia to be a member of the Cornales, placed in to the family Nyssaceae. At least one fossil from the One Mile Creek flora has a distinct fossil insect gall on the leaf midrib; the ovoid gall has several circular exit holes along its margin. There have not been recorded galls on specimens of the living Davidia; the galls are most similar to those of the Cecidomyiidae gall midges, its suggested the gall was caused by a cecidomyiid species.

Leaves of Tsukada have a simple pinnate vein structure, with secondary veins that are craspedodromous, reaching all the way to the leaf margins. There are no intersecondary veins crossing between the major secondary veins, while the tertiary veins run at acute angles to the secondary veins with some of the tertiary veins branching; the quaternary vein structure has an overall reticulated patterning that forms four sided areolae. The margin of the leaves is toothed, with at least one tooth to each secondary vein reaching the margin; the teeth are entered by a secondary vein near the middle and the tips of the teeth show an indistinct glandular region at the tip. There are six pairs of secondary veins, with each pair branching from the middle primary vein at a 45° angle; the veins each curve broadly from the primary vein towards the leaf margin and, with the exception of the basal secondary pair, forking once from the lower side of the vein. The veins that fork from the secondaries angling out to the margin as a craspedodromous vein that reaches the margin, or as a camptodromous vein that curves right before reaching the margin.

The basal secondary vein pair is weakly formed, angling off the primary vein at an 80° angle and each have seven external veins branching off the basal side. The petiole of the leaf is cordate, being bracketed on each side by the leaf blade

20th Century Masters – The Millennium Collection: The Best of Eric Clapton

20th Century Masters – The Millennium Collection: The Best of Eric Clapton is a compilation album by the British rock musician Eric Clapton. It was released on 15 June 2004, by Polydor Records and is part of Universal's 20th Century Masters – The Millennium Collection series; the compilation album has eleven tracks that Clapton recorded in the 1970s both as a solo artist and with Derek and the Dominos. Glyn Johns produced the album in association with Tom Dowd. Although the release sold 1,366,610 copies in the United States, it has not been certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America; the AllMusic critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine thinks that the compilation release "is an excellent distillation of his signature songs of the'70s". He continues, "While it focuses on his solo recordings, it's not limited to them, throwing in two cuts from Derek and the Dominos -- "Layla," of course, plus "Bell Bottom Blues" -- which help complete the portrait of Clapton in the'70s." Erlewine points the way to Clapton's massively successful compilation Timepieces: Best Of Eric Clapton by noting that "20th Century Masters is a revised Time Pieces, both running 11 tracks, nine of which are shared between the two records.".

He finishes his review by rating the album with 4.5 of possible 5 stars. "I Shot the Sheriff" – 4:26 "After Midnight" – 2:53 "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" – 4:24 "Wonderful Tonight" – 3:45 "Layla" – 7:06 "Cocaine" – 3:40 "Lay Down Sally" – 3:55 "Bell Bottom Blues" – 5:04 "Promises" – 3:03 "Let It Rain" – 5:03 "Let It Grow" – 4:58 20th Century Masters – The Millennium Collection: The Best of Eric Clapton at Discogs