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Acastus is a character in Greek mythology. He sailed with Jason and the Argonauts, participated in the hunt for the Calydonian Boar. Acastus was the son of Pelias king of Iolcus, Anaxibia. Acastus with his wife Astydameia had two daughters: Sterope and Laodamia, a number of sons. Another daughter, was given by the Bibliotheca as the wife of Menoetius and mother of Patroclus. After the return of the Argonauts, Acastus's sisters were manipulated by Medea to cut their father Pelias in pieces and boil them. Acastus, when he heard this, buried his father, drove Jason and Medea from Iolcus, instituted funeral games in honor of his father, he thereafter became king of Iolcus. Acastus purified Peleus of the murder of King Eurytion of Phthia. Acastus's wife fell in love with Peleus but he scorned her. Bitter, she sent a messenger to Antigone, Peleus's wife and daughter of Eurytion, to tell her that Peleus was to marry Acastus's daughter, Sterope. Astydamia told Acastus that Peleus had tried to rape her. Acastus took Peleus on a hunting trip and hid his sword while he slept abandoned him on Mt. Pelion to be killed by centaurs.

The wise centaur Chiron returned Peleus' sword and Peleus managed to escape. With Jason and the Dioscuri, Peleus sacked Iolcus, dismembered Astydamia, marched his army between the pieces, their kingdom fell to Jason's son Thessalus. Pindar, Odes translated by Diane Arnson Svarlien. 1990. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Ovid, Metamorphoses translated by Brookes More. Boston, Cornhill Publishing Co. 1922. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Apollodorus, The Library, with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F. B. A. F. R. S. in 2 Volumes. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W. H. S. Jones, Litt. D. and H. A. Ormerod, M. A. in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Topos Text Project.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Acastus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology

Harold F. Clayton

Harold Fooshee Clayton was a noted sculptor and stone-carver, best known for several sets of life-size sculptures of cows on display at various public sites in Texas. Interested in painting, Clayton studied art at the Massachusetts College of Art in Boston and the University of North Texas in Denton, graduating cum laude with a BFA in 1977, he moved to stone as a medium, spent the years from 1982 to 1987 in Pietrasanta, studying carving in the studio of Sem Ghelardini. While still in Italy, Clayton accepted a commission for four sets of five marble cows from for the Trammell Crow Company, a large Dallas real estate development concern. Three of the sets now stand in Texas at the Arboretum at Great Hills in Austin, at Las Colinas in Irving, at Trinity Lake Park in Dallas; the fourth set is in Wisconsin. A sculpture of a half completed cow, emerging from stone, sits in the front yard of Clayton's former home in Dallas; the cows at these sites stand where live cows grazed in the recent past. In fact, the models for the sculptures were made in 1980 from cows standing on the hill where the Las Colinas cows now appear to graze.

Each cow required four tons of marble. The cows at the Arboretum site are much loved by children. Clayton was a member of the Stone Carvers Guild, he died of lung cancer in 2015. Concrete Cows CowParade Bison in Heath, Texas One of the Las Colinas cows The Milwaukee cows


SM UA was a U-boat of the Imperial German Navy during World War I. Built as the fifth submarine of the Norwegian A class the boat was launched 9 May 1914 and confiscated by the German government after the outbreak of World War I on 5 August 1914. Commissioned as SM U 0 on 14 August 1914 the boat was renamed UA two weeks and assigned to coastal protection. In 1916 UA was transferred to the Uschule. After the Armistice with Germany in November 1918 UA was surrendered at Harwich, it was sold for scrap and was lost on tow off Folkestone. The wreck was identified by archaeologist Innes McCartney in 2013. Gröner, Erich. U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith. London: Conway Maritime Press. P. 48. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. Gothling, Wolfgang. AUSGELIEFERT Die deutschen B-Boote 1918-1920 und ihr Verbleib - Eine Dokumentation -. Digital business and printing gmbh Berlin. ISBN 978-3-00-037421-0

Battle of Tofrek

The Battle of Tofrek was fought on 22 March 1885 some 5 miles inland from the port of Suakin on the Red Sea coast of Sudan. A contingent of some 3000 troops from the British and Indian "Suakin Field Force" led by Major General Sir John Carstairs McNeill VC, GCVO, KCB, KCMG was attacked by a Mahdist force under the leadership of Osman Digna; the Mahdists were defeated, losing some 1000 of their 2000 fighters as compared to the loss of 70 British and Indian soldiers plus over 100 casualties. The sacking of Khartoum and the killing of General Gordon and the massacre of thousands of civilians at the hands of Mahdist warriors in January 1885, together with the failure of the relief effort of General Wolseley's Nile Expedition, prompted the British government to revive plans to build a railway between the port of Suakin on the Red Sea and Berber on the River Nile some 300 miles north of Khartoum, to provide a supply route for Wolseley's force in further actions against Khartoum. In order to provide protection from Osman Digna's Mahdist tribesmen who were well established in the coastal area, to supervise the construction of this new railway, a second Suakin Field Force of some 13,000 men was assembled under General Graham who had commanded the first Suakin expedition the previous year.

The force arrived in Suakin on 12 March 1885. Graham's Suakin Field Force consisted of a combination of British and Indian troops totalling some 13,000 men; the British force included troops from: Royal Engineers commanded by Lt. Col. E. P. Leach, VC. H. Truell; the East Surrey Regiment. Royal Marine Light Infantry under Lt. Col. Ozzard. Madras Miners; the 5th Royal Irish Lancers. The 20th Hussars; the Mounted infantry. The Royal Horse Artillery; the Grenadier Guards. The Coldstream Guards; the Scots Guards. Indian contingent comprised troops from: Bengal Cavalry. 17th Bengal Native Infantry. 15th Ludhiana Sikh Regiment. 28th Bombay Pioneers. After sending out a scouting detachment on 19 March to survey the area around Hashin some 7 miles inland, where it was believed that a number of Digna's men were camped, General Graham led an expedition comprising 8,500 fighting men and 1500 transport animals to capture Dihilbat Hill near Hashin, to establish a zeriba nearby; the expedition achieved its objectives and returned to Suakin the same night.

Graham's next objective was to attack Osman Digna's headquarters at Tamai, some 12 miles southwest of Suakin – a distance too great to be covered in a single day's march. It was therefore decided to establish two supply depots en route, in the form of zeribas to store the equipment and rations to support the main assault, Graham assigning responsibility for this task to Maj. Gen. Sir John McNeill V. C. K. C. B. K. C. M. G. McNeill was instructed to leave Suakin at dawn on 22 March with a force of 3000 men including: 1 squadron of 5th Royal Irish Lancers. Tools, water, Gardner guns and ammunition were to be carried by some 1500 transport animals. Part of the force was to march out the full 8 miles to construct the larger No. 2 zeriba, while the rest stopped at the 5 mile point to construct the No. 1 zeriba. Small garrisons were to remain in both zeribas while the bulk of the force was to return to camp the same evening. However, on the morning of 22 March, General Graham made a last-minute change to the plan.

Instead of taking the Kassala Road, a well established track leading southward out of Suakin and thence diverting southwest along a route that Graham had taken the year before when he fought against Osman Digna at the Battle of Tamai, he instructed McNeill to head southwestwards out of Suakin into virgin country. McNeill and his troops found themselves struggling through a dense jungle of mimosa bushes whose low-level branches covered in sharp thorns slowed progress and caused havoc among both troops and transport animals; some 6 miles out of Suakin, McNeill came across an open area of about half a mile square from where he telegraphed back to Suakin proposing that he stop and build a zeriba within the clearing. The reply instructed him to do as he proposed and that in the circumstances, the plan to build a second zeriba at the 8 mile point should be cancelled. "Zeriba" or "zareba' is a native word meaning "an improvised stockade. This is what was to be constructed. Mimosa trees had to be cut down, arranged in line to form the walls of the enclosure, stacked up to a height and density to afford protection to the garrison enclosed within it, their trunks being tied together prevent them from being dragged away by the enemy.

Additional protection was provided by a cordon of entrenchments with sandbag parapets around the inside perimeter of the stockade. Construction of the zeriba was the responsibility of the Royal Engineers and Madras Sappers with British and Indian troops assisting in the work of cutting the trees and dragging them into position. Others were tasked

Robert Carr (baritone)

Robert Carr was an English baritone singer and prolific recording artist. Born in London, he studied at the Guildhall School of Drama under Bantock Pierrepoint, he recorded under his own name and as variously Richard Condor, William Duncan, Harry Durrant, Robert Durrant, Ernest Gray, Bobby Gray, Robert Oswald, some others. His recording repertoire was varied ranging from popular songs of the day, sentimental songs and sacred songs, British patriotic songs as well as Classical music, most notably a complete recording of Gounod's Faust in 1929 under Sir Thomas Beecham under the Columbia label, he took part in recordings of several Gilbert and Sullivan operettas as well as Edward German's Merrie England under the direction of Joe Batten. Shortly after the Titanic disaster in 1912 he recorded two songs, "Stand by your Post" and "Be British" in memory of the victims; the proceeds from the record's sales went towards helping the victims' families. This was one of the earliest examples of producing recordings to raise funds for charitable causes and it is one, continued in subsequent years, most notably with Live Aid in the 1980s and Bob Geldof's record Feed the World to raise money for victims of the Ethiopia Famine in 1984.

This was the continuation of a tradition. During the First World War he recorded a number of songs as part of the recruiting effort and to bolster morale, most notably "We Must All Fall In" and "Laddie in Khaki", composed by Ivor Novello. In addition to being a recording and opera singer, Robert Carr was a leading figure with concert parties which provided light entertainment at British holiday resorts in the years before the Second World War, he owned. During the Second World War, Robert Carr worked for ENSA, an organisation which provided entertainment for British servicemen serving in the war. After the war, he taught singing at his old music college, the Guildhall School of Music and Drama, he died in Essex, England on 20 November 1948. The detective novelist Antony Carr was his son and Australian newsreader Susannah Carr his granddaughter. Recordings include: Gounod: Faust Harold Williams, Robert Carr, Robert Easton, Muriel Brunskill Clarence Raybould Dutton Laboratories So Near The Kingdom Robert Carr - Ethel Toms Contralto, Baritone Duet - Orch.

Acc. Gennett 9080-B Beautiful Birds, Sing On J. Howe / Robert Carr Baritone—Orch. Acc. Gennett 9082-A What Will You Do With Jesus Ethel Toms & Robert Carr Contralto, Baritone Duet with Orch. Acc. Gennett 9092-A Hold Thou My Hand Robert Carr Baritone with Orch. Acc. Gennett 9092-B The Rosary Nevin / Robert Carr Baritone with Orch. Acc. Gennett 4669-A Hiding In Thee Robert Carr Baritone Gennett 4674-B The songs my Mother sang Winner 2404 All aboard for the bye-bye land Winner 2315 Turn On, Old Time Cameron, Wilfrid Virgo & Robert Carr, Trio Winner 2349 I am the King of Spain Wilfrid Virgo & Robert Carr, Duet Come sing to me Winner 2111 Stand by your Post Be British Winner 2144 We were Sweethearts Winner 2247 Discography Discography of Robert Carr

Aline Bernstein

Aline Bernstein was an American set designer and costume designer. She and Irene Lewisohn founded the Museum of Costume Art. Bernstein was the lover and muse of novelist Thomas Wolfe, she was born in the daughter of Rebecca and Joseph Frankau, an actor. Joseph was a cousin of London cigar importer Arthur Frankau and thus, by marriage, of novelist and art historian Frank Danby, whom Aline recalled visiting as a child when Joseph Frankau was performing in London, her family was Jewish. By the time she was 17, both of her parents had died and she was raised by her aunt, Rachel Goldsmith. Goldsmith had a theatrical boarding house on West 44th Street in New York City. Between 1916 and 1951, Bernstein would do costuming, or both for 51 productions. Bernstein was a theater set and costume designer for the Neighborhood Playhouse on the Lower East Side, volunteering her work to make her name. In 1926 she prevailed in becoming the first female member of the designers union; this membership opened up opportunities for Broadway commissions.

However, as a woman, she still found that it was much easier to find work as a costume designer rather than as a set designer. Her career ran in phases. After about 14 years of work, in 1930, she was able to move into set design. For about a decade, she did set design work, only to return to costume design again around 1940 for the final phase of her career. In the 1930s she began to write, with two books published by Knopf, a respected publisher at that time, she was personal friends with Blanche Knopf. Her first book, Three Blue Suits, helped to more establish her as a designer in New York; the book included a series of three stories in which three different men wear the same blue serge suit. The details regarding how each man wears – or drags – his suit, reveal aspects of each man's character in subtle ways. A common trope among costume designer is that costumes, if they are good, should not be noticed. In contrast, the blue suit stories reveal Bernstein's ability to discern how critical details of costume evoke, interact with, a character, her skill as a costume designer at making this happen effectively.

Some of her publications include: Three Blue Suits, 1933 The Journey Down, Knopf, 1938 Miss Condon, Knopf, 1947 An Actor's Daughter, 1940 The Martha Washington Doll Book, 1945 Masterpieces of Women's Costume of the 18th and 19th Centuries, 1959 In 1950, Aline Bernstein won some hard earned recognition. In 1949 she had designed costumes for the opera Regina; the music and libretto were written Marc Blitzstein but based on the play The Little Foxes by Lillian Hellman, a play for which Bernstein had designed costumes. Although that production of Regina only ran for a month and a half, Bernstein won a Tony for her costume design in 1950. Aline married Theodore F. Bernstein, a Wall Street broker, on November 19, 1902. Bernstein and her husband had two children: Theodore Frankau Bernstein, Edla Cusick, her marriage remained intact despite her affair with Thomas Wolfe. Bernstein died on September 7, 1955, in New York City, aged 74. Bernstein met Thomas Wolfe in 1925 aboard the RMS Olympic when Wolfe was 25 and Bernstein 44.

Bernstein became Wolfe's lover and provided Wolfe with emotional and financial support while he wrote his first novel, Look Homeward, which he dedicated to Bernstein. Wolfe immortalized Bernstein as the character Esther Jack in his novels Of Time and the River, The Web and the Rock, You Can't Go Home Again, The Good Child's River. Bernstein, in turn, centered her autobiographical novel The Journey Down around her affair with Wolfe. Bernstein's and Wolfe's affair ended after a few years. One of Wolfe's last phone calls, when he was dying of a brain tumor at age 37, was to tell Bernstein he loved her. At the time of Wolfe's death in 1938, Bernstein possessed some of Wolfe's unpublished manuscripts. In the 2016 biographical drama film Genius, Bernstein was portrayed by Nicole Kidman, while Wolfe was portrayed by Jude Law. Stutman, Suzanne, ed.. My Other Loneliness: Letters of Thomas Wolfe and Aline Bernstein. University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-4117-4. Retrieved November 10, 2018. Aline Bernstein at the Internet Broadway Database Aline Bernstein designs, 1922–1952, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts Aline Bernstein letters to Samuel Bradley, 1938–1946, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts