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Access-control list

An access-control list, with respect to a computer file system, is a list of permissions attached to an object. An ACL specifies which users or system processes are granted access to objects, as well as what operations are allowed on given objects; each entry in a typical ACL specifies an operation. For instance, if a file object has an ACL that contains, this would give Alice permission to read and write the file and Bob to only read it. Many kinds of operating systems have a historical implementation. A filesystem ACL is a data structure containing entries that specify individual user or group rights to specific system objects such as programs, processes, or files; these entries are known as access-control entries in the Microsoft Windows NT, OpenVMS, Unix-like, Mac OS X operating systems. Each accessible object contains an identifier to its ACL; the privileges or permissions determine specific access rights, such as whether a user can read from, write to, or execute an object. In some implementations, an ACE can control whether or not a user, or group of users, may alter the ACL on an object.

POSIX 1003.1e/1003.2c working group made an effort to standardize ACLs, resulting in what is now known as "POSIX.1e ACL" or "POSIX ACL". The POSIX.1e/POSIX.2c drafts were withdrawn in 1997 due to participants losing interest for funding the project and turning to more powerful alternatives such as NFSv4 ACL. As of December 2019, no live sources of the draft could be found on the Internet, but it can still be found in the Internet Archive. Most of the Unix and Unix-like operating systems support POSIX.1e ACLs. Many of them, for example AIX, FreeBSD, Mac OS X beginning with version 10.4, or Solaris with ZFS filesystem, support NFSv4 ACLs, which are part of the NFSv4 standard. There are two experimental implementations of NFSv4 ACLs for Linux: NFSv4 ACLs support for Ext3 filesystem and the more recent Richacls which brings NFSv4 ACLs support for Ext4 filesystem. ACLs are stored in the extended attributes of a file on these systems. PRIMOS featured ACLs at least as early as 1984. In the 1990s the ACL and RBAC models were extensively tested and used to administer file permissions.

Microsoft's Active Directory Directory Service implements an LDAP server that store and disseminate configuration information about users and computers in a domain. Active Directory extends the LDAP specification by adding the same type of access-control list mechanism as Windows NT uses for the NTFS filesystem. Windows 2000 extended the syntax for access control entries such that they could not only grant or deny access to entire LDAP objects, but to individual attributes within these objects. On some types of proprietary computer-hardware, an access-control list provides rules that are applied to port numbers or IP addresses that are available on a host or other layer 3, each with a list of hosts and/or networks permitted to use the service. Although it is additionally possible to configure access-control lists based on network domain names, this is a questionable idea because individual TCP, UDP, ICMP headers do not contain domain names; the device enforcing the access-control list must separately resolve names to numeric addresses.

This presents an additional attack surface for an attacker, seeking to compromise security of the system which the access-control list is protecting. Both individual servers as well as routers can have network ACLs. Access-control lists can be configured to control both inbound and outbound traffic, in this context they are similar to firewalls. Like firewalls, ACLs could be subject to security regulations and standards such as PCI DSS. ACL algorithms have been ported to relational database systems. Many "modern" SQL-based systems, like enterprise resource planning and content management systems, have used ACL models in their administration modules; the main alternative to the ACL model is the role-based access-control model. A "minimal RBAC model", RBACm, can be compared with an ACL mechanism, ACLg, where only groups are permitted as entries in the ACL. Barkley showed that RBACm and ACLg are equivalent. In modern SQL implementations, ACLs manage groups and inheritance in a hierarchy of groups.

So "modern ACLs" can express all that RBAC express, are notably powerful in their ability to express access-control policy in terms of the way in which administrators view organizations. For data interchange, for "high level comparisons", ACL data can be translated to XACML. Cacls Capability-based security C-list Confused deputy problem DACL Extended file attributes Role-based access control

Gina Smith (author)

Gina Smith is an American entrepreneur and journalist who co-wrote Steve Wozniak's 2006 autobiography iWoz: From Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I Invented the Personal Computer, Co-Founded Apple, Had Fun Doing It. In 2001, Smith was named one of the 100 most influential people in technology by Upside Magazine. From 1990 to 2000, Smith wrote the "Inside Silicon Valley" technology column in the San Francisco Sunday Chronicle. During that time, she was a investigative news reporter for PC Week, senior editor at PC/Computing magazine, as of 1994, she was the editor-in-chief of IDG's Electronic Entertainment magazine. From 1993 to 1997, she hosted On Computers with Gina Smith and Leo Laporte and from 1997 to 2000 she hosted ABC Radio's "Connected with Gina Smith," a radio call-in show that ran in syndication. In 1995, she co-hosted, with John Levine, an educational PBS special The Internet Show: Drivers' Education for the Internet Superhighway. In 1995 ABC News hired Smith as a technology correspondent.

Where she covered technology news for ABC News' Nightline with Ted Koppel, ABC World News Tonight with Peter Jennings and Good Morning America. Smith hosted the ESPN weekly series, "Nothing But Net," with Pat O'Brien in 1995 and 1996, she hosted a daily tech news show on the Discovery Channel in 1996 and 1997 called Cyberlife. Cyberlife was nominated for a CableACE award in the Business/Consumer Programming Special or Series category in 1997. In 1999 Smith joined CNET as anchor of the News. Com daily news show on CNBC. In 2010, Smith returned to journalism as editor-in-chief of the online relaunch of Byte magazine as Byte.com. Since 2011, she has been CEO of aNewDomain Media. In 2000, Smith was named CEO of the New Internet Computer Company, which she co-founded with Larry Ellison; the firm closed in 2003. In 2004 David Warthen appointed Smith president of Eye Games, a San Francisco-based video game technology company. Smith, Gina; the Mountain Within: Leadership Lessons For Your Climb To The Top.

McGraw Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-177325-6. Wozniak, Steve. W. W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-06143-4. Smith, Gina; the Genomics Age: How DNA Technology is Transforming the Way We Live and who We are. AMACOM--American Management Association. ISBN 978-0-8144-0843-8. Smith, Gina. "Sladjana". In Perin, Margo. How I Learned to Cook: And Other Writings on Complex Mother-Daughter Relationships. Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin. Pp. 195–209. ISBN 978-1585422913. Smith, Gina. 101 Computer Answers You Need To Know. Ziff-Davis Press. ISBN 1-56276-339-3. 101 Computer Answers You Need To Know. Smith, Gina. Building Applications with Toolbook. Brady. ISBN 0-13-092420-2. Official website aNewDomain – The technology news site Smith founded Gina Smith on IMDb

Luxury (Georgia band)

Luxury is a rock band from Toccoa, Georgia. They began playing together as The Shroud at Toccoa Falls College in the early 1990s, changed their name to Luxury just before signing with Tooth & Nail Records and releasing their debut album, Amazing And Thankyou, one of the few non-hardcore releases on the label at the time. Luxury toured extensively in the months following Thankyou's release. In late 1995, a bad highway collision between touring engagements resulted in most of the band's members being hospitalized. Luxury took a year-long hiatus before going back on tour to support their second album, The Latest & The Greatest, though with fewer dates than anticipated. After growing more and more unhappy with the continually waning resources and promotion provided them by Tooth & Nail, they opted not to renew their contract with the label, instead released their third album, Luxury, on Bulletproof Records, a smaller and more artist-friendly label. Soon after, Luxury broke up, the band members went their separate ways.

Jamey Bozeman started a new band called Canary, which soon became They Sang as They Slew, while Lee Bozeman recorded a solo project, Love & Affection, under the moniker All Things Bright and Beautiful. In 2005 Luxury reconvened in Toccoa to make a new record, after a six-year hiatus; the result was their fourth effort as Luxury, called Health And Sport, released on Northern Records. The new recording featured all the original members of the band: Lee and Jamey Bozeman, Glenn Black, Chris Foley, Matt Hinton. In May 2008, Luxury became involved in a dispute with a Boston-based band using the name "Luxury", resulting in confusion relating to the latter's album sales on Amazon.com. Subsequently, the latter took on the name "The Luxury." In February 2013, the members of Luxury reunited to begin the process of song writing for a new album. In 2015, they released their fifth full-length album Trophies, described by music reviewers as the band's best work. Luxury is releasing its records as an independent act.

In March 2019, Eleventyseven lead singer Matt Langston interviewed drummer Glenn Black on the Eleventylife podcast and discussed the music industry, as well as the upcoming film documentary about the band entitled Parallel Love: The Story of a Band Called Luxury. Luxury's record label Nail Records, originated in the independent Christian music scene; the members of Luxury all identify as Christian, though they eschewed the Christian music scene on principle. Three of the five members are Orthodox priests. Lee Bozeman - vocals, guitar Jamey Bozeman - guitar, background vocals Chris Foley - bass Glenn Black - drums Matt Hinton - guitar, mandolin Tinsel Candy, Darling?, Darling? Luxury Amazing And Thankyou Nude at Last The Latest & The Greatest Luxury Health And Sport Trophies Interview with Lee from 2011 about post-Luxury life Northern Records interview with Lee Bozeman about Health And Sport and All Things Bright and Beautiful All Things Bright And Beautiful official message board Matt Hinton's documentary film about Sacred Harp singing 2011 Interview with Jamey Luxury on bandcamp

Gerry Mulligan and the Concert Jazz Band at the Village Vanguard

Gerry Mulligan and the Concert Jazz Band at the Village Vanguard is a live album recorded by American jazz saxophonist and bandleader Gerry Mulligan featuring performances recorded at the Village Vanguard in late 1960 which were released on the Verve label. Allmusic awarded the album 5 stars stating: "Of all the recordings made by Gerry Mulligan's Concert Jazz Band in the 1960s, this is the definitive one.... This music is essential". On All About Jazz Joel Roberts commented: "What sets this ensemble apart isn't so much the compositions or the star quality of the soloists; the key is the cohesiveness of the band as a unit and the crisp, tight arrangements and orchestrations by Mulligan, Brookmeyer and Al Cohn... Mulligan was no avant gardist, but he knew how to push the limits while working within a straight-ahead context, he knew how to make a band swing". "Blueport" - 11:07 "Body and Soul" - 5:45 "Black Nightgown" - 4:10 "Come Rain or Come Shine" - 5:35 "Lady Chatterley's Mother" - 6:14 "Let My People Be" - 8:00 Gerry Mulligan - baritone saxophone, piano - track 6 Don Ferrara, Clark Terry, Nick Travis - trumpet Willie Dennis - trombone Alan Raph - bass trombone Bob Brookmeyer - valve trombone Bob Donovan - alto saxophone Gene Quill - alto saxophone, clarinet Jim Reider - tenor saxophone Gene Allen - baritone saxophone, bass clarinet Bill Crow - bass Mel Lewis - drums

Lee Casciaro

Lee Henry Casciaro is a Gibraltarian footballer who plays for Lincoln Red Imps and the Gibraltar national team, as a forward. With three international goals, he is Gibraltar's all-time leading scorer since joining UEFA, followed by Roy Chipolina, Joseph Chipolina, Jake Gosling and Liam Walker, he is the brother of Ryan Casciaro and Kyle Casciaro who played for the Gibraltar National Team On 7 July 2015, Casciaro scored the winning goal as Lincoln Red Imps came from behind to win 2–1 away to FC Santa Coloma in the UEFA Champions League first qualifying round, advancing on aggregate by the same score to become the first Gibraltarian team to advance into the second qualifying round. On 12 July 2016, he scored the only goal in a 1–0 Red Imps victory over Celtic in the first leg of the 2nd qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. On 7 September 2014, Casciaro made his international debut for Gibraltar in a UEFA Euro 2016 Group D qualifying match against Poland with Gibraltar losing 7–0 at the Estádio Algarve.

He had played for the official team since 2007, scoring 9 goals in 7 appearances, but these appearances were considered unofficial upon Gibraltar's entry to UEFA in 2013. On 29 March 2015, he scored Gibraltar's first goal in a full international competitive match. For his services to sport in Gibraltar, he was awarded the Gibraltar Medallion of Distinction in August 2019; as of 15 November 2019. Casciaro is a policeman for the Gibraltar Defence Police, his brothers Kyle and Ryan have played with Gibraltar's national side. Lee Casciaro at National-Football-Teams.com Lee Casciaro – UEFA competition record Lee Casciaro at Soccerway

Tuomo Turunen

Tuomo Turunen is a Finnish footballer. He represents Kotkan Työväen Palloilijat, playing in Ykkönen the Finnish second division, he plays as a midfielder. Before moving to Trelleborg, he played for FC KooTeePee and IFK Göteborg, he is a member of Finland national under-21 football team. In 2008, he was selected as the best under-21 player in Finland. In December 2008, Honka and Helsingborg IF were negotiating about selling Turunen to the Swedish club, but Turunen stayed in Espoo. In July 2009, he was signed for 3.5 years. Teemu Turunen is his elder brother