Anton Ackermann was an East German politician. In 1953, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs. From 1920 to 1928, he worked as functionary of the Communist Youth Movement of Germany. In 1926 he joined the Communist Party of Germany, he studied at the Lenin School in Moscow. Back in Germany, the Communist Party was expelled after the Nazis gained power in 1933. Ackermann continued working for the illegal Communist Party. From 1935 to 1937 he lived in Prague. During the Spanish Civil War, Ackermann was the leader of the Political School of the International Brigades. After staying a shortwhile, he went to Moscow and became editor of the German language newspaper "The Free Word". In 1943 he became an active member of the Moscow-based National Committee for a Free Germany. After World War II, at the end of April 1945, he returned to Saxony as head of the Ackermann Group, one of the three teams, each of ten men, flown in by the Communist Party from Moscow to different parts of the Soviet occupation zone to lay the groundwork for the Soviet Military Administration in Germany.
He joined the newly reformed East German Communist party, the Socialist Unity Party in 1946. He was elected into the Central Committee and became a candidate member of the Politburo in 1949. From 1950 to 1954, he was a member of the People's Chamber. From 1949 to 1953, he was the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. After the arrest of the minister, Georg Dertinger, Ackermann succeeded him as Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1953-1954, he was expelled from the Politburo and Central Committee and fired as minister because of "party-hostile activity." In 1956 he was worked for the State Planning Bureau. In 1970 he was rewarded with the Patriotic Service Medal. Ill with cancer, he committed suicide in 1973. Wilhelm Zaisser Heinrich Rau
A given name is a part of a person's personal name. It identifies a person, differentiates that person from the other members of a group who have a common surname; the term given name refers to the fact that the name is bestowed upon a person to a child by their parents at or close to the time of birth. A Christian name, a first name, given at baptism, is now typically given by the parents at birth. In informal situations, given names are used in a familiar and friendly manner. In more formal situations, a person's surname is more used—unless a distinction needs to be made between people with the same surname; the idioms "on a first-name basis" and "being on first-name terms" refer to the familiarity inherent in addressing someone by their given name. By contrast, a surname, inherited, is shared with other members of one's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special given names bestowed upon someone receiving a crown or entering a religious order; such a person typically becomes known chiefly by that name.
The order given name – family name known as the Western order, is used throughout most European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by European culture, including North and South America. The order family name – given name known as the Eastern order, is used in East Asia, as well as in Southern and North-Eastern parts of India, in Hungary; this order is common in Austria and Bavaria, in France, Belgium and Italy because of the influence of bureaucracy, which puts the family name before the given name. In China and Korea, part of the given name may be shared among all members of a given generation within a family and extended family or families, in order to differentiate those generations from other generations; the order given name – father's family name – mother's family name is used in Spanish-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. Today the order can be changed in Spain and Uruguay using given name – mother's family name – father's family name.
The order given name – mother's family name – father's family name is used in Portuguese-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. In many Western cultures, people have more than one given name. One of those, not the first in succession might be used as the name which that person goes by, such as in the cases of John Edgar Hoover and Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland. A child's given name or names are chosen by the parents soon after birth. If a name is not assigned at birth, one may be given at a naming ceremony, with family and friends in attendance. In most jurisdictions, a child's name at birth is a matter of public record, inscribed on a birth certificate, or its equivalent. In western cultures, people retain the same given name throughout their lives. However, in some cases these names may be changed by repute. People may change their names when immigrating from one country to another with different naming conventions. In certain jurisdictions, a government-appointed registrar of births may refuse to register a name that may cause a child harm, considered offensive or which are deemed impractical.
In France, the agency can refer the case to a local judge. Some jurisdictions, such as Sweden, restrict the spelling of names. Parents may choose a name because of its meaning; this may be a personal or familial meaning, such as giving a child the name of an admired person, or it may be an example of nominative determinism, in which the parents give the child a name that they believe will be lucky or favourable for the child. Given names most derive from the following categories: Aspirational personal traits. For example, the name Clement means "merciful". English examples include Faith and August. Occupations, for example George means "earth-worker", i.e. "farmer". Circumstances of birth, for example Thomas meaning "twin" or the Latin name Quintus, traditionally given to the fifth male child. Objects, for example Peter means "rock" and Edgar means "rich spear". Physical characteristics, for example Calvin means "bald". Variations on another name to change the sex of the name or to translate from another language.
Surnames, for example Winston and Ross. Such names can honour other branches of a family, where the surname would not otherwise be passed down. Places, for example Brittany and Lorraine. Time of birth, for example day of the week, as in Kofi Annan, whose given name means "born on Friday", or the holiday on which one was born, for example, the name Natalie meaning "born on Christmas day" in Latin. Tuesday, May, or June. Combination of the above, for example the Armenian name Sirvart means "love rose". In many cultures, given names are reused to commemorate ancestors or those who are admired, resulting in a limited repertoire of names that sometimes vary by orthography; the most familiar example of this, to Western readers, is the use of Biblical and saints' names in most of the Christian countries (with Ethiopia, in which names were ideals or abstractions
Louise-Victorine Ackermann was a French Parnassian poet. Ackermann was born in Paris, but spent her younger days in more rural surroundings near Montdidier, south-east of Amiens. In 1829 her father, having undertaken her early education, in the philosophy of the Encyclopaedists, sent her to school in Paris. After little more than two years of happy married life her husband died, Madame Ackermann went to live in Nice with a favorite sister. In 1855 she published Contes en vers, in 1862 Contes et poésies. Different from these simple and charming contes is the work on which Madame Ackermann's real reputation rests, she published in 1874 Poésies, premières poésies, poésies philosophiques, a volume of sombre and powerful verse, expressing her revolt against human suffering. The volume was enthusiastically reviewed in the Revue des deux mondes for May 1871 by Elme Marie Caro, though he deprecated the impiété désespérée of the verses, did full justice to their vigour and the excellence of their form.
Soon after the publication of this volume Madame Ackermann moved back to Paris, where she gathered round her a circle of friends, but published nothing further except a prose volume, the Pensées d'un solitaire, to which she prefixed a short autobiography. She died at Nice on 2 August 1890. Louise Ackermann's published works. Contes et Poésues, 1862. Le Deluge, 1876. Pensées d'une Solitaire, Precédées d'une Autobiographie, 1882. Oeuvres, 1885. Ma Vie, 1885. Premiére Poésies, 1885. Poésies Philosophiques, 1885. Contes, 1955. Poésies Philosophiques, 1971
Wilhelm Friedrich Ackermann was a German mathematician best known for the Ackermann function, an important example in the theory of computation. Ackermann was born in Herscheid and was awarded a Ph. D. by the University of Göttingen in 1925 for his thesis Begründung des "tertium non datur" mittels der Hilbertschen Theorie der Widerspruchsfreiheit, a consistency proof of arithmetic without Peano induction. From 1929 until 1948, he taught at the Arnoldinum Gymnasium in Burgsteinfurt, at Lüdenscheid until 1961, he was a corresponding member of the Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, was an honorary professor at the University of Münster. In 1928, Ackermann helped David Hilbert turn his 1917 – 22 lectures on introductory mathematical logic into a text, Principles of Mathematical Logic; this text contained the first exposition of first-order logic, posed the problem of its completeness and decidability. Ackermann went on to construct consistency proofs for set theory, full arithmetic, type-free logic, a new axiomatization of set theory.
In turn, Hilbert's support vanished when Ackermann got married: Ackermann thus continued working as a high school teacher. Still, he kept continually engaged in research and published many contributions to the foundations of mathematics until the end of his life, he died in Germany. Ackermann coding Ackermann ordinal Ackermann set theory Ackermann function Inverse Ackermann function 1928. "On Hilbert's construction of the real numbers" in Jean van Heijenoort, ed. 1967. From Frege to Gödel: A Source Book in Mathematical Logic, 1879-1931. Harvard Univ. Press: 493-507. 1940. Zur Widerspruchsfreiheit der Zahlentheorie, Mathematische Annalen, vol. 117, pp 162–194. 1950. Principles of Mathematical Logic. Chelsea. Translation of 1938 German edition. 1954. Solvable cases of the decision problem. North Holland. O'Connor, John J.. Wilhelm Ackermann at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Erich Friedman's page on Ackermann at Stetson University Hermes, In memoriam WILHELM ACKERMANN 1896-1962 Author profile in the database zbMATH
Old English, or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages. It was brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the mid-5th century, the first Old English literary works date from the mid-7th century. After the Norman conquest of 1066, English was replaced, for a time, as the language of the upper classes by Anglo-Norman, a relative of French; this is regarded as marking the end of the Old English era, as during this period the English language was influenced by Anglo-Norman, developing into a phase known now as Middle English. Old English developed from a set of Anglo-Frisian or Ingvaeonic dialects spoken by Germanic tribes traditionally known as the Angles and Jutes; as the Anglo-Saxons became dominant in England, their language replaced the languages of Roman Britain: Common Brittonic, a Celtic language, Latin, brought to Britain by Roman invasion. Old English had four main dialects, associated with particular Anglo-Saxon kingdoms: Mercian, Northumbrian and West Saxon.
It was West Saxon that formed the basis for the literary standard of the Old English period, although the dominant forms of Middle and Modern English would develop from Mercian. The speech of eastern and northern parts of England was subject to strong Old Norse influence due to Scandinavian rule and settlement beginning in the 9th century. Old English is one of the West Germanic languages, its closest relatives are Old Frisian and Old Saxon. Like other old Germanic languages, it is different from Modern English and difficult for Modern English speakers to understand without study. Old English grammar is similar to that of modern German: nouns, adjectives and verbs have many inflectional endings and forms, word order is much freer; the oldest Old English inscriptions were written using a runic system, but from about the 9th century this was replaced by a version of the Latin alphabet. Englisc, which the term English is derived from, means'pertaining to the Angles'. In Old English, this word was derived from Angles.
During the 9th century, all invading Germanic tribes were referred to as Englisc. It has been hypothesised that the Angles acquired their name because their land on the coast of Jutland resembled a fishhook. Proto-Germanic *anguz had the meaning of'narrow', referring to the shallow waters near the coast; that word goes back to Proto-Indo-European *h₂enǵʰ- meaning'narrow'. Another theory is that the derivation of'narrow' is the more connection to angling, which itself stems from a Proto-Indo-European root meaning bend, angle; the semantic link is the fishing hook, curved or bent at an angle. In any case, the Angles may have been called such because they were a fishing people or were descended from such, therefore England would mean'land of the fishermen', English would be'the fishermen's language'. Old English was not static, its usage covered a period of 700 years, from the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain in the 5th century to the late 11th century, some time after the Norman invasion. While indicating that the establishment of dates is an arbitrary process, Albert Baugh dates Old English from 450 to 1150, a period of full inflections, a synthetic language.
Around 85 per cent of Old English words are no longer in use, but those that survived are basic elements of Modern English vocabulary. Old English is a West Germanic language, it came to be spoken over most of the territory of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms which became the Kingdom of England. This included most of present-day England, as well as part of what is now southeastern Scotland, which for several centuries belonged to the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria. Other parts of the island – Wales and most of Scotland – continued to use Celtic languages, except in the areas of Scandinavian settlements where Old Norse was spoken. Celtic speech remained established in certain parts of England: Medieval Cornish was spoken all over Cornwall and in adjacent parts of Devon, while Cumbric survived to the 12th century in parts of Cumbria, Welsh may have been spoken on the English side of the Anglo-Welsh border. Norse was widely spoken in the parts of England which fell under Danish law. Anglo-Saxon literacy developed after Christianisation in the late 7th century.
The oldest surviving text of Old English literature is Cædmon's Hymn, composed between 658 and 680. There is a limited corpus of runic inscriptions from the 5th to 7th centuries, but the oldest coherent runic texts date to the 8th century; the Old English Latin alphabet was introduced around the 9th century. With the unification of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms by Alfred the Great in the 9th century, the language of government and literature became standardised around the West Saxon dialect. Alfred advocated education in English alongside Latin, had many works translated into the English language. In Old English, typical of the development of literature, poetry arose before prose, but King Alfred the Great chiefly inspired the growth of prose. A literary standard, dating from the 10th century, arose under the influence of Bishop Æthelwold of Winchester, was followed by such writers as the prolific Ælfric of Eynsham. Th
Johann Christian Gottlieb Ackermann
Johann Christian Gottlieb Ackermann was a German doctor. He was born at Zeulenroda, in Upper Saxony, on the 17th of February 1756, his parents were the physician Johann Samuel Ackermann and the Eva Rosine Oberreuther, the daughter of the tanning master Paul Steinmüller. Attending the University of Jena at only fifteen years old, Johann found a teacher in Ernst Gottfried Baldinger; the two relocated to Göttingen where he studied, apart from medicine, the classical sciences, as a student of Christian Gottlob Heyne. Ackermann was promoted in 1775 to private lecturer at the medical faculty of Halle, where he lived for two years. Afterwards, he returned to Zeulenroda to practice physics. In 1786, he followed a call to Altdorf. In 1794 he accepted a position as chair of applied medicine and - at the same time - a position as the head of the local hospital for the poor, he died at the age of 45 from tuberculosis. The main focus of Ackermann's scientific works lies in his historical studies of the medical sciences during the Middle Ages.
He translated foreign publications into German. He wrote Institutiones Therapiae Generalis. Regimen sanitatis Salerni, Stendal, 1790 Institutiones historicae medicinae, Nuremberg, 1792 Bemerkungen über die Kenntnis und Kur einiger Krankheiten, 7 booklets in old German language, 1794-1800 Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie - online version
Ronny Ackermann is a successful German Nordic combined skier. Ackermann started to learn to ski when he was five years old and took up ski-jumping two years later; as of 2004, he belongs to the team of Rhöner WSV Dermbach. His many successes include winning the Nordic combined World Cup in 2002, 2003 and 2008. Ackermann found success in the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, winning ten medals, including four golds, five silvers, a bronze He has won three silvers at the Winter Olympics in the sprint and team events. Ackermann is the first person to win the 15 km individual World Championships three straight times and the first to do it at the World Championships or Winter Olympic level since fellow German Ulrich Wehling did it during the Winter Olympics of 1972, 1976, 1980. Ackermann has won the Nordic combined event at the Holmenkollen ski festival three times, with 2 wins in the individual competition and a win in the sprint competition. In 2003, Ackermann received the Holmenkollen medal, he was elected Sportler des Jahres in 2005.
Ronny Ackermann at the International Ski Federation Holmenkollen medalists - click Holmenkollmedaljen for downloadable pdf file Holmenkollen winners since 1892 - click Vinnere for downloadable pdf file