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Acquis communautaire

The Community acquis or acquis communautaire, sometimes called the EU acquis and shortened to acquis, is the accumulated legislation, legal acts, court decisions which constitute the body of European Union law. The term is French: acquis meaning "that, acquired or obtained", communautaire meaning "of the community". During the process of the enlargement of the European Union, the acquis was divided into 31 chapters for the purpose of negotiation between the EU and the candidate member states for the fifth enlargement; these chapters were: For the negotiations with Croatia, Turkey, Serbia and in the future, with North Macedonia, the acquis is split up into 35 chapters instead, with the purpose of better balancing between the chapters: dividing the most difficult ones into separate chapters for easier negotiation, uniting some easier chapters, moving some policies between chapters, as well as renaming a few of them in the process: Correspondence between chapters of the 5th and the 6th Enlargement: Such negotiations involved agreeing transitional periods before new member states needed to implement the laws of the European Union and before they and their citizens acquired full rights under the acquis.

The term acquis is used to describe laws adopted under the Schengen Agreement, prior to its integration into the European Union legal order by the Treaty of Amsterdam, in which case one speaks of the Schengen acquis. The term acquis has been borrowed by the World Trade Organization Appellate Body, in the case Japan – Taxes on Alcoholic Beverages, to refer to the accumulation of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and WTO law, though this usage is not well established, it has been used to describe the achievements of the Council of Europe: The Council of Europe's acquis in standard setting activities in the fields of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental human rights and freedoms should be considered as milestones towards the European political project, the European Court of Human Rights should be recognised as the pre-eminent judicial pillar of any future architecture. It has been applied to the body of "principles and commitments" of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe: Another question under debate has been how the Partners and others could implement the OSCE acquis, in other words its principles and commitments on a voluntary basis.

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development introduced the concept of the OECD Acquis in its "Strategy for enlargement and outreach", May 2004. Official Journal of the European Union Primacy of European Union law EUR-Lex: European Union Law. JRC-Acquis, Aligned multilingual parallel corpus: 23,000 Acquis-related texts per language, available in 22 languages. Total size: 1 Billion words. Translation Memory of the EU-Acquis: Up to 1 Million translation units each, for 231 language pairs

Colchuck Peak

Colchuck Peak is an 8,705-foot mountain located in the Stuart Range, in the Alpine Lakes Wilderness in Chelan County of Washington state. The nearest higher peak is Dragontail Peak, 0.49 mi to the east, Argonaut Peak lies 0.9 mi to the southwest. The Colchuck Glacier which lies on the northeast slopes of the peak melts into Colchuck Lake; the mountain and glacier take their name from the lake, which in Chinook jargon means "cold water". Precipitation runoff from the peak drains north into Mountaineer Creek, a tributary of Icicle Creek, or south into Ingalls Creek, all of which winds up in the Wenatchee River. Most weather fronts originate in the Pacific Ocean, travel east toward the Cascade Mountains; as fronts approach, they are forced upward by the peaks of the Cascade Range, causing them to drop their moisture in the form of rain or snowfall onto the Cascades. As a result, the Cascades experience high precipitation during the winter months in the form of snowfall. During winter months, weather is cloudy, due to high pressure systems over the Pacific Ocean that intensify during summer months, there is little or no cloud cover during the summer.

The Alpine Lakes Wilderness features some of the most rugged topography in the Cascade Range with craggy peaks and ridges, deep glacial valleys, granite walls spotted with over 700 mountain lakes. Geological events occurring many years ago created the diverse topography and drastic elevation changes over the Cascade Range leading to the various climate differences; the history of the formation of the Cascade Mountains dates back millions of years ago to the late Eocene Epoch. With the North American Plate overriding the Pacific Plate, episodes of volcanic igneous activity persisted. In addition, small fragments of the oceanic and continental lithosphere called terranes created the North Cascades about 50 million years ago. Colchuck Peak is situated in part of the Mount Stuart batholith, a large area of clean granite rock that forms the Stuart Range. During the Pleistocene period dating back over two million years ago, glaciation advancing and retreating scoured the landscape leaving deposits of rock debris.

The last glacial retreat in the Alpine Lakes area began about 14,000 years ago and was north of the Canada–US border by 10,000 years ago. The “U”-shaped cross section of the river valleys are a result of that recent glaciation. Uplift and faulting in combination with glaciation have been the dominant processes which have created the tall peaks and deep valleys of the Alpine Lakes Wilderness area. Colchuck Peak weather: Mountain Forecast

Me, Natalie

Me, Natalie is a 1969 American comedy-drama film directed by Fred Coe about a homely young woman from Brooklyn who moves to Greenwich Village and finds romance with an aspiring painter. The screenplay by A. Martin Zweiback is based on an original story by Stanley Shapiro. Patty Duke, who starred in the title role, won a Golden Globe Award for her performance; the film starred James Farentino, Salome Jens, Elsa Lanchester, Martin Balsam and Nancy Marchand. It marked Al Pacino's film debut. From childhood, Brooklyn teenager, Natalie Miller, who has upper front teeth that are bucked, a nose too large for her face, has considered herself to be homely, has never subscribed to her mother's determined belief that she will grow up to be pretty. By contrast, her best friend, Betty, is a popular and beautiful blonde cheerleader, going steady with the handsome Stanley since junior high school. Natalie's efforts to become a cheerleader herself, impress a blind date, attend her graduation dance all fail, she is cheered up by her beloved Uncle Harold, who tells her that someday a man will look beyond her face, see her good inner qualities, but she becomes disillusioned after Harold gets engaged to a sexy, voluptuous go-go dancer, Shirley.

Believing that Harold chose Shirley based on her looks, Natalie regards Shirley with contempt, when Harold dies avoids attending his funeral. A year Natalie encounters Shirley, who has turned to drugs in her grief over Harold. Natalie sees that Shirley and Harold did love each other, that Shirley's physical attractiveness has not brought her happiness. Natalie's parents worry because she has been expelled from college, has not found a job, has no boyfriends or marital prospects, they try to arrange dates for her, her father attempts to bribe Morris, an unattractive aspiring optometrist, to marry her. After learning of the bribery scheme, an incensed Natalie moves out of her parents' apartment, planning to move in with Shirley in Manhattan. Upon arriving at Shirley's bohemian apartment building in Greenwich Village, Natalie finds that Shirley has committed suicide. Natalie rents and fixes up Shirley's vacant apartment, gets a cocktail waitress job at the "Topless Bottomless Club". Natalie is attracted to her downstairs neighbor, David Harris, an architect, who has left his job for three months to pursue his dream of becoming a painter.

Having dismissed David as a "sex pervert" because he is painting beautiful nude female models, she is taken aback when David finds her face "interesting" and asks her to model for him. Their friendship grows into a romance, with Natalie encouraging his painting aspirations and David building her self-confidence. However, just after Natalie sees her old friend, make an unhappy marriage due to an out-of-wedlock pregnancy, Natalie discovers David is married to a wealthy, beautiful woman and has two young sons. After a confrontation, David reassures Natalie that he loves her and he will go back to his family home, end his marriage, return to her. At first Natalie waits eagerly in his apartment for his return, but as time goes by she feels guilty about separating him from his family, she writes David a farewell letter, saying she will always love him but expressing the wish to take responsibility for her own happiness, leaves. Works by Nathan Wasserberger were used in the film as the paintings produced by the character David Harris.

In his review in The New York Times, Vincent Canby called the film "an artificial mess of wisecracks and sentimentality" and added, "Locales and a gummy musical score by Henry Mancini and Rod McKuen are among the things impinging on Me, Natalie. Another is Coe's apparent indecision as to whether the movie is a gag comedy. It's just gags, delivered abrasively by Miss Duke, less effective when registering pathos."Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times found it to be "as conventional and corny as warmed-over "Young at Heart"... a pleasant film funny at times... Patty Duke, as Natalie, supplies a wonderful performance."TV Guide considers the film "somewhat bland" but calls Duke "a wonder" and adds, "Handled by a lesser actress, the results might have seemed more stereotypical, but Duke is convincing." Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Grammy Award for Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Show Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen List of American films of 1969 Me, Natalie on IMDb Me, Natalie at Rotten Tomatoes Me, Natalie at the TCM Movie Database