Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom relating to the European Communities and the European Union

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This is a list of current, amended, spent and repealed Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom relating to its membership of the European Communities and the European Union from 1972 to the present.

Some of the acts (particularly the European Communities Act 1972 and the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 represent some of the most important constitutional legislation currently on the statue book .

Act of United Kingdom accession and membership to the European Communities / European Union[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities Act 1972 68 17 October 1972 Amended

This act legislated for the accession of the United Kingdom to the European Communities which later became the European Union and also gave legal effect to European Union Law (then Community law) which came into effect on 1 January 1973, the day the UK officially joined.

Amending acts[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities (Amendment) Act 1986 58 17 November 1986 Current

This act incorporated the Single European Act into the 1972 Act.

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities (Amendment) Act 1993 36 20 July 1993 Amended

This act incorporated the Maastricht Treaty into the 1972 Act which created the European Union.

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities (Amendment) Act 1998 21 11 June 1998 Current

This act incorporated the Amsterdam Treaty into the 1972 Act.

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities (Amendment) Act 2002 3 26 February 2002 Current

This act incorporated the Nice Treaty into the 1972 Act.

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Union (Amendment) Act 2008 7 19 June 2008 Current

This act incorporated the Treaty of Lisbon into the 1972 Act.

Finance acts[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities (Finance) Act 2001 22 4 December 2001 Repealed
European Communities (Finance) Act 2008 1 19 February 2008 Current
European Union (Finance) Act 2015 32 21 July 2015 Current

These acts also amend the 1972 Act.

Act related to the 1975 United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
Referendum Act 1975 33 8 May 1975 Repealed

This act legislated for the holding of the United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum which was held on Thursday 5 June 1975.

Act related to the European Economic Area[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Economic Area Act 1993 10 5 November 1993 Current

This act incorporated the agreement which created the European Economic Area which came into effect on 1 January 1994.

Acts related to the European Assembly / Parliament[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Assembly Elections Act 1978 10 5 May 1978 Repealed
European Assembly (Pay and Pensions) Act 1979 50 26 July 1979 Amended
European Parliamentary Elections Act 1993 41 5 November 1993 Repealed
European Parliamentary Elections Act 1999 1 14 January 1999 Repealed
European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002 24 24 July 2002 Current
European Parliament (Representation) Act 2003 7 8 May 2003 Current

These acts legislated for the holding of European Parliament elections within the United Kingdom.

European Union Act & amending acts[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Union Act 2011 11 19 July 2011 Amended
(Probably partially spent)

This act amended the 2002 Act and legislated for the requirement of a UK-wide referendum for any approval of any proposed transfers of power to the EU.

Acts related to the European Union Act 2011[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Union (Approval of Treaty Amendment Decision) Act 2012 15 31 October 2012 Probably spent
European Union (Approvals) Act 2015 37 17 December 2015 Probably spent

This act approves under the European Union Act 2011 the creation of the European Stability Mechanism for Eurozone states and approves for Macedonia to become an observer in the work of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights.

Accession acts[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Communities (Greek Accession) Act 1979 50 20 December 1979 Spent
European Communities (Spanish and Portuguese Accession) Act 1985 75 19 December 1985 Spent
European Union (Accessions) Act 1994 38 3 November 1994 Spent
European Union (Accessions) Act 2003 35 13 November 2003 Spent
European Union (Accessions) Act 2006 2 16 February 2006 Spent
European Union (Croatian Accession and Irish Protocol) Act 2013 5 31 January 2013 Current

These acts legislated for subsequent enlargements of the European Communities/European Union.

Act related to the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Union Referendum Act 2015 36 17 December 2015 Spent

This act requires the holding of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum no later than 31 December 2017, and was duly held on Thursday 23 June 2016.

Act related to the invocation of Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017 9 16 March 2017 Spent

This act (now spent) authorises the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to notify the European Union of the United Kingdom's intention to withdraw by invoking Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, in pursuance of and subsequent to the case of R (on the application of Miller and Dos Santos [and others]) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.

Act related to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union[edit]

Act Chapter (c.) Royal Assent Current status
European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 16 26 June 2018 Current

This act legislates to enable the implementation of the country's exit from the European Union (Brexit) and automatically repeals the European Communities Act 1972 on "exit day" – defined in the legislation as 29 March 2019 (at 11.00 p.m.) although until then it remains legally on the statute book with full legal force.

See also[edit]