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Adûnaic is one of the fictional languages devised by J. R. R. Tolkien for his fantasy works. One of the languages of Arda in Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium, Adûnaic was spoken by the Men of Númenor during the Second Age. Adûnaic derived from the related Bëorian and Hadorian dialects of Taliska, the language spoken by the first and third houses of the Edain when they first entered Beleriand during the First Age; this language seems to have been a creole of the Dwarvish Khuzdul and some Avarin dialects, it is wholly unclear which parts of its vocabulary and structure were purely "Mannish" in origin, though the answer is very little. It is stated that Finrod Felagund was able to master Taliska purely by determining the various changes undergone by its Avarin component from Primitive Quendian, Faramir stated that all languages of Men are of Elvish descent, suggesting that Taliska and Adûnaic are in fact Quendian/Avarin with some Khuzdul influence. Once the Edain settled in Beleriand, they eagerly learned Sindarin from its Grey Elven inhabitants, but retained their own tongue whilst borrowing and adapting many Sindarin words to it.

By the end of the First Age, Taliska had developed into a language that served as the basis for Adûnaic, the vernacular tongue of the Númenóreans, as well as the languages of the Rohirrim and the Men of Dale. In Númenor, Adûnaic was the language used in day-to-day affairs by the majority of the population, its corpus a varied mixture of Khuzdul and Sindarin, was now exposed more to the influence of Quenya and even Valarin, both due to regular contact with Aman. When the Númenóreans began to establish trading ports on the western shores of Middle-earth, Adûnaic mingled with the languages of various groups of Edain who had not travelled to Númenor, the resulting trade language spread throughout Eriador and its neighbours, laying the foundation for the Common Speech. Following the Akallabêth, the surviving Elendili who established the kingdoms of Arnor and Gondor shunned Adûnaic in favour of Sindarin due to the associations of the former with the tyrannical Ar-Pharazôn and his followers the King's Men.

Neglected by the Faithful, Adûnaic remained the language of the common people throughout most of the west of Middle-earth, by the time of the War of the Ring at the end of the Third Age, it had developed into the various dialects of Westron. Although "classical" Adûnaic was not spoken after the Akallabêth, surviving groups of the King's Men who served and worshipped Sauron continued to speak a debased form of the language as as the War of the Ring at the end of the Third Age. Few words of Adûnaic are known, though those that are borrow from various Elven languages. Adûnaic seems to conform to a variant of the consonantal root system used in Khuzdul, it is one of only two or three of Tolkien's languages known to possess noun classes, which correspond to four grammatical genders. Although Tolkien created few original words in Adûnaic names, the language serves his concept of a lingua franca for Middle-earth, a shared language for many different people; this lingua franca is Westron, which developed out of Adûnaic, "the language of the culturally and politically influential Númenóreans."Tolkien devised Adûnaic, the language spoken in Númenor, shortly after World War II, thus at about the time he completed The Lord of the Rings, but before he wrote the linguistic background information of the Appendices.

Adûnaic is intended as the language. This added a depth of historical development to the Mannish languages. Adûnaic was intended to have a "faintly Semitic flavour", its development began with The Notion Club Papers. It is there that the most extensive sample of the language is found, revealed to one of the protagonists, Lowdham, of that story in a visionary dream of Atlantis, its grammar is sketched in the unfinished "Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language". Tolkien remained undecided whether the language of the Men of Númenor should be derived from the original Mannish language, or if it should be derived from "the Elvish Noldorin" instead. In The Lost Road and Other Writings it is implied that the Númenóreans spoke Quenya, that Sauron, hating all things Elvish, taught the Númenóreans the old Mannish tongue they themselves had forgotten. Adûnaic is fundamentally a three-vowel language, with a length distinction. Most information about Adûnaic grammar comes from an incomplete typescript Lowdham's Report on the Adûnaic Language, written by Tolkien to accompany The Notion Club Papers.

The report discusses phonology and morphological processes in some detail, starts to discuss nouns, but breaks off before saying much about verbs, other parts of speech or the grammar as a whole. I

Bowater Mersey Paper Company Limited

The Bowater Mersey Paper Company Limited shortened to Bowater Mersey, is a forestry company operating in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. From 1929 until June 2012 Bowater Mersey operated a thermomechanical pulp mill and associated paper mill producing newsprint located in Brooklyn, Nova Scotia. Annual production in 2011 was 253,000 t of newsprint. Since December 10, 2012 the company has been owned by the Government of Nova Scotia, in the process of decommissioning the TMP mill site; the company was founded in 1929 as the Mersey Paper Company Limited by Nova Scotia industrialist Izaak Walton Killam. That year the Mersey Paper Company Ltd opened a pulp mill in Brooklyn on the northern shore of Liverpool Bay, in the estuary of the Mersey River; the mill had its own receiving pier to accommodate ocean freighters. To power the mill, the company dammed the Mersey 30 km upstream at Indian Gardens, in the process creating a reservoir named Lake Rossignol. In 1956 the estate of Izaak Walton Killam sold the company to Bowater which renamed the company Bowater Mersey Paper Company Limited in 1959.

At the same time, Killam's estate sold the Mersey River generating stations to the then-provincial Crown corporation Nova Scotia Power. In 1963 the Washington Post Company purchased 49 percent of the common stock of Bowater Mersey Paper Company Ltd. with Bowater retaining the controlling 51 percent ownership. Changes to the corporate structure and ownership of parent company Bowater saw that company's name evolve to become AbitibiBowater Inc in 2007 and Resolute Forest Products in November 2011. In October 2011 it was announced by parent company Resolute Forest Products that the Bowater Mersey Paper Company Limited was facing unprecedented production costs and that its operations would be re-evaluated that fall; the parent company demanded concessions from the union, which were granted in a narrow vote in November 2011. Nova Scotia Power committed to offer concessions in the form of discounted power rates and other incentives. On June 15, 2012 the parent company Resolute Forest Products announced that the mill would be idling its Bowater Mersey Paper Company Ltd. mill indefinitely, effective with the end of the last shift on June 16.

Resolute Forest Products indicated that it would be selling its assets in Nova Scotia, including the idled mill, its timber lands, the Brooklyn Power Corporation. On December 10, 2012 it was announced that the Government of Nova Scotia had purchased all shares in the Bowater Mersey Paper Company Ltd. for $1.00 CAD from owners Resolute Forest Products Inc. and The Washington Post Company. This deal saw the provincial government acquire all Bowater Mersey assets and liabilities, except for a sawmill in Oakhill, Lunenburg County; the assets of Bowater Mersey transferred to the provincial government include 555,000 acres of forest land, the pulp mill and paper mill in Brooklyn, a deep water marine terminal at Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Power Corporation biomass electrical generating plant. Liabilities include a $20 million debt to Resolute Forest Products Inc. a $120 million pension liability for workers in the woodland and pulp mill operations, environmental liabilities for the pulp mill site. The provincial government announced that it had reached a simultaneous agreement with Nova Scotia Power Corporation to sell Brooklyn Power Corporation for $25 million.

On December 11, 2012 the provincial government announced that the TMP mill in Brooklyn would be decommissioned and the site become the site of a forest industry research facility with a focus on biomass energy. The year after the mill began production in 1929, Mersey Paper Company Ltd founded Mersey Shipping Company Limited in 1930, renamed to Markland Shipping Company Limited in 1937 and Bowater Steamship Company of Canada Limited in 1959, its ships carried pulp wood and paper products for the Brooklyn mill and other shippers


Ellipsanime is a French animation studio that produces television programs. It was founded in 1987. In February 2000 it merged with Expand SA. In 2014, Ellipsanime bought the assets of Moonscoop SA. Ellipse has worked with many other animation companies, with one good example being the Canadian animation studio Nelvana Limited. Akissi Alta Donna Babar Babar: The Movie Blake and Mortimer Blazing Dragons Chicken Town Chumballs Contraptus Cubitus Doug Fennec Miss BG My Pet Monster Nick & Perry Rupert Sonic Underground Sullivan Taratabong The Adventures of Tintin The Funny Little Bugs The Garfield Show The Magic Roundabout The Neverending Story Yummy Toonies ‘’Garfield Originals

Whole Azerbaijan

Whole Azerbaijan is an irredentist concept of uniting Azerbaijani-inhabited territories into Azerbaijan. The idea of "Whole Azerbaijan" was formulated by Piruz Dilanchi in 1991 and defined in 1992 by Azerbaijani president Abulfaz Elchibey. In 1991, Dilanchi founded the SANLM nationalist organization and in 1997 Elchibey founded the "Whole Azerbaijan Union" organization. Elchibey published his book on the idea, Bütöv Azərbaycan yolunda, in Turkey in 1998, it claimed. Elchibey claimed, he proposed that Azerbaijan had right to rule it, under a proposed system of governance called "United Azerbaijani Lands". After his death in 2002, it was published postmortem, he opposed the idea of a independent Iranian Azerbaijan. The term Whole Azerbaijan continued in political initiatives including the SANLM and Whole Azerbaijan Popular Front Party. Although the boundaries of Whole Azerbaijan are not defined, some proponents portray them as encompassing the following areas Iranian Azerbaijan - the provinces of East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan «Western Azerbaijan» - majority of the territory of the Republic of Armenia Derbent - Derbent district, Republic of Dagestan Borchali - Part of the Kvemo Kartli province of Georgia Kirkuk - Part of the Kirkuk Governorate, Iraq Southern Azerbaijan National Awakening Movement "Diaspora agrees to reintegrate Iranian Azerbaijan in Republic of Azerbaijan". August 30, 2012. Archived from the original on February 5, 2016

Skiddaw Little Man

Skiddaw Little Man called Little Man is a fell in the English Lake District, it is situated four kilometres north of the town of Keswick and reaches a height of 865 m. Little Man is overlooked and disregarded as an independent and distinct fell due to its name which makes it sound like a minor top of its parent fell Skiddaw which in fact lies 1.5 kilometres to the north west. With a topographical prominence of 61 metres, Little Man qualifies comfortably as a Hewitt and Nuttall hill and is regarded as a separate fell by renowned mountain writers Alfred Wainwright and Bill Birkett; the fell is called Little Man on Ordnance Survey maps and by many guide books. To the north and east Little Man is connected to the Skiddaw massif, Lonscale Fell being the nearest separate fell to the east, 2.5 kilometres away. To the south and the west the fell falls away steeply with fast flowing streams draining the fell into the River Derwent. Half a kilometre to the south east of the main summit lies a lower top called Lesser Man, this is adorned with an unusual cairn consisting of rocks and old fence posts.

A further half a kilometre to the south east of Lesser Man, on the other side of the bridleway from Keswick to Skiddaw, stands Jenkin Hill, this flat-topped height being regarded as an outlier of Little Man. Geologically, Little Man consists of Skiddaw slate and the summit of the fell is made up of grassy patches within large areas of slate. Little Man has one big advantage over Skiddaw in that its convex southern slopes make it a far better viewpoint than its higher neighbour. In fact the panorama from Little Man is regarded as one of the best in the national park taking in the valleys and lakes of northern Lakeland as well as all of the best-known fells of the district. Many people climb Little Man via the tourist path from Keswick on the way to the summit of Skiddaw. However, there are several better and more interesting but steep ascents from the hamlets of Millbeck and Applethwaite to the south of the fell. One of the routes from Millbeck is a scrambler's route up the steep south west Arête.

A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells, The Northern Fells, Alfred Wainwright ISBN 0-7112-2458-7 Complete Lakeland Fells, Bill Birkett, ISBN 0-00-713629-3 The Mountains of England and Wales and Anne Nuttall ISBN 1-85284-037-4

Workers' Memorial Sculpture

Workers' Memorial is a sculpture in Indiana, United States by artist Daniel Edwards made to commemorate workers who have died on the job. The memorial consists of three bronze workers standing atop a limestone base; the statue was unveiled in 1995 on April 28, a day on which labor groups in Indianopolis annually commemorate fallen workers. Sponsored by the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, labor groups paid the entire $40,000 cost of the memorial. Workers' Memorial depicts three bronze industrial workers standing atop a limestone base. Two of the workers are male and one is female; the bases of the proper right and the proper left workers are inscribed "D. EDWARDS 1995." The base of the center worker is inscribed with the names of people who helped create the statue, including design consultant Steve Mannheimer and carver Henry Conway. The sculptures were cast by the Scott Art Casting foundry; the inscription on the front of the base reads: IN MEMORY OF ALL INDIANA / WORKERS WHO HAVE DIED AT WORK / OR AS A RESULT OF THEIR LABOR / DEDICATED / THIS WORKER MEMORIAL DAY / APRIL 28, 1995.

On the back of the base are plaques of several Indiana labor groups. The memorial is located on the west side of the Indiana Government Center on West Street in Indianapolis, Indiana. Artist Daniel Edwards was born in La Porte, Indiana in 1965, he is an alumnus and former professor of the Herron School of Art. His other works of art in Indianapolis include The Landmark for Peace Memorial and several bronze bust portraitures housed in the National Art Museum of Sport, his most well-known works are considered controversial and address celebrity and popular culture, including Britney Spears, Oprah Winfrey, Fidel Castro and Paris Hilton as subjects. Indiana Law Enforcement and Firefighter Memorial The Muster Point "Photos of the Workers' Memorial on Flickr". View more photos of this piece and other artwork found at the Indiana Statehouse on Flickr