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Alfred A. Thorne

Alfred Athiel Thorne, LLD, MA, was a Popular Statesman, Incisive Author, Advocate for Educational Access, Key Contributor to the History of Human Rights. A. A. Thorne famously championed human rights during the nineteenth century by establishing and leading one of the first human rights and labor rights institutions in the Western Hemisphere, he broke new ground for Educational Access by establishing and operating one of the world's first co-educational private secondary schools, providing equal access to qualified students regardless of their gender, ethnicity, religion or financial status, in British Guiana in 1894. The school he founded provided educational access for hundreds of students who would otherwise have been excluded from the existing preparatory schools due to their high tuitions and restrictive class-based and gender-based admissions policies. Called a "Hero of the People", Thorne worked to unify the collective voices of East Indians, Chinese, Aboriginal Amerindians, working class British colonists across the British colony.

He was popularly elected to numerous public offices for more than fifty years, including as Mayor of British Guiana's capital city, Georgetown. A prolific writer and columnist, Thorne authored numerous published articles and editorial columns for the influential newspapers "Echo" and "Outlook" in British Guiana, as well as notable articles published by the "Boston Transcript" in Massachusetts. Using the merit of his ideas and the power of his words, AA Thorne courageously stood up for the principles of self-determination, social justice and equal rights, casualties of colonialism and plantocracy -- and he won broad-based support, driven by compelling arguments and inclusive politics. Born in Barbados, Dr. Thorne was a British Classical Scholar and earned two degrees from Durham University in Durham, England -- the world's third-oldest English-speaking university -- where he graduated with honors and became the first person in history of African descent to earn both Bachelor's and Advanced degrees conferred by a British University.

A. A. Thorne first visited the United States in 1904, at the special invitation of the New York City Mayor. During this U. S. visit, Thorne delivered a keynote address to the President and Alumni of Wilberforce University, where the Senate conferred upon Thorne the degree of Doctor of Laws, a distinctive honor which had only been conferred on two other men: US President William McKinley, Frederick Douglass. Dr. Thorne served many decades as an educator and elected official in British Guiana, creating positive and lasting impact for generations by advocating for the principles of freedom and self-determination, he founded the country's first private coeducational secondary school offering equal access regardless of gender, color, or socio-economic status. After graduating with advanced degrees from University of Durham in England, Thorne moved to British Guiana, where in 1894 he founded the country's first coeducational private secondary school that provided equal access to qualified students regardless of gender, ethnicity or socio-economic status, called The Middle School because it was the first opportunity for high-quality education accessible to talented students from middle class families.

The school provided a high quality level of education that rivaled the standards available only to students from families who enjoyed privileged plantocracy-based high status, who could attend top schools including Queen's College and Bishop's High School, were wealthy enough to afford their high tuitions. Dr. Thorne served as the school's Headmaster; the school broke many barriers, enrolling both boys and girls and providing children from underprivileged and moderate-income families access to reduced tuition and tuition-free education comparable in quality to the educational level available only at the leading elite private educational institutions such as Queens College -- thereby creating educational access for the first time across gender lines, ethnic lines, socio-economic classes in an era long before gender rights and civil rights were protected by anti-discrimination laws and equal opportunity laws of the land. The private school became known for the high-quality education, it was on par with Bishop's High School.

A. A. Thorne served a prominent role in public service and held elected offices at both the municipal and national level for more than 50 years in British Guiana, including as an elected member of the Georgetown City Council for 47 years starting in 1902. Thorne was elected to the Combined Court in 1906, he served as Deputy Mayor in 1921, 1922 and 1925. He was elected to the national post of Financial Representative for the North West District and New Amsterdam. Thorne led British Guiana Labour Union, the country's first worker's union, subsequently founded and led the country's second trade union, the British Guiana Workers' League, in 1931, he served as the League's leader for 22 years. The League sought to protect basic human rights and improve the working conditions of people from all ethnic backgrounds including workers of West African, East Indian, Chinese and Amerindian descent — many of whom had been brought to the British colony under a system of forced labor or indentured servitude, or, natives of the land now occupied and taken over under the forces of European imperialism.

A. A. Thorne served as President of the British Guiana Trades Union Council; the union represented the human rights interests of a variety of worker


A parkway is a landscaped thoroughfare. The term is used for a roadway in a park or connecting to a park from which trucks and other heavy vehicles are excluded. Over the years, many different types of roads have been labeled parkways; the term may be used to describe city streets as narrow as 2 lanes with a landscaped median, wide landscaped setbacks, or both. The term has been applied to scenic highways and to limited-access roads more generally. Many parkways intended for scenic, recreational driving have evolved into major urban and commuter routes; the first parkways in the United States were developed during the late 19th century by landscape architects Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux as roads that separated pedestrians, bicyclists and horse carriages, such as the Eastern Parkway, credited as the world's first parkway, Ocean Parkway in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. The terminology "parkway" to define this type of road was coined by Calvert Vaux and Frederick Law Olmsted in their proposal to link city and suburban parks with "pleasure roads".

In Buffalo, New York and Vaux used parkways with landscaped medians and setbacks to create the first interconnected park and parkway system in the United States. Bidwell Parkway and Chapin Parkway are 200 foot wide city streets with only one lane for cars in each direction and broad landscaped medians that provide a pleasant, shaded route to the park and serve as mini-parks within the neighborhood. Other parkways, such as Park Presidio Boulevard in San Francisco, were designed to serve larger volumes of traffic. During the early 20th century, the meaning of the word was expanded to include limited-access highways designed for recreational driving of automobiles, with landscaping; these parkways provided scenic routes without slow or commercial vehicles, at grade intersections, or pedestrian traffic. Examples are the Vanderbilt Motor Parkway in New York, but their success led to more development, expanding a city's boundaries limiting the parkway's recreational driving use. The Arroyo Seco Parkway between Downtown Los Angeles and Pasadena, California is an example of lost pastoral aesthetics.

It and others have become major commuting routes, while retaining the name "parkway". In New York City, construction on the Long Island Motor Parkway began in 1906 and planning for the Bronx River Parkway in 1907. In the 1920s, the New York City Metropolitan Area's parkway system grew under the direction of Robert Moses, the president of the New York State Council of Parks and Long Island State Park Commission, who used parkways to create and access state parks for city dwellers; as Commissioner of New York City Parks under Mayor LaGuardia, he extended the parkways to the heart of the city and linking its parks to the greater metropolitan systems. Most of the New York metropolitan parkways were designed by Gilmore Clark; the famed "Gateway to New England" Merritt Parkway in Connecticut was designed in the 1930s as a pleasurable alternative for affluent locals to the congested Boston Post Road, running through forest with each bridge designed uniquely to enhance the scenery. Another example is the Sprain Brook Parkway from lower-Westchester to become the Taconic State Parkway to Chatham, New York.

Landscape architect George Kessler designed extensive parkway systems for Missouri. In the 1930s, as part of the New Deal the U. S. federal government constructed National Parkways designed for recreational driving and to commemorate historic trails and routes. These divided four-lane parkways have lower speed limits and are maintained by the National Park Service. An example is the Civilian Conservation Corps built Blue Ridge Parkway in the Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina and Virginia. Others are: Skyline Drive in Virginia; the George Washington Memorial Parkway and the Clara Barton Parkway, running along the Potomac River near Washington, D. C. and Alexandria, were constructed during this era. In Kentucky the term "parkway" designates a controlled-access highway in the Kentucky Parkway system, with nine built in the 1960s and 1970s, they were toll roads. The Arroyo Seco Parkway from Pasadena to Los Angeles, built in 1940, was the first segment of the vast Southern California freeway system.

It was renamed the Pasadena Freeway. A 2010 restoration of the freeway brought the Arroyo Seco Parkway designation back. In the New York metropolitan area, contemporary parkways are predominantly controlled-access highways restricted to non-commercial traffic, excluding trucks and tractor-trailers; some have low overpasses that exclude buses. The Vanderbilt Parkway, an exception in western Suffolk County, is a surviving remnant of the Long Island Motor Parkway that became a surface street, no longer with controlled-access or non-commercial vehicle restrictions; the Palisades Interstate Parkway is a post-war parkway that starts at the George Washington Bridge, heads north through New Jersey, continuing through Rockland and Orange counties in New York. The Palisades Parkway was built to allow for a direct route from New York City to Harriman State Park. In New Jersey, the Garden State Parkway, connecting the northern part of the state with the Jersey Shore, is restricted to buses and non-commercial traffic north of the Route 18 interchange, but trucks are permitted south of t

Second Coming (LDS Church)

Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints believe that there will be a Second Coming of Jesus Christ to the earth sometime in the future. The LDS Church and its leaders do not make predictions of the actual date of the Second Coming. According to LDS Church teachings, the true gospel will be taught in all parts of the world prior to the Second Coming. Church members believe that there will be severe wars, earthquakes and other man-made and natural disasters prior to the Second Coming; the LDS Church teaches that God loves all people, both those who are present on the earth, as well as those who have been on the earth previously. LDS theology holds; the LDS Church believes that God will provide a way for those who have not received the required ordinances to have the work done for them. Human beings will not miss the chance to get into heaven due to failing to learn about or embrace Latter-day Saint teachings while alive. Through temple work done by living proxies and through missionary work taking place in the spirit world, the church claims that non-Mormons have the opportunity to accept these ordinances after they have died.

It is believed that those who have died who have not received these ordinances, or do not know or understand about Christ, will be taught in the afterlife. This work is done similar to the way, it is believed that in the afterlife, individuals retain their beliefs and agency, they will still be able to choose for themselves what they desire. Having the work done for them does nothing unless they desire it, it will not change their religion, beliefs, or feelings, unless they themselves decide to accept the work done for them. LDS Church members perform this work by researching genealogical records for the names of deceased persons in their families, performing ordinances such as baptism and marriage with living proxies in temple ceremonies. Church members believe that those who have died who have received these ordinances act as missionaries to the unconverted who have passed on in an effort to persuade them to accept the work done on their behalf and accept the parts of the gospel that they did not learn or accept in life.

Latter-day Saints believe that this work will continue after the Second Coming, during a period Latter-day Saints refer to as the Millennium. The LDS Church teaches that Jesus Christ will return to the earth to prepare for ordinance and conversion work to be done for all people who have lived, as well as to prepare the Earth itself for the completion of its mission as a testing ground for human souls. According to the Doctrine and Covenants, considered scriptural canon in the Church, " now reigneth in the heavens and will reign till he descends on the earth … which time is nigh at hand … but the hour and the day no man knoweth, neither the angels in heaven, nor shall they know until he comes."The LDS Church teaches that no person will be given the knowledge of when the Second Coming is to occur. There are no official teachings speculating about date. Although the exact time and date is not known, Latter-day Saints believe that specific events must take place as signs before the Second Coming can occur.

The LDS Church teaches that Jesus will come in "power and great glory." Latter-day Saints believe that the person who will arrive is the same Jesus as the one who ascended to heaven in the New Testament account and that he will still have the marks of the nails in his hands and feet that he gained from the Crucifixion when he returns. The LDS Church teaches that the entire Earth will be aware of the arrival of Jesus, including non-believers. Events that are specified in Church teachings to occur at the Second Coming include: There will appear a great sign in heaven, all the people shall see it; the righteous that are upon the earth will be caught up to meet him. Angels will announce his return, which all the inhabitants of the earth will hear, every knee shall bow; the LDS Church is specific about the events that will occur at the Second Coming. It is believed that Christ will do the following things, though no order or time frame is specified: Christ will complete the First Resurrection; this event involves Jesus resurrecting some of mankind.

The LDS Church believes that the spirit world is a place where the souls of the dead reside prior to the Second Coming and Final Judgment but that this is not the soul's final resting place. They believe that all the people of the earth will be resurrected and receive their physical body again, depending on their righteousness, this resurrection may occur at a different time for some, they believe that after being judged, the souls of man will be placed in one of three separate kingdoms. Those who will obtain the highest kingdom will be resurrected first, followed by those who will obtain the second kingdom; this completes the First Resurrection. Those who obtain the lowest or no kingdom remain in spirit prison until the completion of the millennium, he will judge the nations, divide the righteous from the wicked. The wicked will be removed from the earth. All things that are corrupt will be burned, the earth will be cleansed with fire; those who are good people, regardless of faith or beliefs, will remain.

The Jewish people who are living at the time will be able to see and feel the nail marks in his hands and feet, will mourn because they, as a people, had rejected Jesus as the Messiah. Jesus will directly rule as King of heaven and ea

Polly Pocket 2: Cool at the Pocket Plaza

Polly Pocket: 2 Cool at the Pocket Plaza is a 2005 direct-to-DVD film based on the Polly Pocket line of dolls. It is the second film in the series, sequel to Polly Pocket: Lunar Eclipse, preceding PollyWorld. Like the first film, 2 Cool at the Pocket Plaza had an obscure reception in United States, it was packaged with the 2 Cool At the Pocket Plaza Pia doll pack. The film has some scene cameos of the 2004 film My Scene: Masquerade Madness. Mr. Pocket opens a new hotel, the Pocket Plaza known as the Plaza Hotel in New York City, Polly and her friends are set to perform at the grand opening. There is a new English friend, Pia Pocket, an identical cousin of Polly, who dreams of being a great rock star. Polly's father is held up at an airport in Iceland and Polly now has to present the hotel opening. At the same time, Polly's nemesis Beth is out to ruin the party and only Pia can save the day. Polly: Tegan Moss Pia: Ellie Green Pia: Ashleigh Ball Lila: Brittney Wilson Lea: Natalie Walters Shani: Chiara Zanni Ana: Nicole Bouma Miss Throckmorton: Pam Hyatt Beth: Tabitha St. Germain Evie: Jocelyne Loewen Tori: Nicole Oliver Samuel: Russell Roberts Eric Wilder/Todd: Matt Hill Rick: Andrew Francis Hotel Manager: Colin Murdock Polly Pocket 2: Cool at the Pocket Plaza on IMDb Polly Pocket official website

Billy Cunliffe

William "Billy" Cunliffe was an English professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1910s, 1920s and 1930s. He played at representative level for Great Britain and England, at club level for Pemberton Rovers ARLFC, Warrington, as a prop, i.e. number 8 or 10, during the era of contested scrums. Cunliffe is a Warrington Wolves Hall of Fame inductee. Cunliffe was born in Wigan, England, he died aged 45 in Ince-in-Makerfield, England. Cunliffe was selected to go on the 1920 Great Britain Lions tour of Australia and New Zealand and 1924 Great Britain Lions tour of Australia and New Zealand, he won caps for Great Britain while at Warrington in 1920 against Australia, New Zealand, in 1921-22 against Australia, in 1924 against Australia, New Zealand, in 1926 against New Zealand. And won caps for England while at Warrington in 1921 against Wales, Other Nationalities, Australia, in 1922 against Wales, in 1923 against Wales, in 1925 against Wales, in 1926 against Wales, Other Nationalities,Cunliffe played left-prop, i.e. number 8, in Warrington's 10-22 defeat by Wigan in the Championship Final during the 1925–26 season at Knowsley Road, St. Helens on Saturday 8 May 1926.

Billy Cunliffe was the older brother of the forward for Warrington. Statistics at