Ad libitum

Ad libitum is Latin for "at one's pleasure" or "as you desire". The synonymous phrase a bene placito is less common but, in its Italian form a piacere, entered the musical lingua franca; the phrase "at liberty" is associated mnemonically, although it is not the translation. Libido is the etymologically closer cognate known in English; as a direction in sheet music, ad libitum indicates that the performer or conductor has one of a variety of types of discretion with respect to a given passage: to play the passage in free time rather than in strict or "metronomic" tempo. Note that the direction a piacere has a more restricted meaning referring to only the first two types of discretion. Baroque music has a written or implied ad libitum, with most composers intimating the freedom the performer and conductor have. For post-Baroque classical music and jazz, see cadenza; the Reverend Samuel Danforth Jr. published a poem titled "Ad Librum" in the 1686 edition of the New England Almanac. Ad libitum is used in psychology and biology to refer to the "free-feeding" weight of an animal, as opposed, for example, to the weight after a restricted diet or pair feeding.

For example, "The rat's ad libitum weight was about 320 g." In nutritional studies, this phrase denotes providing an animal free access to feed or water, thereby allowing the animal to self-regulate intake according to its biological needs. For example, "Rats were given ad libitum access to food and water." In biological field studies, it can mean that information or data were obtained spontaneously without a specific method. Medical prescriptions may use the abbreviation ad lib. to indicate "freely" or that as much as one desires should be used. More common is pro re nata dosing, in which a drug is used only if needed and only up to some maximum amount. Ad-lib is used to describe individual moments during live theatre when an actor speaks through their character using words not found in the play's text; when the entire performance is predicated on spontaneous creation, the process is called improvisational theatre. In film, the term ad-lib refers to the interpolation of unscripted material in an otherwise scripted performance.

For example, in interviews, Dustin Hoffman says he ad-libbed the now famous line, "I'm walking here! I'm walking here!" as "Ratso" Rizzo in Midnight Cowboy. Live performers such as television talk-show hosts sometimes deliver material that sounds ad-libbed but is scripted, they may employ ad-lib writers to prepare such material. Some actors are known for their ability or tendency to ad-lib, such as Peter Falk, who would ad-lib such mannerisms as absent-mindedness while in character; the HBO sitcom Curb Your Enthusiasm by Seinfeld co-creator Larry David uses retroscripting and ad lib instead of scripted dialogue. List of Latin phrases Ad infinitum Ad nauseam Eugene. Amo, Amas and More. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers. P. 23


Plockton is a village in the Highlands of Scotland in Lochalsh, Wester Ross with a population of 378. Plockton is a settlement on the shores of Loch Carron, it faces east, away from the prevailing winds, which together with the North Atlantic Drift gives it a mild climate despite the far north latitude allowing the Cordyline australis palm to prosper. Most of the houses date from the twentieth centuries, it is a planned fishing village on the northern edge of the Lochalsh built ‘when introducing sheep farming in 1814-20 and removing the population from their old hamlets in Glen Garron, founded the villages of Jeantown and Plockton on Loch Carronside’ Some maritime charts including MacKenzie and Heather mark the peninsula where the village sits as ‘Plack’, however it considered that the village was built on the ‘Ploc’ of Lochalsh, with ‘Ploc’ being understood in Gaelic as pimple or bump sharing this with other places such as the Plock of Kyle and Plocrapool on the Isle of Harris. Its name, in current form, is based upon the Gaelic name referring to the promontory, with the ‘+town’ added to designate it as such in the English language, following the construction of the planned village around 1800.

Over-time the name of village changed to its current contracted form ‘Plockton’. Situated on a sheltered inlet of Loch Carron, due to the series of palm trees which have dominated Harbour Street since the 1960s, Plockton has a distinctive ‘sub-tropical appearance’; the Church of Scotland in the village was designed by Thomas Telford. The village is a tourist resort; the television series Hamish Macbeth, starring Robert Carlyle, was filmed there, substituting for the fictional Lochdubh. Plockton was used for various scenes in the film The Wicker Man and the Inspector Alleyn Mysteries television series furthering its reputation; the village has a small general store with a café. It is served by Plockton railway station, on the Kyle of Lochalsh Line and the short Plockton Airfield for light aircraft and microlights. Nearby is Duncraig Castle, a nineteenth-century stately home built by the Matheson family, who made their money in the opium trade; the castle was derelict for many years, having been used as a hospital, catering college, a base for film crews.

It was once owned by the extended Dobson family who were in the process of renovating it when it was shown in the BBC documentary titled The Dobsons of Duncraig. The castle was sold in 2009 to Suzanne Hazeldine. Plockton has been a popular location for many artists including those from The Edinburgh School and continues to attract artists. Plockton is home to Sgoil Chiùil na Gàidhealtachd - the National Centre For Excellence in Traditional Music at Plockton High School, which serves the village and a wide surrounding area; the school hosts the Am Bàta project teaching pupils in the art of boat building, from which a number of'local' style boats have been produced. Some have been donated to the local sailing club - Plockton Small Boat Sailing Club - whilst others have been sold to the public. Between the years of 1956 and 1972 Plockton was home to the renowned Gaelic scholar Sorley MacLean whilst headmaster at the high-school, who introduced the teaching of Gaelic and championed shinty. Since 1991 Plockton Primary School has accommodated a Gaelic-medium education unit where instruction is through the medium of Gaelic.

24.4% of the population in the catchment area of Plockton Primary School is able to speak Gaelic – the highest incidence of Gaelic-speaking on the mainland of Scotland. Since 1954 the village has played host to Plockton Amateur Football Club, an organisation of varying success. Calling the Alasdair Ross Memorial Park their home, playing in yellow and black strips, the club is affectionately known as the "Bumble Bees"; the club participates in the Skye and Lochalsh Amateur Football Association Bagshaw League and have been described as'sleeping giants' adhering to a passing football philosophy, contrasting with the approach of other local football clubs such as Kyle, Glenelg. Recent successes include winning the Clan Donald Cup, locally considered the "Champions League" of West Highland football; the footballing philosophy of the club has changed over recent decades from the "Get it out of there" approach of I. MacQuarrie to the "Give the ball to Abdul" era of Martin Bliss. Well known Cockney Nick Flanagan has been the most recent manager, renowned for his affection of cones and general insanity.

The MetOffice operates a weather station at Plockton. As with the rest of the British Isles, Plockton experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters; the highest temperature was 27.7 °C recorded on May 9, 2016, the lowest was -9.8 °C. Port an Eòrna Plockton web portal for visitors: accommodation, eating out etc Plockton community site: news, local clubs etc The Kyle Line Hamish Macbeth at Scotland The Movie Panorama of Plockton

Hugh McLenahan

Hugh "Hughie" McLenahan was an English footballer who played at half back for several Football League clubs, including Stockport County, Manchester United and Notts County, before his career was halted by the Second World War in September 1939. Born in West Gorton, Manchester, McLenahan began his football career with various clubs in the Manchester area before signing for Stockport County as an amateur in February 1927. Just three months he was transferred to Manchester United. Having heard that Stockport were holding a bazaar to ease their financial difficulties, United's assistant manager Louis Rocca, whose family ran a successful ice cream business in the Newton Heath district of the city, donated a freezer full of ice cream to the event in exchange for Stockport releasing McLenahan from his contract. McLenahan made his Manchester United debut on 4 February 1928, playing at right half in a 4–1 defeat away to Tottenham Hotspur, he went on to make a further nine appearances that season, helped Manchester United to narrowly avoid relegation to the Second Division.

A broken leg meant. He returned to first team action on 12 October 1929, playing at left half in a 5–2 defeat at home to Grimsby Town. In the season, McLenahan went on a scoring spree, scoring six goals in five consecutive games at inside right in April 1930; the 1929–30 season would prove to be the highest-scoring season of McLenahan's Manchester United career. He proved to be a versatile player for United, although he was not a regular starter, he still managed to make 116 appearances for the club, scoring 12 goals, captaining the team on a few occasions. By the mid-1930s, his appearances in the United first team had become few and far between and the decision was taken to allow McLenahan to move to Notts County in December 1937. McLenahan played for Notts County for two seasons, becoming an established name in the Notts County team, but his career was halted by the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939. By the time the war ended in 1945, McLenahan was 36 years old, too old to continue playing football.

He died in Macclesfield, Cheshire, in May 1988 at the age of 79. Profile at Profile at