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4th Quebec Legislature

The Fourth Legislature of Quebec was the provincial legislature of Quebec, Canada that existed from 1878 to 1881, following the general election of 1878. The 1878 election was called by Premier Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, leader of the Quebec Liberal Party, after he had been installed in office by the Lieutenant Governor Luc Letellier de St-Just; the Lieutenant Governor had dismissed the former Conservative Premier, Charles Boucher de Boucherville, over a dispute about railway legislation proposed by the Boucher de Boucherville government. Since the Liberals did not have a majority in the Legislative Assembly, Joly de Lotbinière called an election immediately; the election resulted in a hung parliament, with neither party having a majority in the Legislative Assembly. Joly de Lotbinière was able to stay in office for one year with a minority government, supported by two Independent Conservatives, but lost a confidence vote in 1879; the Quebec Conservative Party led by Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau formed a majority government for the remainder of the term of the Legislature.

The Legislature held four annual sessions, with the first session called on June 4, 1878. The Legislature was dissolved on November 7, 1881, leading to the 1881 general election on December 2, 1881; the Legislature of Quebec was created by the British North America Act, 1867. It consisted of the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council; the Lieutenant Governor was appointed by the Governor General of Canada for a term of five years. The Legislative Assembly consisted of sixty-five members, elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post elections; the Legislative Assembly was to last for four years, subject to being dissolved earlier by the Lieutenant Governor. The Legislative Council consisted of twenty-four members, appointed for life by the Government of Quebec; the right to vote in elections to the Legislative Assembly was not universal. Only male British subjects, aged 21 or older, were eligible to vote, only if they met a property qualification.

For residents of larger cities, the qualification was being the owner or occupant of real property assessed at three hundred dollars or more, or for tenants, an annual rent of thirty dollars or more. For any other municipality, the qualification was being an owner or occupant of real property assessed at two hundred dollars or more, or twenty dollars in annual value. For tenants in smaller centers, the qualification was paying an annual rent of twenty dollars or more. Women were barred from voting. Judges and many municipal and provincial officials were barred from voting officials with law enforcement duties, or duties relating to public revenue; the Returning Officer in each riding was barred from voting, except when needed to give a casting vote in the event of a tie vote. Candidates for election to the Legislative Assembly had to meet stricter qualifications than voters. In addition to being male, twenty-one or older, a subject of Her Majesty, a candidate had to be free from all legal incapacity, be the proprietor in possession of lands or tenements worth at least $2,000, over and above all encumbrances and charges on the property.

Women were barred from membership in the Assembly. The qualifications for the members of the Legislative Council were the same as for the members of the Senate of Canada; those requirements were: Be of the full age of thirty years. The provisions of the British North America Act, 1867 did not explicitly bar women from being called to the Senate of Canada. However, until the Persons Case, it was assumed that women could not be called to the Senate, were thus barred from the Legislative Council. In any event, no woman was appointed to the Legislative Council; the initial lack of a clear majority in the Legislative Assembly for either party led to political instability for the first eighteen months of the term of the Fourth Legislature. The Liberal government of Premier Joly de Lotbinière depended on the support of the two Independent Conservatives; the Liberals agreed to elect one of the two independents, Arthur Turcotte, as Speaker of the Assembly, a coveted position. Given the narrow majority and factiousness within the Liberal caucus itself, Joly de Lotbinière's government was uncertain of support from vote to vote in the Assembly, which affected his ability to implement major legislation.

Several times, his government only stayed in office by a vote from Turcotte as Speaker. Joly de Lotbinière's government was supported from time to time by William Evan Price, nominally a Conservative but voted in support of the government. On the Conservative side, the former house leader of the party in the Legislative Assembly, Auguste-Réal Angers, lost his seat in the general election; this event badly weakened the authority of the leader of the party, former premier Boucher de Boucherville, who sat in the unelected Legislative Council. He was forced to cede the leadership of the party to Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, who became the Leader of the Opposition; the next event was the dismissal of Lieutenant Governor Luc Letellier de Saint-Just by the new federal Conservative government of Sir John A. Macdonald. Conservatives in Quebec, led by Chapleau, had been pressuring Macdonald to dismiss Letellier de Saint-Just as soon as the Macdonald government had defeated Alexander Macke

2019 New Brunswick Liberal Association leadership election

The New Brunswick Liberal Association scheduled a leadership convention for June 22, 2019, in Saint John, New Brunswick, as a result of Brian Gallant's announcement on November 15, 2018, that he will be resigning as party leader. On December 28, 2018, he announced that he would be stepping down effective the next Liberal caucus meeting, in February 2019, when an interim leader was chosen; as the Progressive Conservatives are leading a minority government, a leadership election was to be held so that a new leader can be in place in case there is an early general election. The deadline for candidates to file was March 29, 2019. Following the withdrawal of René Ephestion, Kevin Vickers was the only candidate for the position; the party's executive board declared Vickers to be acclaimed on April 16, 2019. He is to assume the leadership on April 24, 2019. Instead of a leadership convention, the party will have a policy convention in June Kevin Vickers, René Ephestion Ephestion, a French citizen in the process of obtaining Canadian citizenship, announced his withdrawal on April 9, 2019.

Benoît Bourque Susan Holt Wayne Long Roger Melanson Gaétan Pelletier, endorsed Vickers Stephanie Tomilson

Rotes Rathaus

The Rotes Rathaus is the town hall of Berlin, located in the Mitte district on Rathausstraße near Alexanderplatz. It is the home to the government of the Federal state of Berlin; the name of the landmark building dates from the façade design with red clinker bricks. The Rathaus was built between 1861 and 1869 in the style of the Northern Italy High Renaissance by Hermann Friedrich Waesemann, it was modelled on the Old Town Hall of Thorn, while the architecture of the tower is reminiscent of the cathedral tower of Notre-Dame de Laon in France. It replaced several individual buildings dating from the Middle Ages and now occupies an entire city block; the building was damaged by Allied bombing in World War II and rebuilt to the original plans between 1951 and 1956. The Neues Stadthaus, which survived the bombing and had been the head office of Berlin's municipal fire insurance Feuersozietät in Parochialstraße served as the temporary city hall for the post-war city government for all the sectors of Berlin until September 1948.

Following that time, it housed only those of the Soviet sector. The reconstructed Rotes Rathaus located in the Soviet sector, served as the town hall of East Berlin, while the Rathaus Schöneberg was the town hall of West Berlin. After German reunification, the administration of reunified Berlin moved into the Rotes Rathaus on 1 October 1991. CityMayors feature Red Town Hall 360° Panorama

Phillimore Street, Fremantle

Phillimore Street is a street in Fremantle, Western Australia. It is the location of a precinct of archaeological interest as well as being located in the Fremantle West End Heritage area; the street includes several heritage buildings: Falk & Company Warehouse, between Henry and Pakenham Streets, constructed in 1888. Fremantle Chamber of Commerce, built in 1912. Fremantle Customs House, corner of Cliff Street, built in 1908. Fremantle Fire Station, built in 1909. Fremantle railway station, built in 1907. Howard Smith Building, corner of Mouat Street, built in 1900. P&O Building, built in 1903. Robert Harper Building, built in 1890 Wilhelmsen House, corner of Cliff Street, built in 1902

Augustin Schoeffler

Augustin Schoeffler was a French saint and martyr in the Catholic Church and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society. He was a priest in Lorraine, he worked as a missionary to Indochina and was one of two French missionaries killed in northern Vietnam between 1847 and 1851. At the time, it was illegal to proselytize in Vietnam, his feast day is May 1. Augustin Schoeffler was born on the 22 of November, 1822, in France, he was baptized the next day. From 1834-1842 he studied at the college of Phalsbourg. From 1842-1846 Schoeffler studied Philosophy at the major seminary of Nancy. On the 5 October 1846, he began training in the Seminary of Foreign Missions of Paris. On May 29, 1847 Augustin Schoeffler was ordained a priest in Paris. On November 18, 1847, Father Schoeffler left Antwerp arriving in Tonkin on July 6, 1848. From 1848 to 1851 he worked as missionary while learning the Vietnamese language. In the spring of 1850 his bishop gave him the task of evangelizing Son Tay in the north. Schoeffler was arrested on March 1, 1851, on March 5 found guilty of proselytizing.

He was beheaded on May 1851 at Son Tay. As Father Schoeffler walked to his place of execution, a placard, which read, "He preached the whole charge of preaching the religion of Jesus, his crime is patent. Let Mr. Augustin be beheaded, cast into a stream." Was carried before him. Augustin Schoeffler's head was thrown into the Red River, was never recovered; the crowd rushed to collect relics. Some uprooted the grass, stained with his blood, his body was buried on the site of his execution. Two days local Christians exhumed the body and reburied it in a Christian village nearby. On September 24, 1857, Augustin Schoeffler was declared Venerable by Pope Pius IX, he was beatified by Pope Leo XIII on May 7, 1900. He was made a saint by Pope John Paul II on June 19, 1988; the Rue St Augustin Schoeffler is located in Mittelbronn. As of May 10, 2009 a relic of Augustin Schoeffler can be found at the Assumption Grotto Church in Detroit, Michigan. Descendants of Schoeffler's family attend the church. Archives of the Paris Foreign Missions Society