Queen's Park (Toronto)
Queen's Park is an urban park in Downtown Toronto, Canada. Opened in 1860 by Edward, Prince of Wales, it was named in honour of Queen Victoria; the park is the site of the Ontario Legislative Building, which houses the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, the phrase "Queen's Park" is used as a metonym for the Government of Ontario. The park is nearly an enclave of the University of Toronto, which occupies most of the surrounding lands. In 1859, the land was leased by the University of Toronto to the City of Toronto for a 999-year term. In 1880, a "portion of the Queen's Park selected the Government of Ontario, as a site for the erection of new Legislative and Departmental buildings"; the land, occupied by the Legislative Assembly of Ontario is owned by the Government of Ontario. The north park is leased to the city. Ministry buildings of the Ontario government occupy other properties to the east of the park, in an area between Wellesley Street and Grosvenor Street. While not adjacent to the park, the Royal Ontario Museum and the Gardiner Museum are located nearby.
The section of the park north of Wellesley Street follows the traditional British design, dominated by large trees that provide extensive cover during summer. Footpaths radiate outwards from an equestrian statue of Edward VII, which stands on a large mound at the centre of the northern section; the statue stood in Delhi, but was moved to Canada in 1969. The main north-south path runs between the statue and the war memorial of the 48th Highlanders at the park's northern tip; the site is oval. In the past, this was the bank of Taddle Creek. With the creek long-buried, the kink remains; the oval park is bounded by Queen's Park Crescent West. These form part of a major through route consist of University Avenue, Queen's Park Crescent East and West, Queen's Park, Avenue Road. Queen's Park Crescent East and West carry northbound and southbound traffic and are linked to make a complete counterclockwise loop around the park. University Avenue, Queen's Park, Avenue Road have two-way traffic and lie in the same straight line.
Wellesley Street bisects Queen's Park Crescent north of the loop's centre. Line 1 Yonge-University of the Toronto subway runs below University Avenue, Queen's Park, Queen's Park, serving the area via its Queen's Park and Museum stations. Other public transit access is provided by the 5 Avenue Road and 94 Wellesley bus routes, the 506 Carlton streetcar route; the north section of Queen's Park is the'saluting station' for the Province of Ontario. Gun salutes are conducted here to mark special occasions including Victoria Day, Canada Day, Remembrance Day. Other salutes are conducted here throughout the year as dictated by protocol; the southern section of the park is the site of the Ontario Legislature, the seat of the provincial government. The grounds contain several monuments commemorating notable historical events. Memorials at Queen's Park includes the North-West Rebellion memorial, the Ontario Police Memorial, the Ontario Firefighter Memorial, the Ontario Veterans Memorial, the 48th Highlanders of Canada memorial.
A sandstone monument with Italian marble figures and bronze plaques was erected on the University of Toronto Campus by the Canadian Volunteer Monument Campaign of 1866, Committee of Toronto citizens and its chairman, Dr. McCaul President of the University of Toronto; the Lime Ridge Monument was dedicated to those of The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada regiment who were killed in action or who died from wounds defending her frontier in June 1866. Two Russian cannons are located outside the legislative building entrance, they were captured by the British during the Crimean War, sent to Toronto in 1859 as a gift from Queen Victoria. The cannons were positioned where the Sir John A. Macdonald's statue is now located, moving to its present location after the statue's completion in 1894. In addition to these memorials, the Queen Elizabeth II Rose Gardens is located here, in honour of Her Majesty's Silver Jubilee in 1977 and Golden Jubilee in 2002; the Canadian Volunteer Memorial, honouring militia volunteers who had died fighting against Fenian invaders at the Battle of Limeridge is located just west of Queen's Park in an isolated corner of the University of Toronto campus.
Although this monument was in Queen's Park at the time of its unveiling in 1870, it has since been cut off from the rest of the park by the construction of Queen's Park Crescent. Monarchy in Ontario Ontario Legislative Building Parliament Hill in Ottawa Photos of Battle of Limeridge monument Queen's Park Historical Plaque Art at Queens Park, online exhibit on Archives of Ontario website
Peter Schiefke is a Canadian environmentalist and Liberal politician, elected to represent the riding of Vaudreuil—Soulanges in the House of Commons of Canada in the 2015 federal election. On December 2, 2015, he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister for Youth affairs. Schiefke was raised in Quebec before his parents divorced, he was a member of the short-lived francopop group Inmotion, which had a hit with the song "Sauve-Moi". Schiefke served as the National Director of Climate Reality Canada, the Canadian branch of an organization founded by former United States Vice President Al Gore to educate people on environmental matters, he was a co-founder of the non-profit Concordia Volunteer Abroad Program, which helps victims of civil war in Eastern Africa. He lives with his family in Vaudreuil-sur-le-lac, Quebec
Joseph "Joe" Cressy is a Canadian politician, elected to Toronto City Council in the 2014 city council election to succeed interim councillor Ceta Ramkhalawansingh in Ward 20. The ward was represented by Adam Vaughan, who defeated him in a 2014 by-election to the House of Commons of Canada for Trinity—Spadina, he is the son of former Toronto city councillors Gordon Joanne Campbell. His birth in 1984 made Campbell the first woman in Toronto City Council history to give birth to a child while serving as a councillor. Cressy has worked on various social-justice issues, which traces back to high school when he spent a year in South Africa. Upon returning to high school in Toronto, he got involved in the anti-Iraq war movement and has since worked on anti-poverty campaigns in South Africa, literacy programs with First Nations communities in Northern Ontario, worked with The Stop Community Food Centre. Cressy supports LGBTQ issues at home and abroad, volunteering for an LGBTQ organization while studying abroad in Accra and supporting the NDP’s call for a visa ban against legislators who passed anti-gay laws in Russia.
Cressy studied policy management at Carleton University. Prior to his entry into electoral politics, he worked for the Stephen Lewis Foundation and the Polaris Institute, was campaign manager for Mike Layton's successful campaign for a city council seat in the 2010 municipal election and NDP MP Olivia Chow's reelection campaign in the 2011 federal election, he was initially involved in Chow's mayoral campaign in 2014, but withdrew when he decided to run in the Trinity—Spadina by-election. In addition to being councillor for Ward 20 and Toronto's Youth Equity Advocate, he sits on the Toronto Board of Health, the board of directors for Toronto Community Housing, the council's Parks and Environment Committee and the sub-committee on Climate Change and Adaptation, he was reelected in the 2018 municipal election, by one of the widest victory margins of any councillor in the city. Unofficial results as of October 27, 2014 10:05 PM
Citytv is a Canadian television network owned by the Rogers Media subsidiary of Rogers Communications. The network consists of six owned-and-operated television stations located in the metropolitan areas of Toronto, Winnipeg, Calgary and Vancouver, a cable-only service that serves the province of Saskatchewan, three independently owned affiliates serving smaller cities in Alberta and British Columbia; the Citytv brand's name originates from its flagship station, CITY-TV in Toronto, a station which became known for an intensely local format based on newscasts aimed at younger viewers, nightly movies, music and cultural programming. The Citytv brand first expanded with CHUM Limited's acquisition of former Global O&O CKVU-TV in Vancouver, followed by its purchase of Craig Media's stations and the re-branding of its A-Channel system in Central Canada as Citytv in August 2005. CHUM Limited was acquired by CTVglobemedia in 2007; the network grew through further affiliations with three Jim Pattison Group-owned stations, along with Rogers' acquisition of the cable-only Saskatchewan Communications Network and Montreal's CJNT-DT.
While patterned after the original station in Toronto, since the 2000s, since its acquisition by Rogers, Citytv has moved towards a series-based primetime schedule much like its competitors, albeit one still focused on younger demographics. The licence of the original Citytv station, granted the callsign of CITY-TV by the CRTC, was awarded in Toronto on November 25, 1971, began broadcasting for the first time using the "Citytv" brand on September 28, 1972, under the ownership of Channel Seventy-Nine Ltd. with its studios located at 99 Queen Street East near Church Street. The station was in debt by 1975. Multiple Access Ltd. purchased a 45% interest in the station, sold its stake to CHUM Limited three years later. CHUM Limited acquired the station outright in 1981. Broadcasting on UHF channel 79 during its first decade, the station moved to channel 57 in 1983, until moving to channel 44 with the digital transition. In 1987, the station moved its headquarters to 299 Queen Street West known as the Ryerson Press Building.
On September 8, 2009, CITY moved to its current location at Yonge-Dundas Square at 33 Dundas Street East. Citytv gained a second station in Vancouver when CHUM bought CKVU from Canwest Global Communications in 2001; the station became known as "Citytv Vancouver" on July 22, 2002. Prior to CHUM's acquisition of CKVU, some Citytv programming was syndicated to KVOS in nearby Bellingham, Washington. In 2004, CHUM bought parent of the A-Channel system in Manitoba and Alberta; the Craig-owned A-Channel stations were relaunched as Citytv on August 2, 2005. CHUM Limited announced plans to sell its broadcasting assets to CTV parent CTVglobemedia on July 12, 2006. CTVgm intended to retain CHUM's Citytv system while divesting CHUM's A-Channel stations and Alberta cable channel Access to get the CRTC to approve the acquisition. On the same day that the takeover was announced, Citytv cancelled its supper-hour, late-night and weekend newscasts at its local Vancouver, Edmonton and Winnipeg stations, laying off hundreds of news department staff.
In October 2006, Citytv launched a daily national newscast, CityNews International, produced in Toronto for broadcast on the western Canadian stations and on CHUM's Toronto news channel CP24. The Edmonton and Calgary stations began broadcasting a daily 30-minute magazine show, Your City, instead of a full-fledged newscast; the Vancouver news operation, which had operated for 30 years under various owners and station identities, was not maintained aside from Breakfast Television. In the same month, Citytv Toronto became the first television station in Canada to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition; the following year on June 8, the CRTC approved the CTV takeover of CHUM. However, the CRTC made the deal conditional on CTV divesting itself of Citytv, because there were CTV owned-and-operated stations serving the same cities. Without the divestment, CTV would have exceeded the CRTC's concentration of media ownership limits. CTV announced on June 11, 2007, that it would retain the A-Channel stations, sell the Citytv stations to Rogers Communications for $375 million.
The transaction was approved by the CRTC on September 28 and was completed on October 31, 2007. On December 6, 2010, CityNews Tonight Toronto anchor and continuity announcer Mark Dailey died after a long battle with cancer; the Citytv system began to phase in a modified branding in October 2012, with a new logo consisting only of the name "City", some promotions using the verbal branding "City Television" instead of Citytv. The change marked the first major alteration to the Citytv brand since its introduction in 1972; the network adopted the name City on December 2012 during its New Year's Eve special. For the 2018-19 television season, the network reintroduced its original "Citytv" branding, its social media accounts; the Jim Pattison Group announced in July 2009 that its three television stations in western Canada affiliated with E!, would join Citytv starting on September 1, 2009. These stations do not ca
House of Commons of Canada
The House of Commons of Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign and the Senate. The House of Commons meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation; the House of Commons is a democratically elected body whose members are known as Members of Parliament. There were 308 members in the last parliament, but that number has risen to 338 following the election on Monday October 19, 2015. Members are elected by simple plurality in each of the country's electoral districts, which are colloquially known as ridings. MPs may hold office until Parliament is dissolved and serve for constitutionally limited terms of up to five years after an election. However, terms have ended before their expiry and the sitting government has dissolved parliament within four years of an election according to a long-standing convention.
In any case, an Act of Parliament now limits each term to four years. Seats in the House of Commons are distributed in proportion to the population of each province and territory. However, some ridings are more populous than others, the Canadian constitution contains some special provisions regarding provincial representation; as a result, there is some regional malapportionment relative to population. The House of Commons was established in 1867, when the British North America Act—now called the Constitution Act, 1867—created the Dominion of Canada, was modelled on the British House of Commons; the lower of the two houses making up the parliament, the House of Commons in practice holds far more power than the upper house, the Senate. Although the approval of both Houses is necessary for legislation, the Senate rarely rejects bills passed by the commons. Moreover, the Cabinet is responsible to the House of Commons; the prime minister stays in office only as long as they retain the support, or "confidence", of the lower house.
The term derives from the Anglo-Norman word communes, referring to the geographic and collective "communities" of their parliamentary representatives and not the third estate, the commonality. This distinction is made clear in the official French name of the body, Chambre des communes. Canada and the United Kingdom remain the only countries to use the name "House of Commons" for a lower house of parliament; the House of Commons came into existence in 1867, when the British Parliament passed the British North America Act, uniting the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick into a single federation called the Dominion of Canada. The new Parliament of Canada consisted of the Senate and the House of Commons; the Parliament of Canada was based on the Westminster model. Unlike the UK Parliament, the powers of the Parliament of Canada were limited in that other powers were assigned to the provincial legislatures; the Parliament of Canada remained subordinate to the British Parliament, the supreme legislative authority for the entire British Empire.
Greater autonomy was granted by the Statute of Westminster 1931, after which new acts of the British Parliament did not apply to Canada, with some exceptions. These exceptions were removed by the Canada Act 1982. From 1867, the Commons met in the chamber used by the Legislative Assembly of Canada until the building was destroyed by fire in 1916, it relocated to the amphitheatre of the Victoria Memorial Museum—what is today the Canadian Museum of Nature, where it met until 1922. Until the end of 2018, the Commons sat in Centre Block chamber. Starting with the final sitting before the 2019 federal election, the Commons sits in a temporary chamber in the West Block until at least 2028, while renovations are undertaken in the Centre Block of Parliament; the House of Commons comprises 338 members. The constitution specifies a basic minimum of 295 electoral districts, but additional seats are allocated according to various clauses. Seats are distributed among the provinces in proportion to population, as determined by each decennial census, subject to the following exceptions made by the constitution.
Firstly, the "senatorial clause" guarantees that each province will have at least as many MPs as Senators. Secondly, the "grandfather clause" guarantees each province has at least as many Members of Parliament now as it had in 1985; as a result of these clauses, smaller provinces and provinces that have experienced a relative decline in population have become over-represented in the House. Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta are under-represented in proportion to their populations, while the other seven provinces are over-represented. Boundary commissions, appointed by the federal government for each province, have the task of drawing the boundaries of the electoral districts in each province. Territorial representation is independent of population; the calculation for the provinces is done with a base of 279 seats. The total population of the provinces is divided by 279 to equal the electoral quotient; the population of the province is divided by the electoral q
By-elections to the 41st Canadian Parliament
By-elections to the 41st Canadian Parliament were held to fill vacancies in the House of Commons of Canada between the 2011 federal election and the 2015 federal election. The 41st Canadian Parliament existed from 2011 to 2015 with the membership of its House of Commons having been determined by the results of the Canadian federal election held on May 2, 2011; the Conservative Party of Canada had a majority government during this Parliament. One by-election was held in March 2012, three more in November 2012, one in May 2013. Four more by-elections were held on June 30, 2014, another two were held on November 17, 2014. At dissolution, three by-elections were pending, in Peterborough and Ottawa West—Nepean and had been called for October 19, 2015, anticipated to be the date of the next federal election; as the writ for a general election called for the same date was dropped on August 2, 2015, the by-elections were cancelled and superseded by the general election. Barrie was a vacant seat as of May 13, 2015, due to the resignation of Patrick Brown, but parliament was dissolved before a by-election could be called.
A further by-election was to be called following an Ontario Superior Court decision voiding the result in Etobicoke Centre but the Supreme Court of Canada overturned that ruling on October 25, 2012, upholding the original election result. By-elections must be called within 180 days of the Chief Electoral Officer being notified of a vacancy. Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day. A by-election was held on March 19, 2012 in Toronto—Danforth, to fill a vacancy in the House of Commons caused by the death of NDP leader Jack Layton. Governor General David Johnston, acting on the advice of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, issued the writ of election for the by-election on February 6; the riding of Toronto—Danforth had been vacant since August 22, 2011, when Jack Layton, Leader of the Official Opposition, died of cancer. By-elections were held on November 26, 2012, in Calgary Centre following the resignation of Conservative MP Lee Richardson, in Durham as a result of the resignation of Conservative MP Bev Oda, in Victoria following the resignation of Deputy Speaker and NDP MP Denise Savoie.
The riding of Calgary Centre was vacated on May 30, 2012, when Conservative MP Lee Richardson resigned to accept a position as principal secretary to Alberta Premier Alison Redford. The Conservative Party had a contested nomination, with several candidates entering the contest – including local alderman John Mar, newspaper columnist and political pundit Joan Crockatt, businessman Jordan Katz, former PC MLA Jon Lord, MP Richardson's former campaign manager Stefan Spargo. Late entrants to the Conservative nomination included Quebec regional party organizer and former PMO staff member Joe Soares. On July 25, Mar withdrew from the nomination race, citing future time spent in Ottawa away from his family as the major reason. Katz withdrew from the race in late July; the nomination meeting was held with Crockatt winning the nomination vote. The Liberal Party held a nomination meeting on September 22, contested by four candidates. Early candidates in the race included conservationist and lawyer Harvey Locke and high school teacher Rahim Sajan.
Several weeks before the nomination meeting, both businessman Drew Atkins and former Conservative Steve Turner entered the nomination race. At the meeting on September 22, Locke won the nomination. Calgary-based author and Green Party candidate Chris Turner and Liberal MLA David Swann stated a desire for all "progressives" in Calgary Centre to unite around a single candidate. However, Swann dismissed numerous appeals to be the "united progressive" candidate and Green Party leader Elizabeth May expressed hopes that her party's candidate would win the seat outright. David Swann endorsed Harvey Locke; the constituency of Durham became vacant on July 31, 2012, when former Conservative minister Bev Oda resigned from parliament. The nomination race for the Conservative nomination in Durham was between retired Canadian Forces Captain and lawyer Erin O'Toole, former provincial Liberal Chris Topple, Thomas Coughlan, a former aide to Finance Minister Jim Flaherty. O'Toole was acclaimed as the Conservative candidate on August 29.
Bowmanville resident Grant Humes, the Liberal candidate in the last election, ran again, while the NDP nominated Larry O'Connor, a former member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario and former mayor of Brock. On August 23, 2012, Denise Savoie, NDP MP for Victoria since 2006, announced that she would be resigning her seat effective August 31. Savoie, who held the position of Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons at the time of her announcement, cited health reasons as the key cause of her resignation. Prominent environmental lawyer Murray Rankin was nominated as the NDP candidate on October 14. Other Victoria NDP nomination contenders were Elizabeth Cull, a former provincial finance and health minister. Dale Gann was acclaimed as the Conservative nominee. Paul Summerville, former investment banker and unsuccessful New Democratic Party candidate in the Toronto riding of St. Paul's was acclaimed as the Liberal nominee on October 13, he is the great-nephew of former Toronto mayor Donald Dean Summerville.
The Greens nominated Trevor Moat over UVic law professor Donald Galloway on September 29. The vote was a decided by a coin toss. On October 1 Moa
Toronto City Council
The Toronto City Council is the governing body of the City of Toronto in Ontario, Canada. Members represent wards throughout the city, are known as councillors; the passage of provincial legislation in the summer of 2018 established that the number of wards be reduced from 44 to 25 and that they be based upon the city's federal electoral districts as of the year 2000. While the federal districts have been redistributed since the ward boundaries remain the same; the city council had at its peak 45 members: 44 ward councillors plus the mayor. On September 19, 2018 an Ontario Court of appeals granted a stay order of a previous court decision that would have prevented this reduction, thus re-establishing the move to 25 wards; the actual court appeal of Bill 5 has yet to be scheduled, but was heard subsequent to the municipal election on October 22, 2018. The current decision-making framework and committee structure at the City of Toronto was established by the City of Toronto Act and came into force January 1, 2007.
The decision-making process at the City of Toronto involves committees. Committees propose and debate policies and recommendations before their arrival at City Council for debate. Citizens and residents can only make deputations on policy at committees, citizens cannot make public presentations to City Council; each City Councillor sits on one committee. The Mayor is entitled to one vote. There are three types of committees at the City of Toronto: the Executive Committee, Standing Committees and other Committees of Council; the City posts agendas for council and committee meetings on its website. The Executive Committee is an advisory body; the Executive Committee is composed of the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, the chairs of the seven standing committees who are appointed by the Mayor and four "at-large" members appointed by City Council. The role of the Executive Committee is to set the City of Toronto's priorities, manage financial planning and budgeting, labour relations, human resources, the operation of City Council.
The Executive Committee makes recommendations to city council on: strategic policy and priorities governance policy and structure financial planning and budgeting fiscal policy intergovernmental and international relations Council operations Human resources and labour relationsSeveral committees report to the Executive Committee: Budget Committee, Affordable Housing Committee, Employee and Labour Relations Committee. Source: City of Toronto Following the sudden decision by the Provincial government to reduce the size of City Council in summer 2018, the committee structure is under review. There were eleven other committees; the seven standing policy committees were: There are four other committees that report to Council: Source: City of Toronto All members of Toronto city council serve on a community council. Community Councils report to City Council but they have final decision-making power on certain items, such as front yard parking and appointments to local boards and Business Improvement Areas.
The city is divided into four community councils. Their meeting locations are as follows: Etobicoke York – Etobicoke Civic Centre North York – North York Civic Centre Scarborough – Scarborough Civic Centre Toronto and East York – Toronto City Hall The current council term began on December 1, 2018. In 2014, the Mayor's salary was $177,499 and Councillors was $105,397. Starting January 1, 2017, the Mayor's salary was increased to $188,544 and Councillors to $111,955, a 2.1 per cent change. The Office of the Mayor is located on the second floor at Toronto City Hall; the general public and media can access it via stairs. The current staff of the office consists of: Chief of Staff - Luke Robertson Deputy Chief of Staff - Courtney Glen Principal Secretary - Vince Gasparro Executive Assistant to the Mayor - Dee Dee Heywood Executive Assistant to the Chief - Karen Cooper Executive Director of Communications & Strategic Issues Management - Don Peat Executive Director of Budget & Finance - Sophia Arvanitis Director, Legislative Affairs - Edward Birnbaum Senior Advisor, Legislative Affairs - Daniela Magisano Senior Advisor, Legislative Affairs - Matt Buckman Senior Advisor, Tour - Emily Hillstrom Advisor, Constituency Affairs - Farnaz Patel Advisor, Communications - Avi Yufest Advisor, Communications & Tour - Louise Brunet Special Assistant, Outreach - Kema Joseph Special Assistant, Constituency Affairs & Tour - Abinaya Chandrabalan Special Assistant, Constituency Affairs & Outreach - Cindy Lee Special Assistant, Communications & Tour - Gabe Ciufo Assistant, Constituent Affairs - Steevan Sritharan Current members of the Committee: Paul Ainslie Ana Bailão Gary Crawford Denzil Minnan-Wong Frances Nunziata James Pasternak Michael Thompson John Tory The committee existed in the old City of Toronto beginning in 1969.
Before that Toronto had a Board of Control, as did former cities North Etobicoke. Vacancies in a council seat may be filled in one of two ways, either by the holding of a by-election or through direct appointment of an interim councillor chosen by the council in an internal vote; the council is allowed to decide which process to follow in each individual case. The process results in public debate, however; the by-election process is seen as more democratic, while the appointment process is seen as less expensive for the city t