Medgidia is a city in Constanța County, south-eastern Romania. Archaeological findings show. Starting with 46 BC the region was administered by the Roman Empire. A castrum was built in the Carasu Valley. In 1417, the Turks invaded Dobruja. From the 15th century onwards the region started to be colonized with Muslim population; the settlement named "Karasu" was mentioned on the map of Iehuda ben Zara in 1497, in the notes of Paolo Giorgio and Evliya Çelebi. Modern Medgidia was built by the Ottoman administration on the place of the old Karasu beginning with 1856, it was built as a planned city to accommodate refugees from the Crimean War and to serve as an economic hub for the central zone of Dobruja. The town was named in honour of the sultan Abdülmecid I, the Ottoman sovereign of the period. After the Russo-Turkish War, Northern Dobruja became part of Romania. Medgidia is located between the Black Sea, just 39 kilometres away from Constanța; the general aspect of the relief is that of a low plateau with a limestone structure, covered with thick deposits of loess.
The natural resources in the area consist of kaolin sand. The limestone structure of the earth permits a natural filtering of the groundwater; the climate is temperate-continental, with short and cold winters and hot summers. Medgidia became a municipality in 1994; the town infrastructure is continuously developing and offers the inhabitants 4 high schools, 8 primary schools, 12 nurseries, 4 cultural centers with a hall for cultural activities, 2 show and cinema halls, 3 clubs and 5 libraries, a 30,000-seat stadium, a sports hall and a swimming pool. Medgidia houses a 500-bed hospital; the following villages are administered by the municipality: Remus Opreanu - renamed after Remus Opreanu, the first Romanian prefect of Constanța County Valea Dacilor The current mayor of Medgidia is Valentin Vrabie, an independent. The Medgidia Municipal Council, elected in the 2008 local government elections, is made up of 19 councilors, with the following party composition: The economic landscape spotlights the existence of a town involved in its progress.
Out of 1,200 registered enterprises, only 30 are state-owned and 15 are joint ventures. Beside the agricultural activities, the main industry deals in cement and building materials, agricultural machinery and forging equipment, wood processing and furniture factories. Medgidia lies in the center of an agricultural area of several tens of millions hectares, with a fertile soil and provided with irrigation systems; the area offers: a rich agricultural tradition and trained specialists a road network for the transport of goods short transport distances through the port access to other Romanian or European regions better climate conditions than in other parts of Romania an outstanding irrigation potentialThe Medgidia clinker storage facility was completed in 2009 and is the world's largest dome-type cement clinker storage facility. The town is an inland port to the Danube-Black Sea Canal; the Danube-Black Sea Canal crosses the town for about 6 km of its length. The canal can admit ships of 5,000 tonnes deadweight.
Provided with road and rail links, the harbor offers storage facilities and cranes able to lift up to 16-ton weights. Beside a SNCFR marshaling yard, along the Canal there is a Free Trade Area in course of being finalized. A planned highway from Bucharest to Constanţa financed by the EU, will bypass the town, allowing the development of associated services in the area; the Medgidia railway station links trains to a few, but important towns and cities, including Constanţa, Bucureşti Nord. It was opened in 1964 with exhibitions of Romanian contemporary painting and graphics, signed Lucian Grigorescu, Marius Bunescu, Ion Jalea and others; the permanent exhibition takes in classic and modern artworks but works of contemporary art classics: Lucian Grigorescu, Nicolae Tonitza, Francisc Șirato, Ștefan Dumitrescu, Iosif Iser. The museum displays a collection of ceramic artworks. In 1991 the museum was named after Lucian Grigorescu, a town native, deemed as the most Latin among the Romanian painters; the city honors the painter every year on 1 February, the anniversary of his birthday.
Built in 1860 by the Ottoman Government, the mosque is an architectural monument. It was named after the sultan Abdul Mejid - who reigned between 1839 and 1861; the mosque is served by a muezzin. The building respects the traditional form of the Muslim cultural placements, decorated in the interior with oriental ornaments and inscriptions in Arabic; the church was built in a Roman-Greek style and it was raised with the contribution of the local Christians on the ruins of a Roman castrum. In 1926, Medgidia commemorated the heroism of the First Serbian Division, which fought in Dobruja during World War I as a part of the bloody Romanian theatre, by inaugurating a monument in the group's honor; the completed memorial, featuring an iconic white marble pyramid, was the setting of a ceremony held with the participation of both Romanian and Yugoslavian officials. Wreaths were laid at the base of the monument by m
The Pannonian Avars were an alliance of several groups of Eurasian nomads of unknown origins. They are best known for their invasions and destruction in the Avar–Byzantine wars from 568 to 626; the name Pannonian Avars is used to distinguish them from the Avars of the Caucasus, a separate people with whom the Pannonian Avars may or may not have been linked. They established the Avar Khaganate, which spanned the Pannonian Basin and considerable areas of Central and Eastern Europe from the late 6th to the early 9th century. Although the name Avar first appeared in the mid-5th century, the Pannonian Avars entered the historical scene in the mid-6th century, on the Pontic-Caspian steppe as a people who wished to escape the rule of the Göktürks; the earliest clear reference to the Avar ethnonym comes from Priscus the Rhetor. Priscus recounts c. 463, the Šaragurs and Ogurs were attacked by the Sabirs, attacked by the Avars. In turn, the Avars had been driven off by people fleeing "man-eating griffins" coming from "the ocean".
Whilst Priscus' accounts provide some information about the ethno-political situation in the Don-Kuban-Volga region after the demise of the Huns, no unequivocal conclusions can be reached. Denis Sinor has argued that whoever the "Avars" referred to by Priscus were, they differed from the Avars who appear a century during the time of Justinian; the next author to discuss the Avars, Menander Protector, appeared during the 6th century, wrote of Göktürk embassies to Constantinople in 565 and 568 AD. The Turks appeared angry at the Byzantines for having made an alliance with the Avars, whom the Turks saw as their subjects and slaves. Turxanthos, a Turk prince, calls the Avars "Varchonites" and "escaped slaves of the Turks", who numbered "about 20 thousand". Many more, but somewhat confusing, details come from Theophylact Simocatta, who wrote c. 629, describing the final two decades of the 6th century. In particular, he claims to quote a triumph letter from the Turk lord Tamgan: For this Chagan had in fact outfought the leader of the nation of the Abdeli, conquered him, assumed the rule of the nation.
He... enslaved the Avar nation. But let no one think that we are distorting the history of these times because he supposes that the Avars are those barbarians neighbouring on Europe and Pannonia, that their arrival was prior to the times of the emperor Maurice. For it is by a misnomer. So, when the Avars had been defeated some of them made their escape to those. Taugast is a famous city, a total of one thousand five hundred miles distant from those who are called Turks.... Others of the Avars, who declined to humbler fortune because of their defeat, came to those who are called Mucri; these make their habitations in the east, by the course of the river Til, which Turks are accustomed to call Melas. The earliest leaders of this nation were named Chunni. While the emperor Justinian was in possession of the royal power, a small section of these Var and Chunni fled from that ancestral tribe and settled in Europe; these named themselves glorified their leader with the appellation of Chagan. Let us declare, without departing in the least from the truth, how the means of changing their name came to them....
When the Barsils, Onogurs and other Hun nations in addition to these, saw that a section of those who were still Var and Chunni had fled to their regions, they plunged into extreme panic, since they suspected that the settlers were Avars. For this reason they honoured the fugitives with splendid gifts and supposed that they received from them security in exchange. After the Var and Chunni saw the well-omened beginning to their flight, they appropriated the ambassadors' error and named themselves Avars: for among the Scythian nations that of the Avars is said to be the most adept tribe. In point of fact up to our present times the Pseudo-Avars are divided in their ancestry, some bearing the time-honoured name of Var while others are called Chunni.... According to the interpretation of Dobrovits and Nechaeva, the Turks insisted that the Avars were only pseudo-Avars, so as to boast that they were the only formidable power in the Eurasian steppe; the Gokturks claimed. Furthermore, Dobrovits has questioned the authenticity of Theophylact's account.
As such, he has argued that Theophylact borrowed information from Menander's accounts of Byzantine-Turk negotiations to meet political needs of his time – i.e. to castigate and deride the Avars during a time of strained political relations between the Byzantines and Avars. According to some scholars the Pannonian Avars originated from a confederation formed in the Aral Sea region, by the Uar known as the Var or Warr and the Xūn or Xionites (also known as the Chionitae, Chunni, H
Hunedoara County is a county of Romania, in Transylvania, with its capital city at Deva. The county is part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion. In Hungarian, it is known as Hunyad megye, in German as Kreis Hunedoara, in Slovak as Hunedoara. In 2011, the county had a population of 396,253 and the population density was 56.1/km². Romanians - 93.31% Hungarians - 4.09% Romani - 1.9% Germans - 0.25%Hunedoara's Jiu River Valley is traditionally a coal-mining region, its high level of industrialisation drew many people from other regions of Romania in the period before the fall of the communist regime. This county has a total area of 7,063 km²; the relief is made up of mountains, divided by the Mureș River valley which crosses the county from East to West. To the North side there are the Apuseni Mountains and to the South side there are mountains from the Southern Carpathians group, Parâng Mountains group and Retezat-Godeanu Mountains group: Orastie and Surianu Mountains, Retezat Mountains, Poiana Ruscai Mountains.
Except from the Mureș River with its tributaries Strei, Râul Mare and Cerna which forms wide valleys, in the North side Crișul Alb River forms a valley in the Apuseni Mountains - Zarand region. In the South side along the Jiu River with its two branches Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, there is a large depression, an accessible route towards Southern Romania - Oltenia.. Alba County in the East and North. Arad County, Timiș County and Caraș-Severin County in the West. Gorj County in the South. Hunedoara County was one of the most industrialised areas during the communist period, was negatively affected when the industry collapsed after the fall of the communist regime; the industry in the Hunedoara county is linked with the mining activity in the region. In the mountains, from ancient times and coal have been exploited. Nowadays, there is one large industrial complex at Hunedoara owned by Mittal Steel. Energy related enterprises are located in the county - one of the biggest thermoelectric plant is located at Mintia.
The Jiu Valley, located in the south of the country, has been a major mining area throughout the second half of the 19th century and the 20th century, but many mines were closed down in the years following the collapse of the communist regime. The city of Hunedoara has suffered from the 1990s onwards - under communism it contained the largest steel works in Romania, but activity diminished after the fall of communism due to the loss of the market; this was a blow to the overall prosperity of the town, now recovering through new investments. Agricultural activities take place in Hunedoara county, which include livestock raising, fruit and cereal cultivation; the county has touristic potential through the Dacian Fortresses of the Orăștie Mountains and the Corvin Castle. The predominant industries in the county are: Metallurgy. Construction materials. Textile industry. Mining equipment. Food industry. In the 1990s, a large amount of mines were closed down, leaving Hunedoara county with the highest unemployment rate in Romania, of 9.6%, in comparison to the national average of 5.5%.
Retezat National Park and other picturesque regions makes it one of the most beautiful counties in Romania. There can be found Dacian and Roman complexes in the Orăştie Mountains; the main tourist attractions in the county are: The Dacian Fortresses of the Orăștie Mountains - nowadays part of UNESCO World Heritage. Colonia Augusta Ulpia Traiana Dacica Sarmizegetusa - the capital of the Roman province of Dacia; the medieval edifices of Densuș, Hunedoara, Santămaria-Orlea, Strei. The Medieval Castle from Hunedoara The Medieval Guard Tower from Crivadia The Hunedoara County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition: Hunedoara County has 7 municipalities, 7 towns and 55 communes. Although Hunedoara County is the most urbanized county in Romania it does not contain any city of more than 100.000 people. Following the de-industrialization after the communism fall, the major urban centres in the county Hunedoara and Petroșani, suffered significant population decline.
Municipalities Brad - population: 13,909 Deva - capital city. It included a large part of the present Hunedoara County. After the administrative unification law in 1925, the name of county remained as it was, but the territory was reorganized, it was bordered on the west by the counties of Severin and Arad, to the north by Turda County, to the east by the counties of Sibiu and Alba, to the south by the counties of Gorj and Mehedinți. The county consisted of ten districts: Plasa Avram Iancu, headquartered at Avram Iancu Plasa Brad, headquartered at Brad Plasa Deva, headquartered at Deva Plasa Geoagiu, headquartered at Geoagiu Plasa Hațeg, headquartered at Hațeg Plasa Hunedoara, headquartered at Hunedoara Plasa Ilia, headquartered at Ilia Plasa Orăștie, headquartered at Orăștie Plasa Petroșani, headquartered at Petroșani Plasa Pui, headquartered at Pui Subsequently, two other districts were established:Plasa Dobra, headquartered at Dobra Plasa Sarmizegetusa, headquartered at Sarmizeget
The Goths were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe. The Goths dominated a vast area, which at its peak under the Germanic king Ermanaric and his sub-king Athanaric extended all the way from the Danube to the Don, from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea; the Goths spoke one of the extinct East Germanic languages. In the Gothic language of Ostrogothic Italy they were called the Gut-þiuda, most translated as "Gothic people", but only attested as dative singular Gut-þiudai. In Old Norse they were known as the Gutar or Gotar, in Latin as the Gothi, in Greek as the Γότθοι, Gótthoi; the Goths have been referred to by many names at least in part because they comprised many separate ethnic groups, but because in early accounts of Indo-European and Germanic migrations in the Migration Period in general it was common practice to use various names to refer to the same group.
The Goths believed that the various names all derived from a single prehistoric ethnonym that referred to a uniform culture that flourished around the middle of the first millennium BC, i.e. the original Goths. The exact origin of the ancient Goths remains unknown. Evidence of them before they interacted with the Romans is limited; the traditional account of the Goths' early history depends on the Ostrogoth Jordanes' Getica written c. 551 AD. Jordanes states that the earliest migrating Goths sailed from what is now Sweden to what is now Poland. If this is accurate they may have been the people responsible for the Wielbark archaeological complex. Modern academics have abandoned this theory. Today, the Wielbark culture is thought to have developed from earlier cultures in the same area. Archaeological finds show close contacts between southern Sweden and the Baltic coastal area on the continent, further towards the south-east, evidenced by pottery, house types and graves. Rather than a massive migration, similarities in the material cultures may be products of long-term regular contacts.
However, the archaeological record could indicate that while his work is thought to be unreliable, Jordanes' story was based on an oral tradition with some basis in fact. Sometime around the 1st century AD, Germanic peoples may have migrated from Scandinavia to Gothiscandza, in present-day Poland. Early archaeological evidence in the traditional Swedish province of Östergötland suggests a general depopulation during this period. However, there is no archaeological evidence for a substantial emigration from Scandinavia and they may have originated in continental Europe. Upon their arrival on the Pontic Steppe, the Germanic tribes adopted the ways of the Eurasian nomads; the first Greek references to the Goths call them Scythians, since this area along the Black Sea had been occupied by an unrelated people of that name. The application of that designation to the Goths appears to be not ethnological but rather geographical and cultural - Greeks regarded both the ethnic Scythians and the Goths as barbarians.
The earliest known material culture associated with the Goths on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea is the Wielbark culture, centered on the modern region of Pomerania in northern Poland. This culture replaced the local Oxhöft or Oksywie culture in the 1st century AD, when a Scandinavian settlement developed in a buffer zone between the Oksywie culture and the Przeworsk culture; the culture of this area was influenced by southern Scandinavian culture beginning as early as the late Nordic Bronze Age and early Pre-Roman Iron Age. In fact, the Scandinavian influence on Pomerania and today's northern Poland from c. 1300 BC and onwards was so considerable that some see the culture of the region as part of the Nordic Bronze Age culture. In Eastern Europe the Goths formed part of the Chernyakhov culture of the 2nd to 5th centuries AD. Around 160 AD, in Central Europe, the first movements of the Migration Period were occurring, as Germanic tribes began moving south-east from their ancestral lands at the mouth of River Vistula, putting pressure on the Germanic tribes from the north and east.
As a result, in episodes of Gothic and Vandal warfare Germanic tribes crossed either the lower Danube or the Black Sea, led to the Marcomannic Wars, which resulted in widespread destruction and the first invasion of what is now Italy in the Roman Empire period. It has been suggested. Goths served in the Roman military and played a limited role, e.g. Gainas. In the first attested incursion in Thrace, the Goths were mentioned as Boranoi by Zosimus, as Boradoi by Gregory Thaumaturgus; the first incursion of the Roman Empire that can be attributed to Goths is the sack of Histria in 238. Several such raids followed in subsequent decades, in particular the Battle of Abrittus in 251, led by Cniva, in which the Roman Emperor Decius was killed. At the time, there were at least two groups of Goths: the Greuthungs. Goths were subsequently recruited into the Roman Army to fight in the Roman-Persian Wars, notably participating at the Battle of Misiche in 242; the Moesogoths settled in Moesia. The first seaborne raids took place in three subsequent years 255-257.
An unsuccessful attack on Pityus was followed in the second year by another, which sacked Pityus and Trabzon and ravaged large areas in th
Cernavodă is a town in Constanța County, Northern Dobruja, Romania with a population of 20,514. The town's name is derived from the Bulgarian černa voda, meaning "black water"; this name is regarded by some scholars as a calque of the earlier Thracian name Axíopa, from IE *n.ksei "dark" and upā "water". The town is a Danube fluvial port, it houses the Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant, consisting of two CANDU reactors providing about 18% of Romania's electrical energy output. The second reactor was built through a joint venture between Canada's Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Italy's ANSALDO and became functional in November 2007; the Danube-Black Sea Canal, opened in 1984, runs from Cernavodă to Năvodari. The outskirts of Cernavodă host numerous vineyards, producers of Chardonnay wine; the largest winery in the area is Murfatlar. Cernavodă was founded by the ancient Greeks in the 4th century BC as a trading post for contacts with local Dacians; the Constanța - Cernavodă railroad was opened in 1860 by the Ottoman administration.
The town ca. 4000—3200 BC. At the 2011 census, Cernavodă had 14969 Romanians, 463 Turks, 374 Roma, 106 Lipovans, 40 Tatars, 15 Hungarians and 162 others. Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant Anghel Saligny Bridge Official site of the City of Cernavodă
In the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the Latin word castrum was a building, or plot of land, used as a fortified military camp. Castrum was the term used for different sizes of camps including a large legionary fortress, smaller auxiliary forts, temporary encampments, "marching" forts; the diminutive form castellum was used for fortlets occupied by a detachment of a cohort or a century. In English, the terms Roman fortress, Roman fort, Roman camp are used for castrum. However, scholastic convention tends toward the use of the words camp, marching camp, fortress as a translation of castrum. For a list of known castra see List of castra. Castrum appears in Oscan and Umbrian, two other Italic languages, suggests an origin at least as old as Proto-Italic language. Julius Pokorny traces a probable derivation from * k̂es -, schneiden in * k̂es - tro-m; these Italic reflexes based on * kastrom include Umbrian castruo, kastruvuf. They have the same meaning, says Pokorny, as Latin fundus, an estate, or tract of land.
This is not any land, but is a prepared or cultivated tract, such as a farm enclosed by a fence or a wooden or stone wall of some kind. Cornelius Nepos uses Latin castrum in that sense: when Alcibiades deserts to the Persians, Pharnabazus gives him an estate worth 500 talents in tax revenues; this is a change of meaning from the reflexes in other languages, which still mean some sort of knife, axe, or spear. Pokorny explains it as ’Lager’ als ‘abgeschnittenes Stück Land’, “a lager, as a cut-off piece of land.” If this is the civilian interpretation, the military version must be “military reservation,” a piece of land cut off from the common land around it and modified for military use. All castra must be defended by works no more than a stockade, for which the soldiers carried stakes, a ditch; the castra could be prepared under attack behind a battle line. Considering that the earliest military shelters were tents made of hide or cloth, all but the most permanent bases housed the men in tents placed in quadrangles and separated by numbered streets, one castrum may well have acquired the connotation of tent.
The commonest Latin syntagmata for the term castra are: castra stativa Permanent camp/fortresses castra aestiva Summer camp/fortresses castra hiberna Winter camp/fortresses castra navalia or castra nautica Navy camp/fortressesIn Latin the term castrum is much more used as a proper name for geographical locations: e.g. Castrum Album, Castrum Inui, Castrum Novum, Castrum Truentinum, Castrum Vergium; the plural was used as a place name, as Castra Cornelia, from this come the Welsh place name prefix caer- and English suffixes -caster and -chester. Castrorum Filius, "son of the camps," was one of the names used by the emperor Caligula and also by other emperors. Castro derived from Castrum, is a common Spanish family name as well as toponym in Italy, the Balkans and Spain and other Hispanophone countries, either by itself or in various compounds such as the World Heritage Site of Gjirokastër; the terms stratopedon and phrourion were used by Greek language authors to translate castrum and castellum, respectively.
A castrum was designed to house and protect the soldiers, their equipment and supplies when they were not fighting or marching. This most detailed description that survives about Roman military camps is De Munitionibus Castrorum, a manuscript of 11 pages that dates most from the late 1st to early 2nd century AD. Regulations required a major unit in the field to retire to a properly constructed camp every day. "… as soon as they have marched into an enemy's land, they do not begin to fight until they have walled their camp about. To this end a marching column ported the equipment needed to build and stock the camp in a baggage train of wagons and on the backs of the soldiers. Camps were the responsibility of engineering units to which specialists of many types belonged, officered by architecti, "chief engineers", who requisitioned manual labor from the soldiers at large as required, they could throw up a camp under enemy attack in as little as a few hours. Judging from the names, they used a repertory of camp plans, selecting the one appropriate to the length of time a legion would spend in it: tertia castra, quarta castra, etc..
More permanent camps were castra stativa. The least permanent of these were castra aestiva or aestivalia, "summer camps", in which the soldiers were housed sub pellibus or sub tentoriis, "under tents". Summer was the campaign season. For the winter the soldiers retired to castra hiberna containing barracks and other buildings of more solid materials, with timber construction being replaced by stone; the camp supplied army in the field. Neither the Celtic nor Germanic armies had this capability: they found it necessary to disperse after only a few days; the largest castra were legionary fortresses built as bases for one or more whole legions. From the time of Augustus more permanent castra with wooden or stone buildings and walls were introduced as the distant and hard-won boundaries of the expanding empire required permanent garrisons to control local and external threats
Teleorman County is a county of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in the historical region Muntenia, with its capital city at Alexandria. The name Teleorman is of Cumanic origin, it means crazy forest and, by extension, "thick and shadowy forest" in the Cuman language. It can be encountered in other toponyms, such as the Turkish name of the Ludogorie Plateau in northeastern Bulgaria. In 2011, it had a population of 360,178 and the population density was 62.2/km². Romanians - 96.76% Romani - 3.18% This county has a total area of 5,790 km². Two distinctive elements can be found: In the North and center there are plains from the Romanian Plain, they are separated by small rivers. In the South there is the Danube valley wide, with ponds and small channels. Beside the Danube, the main river crossing the county is the Olt River which flows into the Danube close to the village of Islaz. Other important rivers are: the Teleorman River and the Călmățui River. Giurgiu County in the East. Olt County in the West.
Argeș County and Dâmbovița County in the North. Bulgaria in the South - Veliko Tarnovo Province, Pleven Province and Ruse Province; the predominant industries in the county are: beverages industry. Textile industry. Chemical industry. Mechanical components industry - in Alexandria there is a big roll-bearing enterprise. Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Both extensive agriculture, small scale - vegetables and fruits for Bucharest markets, is practiced; the area is well suited for irrigations. The county doesn't have many spectacular attractions, but its cultural folk heritage is rich. Many Romanian personalities have been born here, some of them describing the life in a village in a picturesque way; the area was one of the places where the Wallachian Revolution of 1848 unfolded. The main tourist destinations are: The city of Alexandria. Fishing on the Danube and other lakes or ponds; the Teleorman County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition: Teleorman County has 3 municipalities, 2 towns and 93 communes Municipalities Alexandria - capital city.
Its capital was Turnu Măgurele. The county was bordered on the west by the counties Romanați County and Olt County, to the north by Argeş County, to the east by Vlașca County, in the south across the Danube River by the Kingdom of Bulgaria, its territory coincides in large part with that of the present county. The county was divided into five administrative districts: Plasa Alexandria, headquartered at Alexandria Plasa Balaci, headquartered at Balaci Plasa Roșiori de Vede, headquartered at Roșiori de Vede Plasa Turnu Măgurele, headquartered at Turnu Măgurele Plasa Zimnicea, headquartered at Zimnicea Subsequently, the county established three more districts:Plasa Călmățuiu, headquartered at Călmățuiu Plasa Slăvești, headquartered at Slăvești Plasa Vârtoapele de Sus, headquartered at Vârtoapele de Sus The county contained four urban communes: Turnu Măgurele, Alexandria, Roșiorii de Vede, Zimnicea. According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 347,294 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.1% Romanians, 1.4% Romanies, as well as other minorities.
From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.6% Adventist, 0.1% Muslim, as well as other minorities. In 1930, the county's urban population was 58,632 inhabitants, comprising 94.4% Romanians, 3.3% Romanies, 0.4% Hungarians, 0.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 98.1% Eastern Orthodox, 0.6% Muslim, 0.4% Jewish, 0.4% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities