Lewis County, Missouri
Lewis County is a county located in the northeastern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,211, its county seat is Monticello. The county was organized January 2, 1833 and named for Meriwether Lewis, the explorer and Governor of the Louisiana Territory. Lewis County is part of the IL -- MO Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 511 square miles, of which 505 square miles is land and 5.8 square miles is water. Clark County Hancock County, Illinois Adams County, Illinois Marion County Shelby County Knox County U. S. Route 61 Route 6 Route 81 Route 156 As of the census of 2010, there were 10,211 people, 3,956 households, 2,709 families residing in the county; the population density was 21 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.92% White, 2.53% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races.
0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.9% were of German, 18.3% American, 11.2% English and 10.8% Irish ancestry. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 12.90% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, 16.10% who are 65 years of age or older and 51% of female population. The median age is 36 years. Median income for a household in the county is $30,651, the median income for a family was $35,740. Males had a median income of $27,778 versus $19,679 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,746. 16.10% of the population and 10.70% of families were below the poverty line. Canton R-V School District – Canton Canton Elementary School Canton High School Lewis County C-1 School District – Ewing Highland Elementary School Highland Junior-Senior High School Cedar Falls School – Canton – Nonsectarian Culver-Stockton College Culver-Stockton College – Canton – A private, four-year Christian Church university.
Canton Public Library Labelle Branch Library Lagrange Branch Library Chris Flanagan was appointed to the position of County Clerk by Governor Jay Nixon. The office had been held by Regina Dredge. All of Lewis County is included in Missouri’s 4th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is represented by Craig Redmon. All of Lewis County is a part of Missouri’s 18th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Brian Munzlinger. All of Lewis County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is represented by Sam Graves in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 619, than any candidate from either party in Lewis County during the 2008 presidential primary. National Register of Historic Places listings in Lewis County, Missouri Lewis County website Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Lewis County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections and Rare Books
John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams was an American statesman, diplomat and diarist who served as the sixth president of the United States from 1825 to 1829. He served as the eighth United States Secretary of State from 1817 to 1825. During his long diplomatic and political career, Adams served as an ambassador, represented Massachusetts as a United States Senator and as a member of the United States House of Representatives, he was the eldest son of John Adams, who served as the second US president from 1797 to 1801. A Federalist like his father, he won election to the presidency as a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, in the mid-1830s became affiliated with the Whig Party. Born in Braintree, Adams spent much of his youth in Europe, where his father served as a diplomat. After returning to the United States, Adams established a successful legal practice in Boston. In 1794, President George Washington appointed Adams as the U. S. ambassador to the Netherlands, Adams would serve in high-ranking diplomatic posts until 1801, when Thomas Jefferson took office as president.
Federalist leaders in Massachusetts arranged for Adams's election to the United States Senate in 1802, but Adams broke with the Federalist Party over foreign policy and was denied re-election. In 1809, Adams was appointed as the U. S. ambassador to Russia by a member of the Democratic-Republican Party. Adams held diplomatic posts for the duration of Madison's presidency, he served as part of the American delegation that negotiated an end to the War of 1812. In 1817, newly-elected President James Monroe selected Adams as his Secretary of State. In that role, Adams negotiated the Adams–Onís Treaty, which provided for the American acquisition of Florida, he helped formulate the Monroe Doctrine, which became a key tenet of U. S. foreign policy. The 1824 presidential election was contested by Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford, Henry Clay, all of whom were members of the Democratic-Republican Party; as no candidate won a majority of the electoral vote, the House of Representatives held a contingent election to determine the president, Adams won that contingent election with the support of Clay.
As president, Adams called for an ambitious agenda that included federally-funded infrastructure projects, the establishment of a national university, engagement with the countries of Latin America, but many of his initiatives were defeated in Congress. During Adams's presidency, the Democratic-Republican Party polarized into two major camps: one group, known as the National Republican Party, supported President Adams, while the other group, known as the Democratic Party, was led by Andrew Jackson; the Democrats proved to be more effective political organizers than Adams and his National Republican supporters, Jackson decisively defeated Adams in the 1828 presidential election. Rather than retiring from public service, Adams won election to the House of Representatives, where he would serve from 1831 to his death in 1848, he joined the Anti-Masonic Party in the early 1830s before becoming a member of the Whig Party, which united those opposed to President Jackson. During his time in Congress, Adams became critical of slavery and of the Southern leaders whom he believed controlled the Democratic Party.
He was opposed to the annexation of Texas and the Mexican–American War, which he saw as a war to extend slavery. He led the repeal of the "gag rule," which had prevented the House of Representatives from debating petitions to abolish slavery. Historians concur that Adams was one of the greatest diplomats and secretaries of state in American history, but they tend to rank him as an average president. John Quincy Adams was born on July 11, 1767, to John and Abigail Adams in a part of Braintree, Massachusetts, now Quincy, he was named for his mother's maternal grandfather, Colonel John Quincy, after whom Quincy, Massachusetts, is named. Young Adams was educated by private tutors – his cousin James Thaxter and his father's law clerk, Nathan Rice, he soon began to exhibit his literary skills, in 1779 he initiated a diary which he kept until just before he died in 1848. Until the age of ten, Adams grew up on the family farm in Braintree in the care of his mother. Though absent due to his participation in the American Revolution, John Adams maintained a correspondence with his son, encouraging him to read works by authors like Thucydides and Hugo Grotius.
With his father's encouragement, Adams would translate classical authors like Virgil, Horace and Aristotle. In 1778, Adams and his father departed for Europe, where John Adams would serve as part of American diplomatic missions in France and the Netherlands. During this period, Adams studied French and Latin, attended several schools, including Leiden University. In 1781, Adams traveled to Saint Petersburg, where he served as the secretary of American diplomat Francis Dana, he returned to the Netherlands in 1783, accompanied his father to Great Britain in 1784. Though Adams enjoyed Europe, he and his family decided he needed to return to the United States to complete his education and launch a political career. Adams returned to the United States in 1785 and earned admission as a member of the junior class of Harvard College the following year, he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and excelled academically, graduating second in his class in 1787. After graduating from Harvard, he studied law with Theophilus Parsons in Newburyport, Massachusetts from 1787 to 1789.
Adams opposed the ratification of the United States Constitution, but he came to accept the document, in 1789 his father was elected
Illinois Route 336
Illinois Route 336 is a four-lane freeway/expressway combination that serves western Illinois. It is used by the Illinois Department of Transportation as a part of Federal-Aid Primary Highway 315 to refer to a future project connecting the cities of Quincy and Peoria via underserved Macomb; as of early 2018, the highway extends north from its starting point in Fowler where U. S. Route 24 and Interstate 172 intersect, to US 67 just north of Macomb. IL 336 is 80 miles long. For its entire length, IL 336 is a four-lane divided expressway without property access, but has many at-grade intersections with sideroads; the only interchanges built on IL 336 are with US 136/IL 94/Hancock County Road 1500 in Carthage and IL 61 at Mendon. IL 336 overlaps IL 61 from south of Mendon to south of Loraine; these two roads serve the Adams County Fairgrounds. Further north, IL 336 overlaps IL 94 about seven miles past Loraine, continues until IL 336 intersects with US 136 in Carthage. IL 336 bypasses Carthage to the east, with a full interchange east of Carthage.
The highway overlaps US 136 east of Carthage toward Macomb. Highway bridges over two branches of the LaMoine River as well as an overpass for the BNSF Railway and IL 61 carry the highway east with new alignments south of both Tennessee and Colchester. IL 61 has an at-grade T-intersection with the highway at the same location as the alignment of US 136; the two highways are concurrent to the point west of BNSF Railway overpass, where US 136 splits off to its former alignment through Tennessee and Colchester. IL 336 turns north to Macomb. There is an underpass under BNSF Railway and two ramps which end in T-intersections with US 136; the route ends west of Macomb, awaiting state and federal funding for an eventual bypass northwest of Macomb. At this point, IL 336 ends temporarily. North of Macomb along US 67, there will be a full interchange that will connect with the northern portion of the completed IL 336 west of Macomb; this segment was scheduled to be completed in 2008 or 2009, but delayed because of Illinois and federal funding issues.
Road grading and bridge work started in middle of 2013. The projection is still $20 million underfunded. Construction on the Macomb bypass started in 2016, with the first phase of project expected to be completed by October 2017; the Peoria-to-Macomb corridor being studied parallels US 136 to Marietta, IL 95 to Cuba, along Hickory Road to Canton, north on IL 78 to Farmington turning east along IL 116 to the Peoria area. The existing interchange at West Farmington Road would serve as the logical eastern terminus. There are four proposed routes within the corridor between these two points that are being considered; this Fulton County corridor is not funded. The Quincy inspired. Edley considered the four-lane project a waste of taxpayer money compared to other west-central Illinois highway priorities, such as constructing a four-lane US67 highway from the Quad-Cities through Macomb to Alton and St. Louis. Edley placed an amendment on 1993 IDOT transportation funding legislation reducing to $1.00 Quincy project’s state funding, but funding was restored.
“There is little benefit to Illinois taxpayers in spending $300 million for a four-lane highway connecting Macomb, a community of 20,000, to Quincy, a community of 40,000,” Edley said at the time. “Our region has been called “Forgottonia” because we don’t have modern highway connections to major markets, such as St. Louis and Quad-Cities. Connecting two small communities within our region only maintains our isolation.”Earlier, Edley had been successful in funding the $100M Quad-City US67 four-lane link from Monmouth to Macomb. Illinois Democrats lost their House majority in the 1994 GOP landslide election, Edley was defeated as well. Twenty-two years neither the Corridor US 67 to St. Louis, or access to the Peoria and Chicago markets have been built or funded. In the mid-1990s, the road west from Springfield to south of Quincy, US 36, was cosigned I-72; as a result of this change, IL 336 from Fall Creek at the current junction with I-72, north to Fowler, was renamed from I-72/IL 336 to I-172.
The upgrade of US 36 to Interstate standards provided Quincy with a much needed regional freeway. I-172 is a non-chargeable Interstate Highway, inasmuch it was built with state funds designated as the original IL 336, until it received its I-172 designation; the completion of I-72 left only one other area in the state without regional freeway access—the area between Galesburg and Quincy. Macomb and Western Illinois University are an hour and a half from the nearest Interstate Highways between the Illinois and Mississippi rivers in Illinois, I-74 to the north and I-72 to the south. IDOT launched a series of studies to help facilitate access to west central Illinois, colloquially named Forgottonia for the lack of highways through the region. In progress are upgrades of US 67 from US 34 in Monmouth south to Macomb, US 67 from Macomb south to Alton, near St. Louis, Missouri. Under way is a similar upgrade of IL 336 from Quincy to Macomb; the Peoria-to-Macomb study involves an eastern link from Macomb to Peoria alongside existing US 136.
The corridor being studied runs from US 67 east
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
President of the United States
The president of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. In contemporary times, the president is looked upon as one of the world's most powerful political figures as the leader of the only remaining global superpower; the role includes responsibility for the world's most expensive military, which has the second largest nuclear arsenal. The president leads the nation with the largest economy by nominal GDP; the president possesses international hard and soft power. Article II of the Constitution establishes the executive branch of the federal government, it vests the executive power of the United States in the president. The power includes the execution and enforcement of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic and judicial officers, concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, to convene and adjourn either or both houses of Congress under extraordinary circumstances. The president directs the foreign and domestic policies of the United States, takes an active role in promoting his policy priorities to members of Congress. In addition, as part of the system of checks and balances, Article I, Section 7 of the Constitution gives the president the power to sign or veto federal legislation; the power of the presidency has grown since its formation, as has the power of the federal government as a whole. Through the Electoral College, registered voters indirectly elect the president and vice president to a four-year term; this is the only federal election in the United States, not decided by popular vote. Nine vice presidents became president by virtue of a president's intra-term resignation. Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 sets three qualifications for holding the presidency: natural-born U. S. citizenship.
The Twenty-second Amendment precludes any person from being elected president to a third term. In all, 44 individuals have served 45 presidencies spanning 57 full four-year terms. Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms, so he is counted twice, as both the 22nd and 24th president. Donald Trump of New York is the current president of the United States, he assumed office on January 20, 2017. In July 1776, during the American Revolutionary War, the Thirteen Colonies, acting jointly through the Second Continental Congress, declared themselves to be 13 independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule. Recognizing the necessity of coordinating their efforts against the British, the Continental Congress began the process of drafting a constitution that would bind the states together. There were long debates on a number of issues, including representation and voting, the exact powers to be given the central government. Congress finished work on the Articles of Confederation to establish a perpetual union between the states in November 1777 and sent it to the states for ratification.
Under the Articles, which took effect on March 1, 1781, the Congress of the Confederation was a central political authority without any legislative power. It could make its own resolutions and regulations, but not any laws, could not impose any taxes or enforce local commercial regulations upon its citizens; this institutional design reflected how Americans believed the deposed British system of Crown and Parliament ought to have functioned with respect to the royal dominion: a superintending body for matters that concerned the entire empire. The states were out from under any monarchy and assigned some royal prerogatives to Congress; the members of Congress elected a President of the United States in Congress Assembled to preside over its deliberation as a neutral discussion moderator. Unrelated to and quite dissimilar from the office of President of the United States, it was a ceremonial position without much influence. In 1783, the Treaty of Paris secured independence for each of the former colonies.
With peace at hand, the states each turned toward their own internal affairs. By 1786, Americans found their continental borders besieged and weak and their respective economies in crises as neighboring states agitated trade rivalries with one another, they witnessed their hard currency pouring into foreign markets to pay for imports, their Mediterranean commerce preyed upon by North African pirates, their foreign-financed Revolutionary War debts unpaid and accruing interest. Civil and political unrest loomed. Following the successful resolution of commercial and fishing disputes between Virginia and Maryland at the Mount Vernon Conference in 1785, Virginia called for a trade conference between all the states, set for September 1786 in Annapolis, with an aim toward resolving further-reaching interstate commercial antagonisms; when the convention failed for lack of attendance due to suspicions among most of the other states, Alexander Hamilton led the Annapolis delegates in a call for a convention to offer revisions to the Articles, to be held the next spring in Philadelphia.
Prospects for the next convention appeared bleak until James Madison and Edmund Randolph succeeded in securing George Washington's attendance to Philadelphia as a delegate for Virginia. When the Constitutional Convention convened in May 1787, the 12 state delegations in attendance (Rh
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Pike County, Illinois
Pike County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 16,430, its county seat is Pittsfield. Pike County was formed in January 1821 out of Madison County, it was named in honor of Zebulon Pike, leader of the Pike expedition in 1806 to map out the south and west portions of the Louisiana Purchase. Pike served at the Battle of Tippecanoe, was killed in 1813 in the War of 1812. Prior to the coming of the first European settler to the future Pike County, French traders and travelers passed through the native forests and prairies. Pike County began on the south junction of the Illinois and Mississippi rivers; the east boundary was the Illinois River north to the Kankakee River to the Indiana State line on north to Wisconsin territorial line and west to the Mississippi River to the original point at the south end. The first county seat was Cole's Grove, a post town, in what became Calhoun County; the Gazetteer of Illinois and Missouri, published in 1822, mentioned Chicago as "a village of Pike County" containing 12 or 15 houses and about 60 or 70 inhabitants.
The New Philadelphia Town Site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2009. Founded by Frank McWorter, an early free black settler in Pike County, it was the first town founded by a black man in the United States. McWorter had invested in land there sight unseen after purchasing the first few members of his family out of slavery. In 1836 he founded the town of New Philadelphia, near Barry, he lived there the rest of his life. With the sale of land, he made enough money to purchase the freedom of his children. After the railroad bypassed the town, its growth slowed and it was abandoned in the 20th century; the town site is now an archaeological site. In the early 21st century, Pike County acquired notability as a whitetail deer hunting center for bowhunting. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 849 square miles, of which 831 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. Pike County is located on the highlands between the Illinois River, which forms its eastern border, the Mississippi River, the county's western border.
It has two interstate highways, I-72, with bridges spanning both rivers to enter the county, I-172 which extends about 300 feet into the county to its intersection with I-72. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pittsfield have ranged from a low of 15 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 115 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.74 inches in January to 4.11 inches in May. Pike County is one of the few US counties to border as many as nine counties. Illinois has two -- LaSalle. Great River National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,430 people, 6,639 households, 4,527 families residing in the county; the population density was 19.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,951 housing units at an average density of 9.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 1.7% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 16.8% were American, 15.1% were English, 13.4% were Irish. Of the 6,639 households, 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 42.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $40,205 and the median income for a family was $50,426. Males had a median income of $39,071 versus $26,835 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,996. About 11.3% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over. Pike County was reliably Democratic from 1892 through 1948. However, it was a national bellwether in every presidential election from 1912 to 2004 aside from 1924 & 1988.
Since 2000, the county has become a Republican stronghold, with Donald Trump winning it in the 2016 presidential election by a margin of 57.6 points. The county is located in Illinois's 18th Congressional District and is represented by Republican Davin LaHood. For the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is located in the 100th district and is represented by Republican C. D. Davidsmeyer; the county is located in the 50th district of the Illinois Senate, is represented by Republican William McCann. Barry Griggsville Pittsfield New Canton National Register of Historic Places listings in Pike County, Illinois Pike County Chamber of Commerce Pike County books and primary sources New Philadelphia Association Free Frank New Philadelphia Historic Preservation Foundation Christopher C. Fennell, "Updates on New Philadelphia Archaeology Project", University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign New Philadelphia: A Multiracial Town on the Illinois Frontier, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan Pike County Township Histories summation Pike County Illinois History