Roughnecks: Starship Troopers Chronicles
Roughnecks: Starship Troopers Chronicles is a CGI animated television series, based on the novel by Robert A. Heinlein and the 1997 film adaptation; the film's director, Paul Verhoeven, served as executive producer. It follows the exploits of the Mobile Infantry squad, "Razak's Roughnecks," during the SICON–Bugs War between a newly united humanity and an extraterrestrial race, known as the "Bugs," sometimes referred to as Arachnids; the show focuses on the Roughnecks' missions, rather than addressing the larger war. The series aired for one season in the syndicated BKN Kids Network block beginning in August 1999 in the United States and Canada, it was picked up by the Sci-Fi Channel in the U. S. and Teletoon in Canada. The entire series is available to be streamed on Crackle in the U. S. along with several Minisodes. The show combines elements of Verhoeven's film and the original novel, such as the extraterrestrial race known as the Skinnies, powered armor suits and drop pods; the series adds some original elements, while omitting the political aspects of the original work and film.
When the Mobile Infantry defeats an infestation on Pluto, the world is united as the Strategically Integrated Coalition of Nations declares war on the insectoids. The main story focuses on a group of troopers known as Alpha Team – otherwise known as Razak's Roughnecks – who are headed back to Pluto after Operation Pest Control. After destroying Bug City on Pluto, SICON sights a giant Transport Bug; this reveals. They track it to the planet Hydora, which orbits a star in the Constellation Virgo and encounter a Brain Bug, an intelligent Bug that controls the other castes so they won't go insane and destroy each other; the Bugs are planning to take control of the entire universe and won't stop until the human race is extinct. SICON attempts to set up a base on the planet Tophet, inhabited by a species nicknamed Skinnies; the Skinnies, have been enslaved by the Bugs to mine Xylon, a precious mineral used for Transport Bugs. The Mobile Infantry are able to destroy the Control Bugs overseeing the Skinnies and free Tophet, but the victory costs them their comrade Carl Jenkins, put into a state of mental trauma.
The Skinnies soon enlist in SICON to fight the Bugs due to their lack of interstellar travel technology. SICON soon discovers the existence of the Bug homeworld Klendathu, they attempt to destroy the Bug Queen but she escapes, headed for Earth. Her Transport Bug is destroyed before she reaches the human homeworld, but she makes it to Earth. With numerous battles on the home front and the arrival of Bug reinforcements, the battle had only just begun; the series is divided into "campaigns," with five episodes each. Each campaign takes place at a different location. In the DVD release, each campaign is on a single disk; the Pluto Campaign Takes place on Pluto. The Hydora Campaign Takes place on Hydora, entirely covered by water; the Tophet Campaign Takes place on Tophet, a desert planet, home to the Skinnies. The Tesca Campaign Takes place on the jungle moon of Tesca Nemerosa; the Zephyr Campaign Takes place on a frozen asteroid. The Klendathu Campaign Takes place on the Bugs' home world Klendathu. Trackers 1st takes place on the journey from Klendathu to Earth.
The others are recaps. 4th has Rico floating through space. 5th investigates Razak. The Homefront Campaign Takes place on Earth; the show was produced by Columbia TriStar Television and Sony Pictures for daily television syndication and ended its run of a single season with a cliffhanger instead of a proper series finale. Though planned for 2-D animation, Sony contracted Foundation Imaging to produce the episodes with 3-D computer animation. Since Foundation was unable to keep up with the production schedule, Flat Earth Productions were involved with creating episodes 12 and 13, Hyper Image with 20 to 22, Rainbow Studios with 23 to 25; the series was to end with a titanic battle against the Bug forces on Earth, but production halted before this story arc was developed. Of the 40 episodes scheduled, only 36 were completed due to the production problems; each week was to be a separate campaign with five daily episodes. In the Homefront Campaign only five episodes were completed, with the last three episodes left incomplete, along with "Homefront," a key episode in the campaign.
"Homefront" was to show the destruction of Buenos Aires, referenced in episodes. Summaries of two of these episodes are available at the TrooperPX website; the missing episodes had their dialogue recorded and some of their animation completed. This existing material was not included in the series' DVD release; some of that material leaked online. A version of the lost episodes was performed once in 2000 as an audio play at the annual Gathering of the Gargoyles fan convention. In order to fulfill Sony's 40-episode order, four clip shows were produced, reusing footage from previous episodes along with snippets of new material. "Pluto and Beyond" and "Propaganda Machine" can be thought of as coming near the beginning of the Tophet Campaign. These summarize the events of that the preceding Pluto Campaign and a few Tophet events, without adding new material. In "Marooned," one of the main characters becomes lost alone in space and has flashbacks about events from the Pluto through Zephyr Campaigns.
The Men in Black (comics)
The Men in Black is an American comic book created and written by Lowell Cunningham, illustrated by Sandy Carruthers, published by Aircel Comics. Aircel would be bought out by Malibu Comics, which itself was bought out by Marvel Comics. Three issues were published with another three the following year, it was adapted into the film Men in Black, a critical and commercial success, leading to two sequels and various spin-offs, as well as a number of tie-in one-shot comics from Marvel. Cunningham had the idea for the comic once a friend of his introduced him to the concept of government "Men in black" upon seeing a black van riding the streets; the first series consisted of three issues and was published in 1990 by Aircel Comics, cover-dated January to March 1990. After Aircel was acquired by Malibu Comics, a second series appeared, The Men in Black Book II #1-3 Malibu was purchased by Marvel Comics in 1994, when the feature film Men in Black was released, Marvel published a number of one-shots in 1997, including a prequel, a sequel, a movie adaptation, a reprint of the first issue of the original Aircel miniseries.
The first series was collected into a trade paperback. The Men in Black is an international espionage organization which oversees and investigates both good and evil paranormal activity on Earth, their remit includes alien life, mutants, werewolves, legendary creatures and other paranormal beings. In order to keep their investigations secret, much of the global population are unaware of their activities, are liable to be neuralyzed to blank their memory of any interaction with the agents. Notable members include Zed, Jay and Ecks. Ecks becomes a rogue agent after learning the truth behind the MiB: That they seek to manipulate and reshape the world in their own image by keeping the supernatural hidden. An agent may use any means necessary, including destruction, to accomplish a mission. Agents sever all ties with their former lives, as far as the world is concerned, they do not exist. Beginning with the release of the 1997 film Men in Black, the series has been adapted across a wide variety of media, spawning an entire franchise.
Starring Will Smith and Tommy Lee Jones, the film proved a huge box office success for Columbia Pictures and Amblin Entertainment, resulting in two sequels: Men in Black II and Men in Black 3. The popularity of the films has subsequently led to many tie-ins and spin-offs, including an animated series titled Men in Black: The Series, soundtracks of each film, video games and an amusement park ride. A spin-off was announced for a June 14, 2019 release date titled Men in Black: International, it will continue the universe of the first three films, instead of adapting the original material from the 1990 comic book series. Despite sharing the same basic premise, the various adaptations differ from the original comic series; some of these differences include: The secret organization policing extraterrestrial activity on Earth while omitting the other paranormal elements, using memory erasure rather than killing witnesses, the agency's main goal being to maintain order on Earth rather than to direct it and Agent J is an African-American man instead of a blonde-haired Caucasian man.
The tone of the series was lightened, exchanging the comics' bleak approach for comedy. Men in Black at the Comic Book DB Men in Black II at the Comic Book DB The Men in Black at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016
Norman Milton Lear is an American television writer and producer who produced such 1970s sitcoms as All in the Family and Son, One Day at a Time, The Jeffersons, Good Times, Maude. As a political activist, he founded the advocacy organization People for the American Way in 1981 and has supported First Amendment rights and progressive causes. Lear was born in New Haven, the son of Jeanette and Hyman "Herman" Lear, a traveling salesman, his mother was born in Elizabethgrad in Kherson Gubernia in Ukraine, while his father was born in Connecticut, to Russian-born parents. He had Claire Lear Brown. Lear had a Bar Mitzvah ceremony; when Lear was nine years old, his father went to prison for selling fake bonds. Lear thought of his father as a "rascal" and said that the character of Archie Bunker was in part inspired by his father, while the character of Edith Bunker was in part inspired by his mother. Lear graduated from Weaver High School in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1940 and subsequently attended Emerson College in Boston, but dropped out in 1942 to join the United States Army Air Forces.
After the Pearl Harbor attack in World War II, Lear enlisted in September 1942. He served in the Mediterranean theater as a radio operator/gunner on Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers with the 772nd Bombardment Squadron, 463d Operations Group of the Fifteenth Air Force. Lear flew 52 combat missions. Lear was discharged from the Army in 1945, his fellow World War II crew members are featured in the books Crew Umbriag, by Daniel P. Carroll, 772nd Bomb Squadron: The Men, The Memories, by Turner Publishing and Co. After World War II, Lear had a career in public relations; the career choice was inspired by his Uncle Jack: "My dad had a brother, who flipped me a quarter every time he saw me. He was a press agent. That's the only role model. So all I wanted was to grow up to be a guy who could flip a quarter to a nephew." Lear decided to move to California to restart his career in publicity, driving with his toddler daughter across the country. His first night in Los Angeles, Lear stumbled upon a production of George Bernard Shaw's Major Barbara at a 90-seat theater in the round Circle Theater off Sunset Boulevard.
One of the actors in the play was Sydney Chaplin, the son of actors Charlie Chaplin and Lita Grey. Chaplin, Alan Mowbray and Dame Gladys Cooper sat in front of him, after the show was over, Chaplin performed. Lear had a first cousin in Los Angeles, married to Ed Simmons, who wanted to be a comedy writer. Simmons and Lear teamed up to sell home furnishings door-to-door for a company called The Gans Brothers and sold family photos door-to-door. Throughout the 1950s Lear and Simmons turned out comedy sketches for television appearances of Martin and Lewis and Martin, others, they wrote for Martin and Lewis when they appeared on the Colgate Comedy Hour and a 1953 article from Billboard magazine stated that Lear and Simmons were guaranteed a record-breaking $52,000 each to write for five additional Martin and Lewis appearances on the Colgate Comedy Hour that year. In a 2015 interview with Vanity Magazine Lear said that Jerry Lewis had hired him and Simmons to become writers for Martin and Lewis three weeks before the comedy duo made their first appearance on the Colgate Comedy Hour in 1950.
Lear acknowledged in 1986 that he and Simmons were the main writers for The Martin and Lewis Show for three years. In 1954 Lear was enlisted as a writer hoping to salvage the new Celeste Holm CBS sitcom, Celeste!, but the program was canceled after eight episodes. During this time, he became the producer of NBC's The Martha Raye Show, after Nat Hiken left as the series director. Lear wrote some of the opening monologues for The Tennessee Ernie Ford Show, which aired from 1956 to 1961. In 1959 Lear created his first television series, a half-hour western for Revue Studios called The Deputy, starring Henry Fonda. Starting out as a comedy writer a film director, Lear tried to sell a concept for a sitcom about a blue-collar American family to ABC, they rejected. After a third pilot was taped, CBS picked up the show, known as All in the Family, it premiered January 12, 1971, to disappointing ratings, but it took home several Emmy Awards that year, including Outstanding Comedy Series. The show did well in summer reruns, it flourished in the 1971–72 season, becoming the top-rated show on TV for the next five years.
After falling from the #1 spot, All in the Family still remained in the top ten, well after it transitioned into Archie Bunker's Place. The show was based loosely on the British sitcom Till Death Us Do Part, about an irascible working-class Tory and his Socialist son-in-law. Lear's second big TV sitcom was based on a British sitcom and Son, about a west London junk dealer and his son. Lear changed the setting to the Watts section of Los Angeles and the characters to African-Americans, the NBC show Sanford and Son was an instant hit. Numerous hit shows followed thereafter, including Maude, The Jeffersons, One Day at a Time, Good Times. What most of the Lear sitcoms had in common was that they were shot on videotape in place of film, used a live studio audience, dealt with the social and political issues of the day. M
Jumanji (TV series)
Jumanji is an American animated television series, inspired by the movie based on the short story of the same name. The series ran for three seasons from 1996 to 1999. In 1996, it was carried by the UPN Kids block on UPN, but seasons were syndicated by BKN. Jumanji was produced by Adelaide Productions and was the first show made by that company, with character designs by Everett Peck. Alan Parrish is a kid that found a board game called "Jumanji"; each turn, Alan was given a "game clue" and sucked into the jungle until he solved his clue. They meet, trapped in Jumanji because he had never seen his clue. Judy and Peter would help Alan try to leave the game, providing the characters' motivation during the series. Peter would sometimes be transformed into various animals whenever he cheated, sometimes using the abilities of whatever animal he becomes to an advantage; the kids free another player trapped longer than Alan. Unlike Alan, he saw his clue but never solved it, he called himself the Master of Jumanji and tried to get other people to solve his clue for him, but once Alan points out that his clue is an illusion of Jumanji's and he accepts it, it solves his clue.
It's revealed that like Judy and Peter, Alan would never have been able to survive his first day in Jumanji without help, as he possessed poor survival skills at the time. His help came in the form of Judy and Peter from the future who help him survive and teach him a few of the survival tricks they'd learned from him. In return, the 10-year-old version of Alan helps Judy and Peter return to their time, but hits his head and forgets meeting them. In the first episode, Alan reveals that there have been other players of the game throughout time, many of whom left their toys in the cave, part of his home, but not all of them survived the game. In the final episode, using a crystal that shows the past, the kids and Alan find his clue by observing his role and what the game said, figure out why he never saw it: right after he rolled his mom called him to dinner and as he was leaving, the clue displayed while he had his back turned and he got sucked in. Once he knew his clue, Alan escaped Jumanji.
Outside, the kids decide to destroy the Jumanji game now. In the series, it is revealed that Jumanji is sentient to a degree and on occasion has sucked in Judy and Peter if they make it "angry". While the show followed the movie's plot, there were a few changes such as the exclusion of Bonnie Hunt's character Sarah Whittle and the age and relationship of the policeman Carl Bentley was changed somewhat. Alan Robert John Jason Parrish III – Judy and Peter's companion in Jumanji, he has been trapped in the game since he was a boy and can only get out if he sees his original clue. According to the Jumanji database, he got trapped in Jumanji on April 3, 1972. In "Young Alan," he was a ten and a half-year-old boy, son of the late owner of a now long shut-down shoe factory and friends with future Officer Bentley. Judy and Peter free him at the end of the show by helping him solve his original clue, he tries to get free throughout the series and sometimes succeeds, but always ends up trapped back in the game until he's freed by solving his long-lost clue.
Alan was freed from the game by pulling a thorn from a lion's paw, ironic since he had encountered the same lion not long after first entering the game. It is revealed that he considers Peter and Judy his family and that his worst fear is that he has no clue and will die an old man, trapped in Jumanji with Peter and Judy spending the rest of their lives trying to free him. Judy Shepherd – Peter's older sister, she gets teased for it, although her intelligence helps them solve problems. Judy has boy troubles as shown in various episodes, she refers to Peter as "Peabody" a lot. In "Nothing to Fear", it is revealed. Peter Shepherd – Judy's younger brother. It's stated in "Eye of the Sea". Unlike his live-action counterpart, shy and soft, the animated Peter is immature, quite troubled and has constant trouble with his sister to whom he shows disrespect, he says "Cool Beans". Although in season 2 and 3, this changes to Nizer. Peter cheats and transforms into various animals such as a monkey from the live action film and other jungle animals.
He can speak Manji and seems to have somewhat of a friendship with them because he saved their leader, Tribal Bob. In "Nothing to Fear", it is revealed. In Jumanji, there are many dangerous characters. Many appear only once; these villains include: Van Pelt – The big-game hunter who wants to mount everyone's heads on his wall. He hunts man or beast without remorse. Van Pelt wants to kill him, his most used word if anything goes wrong is "Blast!" Van Pelt is killed by Peter in one episode. As a result and Judy bring him back to life. Van Pelt has poor communication skills. One episode revealed that Van Pelt shot his maid at the time when Alan and Peter snuck into his house to obtain his pith helmet. J. H. "Trader" Slick – The wicked merchant of Jumanji who
The Real Ghostbusters
The Real Ghostbusters is an American animated television series, a spin-off/sequel of the 1984 comedy movie Ghostbusters. The series ran from September 13, 1986 to October 5, 1991, was produced by Columbia Pictures Television, DiC Animation City and Coca-Cola Telecommunications; the series continues the adventures of paranormal investigators Dr. Peter Venkman, Dr. Egon Spengler, Dr. Ray Stantz, Winston Zeddemore, their secretary Janine Melnitz and their mascot ghost Slimer. "The Real" was added to the title after a dispute with its Ghost Busters properties. There were two ongoing Real Ghostbusters comics, one published monthly by Now Comics in the United States and the other published weekly by Marvel Comics in the United Kingdom, a popular toy line manufactured by Kenner; the series follows the continuing adventures of the four Ghostbusters, their secretary Janine, their accountant Louis, their mascot Slimer, as they chase and capture rogue spirits around New York City and various other areas of the world.
At the start of the fourth season in 1988, the show was retitled to Slimer! and the Real Ghostbusters. It aired in a one-hour time slot, which the show began doing under its original name earlier that same year on January 30, 1988. In addition to the regular thirty-minute Real Ghostbusters episode, a half-hour Slimer sub-series was added that included 2–3 short animated segments focusing on the character Slimer. Animation for the Slimer! Cartoons was handled by Wang Film Productions. At the end of its seven-season run, 147 episodes had aired, including the syndicated episodes and 13 episodes of Slimer, with multiple episodes airing out of production order. Slimer is shown to haunt the Sedgewick Hotel as its recurring pest; the segments added several characters as friends of Slimer and other supporting characters like a singing ice cream truck driver named Chilly Cooper, an Italian pizza chef named Luigi, a restaurant owner named Rafael, Luigi's boss, a bellhop named Bud, hotel manager Morris Grout, socialite Mrs. Van Huego and her dog Fred, odd-job worker Rudy.
Slimer had an antagonist named Professor Norman Dweeb, an archetypical mad scientist accompanied by a sidekick pink poodle named Elizabeth. Dweeb wants to gain personal glory. Dweeb made three appearances in the main series, one a clip show from the last two seasons. Other enemies of Slimer include an alley cat named Manx, a dog named Bruiser, a tough woman named Mrs. Stone, the ghost gangsters Goolem and Zugg as well as their boss Scareface. One of the ghosts from the Slimer cartoons, the Sleaze reappeared in The Real Ghostbusters to be captured a second time. Lorenzo Music – Peter Venkman Dave Coulier – Peter Venkman Maurice LaMarche – Egon Spengler Frank Welker – Ray Stantz, Stay Puft Marshmallow Man, Mayor Lenny Clotch, Scareface Arsenio Hall – Winston Zeddemore Buster Jones – Winston Zeddemore Laura Summer – Janine Melnitz Kath Soucie – Janine Melnitz Rodger Bumpass – Louis Tully Charlie Adler - Rafael Jeff Altman – Professor Norman Dweeb Fay DeWitt – Mrs. Van Huego April Hong - Catherine Katie Leigh - Jason Danny Mann - Luigi, Bud Jeff Marder – Rudy Danny McMurphy - Donald Alan Oppenheimer – Morris P. Grout, Goolem John Stocker – Stay Puft Marshmallow Man Cree Summer – Chilly Cooper, Mrs. Stone A short pilot episode was produced, but never aired in full.
The full four-minute promo was released on Time Life's DVD set in 2008. Scenes of the pilot can be seen in TV promos. Among differences seen in the promo pilot, the Ghostbusters wore the beige jumpsuits they had worn in the film instead of the color-coded jumpsuits they would wear in the finished series, the character design for Peter Venkman bore more of a resemblance to actor Bill Murray than the character design seen in the finished series; when he auditioned for the voice of Egon Spengler, Maurice LaMarche noted that while he was asked not to impersonate Harold Ramis, he did so anyway and got the part. LaMarche noted that Bill Murray had remarked off-handedly to producers that Lorenzo Music's voice of Peter Venkman sounded more like Garfield Bill Murray went on to voice Garfield in Garfield: The Movie after Music died. A different explanation for the change of actor for Peter Venkman came from Dave Coulier, who took over the role of Venkman from Music, who explained that Joe Medjuck a producer on both the original 1984 film and the animated series, wanted the character to sound more like Bill Murray.
Ernie Hudson was the only actor from the films. At the same time The Real Ghostbusters was being created, Filmation was making a cartoon known as Ghostbusters, a revamp of Filmation's 1970s series The Ghost Busters; the character designs by Jim McDermott were redesigned from the way the same characters looked in the movie. Although the Ghostbusters concept was tinkered with, the finalized show does feature many tie-ins from the films. In the season 1 episode "Take Two", the Ghostbusters fly to Hollywood to visit the set of a movie based on their adventures, revealed to be the 1984 movie at the end of the episode; the Stay Puft Marshmallow Man makes numerous appearances. During the third season, Walter Peck, the Environmental Protection Agency antagonist from the original film, reappears; the uniforms and containment unit are redesigned, Slimer is changed from a bad ghost to a resident and friend, events which are explained in the episode "Citizen Ghost" that flas
Starship Troopers (film)
Starship Troopers is a 1997 American satirical military science fiction action film directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Edward Neumeier. It came from an unrelated script called Bug Hunt at Outpost Nine, but licensed the name Starship Troopers from a science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein; the story follows a young soldier named Johnny Rico and his exploits in the Mobile Infantry, a futuristic military unit. Rico's military career progresses from recruit to non-commissioned officer and to officer against the backdrop of an interstellar war between mankind and an insectoid species known as "Arachnids"; the only theatrically released film in the Starship Troopers film series, it received negative reviews from critics on release. It grossed $54.5 million in the US and a total of $121.2 million worldwide against its budget of $105 million. The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects at the 70th Academy Awards in 1998. In 2012, Slant Magazine ranked the film #20 on its list of the 100 Best Films of the 1990s.
In the 23rd century, while colonizing new planets, humans have encountered a hostile non-technological insectoid species known as Arachnids or "Bugs". In the Federation, citizenship is earned by performing such activities as military service, which grants individuals opportunities prohibited to basic civilians. After graduating from high school in Buenos Aires, John "Johnny" Rico, his girlfriend Carmen Ibanez, psychic best friend Carl Jenkins enlist in the Federal Service, despite Rico's parents' disapproval of military service. Carmen becomes a spaceship pilot. Rico enlists in the Mobile Infantry and is surprised to find Isabelle "Dizzy" Flores, his fellow ex-student, has deliberately transferred to his squad. In Mobile Infantry basic training, Career Sgt. Zim trains the recruits. Rico is promoted to squad leader and befriends Ace Levy, he receives a Dear John letter from Carmen, as she desires a career with the fleet and now serves under Rico's high-school sports rival, Zander Barcalow. Following a live-fire training incident that kills one of Rico's squad members and causes another to quit out of guilt, Rico is demoted and flogged.
He resigns and calls his parents to ask them if he can return home, but rescinds his resignation after an asteroid, reported to be launched by the Arachnids, obliterates Buenos Aires, killing his parents and millions of others. An invasion force is deployed to Klendathu, the Arachnids' home planet, but the operation is a total disaster. Rico is wounded and mistakenly reported KIA. After recovering, he, Ace and Dizzy are reassigned to the "Roughnecks", an elite unit commanded by Lt. Jean Rasczak, Rico's former high-school teacher, he gains the respect of his peers and is promoted to the rank of Corporal after taking out a tanker bug. His relationship with Dizzy continues to grow, they have sex during their night on Tango Urilla; the Roughnecks respond to a distress call from Planet "P", where they reconnoitre an outpost, devastated by Bugs. They soon realise that the distress call is a trap, the Arachnids swarm the outpost. Rico, now an acting sergeant, euthanizes a mortally wounded Rasczak after a buried Bug bites off his legs.
Dizzy is killed. Rico and Carmen encounter Carl, now a high-ranking intelligence officer, at Dizzy's funeral. Carl reveals that there is reason to believe an intelligent "brain bug" is directing the other Bugs and has been learning how to fight humans, he field-promotes Rico to lieutenant and gives him command of the Roughnecks, ordering the Mobile Infantry units under his control to return to "P" in an attempt to capture the brain bug. The Fleet encounters unexpectedly heavy fire from the Bugs and Carmen's ship is destroyed. Carmen and Zander's escape pod crashes into a Bug tunnel system near Rico, they are surrounded by Bugs and a brain bug uses its proboscis to pierce Zander's skull and eat his brain. As it is about to do the same to Carmen, she cuts off its proboscis with a knife. Rico and Ace arrive and threaten the Bugs with a small nuclear bomb, which the brain bug recognizes, they flee. Arachnids pursue them and Watkins, mortally wounded, sacrifices himself by detonating the bomb to enable the others to escape.
After returning to the surface, they find that former Sergeant Zim, who had requested a demotion to private so that he could serve at the front, has captured the brain bug. Carl tells Rico and Carmen that the humans will soon be victorious now that Military Intelligence can study the brain bug. Carl mentally reveals that it is afraid, to the cheers of the troops. A propaganda clip shows Carmen and Rico as model servicemen, encouraging viewers to enlist in the armed forces; the film started life. When similarities the "bugs", were pointed out between this and the novel Starship Troopers, plans were made to license the rights to the book and tweak character names and circumstances to match. Verhoeven had never read the book, attempted to read it for the film, but it made him "bored and depressed", so he read only a few chapters: I stopped after two chapters because it was so boring … It is quite a bad book. I asked Ed Neumeier to tell me the story. It's a right-wing book; the "bug planet" scenes were filmed in the badlands of Hell's Half Acre in Wyoming.
Two nude scenes were kept in the original version, although these were modified in the broadcast version. The cast agreed to do the co-ed shower scene only if Verhoeven agreed to direct the scene nake
Robert A. Heinlein
Robert Anson Heinlein was an American science-fiction author, aeronautical engineer, retired Naval officer. Called the "dean of science fiction writers", He was among the first to emphasize scientific accuracy in his fiction, was thus a pioneer of the subgenre of hard science fiction, his work continues to have an influence on the science-fiction genre, on modern culture more generally. Heinlein became one of the first American science-fiction writers to break into mainstream magazines such as The Saturday Evening Post in the late 1940s, he was one of the best-selling science-fiction novelists for many decades, he, Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke are considered the "Big Three" of English-language science fiction authors. Notable Heinlein works include Stranger in a Strange Land, Starship Troopers and The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress, his work sometimes had controversial aspects, such as plural marriage in The Moon is a Harsh Mistress, militarism in Starship Troopers and technologically competent women characters that were strong and independent, yet stereotypically feminine – such as Friday.
A writer of numerous science-fiction short stories, Heinlein was one of a group of writers who came to prominence under the editorship of John W. Campbell at Astounding Science Fiction magazine, though Heinlein denied that Campbell influenced his writing to any great degree. Within the framework of his science-fiction stories, Heinlein addressed certain social themes: the importance of individual liberty and self-reliance, the obligation individuals owe to their societies, the influence of organized religion on culture and government, the tendency of society to repress nonconformist thought, he speculated on the influence of space travel on human cultural practices. Heinlein was named the first Science Fiction Writers Grand Master in 1974. Four of his novels won Hugo Awards. In addition, fifty years after publication, seven of his works were awarded "Retro Hugos"—awards given retrospectively for works that were published before the Hugo Awards came into existence. In his fiction, Heinlein coined terms that have become part of the English language, including "grok", "waldo", "speculative fiction", as well as popularizing existing terms like "TANSTAAFL", "pay it forward", "space marine".
He anticipated mechanical computer-aided design with "Drafting Dan" and described a modern version of a waterbed in his novel Beyond This Horizon, though he never patented nor built one. In the first chapter of the novel Space Cadet he anticipated the cell-phone, 35 years before Motorola invented the technology. Several of Heinlein's works have been adapted for television. Heinlein was born on July 7, 1907 in Butler, Missouri, he was a 6th-generation German-American: a family tradition had it that Heinleins fought in every American war starting with the War of Independence. His childhood was spent in Missouri; the outlook and values of this time and place had a definite influence on his fiction his works, as he drew upon his childhood in establishing the setting and cultural atmosphere in works like Time Enough for Love and To Sail Beyond the Sunset. Heinlein's experience in the U. S. Navy exerted a strong influence on his writing, he graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, with the class of 1929.
Shortly after graduation, he was commissioned as an ensign by the U. S. Navy, he advanced to lieutenant, junior grade while serving aboard the new aircraft carrier USS Lexington in 1931, where he worked in radio communications in its earlier phases, with the carrier's aircraft. The captain of this carrier was Ernest J. King, who served as the Chief of Naval Operations and Commander-in-Chief, U. S. Fleet during World War II. Heinlein was interviewed during his years by military historians who asked him about Captain King and his service as the commander of the U. S. Navy's first modern aircraft carrier. Heinlein served as gunnery officer aboard the destroyer USS Roper in 1933 and 1934, reaching the rank of lieutenant, his brother, Lawrence Heinlein, served in the U. S. Army, the U. S. Air Force, the Missouri National Guard, reaching the rank of major general in the National Guard. In 1929, Heinlein married Elinor Curry of Kansas City. However, their marriage only lasted about a year, his second marriage in 1932 to Leslyn MacDonald lasted for 15 years.
MacDonald was, according to the testimony of Heinlein's Navy friend, Rear Admiral Cal Laning, "astonishingly intelligent read, liberal, though a registered Republican," while Isaac Asimov recalled that Heinlein was, at the time, "a flaming liberal". At the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard Heinlein met and befriended a chemical engineer named Virginia "Ginny" Gerstenfeld. After the war, her engagement having fallen through, she moved to UCLA for doctoral studies in chemistry and made contact again; as his second wife's alcoholism spun out of control, Heinlein moved out and the couple filed for divorce. Heinlein's friendship with Virginia turned into a relationship and on October 21, 1948 — shortly after the decree nisi came through — they married in the town of Raton, New Mexico, shortly after setting up housekeeping in Colorado, they remained married until Heinlein's death. As Heinlein's increasing success as a writer resolved their initial financial woes, they had a house custom built with various innovative features described in an article in Popular Mechanics.
In 1965, after various chronic health problems of