A. S. Rao Nagar
A. S. Rao Nagar known as Dr. A. S. Rao Nagar, is a major suburb of Hyderabad, India. A. S. Rao Nagar is located in the north eastern side of the city which comes under Kapra municipality; the suburb has many residential townships like Saket, nearby to suburbs including Neredmet, ECIL, Sainikpuri and Moula-Ali. In 2012 A. S. Rao Nagar emerged as number one high street destination in terms of notching the steepest hike in rentals across the country, it is named after Ayyagari Sambasiva Rao, the founder of the Electronics Corporation of India in Hyderabad. He was instrumental in forming ECIL Employees Co-Operative House Construction Society Limited in the year 1976, for the benefit of the employees of Department of Atomic Energy, ECIL, NFC and TIFR. Many specialist retail outlets and commercial buildings have their establishment at the area; the suburb is well connected to different parts of the cities. Many TSRTC buses operate from the area; the nearest local train station is Moula-Ali. The suburb is well connected to Ghatkesar, ECIL, Keesara and Malkajgiri
Bharat Nagar is one of the newer suburbs on the northwestern fringe of the city of Hyderabad, India. Prior to being incorporated into the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, it was part of the Kukatpally municipality. At present it is located in Circle XIV of the GHMC, on Sanjeeva Reddy Nagar Main Road at the "Flyover", south of Moosapet, it is in the eastern part of the Motinagar election ward, #38290. It is located by the Pune Hyderabad Machilipatnam highway NH 65. Bharat Nagar is connected by buses run by TSRTC. Buses that run are 218D,113,10. There is a MMTS train station; the buses from Secunderabad station to Bharath Nagar are 10K, 10K/L,10K/18. Bharath Nagar is famous for Hari Hara Temple
Balkampet is a developing suburb in Hyderabad, India. It is located close to other bigger suburbs such as Ameerpet, Sanjeeva Reddy Nagar and Fatehnagar; this suburb is known for its hardware business. This suburb is a religious attraction since a famous Yellamma temple is located here, it attracts a lot of devotees from all over the city on Sundays and during the festival of Bonalu. JayaPrakash Nagar and other small areas are part of Balkampet. Balkampet's economy lies in the hardware sector. There are many dealers here involved in cement, electricals and hardware businesses; the popular Nature Cure Hospital is located in this suburb, well known for natural cure of various illnesses. Yellamma temple is thronged by visitors. A couple of new restaurants/hotels have opened here recently. Other local shops selling groceries and other items can be found all over the suburb; the buses run by TSRTC connect Balkampet with all parts of the city. Balkampet main road links other suburbs such as Ameerpet, Sanjeeva Reddy Nagar and Fatehnagar.
The closest MMTS Train station is at Nature Cure hospital. From Secunderabad Bus stop 10P Number bus will take you to Yellamma Temple. 45K is one of the bus which connects Balkampet to Secundrabad. There are many schools and colleges located close to this suburb at Sanjeeva Reddy Nagar
Hyderabad Multi-Modal Transport System
The Hyderabad Multi-Modal Transport System known as MMTS, is a suburban rail system in Hyderabad, India. It is a joint partnership of the Government of Telangana and the South Central Railway, is operated by the latter; the first phase was opened to the public on 9th August 2003 with three lines between Falaknuma and Secunderabad and Secunderabad and Lingampally and Secunderabad with a total of 44 km of track. In May 2010, Indian Railways decided to take up the 107-km Phase-II project of the MMTS at an estimated cost of Rs. 641 crore. The Railway Board cleared the second phase after the state government agreed to fund two-thirds of the cost; the second phase, under construction, is scheduled to open in 2018. The first phase was completed at a cost of ₹1.78 billion and started its operations on 9 August 2003 by Deputy Prime Minister of India, L. K. Advani, it is said that the inauguration of the MMTS was the realisation of dream of having a mass transit system in Hyderabad. This project is expected to complement the fast growth of the city in the areas of information technology, health and tourism.
It spans a distance of 44 km, covering 27 stations and connects Secunderabad, Dabirpura, Falaknuma, Hitech city and Lingampally along few other routes like Bolaram and Umdanagar. MMTS trains from Lingampally to Falaknuma and from Falaknuma to Lingampally MMTS trains from Lingampally to Hyderabad and from Hyderabad to Lingampally MMTS trains from Falaknuma to Hyderabad and from Hyderabad to Falaknuma MMTS trains from Secunderabad to Lingampally and from Secunderabad to Hyderabad MMTS trains from Secunderabad to Falaknuma and from Secunderabad to Falaknuma These routes are operational and the number of services in that particular route is mentioned below: MMTS Hyderabad Enquiry, MMTS Complaints and MMTS suggestions. MMTS Hyderabad Passengers can write down their valuable suggestions and complaints to South Central Railway. HMDA planned for future phases for developing and expansion of MMTS to all routes of railways line in Hyderabad in Master Plan 2041 In May 2010, Indian Railways decided to take up the 107-km Phase-II project of the MMTS at an estimated cost of Rs. 641 crore.
The Railway Board cleared the Phase-II after the state government agreed to fund two-thirds of the cost. It will handle 3 lakh passengers a day. A 6 km stretch from Lingampally to RC Puram and Bolaram to Medchal stretch of 12.5 km is to begin in March 2018 and the Moula Ali to Ghatkesar stretch covering 12 km is scheduled to open in July 2018. Phase II has six segments: Secunderabad - Bolarum - Medchal Falaknuma - Umdanagar - Shamshabad Airport Secunderabad - Moulali - Ghatkesar Moulali - Sanathnagar chord line Kacheguda - Sitaphalmandi - Malkajgiri - Moulali chord line New stations under construction: Moula Ali HB Colony Neredmet Bhudevi Nagar Suchitra Center FerozgudaFuture Expansion: On International Women's Day 2012, S Satyavati became the first female driver of the South Central Railway when she independently drove an MMTS train, she piloted the'Matrubhumi Ladies Special Train' from Falaknuma to Lingampally suburban station
The State Legislative Assembly is the lower house of a state legislature in the States and Union Territories of India. In the 29 states and 2 union territories with unicameral state legislature it is the sole legislative house. In 7 states it is the lowest house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being Vidhan Parishad or the State Legislative Council. 5 Union Territories have no legislative body. Each Member of the Legislative Assembly is directly elected to serve 5 year terms by single-member constituencies. In 14 states the Governor of a state may appoint one Anglo-Indian MLA to their respective states Assemblies, in accordance with the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution of India; the Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members.
A Vidhan Sabha may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the majority coalition. To become a member of a State Legislative Assembly, a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age, he or she should not be bankrupt. He or she should state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her. Speaker of State Legislative Assembly, responsible for the conduct of business of the body, a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence; the Speaker manages all debates and discussions in the house. He or she is a member of the stronger political party A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority. A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly.
If it is passed by a majority vote the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign. A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days. In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months. † – In these fourteen legislative assemblies, one seat is reserved for the nominated Anglo-Indian member. ‡ – In Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, two seats are reserved for the nominated women members. # – In Puducherry Legislative Assembly, three seats are reserved for the nominated members by the Union Government of India. Legislative assembly Legislative council State governments of India State Assembly elections in India Politics of India Legislative Bodies in India website Assembly constituency level publications website Laws of India website to download laws made by different states Punjab State Legislative Assembly Election Results 2012
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use and the built environment, including air and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation and distribution networks. Urban planning deals with physical layout of human settlements; the primary concern is the public welfare, which includes considerations of efficiency, sanitation and use of the environment, as well as effects on social and economic activities. Urban planning is considered an interdisciplinary field that includes social and design sciences, it is related to the field of urban design and some urban planners provide designs for streets, parks and other urban areas. Urban planning is referred to as urban and regional planning, regional planning, town planning, city planning, rural planning, urban development or some combination in various areas worldwide. Urban planning guides orderly development in urban and rural areas. Although predominantly concerned with the planning of settlements and communities, urban planning is responsible for the planning and development of water use and resources and agricultural land and conserving areas of natural environmental significance.
Practitioners of urban planning are concerned with research and analysis, strategic thinking, urban design, public consultation, policy recommendations and management. Enforcement methodologies include governmental zoning, planning permissions, building codes, as well as private easements and restrictive covenants. Urban planners work with the cognate fields of architecture, landscape architecture, civil engineering, public administration to achieve strategic and sustainability goals. Early urban planners were members of these cognate fields. Today urban planning is a independent professional discipline; the discipline is the broader category that includes different sub-fields such as land-use planning, economic development, environmental planning, transportation planning. There is evidence of urban planning and designed communities dating back to the Mesopotamian, Indus Valley and Egyptian civilizations in the third millennium BCE. Archeologists studying the ruins of cities in these areas find paved streets that were laid out at right angles in a grid pattern.
The idea of a planned out urban area evolved. Beginning in the 8th century BCE, Greek city states were centered on orthogonal plans; the ancient Romans, inspired by the Greeks used orthogonal plans for their cities. City planning in the Roman world was developed for public convenience; the spread of the Roman Empire subsequently spread the ideas of urban planning. As the Roman Empire declined, these ideas disappeared. However, many cities in Europe still held onto the planned Roman city center. Cities in Europe from the 9th to 14th centuries grew organically and sometimes chaotically, but in the following centuries some newly created towns were built according to preconceived plans, many others were enlarged with newly planned extensions. From the 15th century on, much more is recorded of the people that were involved. In this period, theoretical treatises on architecture and urban planning start to appear in which theoretical questions are addressed and designs of towns and cities are described and depicted.
During the Enlightenment period, several European rulers ambitiously attempted to redesign capital cities. During the Second French Republic, Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann, under the direction of Napoleon III, redesigned the city of Paris into a more modern capital, with long, wide boulevards. Planning and architecture went through a paradigm shift at the turn of the 20th century; the industrialized cities of the 19th century grew at a tremendous rate. The pace and style of this industrial construction was dictated by the concerns of private business; the evils of urban life for the working poor were becoming evident as a matter for public concern. The laissez-faire style of government management of the economy, in fashion for most of the Victorian era, was starting to give way to a New Liberalism that championed intervention on the part of the poor and disadvantaged. Around 1900, theorists began developing urban planning models to mitigate the consequences of the industrial age, by providing citizens factory workers, with healthier environments.
At the beginning of the 20th century, urban planning began to be recognized as a profession. The Town and Country Planning Association was founded in 1899 and the first academic course in Great Britain on urban planning was offered by the University of Liverpool in 1909. In the 1920s, the ideas of modernism and uniformity began to surface in urban planning, lasted until the 1970s. Many planners started to believe that the ideas of modernism in urban planning led to higher crime rates and social problems. Urban planners now focus more on diversity in urban centers. Planning theory is the body of scientific concepts, behavioral relationships, assumptions that define the body of knowledge of urban planning. There are eight procedural theories of planning that remain the principal theories of planning procedure today: the rational-comprehensive approach, the incremental approach, the transactive approach, the communicative approach, the advocacy approach, the equity approach, the radical approach, the humanist or phenomenological approach.
Technical aspects of urban planning involve the applying scientific, technical processes and features that are involved