Admiral Commanding, Reserves

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Office of the Admiral Commanding, Reserves
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Ensign of the Royal Navy
Admiralty, Ministry of Defence
Reports to First Sea Lord, then Second Sea Lord
Nominator Secretary of State for Defence
Appointer Prime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term length Not fixed (typically 1–4 years)
Inaugural holder Vice-Admiral Sir John W. Tarleton
Formation 1875-1976

The Admiral Commanding, Reserves, (ACOMRES) [1] was a senior Royal Navy post that existed from 1875 to 1976.

History[edit]

Before 1857 the HM Coast Guard was attached to the Customs Service for revenue duties, and was a Controller-General of the Coastguard.[2] In January, 1869, Captain Willes was called to the Admiralty to assist the First Naval Lord in conducting the duties of the Coastguard and the Royal Naval Reserve, as well as to give general assistance in other matters, and, in October, 1870, was confirmed in office with the title of Chief of the Staff, Naval Reserves. The office of Chief of the Staff [3] was continued but for a brief term, and, following an Order in Council of December 12, 1874, an Admiral Superintendent of Naval Reserves was appointed to take charge of the Naval Reserve afloat.[4] He was also given charge of Coastguard stations ashore, the Royal Naval Reserve, the Royal Naval Artillery Volunteers, and the Seamen Pensioners' Reserve. In 1903 responsibility for the HM Coast Guard passed to the Admiralty on 21 May 1903 the office of Admiral Commanding Coastguard and Reserves was established the first incumbent being Admiral Sir Ernest Rice. In March 1923 responsibility for the majority of the functions of the coast guard was passed to two other organisations the Board of Customs and Excise and the Board of Trade.[5] In July 1923 the office was then re-styled Admiral Commanding, Reserves this remained the current format until this separate post was abolished in 1976.

Successive post holders were supported in their duties by an assistant until 1902 and then a chief of staff until 1976.

Post 1976 role[edit]

Responsibility for administering reserves then came under the Commander-in-Chief, Naval Home Command as a dual role until 1994 when the Second Sea Lord became responsible for managing reserves until 1996. Later that year the new post of Flag Officer, Training and Recruitment took over responsibility for reserves until 2004. In 2005 the Flag Officer Scotland and Northern Ireland became responsible for Royal Naval Reserve he held the joint title of Flag Officer, Reserves. In 2015 Naval Secretary/Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Policy) assumed responsibility for reserves when the post of (FORES) was renamed Flag Officer, Maritime Reserves.[6]

Duties[edit]

At various times his duties were:[7]

  • Co-operate with the Commissioners of Customs.
  • Co-operate with the Board of Trade.
  • Keep the district ships ready and efficient for mobilization and make arrangements for making up their sea-going complements.
  • Manage and supervise the Royal Naval Reserve.
  • Manage and supervise the Royal Naval Volunteers.
  • Manage and supervise the Seamen and Marine Pensioners' Reserve.
  • Organise official inspection visits to coast stations of the Coastguard, drill-ships and batteries of the Naval Reserve.
  • Promote below the rank of Chief Officer
  • Submit to the Board of Admiralty promotions to the rank of Chief Officer
  • Superintend H M Coastguard.
  • Visit mercantile training ships and arrange training if needed.

Admirals commanding[edit]

Post holders included:[8]

Admiral Superintendent of Naval Reserves[edit]

Admiral Commanding, Coastguard and Reserves[edit]

Admiral Commanding Reserves[edit]

Assistants/Chiefs of Staff, Reserves[edit]

Post holders included:[9]

Assistant, Reserves:
  • Captain William H. Whyte: November 1879-January 1881
  • Captain R. Gordon Douglas: January 1881-January 1883
  • Captain Lindesay Brine: January 1883-March 1886
  • Captain Charles F. Hotham: March 1886-December 1887
  • Captain Edward H. Seymour: December 1887-July 1889
  • Captain Francis Durrant: July 1889-January 1891
  • Captain Edmund C. Drummond: February 1891-April 1892
  • Captain Arthur H. Alington: April 1892-May 1894
  • Captain Arthur D. Fanshawe: May 1894-February 1897
  • Captain Robert W. Stopford: February 1897-August 1899
  • Captain Charles J. Norcock: August 1899-October 1902
  • Captain George F. King-Hall: October 1902-July 1903
Chiefs of Staff, Reserves
  • Captain George F. King-Hall: July 1903-October 1904
  • Captain John E. Bearcroft: October 1904-April 1906
  • Captain Thomas P. Walker: April 1906-March 1908
  • Captain Frederick A. Warden: March 1908-March 1909
  • Captain Richard P.F.Purefoy: March 1909-March 1911
  • Captain Mark E.F. Kerr: March 1911-November 1912
  • Captain Cresswell J. Eyres; November 1912-April 1913
  • Captain Hugh H.D. Tothill: April 1913-December 1914
  • Rear-Admiral William H. Baker-Baker: December 1914-January 1916
  • Captain Philip H. Colomb: January 1916-February 1917
  • Captain Edward L. Booty: February 1917-December 1919
  • Captain Vincent B. Molteno: December 1919 – 1921
  • Captain George Trewby: February 1920-February 1922
  • Captain Edward C. Kennedy: February 1922-March 1923
  • Captain Cecil M. Staveley: March 1923-September 1924
  • Captain Basil G. Washington: September 1924-September 1926
  • Captain Horace W. Longden: September 1926-August 1927
  • Captain Ronald Howard: August 1927-August 1929
  • Captain Charles G. Ramsey: August 1929-September 1931
  • Captain Herbert A. Forster: September 1931-September 1932
  • Captain Vernon S. Butler: September 1932-September 1934
  • Captain Frederic C. Bradley: September 1934-June 1935
  • Captain Kenneth H.L. Mackenzie: September 1935-December 1936
  • Captain Leslie H. Ashmore: December 1936-March 1938
  • Captain Humphrey B. Jacomb: March 1938-November 1939
  • Captain Vernon S. Butler: November 1939-December 1941
  • Captain Frederic N. Attwood: December 1941-June 1942
  • Commodore John M. Dick: June 1942 – 1946
  • Commodore D.A. Carey: July 1943 – 1945
  • Commodore Hugh C.C. Forsyth: 1945-1946
  • Captain Richard T. White: October 1945-January 1948
  • Captain Ian M.R. Campbell: January–December 1948
  • Captain William L.G. Adams: December 1948-November 1950
  • Captain Alan D.H. Jay: November 1950-March 1952
  • Captain Edmund N.V. Currey: March 1952-September 1954
  • Captain Archibald J.F. Milne-Home: September 1954-March 1956
  • Captain W. Frank N. Gregory-Smith: March 1956-July 1958
  • Captain Ronald de L. Brooke: July 1958-June 1960
  • Captain Herbert T. Harrel: June 1960-May 1962
  • Captain Richard E. Roe: May 1962-May 1964
  • Captain Ronald W. Forrest: May 1964-May 1966
  • Captain Michael L. Stacey: May 1966-May 1968
  • Captain Michael W.G. Fawcett: May 1968-April 1970
  • Captain Arthur Checksfield: April 1972-June 1974
  • Captain Colin N. MacEacharn: June 1974-March 1976

Offices under the Admiral Commanding Reserves[edit]

Fleet Reserve[edit]

Included:[10]

  • Captain, Fleet Reserve, Portsmouth (from 1891 until 1905):
  • Captain, Fleet Reserve, Devonport (from 1891 until 1905)
  • Captain, Fleet Reserve, Medway (from 1891 until 1905)

Coast Guard Districts[edit]

Included:[11][12][13]

  • Captain, Scottish Coast Guard District (from 1903 until 1920 and from 1922 until 1923)
  • Captain, Eastern Coast Guard District (from 1903 until 1920)
  • Captain, Southern Coast Guard District (from 1903 until 1920
  • Captain, Western Coast Guard District (from 1903 until 1920)
  • Captain, North of Ireland Coast Guard District (from 1903 until 1920 and from 1922 until 1923)
  • Captain, South of Ireland Coast Guard District (from 1903 until 1920)
  • Captain, North of Scotland Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1922)
  • Captain, Rosyth Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1923)
  • Captain, Humber Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1922)
  • Captain, Nore Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1923)
  • Captain, Portsmouth Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1923)
  • Captain, Plymouth Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1923)
  • Captain, Irish Sea Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1922)
  • Captain, Kingstown Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1922)
  • Captain, Queenstown Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1922)
  • Captain Buncrana Coast Guard District (from 1920 until 1922)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archives, The National. "Admiralty: Office of the Admiral Commanding Reserves and predecessors: Coastguard and Reserves Papers". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, ADM 120, 1861-1940. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  2. ^ Archives, The National. "Records of the Coastguard". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives UK, 1816-1947. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  3. ^ Archives, The National. "Records of the Coastguard". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives UK, 1816-1947. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  4. ^ Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Admiral Superintendent of Naval Reserves - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell, 3 November 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  5. ^ Archives, The National. "Records of the Coastguard". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives UK, 1816-1947. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  6. ^ "Forward by Flag Officer Reserves" (PDF). The Maritime Reservist. Spring 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  7. ^ Hamilton, Sir Richard Vesey (2009). "5". Naval Administration: The Constitution, Character, and Functions of the Board of Admiralty, and of the Civil Departments it Directs. Cornell University Library. pp. 101–104. ISBN 9781112534539. 
  8. ^ Mackie, Colin. "Royal Navy Appointments from 1865" (PDF). gulabin.com. Colin Mackie, pp.92-93, December 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 
  9. ^ Mackie, Colin. "Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865" (PDF). gulabin.com. Colin Mackies. p94. December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017. 
  10. ^ Mackie, Colin. "Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865" (PDF). gulabin.com. Colin Mackie, pp.95-96, December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017. 
  11. ^ Mackie, Colin. "Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865" (PDF). gulabin.com. Colin Mackie, pp.96-100, December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017. 
  12. ^ Watson, Dr Graham. "British Admiralty, Shore Establishments, Fleets and Station, World War 1". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 23 July 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  13. ^ Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Coast Guard Service - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell, 30 August 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 

Sources[edit]

  • Archives, The National. (1861-1940) "Admiralty: Office of the Admiral Commanding Reserves and predecessors: Coastguard and Reserves Papers". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, ADM 120.
  • Hamilton, Sir Richard Vesey (2009). "5". Naval Administration: The Constitution, Character, and Functions of the Board of Admiralty, and of the Civil Departments it Directs original (1896). Cornell University Library. ISBN 9781112534539
  • Archives, The National. (1816-1947) "Records of the Coastguard". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives UK.
  • Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. (2015) "Admiral Superintendent of Naval Reserves - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell, England, UK.
  • Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. (2017) "Coast Guard Service - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell.
  • Mackie, Colin (2017). "British Armed Forces: Royal Navy Appointments from 1865" (PDF). gulabin.com. Scotland, UK.

External links[edit]