RGB color model
The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors. The name of the model comes from the initials of the three primary colors, red and blue. Before the electronic age, the RGB color model already had a theory behind it. Thus an RGB value does not define the same color across devices without some kind of color management, typical RGB input devices are color TV and video cameras, image scanners, video games, and digital cameras. Typical RGB output devices are TV sets of technologies and mobile phone displays, video projectors, multicolor LED displays. Color printers, on the hand are not RGB devices. This article discusses concepts common to all the different color spaces that use the RGB color model, to form a color with RGB, three light beams must be superimposed. Each of the three beams is called a component of color, and each of them can have an arbitrary intensity, from fully off to fully on. The RGB color model is additive in the sense that the three beams are added together, and their light spectra add, wavelength for wavelength.
This is essentially opposite to the color model that applies to paints, dyes. When the intensities for all the components are the same, the result is a shade of gray, darker or lighter depending on the intensity. When the intensities are different, the result is a colorized hue, a secondary color is formed by the sum of two primary colors of equal intensity, cyan is green+blue, magenta is red+blue, and yellow is red+green. The RGB color model itself does not define what is meant by red and blue colorimetrically, and so the results of mixing them are not specified as absolute, but relative to the primary colors. When the exact chromaticities of the red and blue primaries are defined, the normal three kinds of light-sensitive photoreceptor cells in the human eye respond most to yellow and violet light. As an example, suppose that light in the range of wavelengths enters the eye. Light of these wavelengths would activate both the medium and long wavelength cones of the retina, but not equally—the long-wavelength cells will respond more, the difference in the response can be detected by the brain, and this difference is the basis of our perception of orange.
Thus, the appearance of an object results from light from the object entering our eye and stimulating the different cones simultaneously. The first experiments with RGB in early color photography were made in 1861 by Maxwell himself, to reproduce the color photograph, three matching projections over a screen in a dark room were necessary
Software release life cycle
Usage of the alpha/beta test terminology originated at IBM. As long ago as the 1950s, IBM used similar terminology for their hardware development, a test was the verification of a new product before public announcement. B test was the verification before releasing the product to be manufactured, C test was the final test before general availability of the product. Martin Belsky, a manager on some of IBMs earlier software projects claimed to have invented the terminology, IBM dropped the alpha/beta terminology during the 1960s, but by it had received fairly wide notice. The usage of beta test to refer to testing done by customers was not done in IBM, rather, IBM used the term field test. Pre-alpha refers to all activities performed during the project before formal testing. These activities can include requirements analysis, software design, software development, in typical open source development, there are several types of pre-alpha versions. Milestone versions include specific sets of functions and are released as soon as the functionality is complete, the alpha phase of the release life cycle is the first phase to begin software testing.
In this phase, developers generally test the software using white-box techniques, additional validation is performed using black-box or gray-box techniques, by another testing team. Moving to black-box testing inside the organization is known as alpha release, alpha software can be unstable and could cause crashes or data loss. Alpha software may not contain all of the features that are planned for the final version, in general, external availability of alpha software is uncommon in proprietary software, while open source software often has publicly available alpha versions. The alpha phase usually ends with a freeze, indicating that no more features will be added to the software. At this time, the software is said to be feature complete, named after the second letter of the Greek alphabet, is the software development phase following alpha. Software in the stage is known as betaware. Beta phase generally begins when the software is complete but likely to contain a number of known or unknown bugs.
Software in the phase will generally have many more bugs in it than completed software, as well as speed/performance issues. The focus of beta testing is reducing impacts to users, often incorporating usability testing, the process of delivering a beta version to the users is called beta release and this is typically the first time that the software is available outside of the organization that developed it. Beta version software is useful for demonstrations and previews within an organization
Windows 10 is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems. It was officially unveiled in September 2014 following a brief demo at Build 2014, privacy concerns were voiced by critics and advocates, as the operating systems default settings and certain features require the transmission of user data to Microsoft or its partners. Up to August 2016, Windows 10 usage was increasing, with it plateauing, the operating system is running on more than 400 million active devices and has an estimated usage share of 27. 72% on traditional PCs and 12. 53% across all platforms. We won’t have an ecosystem for PCs, and one for phones, in December 2013, technology writer Mary Jo Foley reported that Microsoft was working on an update to Windows 8 codenamed Threshold, after a planet in Microsofts Halo video game franchise. Similarly to Blue, Foley called Threshold a wave of operating systems across multiple Microsoft platforms and services, Foley reported that among the goals for Threshold was to create a unified application platform and development toolkit for Windows, Windows Phone and Xbox One.
The new Start menu takes after Windows 7s design by using only a portion of the screen, the second column displays Windows 8-style app tiles. Myerson said that changes would occur in a future update. Windows Phone 8.1 would share nearly 90% of the common Windows Runtime APIs with Windows 8.1 on PCs, despite these concessions, Myerson noted that the touch-oriented interface would evolve as well on 10. He joked that they could not call it Windows One because Windows 1.0 already existed.1, further details surrounding Windows 10s consumer-oriented features were presented during another media event held on January 21,2015, entitled Windows 10, The Next Chapter. Additional developer-oriented details surrounding the Universal Windows Platform concept were revealed and discussed during Microsofts developers conference Build, among them were the unveiling of Islandwood, which provides a middleware toolchain for compiling Objective-C based software to run as universal apps on Windows 10 and Windows 10 Mobile.
On June 1,2015, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be released on July 29,2015. The commercials focused on the tagline A more human way to do, the campaign culminated with launch events in thirteen cities on July 29, which celebrated the unprecedented role our biggest fans played in the development of Windows 10. Windows 10 harmonizes the user experience and functionality between different classes of device, and addresses shortcomings in the interface that were introduced in Windows 8. Windows 10 Mobile, the successor to Windows Phone 8.1, shares some user interface elements, the Windows Runtime app ecosystem was revised into the Universal Windows Platform. These universal apps are made to run across platforms and device classes, including smartphones, Xbox One consoles. Developers can allow cross-buys, where purchased licenses for an app apply to all of the users compatible devices, on Windows 10, Windows Store serves as a unified storefront for apps, Groove Music, and Movies & TV. Windows 10 allows web apps and desktop software to be packaged for distribution on the Windows Store, desktop software distributed through Windows Store is packaged using the App-V system to allow sandboxing.
A new iteration of the Start menu is used on the Windows 10 desktop, with a list of places and other options on the left side, the menu can be resized, and expanded into a full-screen display, which is the default option in Tablet mode
The O2 was an entry-level Unix workstation introduced in 1996 by Silicon Graphics, Inc. to replace their earlier Indy series. Like the Indy, the O2 used a single MIPS microprocessor and was intended to be used mainly for multimedia and its larger counterpart was the SGI Octane. The O2 was SGIs last attempt at a low-end workstation, originally known as the Moosehead project, the O2 architecture featured a proprietary high-bandwidth Unified Memory Architecture to connect system components. A PCI bus is bridged onto the UMA with one slot available and it had a designer case and an internal modular construction. Two SCSI drives could be mounted on special caddies and a video capture / sound cassette mounted on the far left side. The O2 comes in two distinct CPU flavours, the low-end MIPS180 to 350 MHz R5000- or RM7000-based units, the 200 MHz R5000 CPUs with 1 MB L2-cache are generally noticeably faster than the 180 MHz R5000s with only 512 KB cache. There is a hobbyist project that has successfully retrofitted a 600 MHz RM7xxx MIPS processor into the O2, there are eight DIMM slots on the motherboard and memory on all O2s is expandable to 1 GB using proprietary 239-pin SDRAM DIMMs.
The Memory & Rendering Engine ASIC contains the memory controller, Memory is accessed via a 133 MHz 144-bit bus, of which 128 bits are for data and the remaining for error-correcting code. This bus is interfaced by a set of buffers to the 66 MHz 256-bit memory system, I/O functionality is provided by the IO Engine ASIC. The ASIC provides a 33-bit PCI-X bus, an ISA bus, the PCI-X bus has one slot, but the ISA bus was present solely for attaching a Super I/O chip to provide serial and parallel ports. The O2 carries an UltraWide SCSI drive subsystem, older O2s generally have 4x speed Toshiba CD-ROMs, but any Toshiba SCSI CD-ROM can be used. The R5000/RM7000 units have two available drive sleds for SCA UltraWide SCSI hard-disks, because the R10000/R12000 CPU module has a much higher cooling-fan assembly, the R10000/R12000 units have room for only one drive-sled. The O2 used the CRM chipset that was developed by SGI for the O2. It was developed to be a low-cost implementation of the OpenGL1.1 architecture with ARB image extensions in both software and hardware, the chipset consists of the microprocessor, and the ICE, MRE and Display ASICs.
All display list and vertex processing, as well as the control of the MRE ASIC is performed by the microprocessor, the ICE ASIC performs the packaging and unpacking of pixels as well as operations on pixel data. The MRE ASIC performs rasterization and texture mapping, due to the unified memory architecture, the texture and framebuffer memory comes from main memory, resulting in a system that has a variable amount of each memory. The Display Engine generates analog video signals from framebuffer data fetched from the memory for display, several operating systems support the O2. Linux port is working, but some drivers are missing, both Gentoo and Debian have releases that work on the O2
Sallie Gardner at a Gallop
Sometimes cited as an early silent film, the series and experiments like it were precursors to the development of motion pictures. The series consists of 24 photographs shot in succession that were shown on a zoopraxiscope. Muybridge was commissioned by Leland Stanford, the industrialist and horseman, the purpose of the shoot was to determine whether a galloping horse ever lifts all four feet completely off the ground during the gait, at this speed, the human eye cannot break down the action. He was interested in improving the performance of his horses of both types and in the questions of their gait action. He captured the horse in a photograph with all four feet off the ground, one of the prints was sent to the local California press, but because they found that the film negative was retouched, the press dismissed it. As negative retouching was an acceptable and common practice at the time, lantern slides of the trotting horse photographs survive. Muybridge photographed the businessmans Kentucky-bred mare named Sallie Gardner running and he had arranged the cameras along a track parallel to the horses path.
Muybridge used 24 cameras which were 27 inches apart, the shutters were controlled by trip wires triggered by the horses legs. The photographs were taken in succession one twenty-fifth of a second apart, the jockey Domm set the mare to travel at a speed of 1,40, which meant that she was galloping at a mile per 1 minute and 40 seconds, equivalent to 36 miles per hour. The stop-action photographs showed the mare lifted all four legs off the ground at certain points during the gallop, run together, the photographs produced the effect of the horse in motion, or a film. Muybridge produced his prints onsite, when the noticed the broken straps on Sallies saddle in the prints. Scientific American was among the publications that carried reports of Muybridges groundbreaking 1878 work. While there have been rumors that Stanford had a large bet riding on the outcome of the study, there are really no primary accounts of this bet ever having taken place. Everything is hearsay and secondhand information, in 1880, Muybridge first projected moving images on a screen when he gave a presentation at the California School of Fine Arts, this was the earliest known motion picture exhibition.
He met with Thomas Edison, who had invented the phonograph. Edison went on to invent the kinetoscope, the precursor of the movie camera, the relationship between Muybridge and Stanford became turbulent in 1882. Stanford commissioned the book The Horse in Motion, as Shown by Instantaneous Photography, written by his friend, stillman, it was published by Osgood and Company. The book claimed to feature instantaneous photography, but showed 100 illustrations based on Muybridges photographs taken of Stanfords mare Sallie, Muybridge was not credited in the book except noted as a Stanford employee and in a technical appendix based on an account he had written
The Cable News Network is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. It was founded in 1980 by American media proprietor Ted Turner as a 24-hour cable news channel, upon its launch, CNN was the first television channel to provide 24-hour news coverage, and was the first all-news television channel in the United States. While the news channel has numerous affiliates, CNN primarily broadcasts from the Time Warner Center in New York City and its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta is only used for weekend programming. CNN is sometimes referred to as CNN/U. S. to distinguish the American channel from its sister network. As of August 2010, CNN is available in over 100 million U. S. households, broadcast coverage of the U. S. channel extends to over 890,000 American hotel rooms, as well as carriage on cable and satellite providers throughout Canada. Globally, CNN programming airs through CNN International, which can be seen by viewers in over 212 countries and territories, as of February 2015, CNN is available to about 96,289,000 cable and telco television households in the United States.
The Cable News Network was launched at 5,00 p. m. Eastern Time on June 1,1980, after an introduction by Ted Turner, the husband and wife team of David Walker and Lois Hart anchored the channels first newscast. Burt Reinhardt, the vice president of CNN at its launch, hired most of the channels first 200 employees, including the networks first news anchor. Since its debut, CNN has expanded its reach to a number of cable and satellite providers, several websites. The company has 36 bureaus, more than 900 affiliated local stations, the channels success made a bona-fide mogul of founder Ted Turner and set the stage for conglomerate Time Warners eventual acquisition of the Turner Broadcasting System in 1996. A companion channel, CNN2, was launched on January 1,1982, on January 28,1986, CNN carried the only live television coverage of the launch and subsequent break-up of Space Shuttle Challenger, which killed all seven crew members on board. On October 14,1987, Jessica McClure, an 18-month-old toddler, fell down a well in Midland, CNN quickly reported on the story, and the event helped make its name.
This was before correspondents reported live from the capital while American bombs were falling. Before Saddam Hussein held a press conference with a few of the hundreds of Americans he was holding hostage. Before the nation watched, riveted but powerless, as Los Angeles was looted and burned, before O. J. Simpson took a slow ride in a white Bronco, and before everyone close to his case had an agent and a book contract. This was uncharted territory just a time ago. The moment when bombing began was announced on CNN by Bernard Shaw on January 16,1991, as follows, lets describe to our viewers what were seeing. The skies over Baghdad have been illuminated, were seeing bright flashes going off all over the sky
Within the market of desktop and home computers, and by web usage, it is the second most widely used desktop OS after Microsoft Windows. Launched in 2001 as Mac OS X, the series is the latest in the family of Macintosh operating systems, Mac OS X succeeded classic Mac OS, which was introduced in 1984, and the final release of which was Mac OS9 in 1999. An initial, early version of the system, Mac OS X Server 1.0, was released in 1999, the first desktop version, Mac OS X10.0, followed in March 2001. In 2012, Apple rebranded Mac OS X to OS X. Releases were code named after big cats from the release up until OS X10.8 Mountain Lion. Beginning in 2013 with OS X10.9 Mavericks, releases have been named after landmarks in California, in 2016, Apple rebranded OS X to macOS, adopting the nomenclature that it uses for their other operating systems, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS. The latest version of macOS is macOS10.12 Sierra, macOS is based on technologies developed at NeXT between 1985 and 1997, when Apple acquired the company.
The X in Mac OS X and OS X is pronounced ten, macOS shares its Unix-based core, named Darwin, and many of its frameworks with iOS, tvOS and watchOS. A heavily modified version of Mac OS X10.4 Tiger was used for the first-generation Apple TV, Apple used to have a separate line of releases of Mac OS X designed for servers. Beginning with Mac OS X10.7 Lion, the functions were made available as a separate package on the Mac App Store. Releases of Mac OS X from 1999 to 2005 can run only on the PowerPC-based Macs from the time period, Mac OS X10.5 Leopard was released as a Universal binary, meaning the installer disc supported both Intel and PowerPC processors. In 2009, Apple released Mac OS X10.6 Snow Leopard, in 2011, Apple released Mac OS X10.7 Lion, which no longer supported 32-bit Intel processors and did not include Rosetta. All versions of the system released since run exclusively on 64-bit Intel CPUs, the heritage of what would become macOS had originated at NeXT, a company founded by Steve Jobs following his departure from Apple in 1985.
There, the Unix-like NeXTSTEP operating system was developed, and launched in 1989 and its graphical user interface was built on top of an object-oriented GUI toolkit using the Objective-C programming language. This led Apple to purchase NeXT in 1996, allowing NeXTSTEP, called OPENSTEP, previous Macintosh operating systems were named using Arabic numerals, e. g. Mac OS8 and Mac OS9. The letter X in Mac OS Xs name refers to the number 10 and it is therefore correctly pronounced ten /ˈtɛn/ in this context. However, a common mispronunciation is X /ˈɛks/, consumer releases of Mac OS X included more backward compatibility. Mac OS applications could be rewritten to run natively via the Carbon API, the consumer version of Mac OS X was launched in 2001 with Mac OS X10.0. Reviews were variable, with praise for its sophisticated, glossy Aqua interface
YUV is a color space typically used as part of a color image pipeline. The scope of the terms Y′UV, YUV, YCbCr, YPbPr, etc. is sometimes ambiguous, the term YUV is commonly used in the computer industry to describe file-formats that are encoded using YCbCr. The Y′UV model defines a space in terms of one luma. The Y′UV color model is used in the PAL and SECAM composite color video standards, previous black-and-white systems used only luma information. The YPbPr color model used in analog component video and its digital version YCbCr used in video are more or less derived from it. The Y′IQ color space used in the analog NTSC television broadcasting system is related to it, as for etymology, Y, Y′, U, and V are not abbreviations. The use of the letter Y for luminance can be traced back to the choice of X Y Z primaries and this lends itself naturally to the usage of the same letter in luma, which approximates a perceptually uniform correlate of luminance. Likewise, U and V were chosen to differentiate the U and V axes from those in other spaces, see the equations below or compare the historical development of the math. Y′UV was invented when engineers wanted color television in a black-and-white infrastructure and they needed a signal transmission method that was compatible with black-and-white TV while being able to add color.
The luma component already existed as the black and white signal, the UV representation of chrominance was chosen over straight R and B signals because U and V are color difference signals. This meant that in a black and white scene the U and V signals would be zero, if R and B were to have been used, these would have non-zero values even in a B&W scene, requiring all three data-carrying signals. In addition and white receivers could take the Y′ signal and ignore the signals, making Y′UV backward-compatible with all existing black-and-white equipment. It was necessary to assign a narrower bandwidth to the channel because there was no additional bandwidth available. If some of the information arrived via the chrominance channel. Y′UV signals are created from RGB source. Weighted values of R, G, and B are summed to produce Y′, U and V are computed as scaled differences between Y′ and the B and R values. BT.601 defines the following constants, W R =0.299, W G =1 − W R − W B =0.587, W B =0.114, U max =0.436, V max =0.615.
The resulting ranges of Y′, U, and V respectively are, substituting values for the constants and expressing them as matrices gives these formulas for BT.601, =, =
Macintosh operating systems
The family of Macintosh operating systems developed by Apple Inc. In 1984, Apple debuted the operating system that is now known as the Classic Mac OS with its release of the original Macintosh System Software. The system, rebranded Mac OS in 1996, was preinstalled on every Macintosh until 2002, noted for its ease of use, it was criticized for its lack of modern technologies compared to its competitors. The current Mac operating system is macOS, originally named Mac OS X until 2012, the current macOS is preinstalled with every Mac and is updated annually. It is the basis of Apples current system software for its devices, iOS, watchOS. Apples effort to expand upon and develop a replacement for its classic Mac OS in the 1990s led to a few cancelled projects, code named Star Trek, the Macintosh is credited with having popularized this concept. The classic Mac OS is the original Macintosh operating system that was introduced in 1984 alongside the first Macintosh and remained in primary use on Macs through 2001.
Apple released the original Macintosh on January 24,1984, its system software was partially based on the Lisa OS and the Xerox PARC Alto computer. It was originally named System Software, or simply System, Apple rebranded it as Mac OS in 1996 due in part to its Macintosh clone program that ended a year later, Mac OS is characterized by its monolithic system. Nine major versions of the classic Mac OS were released, the name Classic that now signifies the system as a whole is a reference to a compatibility layer that helped ease the transition to Mac OS X. Although the system was marketed as simply version 10 of Mac OS. Precursors to the release of Mac OS X include OpenStep, Apples Rhapsody project. MacOS makes use of the BSD codebase and the XNU kernel, the first desktop version of the system was released on March 24,2001, supporting the Aqua user interface. Since then, several more versions adding newer features and technologies have been released, since 2011, new releases have been offered on an annual basis.
It was followed by several more official server-based releases, server functionality has instead been offered as an add-on for the desktop system since 2011. The first version of the system was ready for use in February 1988, in 1988, Apple released its first Unix-based OS, A/UX, which was a Unix operating system with the Mac OS look and feel. It was not very competitive for its time, due in part to the crowded Unix market, A/UX had most of its success in sales to the U. S. government, where POSIX compliance was a requirement that Mac OS could not meet. The Macintosh Application Environment was a software package introduced by Apple in 1994 that allowed users of certain Unix-based computer workstations to run Apple Macintosh application software, MAE used the X Window System to emulate a Macintosh Finder-style graphical user interface
Burton Snowboards is a manufacturer of snowboards. Founded by Jake Burton Carpenter in 1977, the company specializes in a line aimed at snowboarders, bindings, outerwear. The companys flagship store is in Burlington, the company is privately owned by Burton and his wife, Donna Carpenter, who has been active in the business since 1983. Burton built the worlds first snowboard factory and it is the largest snowboard brand in the world. The first snowboard was a BB1 snowboard, which is a board with single strap bindings. Burton products are marketed worldwide in over 4,348 stores,1,536 of those stores are located in the United States, in 2003 Burton allowed several online companies to sell Burton products over the internet. For years Burton had only available through stores locally. As well as selling Burton products, Burton stores sell several sub-brands which focus on market niches. These sub-brands include Anon Optics, RED, Analog and Gravis, in 2005, Four Star Distribution sold four of its snowboard brands to Burton, Forum Snowboarding, Jeenyus and Special Blend.
Burton, a privately owned company, owns a surfing distributor, the Burton line is split into Four types of categories. They are, for big mountain, for versatile ride, for freestyle disciplines like half-pipe and park, each of the categories has different levels of performance and price. In 2009, Burtons line included 61 snowboards in men, board prices range from $300 to $1,500. In February 2008, Burton acquired DNA Distribution, which includes the skateboard manufacturer Alien Workshop, in 2008, the snowboard equipment industry had grown to $487 million. Burton had 40–70% of these sales, depending on the category, average age of employees was 30 in 2008. Burton Snowboards was founded by Jake Burton in 1977, Burton was inspired by the snurfer, invented by Sherman Poppen. In 1977 Burton moved to Londonderry, Vermont to make the first Burton Snowboards, Burton personally first made snowboards by hand in his garage. He couldnt afford the proper equipment—so he applied polyurethane wearing a scuba mask and his co-founder Dimitrije Milovich, was an East coast surfer and founder of Winterstick.
In 1978, they moved to Manchester, during the early years 4 or 5 workers sold and repaired their snowboards
DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips, Sony and Panasonic in 1995. The medium can store any kind of data and is widely used for software. DVDs offer higher capacity than compact discs while having the same dimensions. Pre-recorded DVDs are mass-produced using molding machines that physically stamp data onto the DVD, such discs are a form of DVD-ROM because data can only be read and not written or erased. Blank recordable DVD discs can be recorded using a DVD recorder. Rewritable DVDs can be recorded and erased many times, DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs. The OED states that in 1995, The companies said the name of the format will simply be DVD. Toshiba had been using the name ‘digital video disk’, but that was switched to ‘digital versatile disk’ after computer companies complained that it left out their applications, Digital versatile disc is the explanation provided in a DVD Forum Primer from 2000 and in the DVD Forums mission statement.
There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD, Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in 1958 and first patented in 1961. A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States and it used much larger discs than the formats. CD Video used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs, Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc formats were being developed. By the time of the launches for both formats in January 1995, the MMCD nomenclature had been dropped, and Philips and Sony were referring to their format as Digital Video Disc. Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the system to use for their disc. Alan E. Bell, a researcher from IBMs Almaden Research Center, got that request and this group was referred to as the Technical Working Group, or TWG.
On August 14,1995, an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a release stating that they would only accept a single format. The TWG voted to both formats unless the two camps agreed on a single, converged standard. They recruited Lou Gerstner, president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions, as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc
Deadpool is a 2016 American superhero film directed by Tim Miller and written by Rhett Reese and Paul Wernick, based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. It is the installment in the X-Men film series, and stars Ryan Reynolds as the titular character, as well as Morena Baccarin, Ed Skrein. Miller, Gina Carano, Leslie Uggams, Brianna Hildebrand, in the film, antihero Deadpool hunts the man who nearly destroyed his life while trying to reunite with his lost love. Development began in February 2004 with New Line Cinema, but moved in March 2005 to 20th Century Fox who bought the film rights, enthusiastic acclaim for leaked CGI test footage by Miller in July 2014 led to Fox greenlighting the film in September. Additional casting began in early 2015, and principal photography commenced in Vancouver from March to May, Deadpool premiered in Paris on February 8,2016, and was released on February 12 in the United States in IMAX, DLP, D-Box, and premium large format. Critics praised Reynolds performance as well as the style, faithful depiction of the titular character, and action sequences.
It won two Critics Choice Movie Awards for Best Comedy and Best Actor in a Comedy, shortly after the films success, Fox ordered development of a sequel, which is scheduled for a release sometime in 2018. This film is nonlinear, jumping between present and past, the plot is in chronological order. Wade Wilson, a special forces operative working as a criminal enforcer, meets a prostitute, Vanessa. The two develop a relationship, and a year Wilson proposes marriage and he is diagnosed with liver, lung and brain cancer. Despite Vanessas love, Wilson dislikes the thought of her watching him waste away, a recruiter, dubbed Agent Smith from a covert organization approaches Wilson and promises him abilities that will cure his cancer. He is taken to a laboratory where he meets Ajax and Angel Dust. Ajax injects a serum into Wilson and subjects him to daily torture to activate it. Wilson finds out Ajaxs real name is Francis and mocks him, Ajax asphyxiates him in an oxygen chamber, causing him to develop an accelerated healing factor that cures him but leaves him disfigured with burn like scars over his entire body.
Ajax reveals to Wilson that he does not actually intend to make him a superhero, Wilson finds a way to escape his confines and destroy the lab. He fights Ajax, but relents when Ajax says that he can repair his appearance, Ajax impales him with rebar and leaves him for dead in the burning building. Wilson survives and attempts to return to Vanessa, but is afraid of her reaction to his disfigurement after people on the appear to be scared by his appearance. After consulting his best friend Weasel, Wilson begins the task of tracking down Ajax to get the cure and he becomes a masked vigilante, adopts the alter ego Deadpool, and resides with an elderly blind woman, Al