Adobe RoboHelp is a help authoring tool developed and published by Adobe Inc. for Windows. RoboHelp was created by Gen Kiyooka, Blue Sky Software released version 1.0 in January 1992. Blue Sky Software was founded in 1990 and changed its name to eHelp Corporation on 4 April 2000. Macromedia acquired eHelp Corporation on 24 October 2003. Macromedia was, in turn, acquired by Adobe Systems on 3 December 2005. Adobe Systems has developed and released nine successive versions of RoboHelp since 2007. Adobe RoboHelp can generate help files in the following file formats: The version numbering systems used by Blue Sky Software/eHelp Corporation and Adobe Systems induced some head-scratching among longtime RoboHelp users. For example, the first version of RoboHelp released by Adobe Systems in January 2007 was the 14th version of the software, but Adobe Systems decided to continue the numbering convention from Macromedia and thus gave this version the number 6...and dropped the X used in the previous version, RoboHelp X5.
This decision caused confusion because Blue Sky Software released RoboHelp 6.0 in 1998. Adobe Systems continued with that numbering system and used versions 7 through 11 for successive versions of RoboHelp released from September 2007 to January 2014. With the introduction of Adobe RoboHelp 2015 in June 2015, Adobe Systems used a new numbering system with the release year instead of a version number and continues to use this convention with successive versions; this new version numbering system has removed any uncertainty about which version is the most recent. The current version, Adobe RoboHelp 2019, is the 22nd version of the software released in RoboHelp's 26-year history; the network-specific version of Adobe RoboHelp, Adobe RoboHelp Server, is released on a separate schedule. Adobe RoboHelp Server RoboSource Control, provides version control for and deployment of online help systems on a network; the current version of Adobe RoboHelp Server, version 10, was released on 12 April 2016. Official website
Krzysztof Stanowski is a Polish civic leader and educator. Member and one of the leaders of underground Solidarity in Lublin region after governmental crackdown on Solidarity after the martial law in Poland. For his activity he was arrested, spent time in jail and was released under a general amnesty in 1985. Co-funder and first Chief Scout of Scouting Association of the Republic. Undersecretary of State at the Polish Ministry of National Education and Polish Foreign Ministry. Krzysztof Piotr Stanowski is a Polish civic leader who helped develop the non-proft/NGO sector in Poland. In the years 2007-2010 he was the under-secretary of state in the Ministry of National Education. Between the years 2010-2012 he was an undersecretary of state at the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Stanowski was the co-founder and leader of various NGOs, including Education for Democracy Foundation, the Zagranica Group, as well as a member of Steering Committee of the World Movement for Democracy. Ashoka Fellow, he is an experienced educator active in Poland, Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
Education for Democracy Foundation, 2003 Teaching Democracy in Post-Communist Countries. Journal of Democracy), 1998. How to Win Democracy. New Eastern Europe Issue 1/2012
Arnold Binder is an American sociologist and Professor Emeritus of Criminology, Law & Society at the University of California, where he founded the School of Social Ecology in 1970. He had outlined a roadmap for the School and persuaded UC-Irvine's administrators to create it. In this effort he was supported by Daniel Aldrich, UC-Irvine's chancellor at the time, who supported the School because of the connection between social ecology and the higher-education ideal of public service, he was vice chair and chair of the University of California's Academic Council from 1992–94 and chair of the Irvine division from 1995–98. He received the Oliver Johnson Award from the University of California Academic Senate in 2002, he founded and led the Community Service Programs, a child intervention project in Southern California, in 1972. He is known for his work on juvenile delinquency, including the 1988 college textbook Juvenile Delinquency: Historical, Legal Perspectives, which he co-authored with Gilbert Geis and Dickson Bruce.
He has researched hate crimes and the use of deadly force by police. Faculty page
Buccinaria okinawa is an extinct species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. The length of the shell attains its diameter 8 mm; the shell is of medium size. It is inflated with the spire shorter than the aperture; the whorls are subcarinate to subrounded. The protoconch is small and pointed, consisting of 2½ whorls ornamented with fine, diagonally cancellate or "sinusigerid" sculpture; the aperture forms a broad short siphonal canal anteriorily. The outer lip is thin curving, narrowly indented to form a weak anal sinus along the subsutural slope; the parietal callus is weak with the sculpture on the lower part of the whorls dissolved with the advance of the callus. The sculpture consists of axial nodes along the periphery which flatten out both above and below the periphery, those of the young stages being sharp and denticulate; the shell is covered by raised spiral lines which are finer and more set above the periphery but broader and more spaced towards the base of the whorl.
Manish Paul is an Indian television host and actor. Starting as a radio jockey and VJ, he moved to hosting. Paul was born and brought up in Malviya Nagar, Delhi to a Punjabi family from Sialkot to Delhi, involved in the financial business, he did his schooling from Sheikh Sarai New Delhi. After his schooling, he did his B. A. in Tourism from College of Vocational Studies, University of Delhi. He lived with his grandmother in Chembur, Mumbai. Paul started his career as a host, compering cultural events in schools and colleges. Later he shifted to Mumbai, where his first break was hosting Sunday Tango on Star Plus in 2002, he remained a VJ with Zee Music, a radio jockey with Radio City's morning drive time show Kasakai Mumbai. He entered channel Star One's Ghost Bana Dost to play the role of a ghost. Paul has acted in many serials such as Radhaa Ki Betiyaan Kuch Kar Dikhayengi on NDTV Imagine, Zindadil on ZeeNext, Ssshhhh... Phir Koi Hai on Star One, Wheel Ghar Ghar Mein and Kahani Shuru with Love Guru on Zee TV and Kuchh Cook Hota Hai on 9X.
However, finding it unsatisfying, he quit daily soaps and was out of work for eight months in 2008. Though he had appeared in cameo roles such as in the Akshay Kumar and Katrina Kaif-starrer Tees Maar Khan, Paul made his debut in a lead role of the computer geek Mickey in Mickey Virus which received a lot of appreciation. Subsequently, Paul started his career as a television host and presenter, gained recognition after hosting Saa Ree Gaa Maa Paa Chhote Ustaad, also appeared in the stand-up comedy series Comedy Circus, he hosted Dance India Dance Li'l Masters on Zee TV. He participated in Star Ya Rockstar, a celebrity singing show on Zee TV, co-hosted the celebrity dance-reality competition Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa 7 on Colors TV with Ranvir Shorey. In 2011, he won the Best Anchor award for Zee TV's Dance India Dance Li'l Masters. Paul has hosted Science of Stupid on National Geographic. Over the years, Paul has hosted numerous award shows. In 2019, he hosted Sony TV's Indian Idol 10. Next, he hosted Star Plus's Nach Baliye 9.
He is married to Sanyukta Paul, a Bengali. They met each other in their school and started dating in late 1998. Soon, their families got to know each other and they got married in 2007. Manish Paul on IMDb Manish Paul at Bollywood Hungama
Slavery played the central role during the American Civil War. The primary catalyst for secession was slavery Southern political leaders' resistance to attempts by Northern antislavery political forces to block the expansion of slavery into the western territories. Slave life went through great changes, as the South saw Union Armies take control of broad areas of land. During and before the war, slaves played an active role in their own emancipation, thousands of slaves escaped from bondage during the war. On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation, making 3 million blacks free. In the war, both sides used African Americans for military purposes. Over 100,000 ex-slaves fought for the Union and over 500,000 fled their plantations for Union lines. Religiosity and cultural expression developed during the war. There have been many different ways. One estimate is that in 1860, about 25% of households and 5% of the population in the South owned at least one slave.
An alternative estimate is that 36% of men lived in slaveholding families, the percentage of men who had economic ties to slavery was much higher. In the Confederate Army, about 10% of the enlisted men and about 50% of the officers were slaveholders. Virginia was the largest slave state, in white population, in black population, in contribution to the Confederate Army. Richmond, Virginia was the Confederate capital and was a major commercial center. Virginia was an engine of the domestic slave trade. Virginia plantations were smaller than average and there were more slaveholders per capita in Virginia than in the rest of the Confederacy. Large numbers of slaves lived in the states along the border between the Confederacy. 500,000 slaves lived in Missouri and Maryland. Most of the South's slaves were owned by planters, although yeomen farmers outnumbered planters which numbered fewer than 50,000. Southern agriculture was more lucrative than northern, focusing on crops of rice and sugar. Before the war, in the rice regions of Georgia and South Carolina and in parts of the Mississippi Delta there were ten or twenty slaves for every white person.
During the war, this disparity grew, leading to fear of insurrection and calls for militia companies to be stationed in agricultural regions to guarantee peace. The market for buying and selling slaves continued during the war, as did the market for hiring and hiring out slave labor. Although the price of slaves grew, it did not keep up with inflation, causing the real price of slaves to decline during the civil war; the prices of slaves fell in part with the prospects for Confederate victory. In 1860, the average slave sold in Virginia brought $1,500 and a "prime field hand" in New Orleans brought $1,800. In 1863, slaves in Richmond sold for $4,000 or $5,000 and in Texas for $2,500 to $3,500 depending on skillsets. Before the start of the war, the expansion of slavery was an important political and economic goal for slaveholders; this continued during the war, there was a large expansion of slavery into Texas, made a state in 1845. However, late in the war, many slave-owners recognized the increasing probability that slavery would be ended and there is evidence of increased attempts to sell slaves.
Opportunities for cultural expression grew. Christianity grew among slaves and freedmen during and after the civil war. Organizations such as the American Missionary Association and National Freedman's Relief Association sent missionaries into Union occupied areas where they formed religious congregations and led revivals; the African Methodist Episcopal Church in particular established a large presence among slaves and freedmen in and around Union held areas. Along with civilian missionaries, the AME provided chaplains for black Union regiments. Among the free blacks AME figures active in the South during the war were James Walker Hood, Henry McNeal Turner, Jabez Pitt Campbell, John M. Brown and William E. Matthews. Music sung by African-Americans changed during the war; the theme of escape from bondage became important in spirituals sung by blacks, both by slaves singing among themselves on plantations and for free and freed blacks singing to white audiences. New versions of songs such as "Hail Mary", "Michael Row the Boat Ashore", "Go Down Moses" emphasized the message of freedom and the rejection of slavery.
Many new slave songs were sung as well, the most popular being, "Many Thousands Go", sung by slaves fleeing plantations to Union Army camps. Several attempts were made to publish slave songs during the war; the first was the publishing of sheet music to "Go Down Moses" by Reverend L. C. Lockwood in December 1861 based on his experience with escaped slaves in Fort Monroe, Virginia in September of that year. In 1863, the Continental Monthly published a sampling of spirituals from South Carolina in an article titled, "Under the Palmetto."The white Colonel of the all-black First South Carolina, Thomas Wentworth Higginson noted that when blacks knew that whites were listening, they changed the way they were sung, historian Christian McWhirter noted that African Americans "used their music to reshape white perceptions and foster a new image of black culture as thriving and ready for freedom. In Port Royal, escaped slaves learned the anthem, "America" in secret, never singing it in front of whites.
When the Emancipation Proc