Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport known as Madrid–Barajas Airport, is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain. At 3,050 ha in area, it is the second largest airport in Europe by physical size behind Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport. In 2018, 57.9 million passengers used Madrid–Barajas, making it the country's largest and busiest airport and Europe's sixth busiest. The airport opened in 1928, has grown to be one of Europe's most important aviation centres. Located within the city limits of Madrid, it is just 9 km from the city's financial district and 13 km northeast of the Puerta del Sol or Plaza Mayor de Madrid, Madrid's historic centre; the airport name derives from the adjacent district of Barajas, which has its own metro station on the same rail line serving the airport. Barajas serves as the gateway to the Iberian peninsula from the rest of Europe and the world, is a key link between Europe and Latin America; the airport is the primary maintenance base for Iberia and Air Europa.
Iberia is responsible for more than 40% of Barajas' traffic. The airport has five passenger terminals named T1, T2, T3, T4 and T4S; the airport was constructed in 1927, opening to national and international air traffic on 22 April 1931, although regular commercial operations began two years later. A small terminal was constructed with a capacity for 30,000 passengers a year, in addition to several hangars and the building of the Avión Club; the first regular flight was established by Lineas Aéreas Postales Españolas with its route to Barcelona. In the 1930s, flights started to serve some European and African destinations, the first international flights from the airport; the flight field was a large circle bordered in white with the name of Madrid in its interior, consisting of land covered with natural grass. It was not until the 1940s that the flight field was paved and new runways were designed; the first runway which started operation in 1944 was 45 metres wide. By the end of the decade the airport had three runways.
In the late 1940s, scheduled flights to Latin America and the Philippines started. In the 1950s, the airport supported over half a million passengers, increasing to five runways and scheduled flights to New York City began; the National Terminal T2, began construction in 1954 and opened that year. In the Plan of Airports of 1957, Barajas Airport is classified as a first-class international airport. By the 1970s, large jets were landing at Barajas, the growth of traffic as a result of tourism exceeded forecasts. At the beginning of the decade, the airport reached the 1.2 million passengers, double that envisaged in the Plan of Airports of 1957. In the 1970s, with the boom in tourism and the arrival of the Boeing 747, the airport reached 4 million passengers and began the construction of the international terminal. In 1974, Iberia, L. A. E. introduced the shuttle service between Madrid and Barcelona, a service with multiple daily frequencies and available without prior reservation. The 1982 FIFA World Cup brought significant expansion and modernisation of the airport's two existing terminals.
In the 1990s, the airport expanded further. In 1994, the first cargo terminal was constructed and the control tower was renovated. In 1997, it opened the North Dock, used as an exclusive terminal for Iberia's Schengen flights. In 1998, it inaugurated a new control tower, 71 m tall and in 1999 the new South Dock opened, which implies an expansion of the international terminal. During this time, the distribution of the terminals changed: The south dock and most of the International Terminal were now called T1, the rest of the International Terminal and Domestic Terminal were now called T2 and the north dock was called T3. In November 1998, the new runway 18R-36L started operations, 4,400 m long, one of the largest in Europe under expansion plans called Major Barajas. In 2000, it began the construction of new terminals T4 and its satellite, T4S, designed by architects Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal. Two parallel runways to the existing ones were built; the new terminals and runways were completed in 2004, but administrative delays and equipment, as well as the controversy over the redeployment of terminals, delayed service until 5 February 2006.
Terminal 4, designed by Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal, TPS Engineers, was built by Ferrovial and inaugurated on 5 February 2006. Terminal 4 is one of the world's largest airport terminals in terms of area, with 760,000 square meters in separate landside and airside structures, it consists of a main building, T4 and a satellite building, T4S, which are 2.5 km apart. The new Terminal 4 is designed to give passengers a stress-free start to their journey; this is managed through careful use of illumination, with glass panes instead of walls and numerous skylights which allow natural light into the structure. With this new addition, Barajas is designed to handle 70 million passengers annually. During the construction of Terminal 4, two more runways were constructed to aid in the flow of air traffic arriving and departing from Barajas; these runways were inaugurated on 5 February 2006, but had been used on several occasions beforehand to test flight and air traffic manoeuvres. Thus, Barajas came to have four runways: two
Black Wings Has My Angel is a noir crime novel by American novelist Elliott Chaze, published by Gold Medal Books in 1953. It centers on an escaped convict, Tim Sunblade, his plot to rob an armored truck in Denver. At the same time, he is wrapped up in a love/hate relationship with Virginia, a call girl he met in Mississippi. New editions were published as One for My Money, by Berkley, as One for the Money, by Robert Hale. In January 2016, the novel was reprinted under its original title by New York Review Classics, it has been described as "a flawless heist novel". A French film adaptation was made in 1990. A new film adaptation was postponed, it is narrated in the first person by con "Tim Sunblade", who has escaped from prison after being convicted of car theft. He is staying at a backwoods Mississippi motel while working on a drilling rig on the Atchafalaya River, when he meets "Virginia", a call girl whom he hires for a night. After spending several days in the motel together, they head out West, with Tim thinking of when and how he is going to ditch her.
Circumstances lead the couple, after trying to get away from each other, back together. The two duke it out to get Tim's money, they settle into a love/hate relationship when Tim realizes that she might be the perfect person to help him pull off a heist. "The novel unfolds from here as the sort of love story in which either lover might turn in or murder the other at any moment until its last desperate pages." The two wind up in Colorado, where Tim discovers a part of Virginia's past and what she is running from in fleeing New York. He lets her in on his plans and they plot to rob an armored truck, they buy a house in a suburban part of Denver. Tim gets a job at a factory as a steel cutter, he does his homework on his off time, at a bank, watching the armored truck that rolls in and out of there. One night Tim and Virginia go to an old haunt of hers, where an old friend Mamie, calls her "Jennie" and talks about how she was a debutante and came from a good family. After spending weeks waiting for the right opportunity, the couple practice the heist.
Tim has studied the armored truck and knows its schedule: the stops it makes, how long the driver and guard take at each location, when the truck is most vulnerable to robbery. He steals the truck, killing one of the guards who had sat in back with the money, he takes off while the driver finds Virginia. While she drives, he counts the haul, $89,000, they reach Cripple Creek, a secluded place in the woods where they had stayed. They push its trailer into a mine shaft to hide them; the trailer that hauled it, into the shaft. Tim reveals, he recounts that he and Virginia went to New Orleans where they meet Eddie Arceneaux and his sister, Loralee, a couple of young adults from a wealthy family. Tim finds that he and Virginia are becoming the rich people types who are buying freely, he believes. After they get the money, nothing goes. Tim runs into former neighbors from his hometown who call him "Kenneth McLure". Eddie says that he is going to seduce Virginia and they will run away together, his sister Loralee tries to seduce Tim.
Virginia returns alone and Tim forces her to leave New Orleans. They end up in Tim's hometown of Masonville, Mississippi, he wants to check out the house of Nona Hickman, an old girlfriend, when they are stopped by a cop. They make a run for it, start a police chase that ends in Virginia killing the first cop and Tim getting out of the car, she drives off, leaving Tim with the second cop. Tim in defense, makes a break for it, he is caught and badly beaten, burned with cigars, thrown in jail. The cops had thought, they question him but he refuses to reveal information about Virginia. Virginia is caught and thrown in jail, they form a story together to blame another person for the shootings but they escape the jail and fly to Denver. In Denver, they stay at the hotel in the secluded part, they blend in with the tourists, going skiing and renting a house out there. Virginia starts being in the electric chair. One day, they go for a picnic near the mine shaft, they both feel tempted to look inside. They inch their way towards the open shaft and look into the 600-foot drop.
Feeling relieved, they start to dance around. Virginia slips and falls into the shaft opening but lands on an unstable rubble landing 40 feet down. Tim panics and goes back to the hotel to find rope, where he runs into his "old FBI friend", Clell Dooley, who had prosecuted him. Clell notices Tim; when Clell and four or five other men find Tim, he is sitting near the mine shaft, thinking about Virginia. Tim had seen that 40 or so feet down in the mine shaft, there was "a lump", like a rock sticking out and nothing else. Tim asks the men. Ed Gorman wrote "Chaze is known in pulp circles for his flawless novel Black Wings Has My Angel, which many people feel is the single best novel Gold Medal published during its heyday."In his introduction to the new 2016 edition, screenwriter Barry Gifford wrote, "nothing else Chaze wrote came anywhere close to what he had accomplished on all levels in Black
Dawn Ellerbe is a former track and field athlete who specialized in the hammer throw. She is the assistant athletic director at California State University, East Bay. Ellerbe is a member of the University of South Carolina Athletics Hall of Fame and is on the Board of Directors for the United Way of the Midlands in Columbia, South Carolina. Ellerbe was featured in the New York Times article, "Sports of The Times. S. in debut of hammer throw." Her interest in fashion was profiled in "My Way: Dawn Ellerbe" in skirt! Columbia. During her time as a student athlete at the University of South Carolina, Ellerbe was a four-time NCAA champion, six-time All-American and five-time Southeastern Conference champion. After receiving her bachelor's degree in journalism from the University of South Carolina in 1996, Ellerbe continued competition. Ellerbe is a five-time USA Indoor champion and six-time USA Outdoor champion in the hammer throw. Ellerbe claimed the gold medal at the 1999 Pan American Games in Winnipeg, Canada.
Representing the United States in the 2000 Summer Olympics, Ellerbe finished in 7th place in the women's hammer throw competition with a distance of 66.80 metres. USA Track & Field profile University of South Carolina Athletics profile