Richard Tiffany Gere is an American actor. He began in films in the 1970s, playing a supporting role in Looking for Mr. Goodbar and a starring role in Days of Heaven, he came to prominence with his role in the film American Gigolo, which established him as a leading man and a sex symbol. He went on to star in many well-received films, including An Officer and a Gentleman, The Cotton Club, Pretty Woman, Primal Fear, Runaway Bride, I'm Not There and Norman: The Moderate Rise and Tragic Fall of a New York Fixer. For portraying Billy Flynn in the Academy Award-winning musical Chicago, he won a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award as part of the cast. Gere was born in Pennsylvania, his mother, Doris Ann, was a housewife. His father, Homer George Gere, was an insurance agent for the Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company and had intended to become a minister. Gere is second child, his paternal great-grandfather had changed the spelling of the surname from "Geer". Both of his parents were Mayflower descendants.
In 1967, Gere graduated from North Syracuse Central High School, where he excelled at gymnastics and music, played the trumpet. He attended the University of Massachusetts Amherst on a gymnastics scholarship, majoring in philosophy. Gere first worked professionally at the Seattle Repertory Theatre and the Provincetown Playhouse on Cape Cod in 1969, where he starred in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, his first major acting role was in the original London stage version of Grease, in 1973. Gere was one of the first notable Hollywood actors to play a homosexual character, starring as a gay Holocaust victim in the 1979 Broadway production of Bent, he began appearing in Hollywood films in the mid-1970s. Cast in a starring role in The Lords of Flatbush, he was replaced after fighting with another star of the film, Sylvester Stallone, he played a small but memorable part in Looking for Mr. Goodbar and starred in director Terrence Malick's well-reviewed drama Days of Heaven; the crime drama American Gigolo boosted his profile and the romantic drama An Officer and a Gentleman cemented Gere's ascent to stardom, grossing $130 million and winning two Academy Awards out of six nominations.
For the remainder of the 1980s, Gere appeared in films of varying commercial reception. His career rebounded with the releases of Internal Affairs and Pretty Woman, the latter of which earned him his second Golden Globe Award nomination; the 1990s saw Gere star in successful films including Primal Fear and Runaway Bride. He took a leading role in the action thriller The Jackal, playing former IRA militant Declan Mulqueen. Gere was named People magazine's "Sexiest Man Alive" in 1999. Not long thereafter, all in the same year, he appeared in the hit films The Mothman Prophecies and the Academy Award-winning musical film adaptation Chicago, for which he won his first Golden Globe Award. Gere's ballroom dancing drama Shall We Dance? was a solid performer that grossed $170 million worldwide. His next film, the book-to-screen adaptation Bee Season, was a commercial failure. Gere went on to co-star with Jesse Eisenberg and Terrence Howard in The Hunting Party, a thriller in which he played a journalist in Bosnia.
He next appeared with Christian Bale, Heath Ledger and Cate Blanchett in Todd Haynes' semi-biographical film about Bob Dylan, I'm Not There. Gere co-starred with Diane Lane in the romantic drama Nights in Rodanthe; the film was panned by critics, but grossed over $84 million worldwide. The film is Gere's most recent to have been produced by a major film studio. Gere has expressed belief that his politics regarding Tibet and China, the latter an important financial resource for major studios, have made him persona non grata within Hollywood. Gere embraced his apparent exile from Hollywood, appearing in independent features that garnered some of the best reviews of his career, he was notably singled out for portraying businessman Robert Miller in Arbitrage, earning his fourth Golden Globe Award nomination. Among many positive reviews, Peter Travers of Rolling Stone cited Gere's performance as "too good to ignore" and "an implosive tour de force". Lou Lumenick of the New York Post further wrote "Richard Gere gives the best performance of his career".
In 2012, Gere received the Golden Starfish Award for Lifetime Achievement from the Hamptons International Film Festival and the Career Achievement Award from the Hollywood Film Awards. He had earlier received an award from the 34th Cairo International Film Festival in December 2010. Gere made a notable departure from his traditional screen persona with Norman: The Moderate Rise and Tragic Fall of a New York Fixer; the political drama saw him portray Norman Oppenheimer, a "small time Jewish'fixer
The Vietnam War known as the Second Indochina War, in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or the American War, was an undeclared war in Vietnam and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union and other communist allies; the war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war from some US perspectives. It lasted some 19 years with direct U. S. involvement ending in 1973 following the Paris Peace Accords, included the Laotian Civil War and the Cambodian Civil War, resulting in all three countries becoming communist states in 1975. American military advisors began arriving in what was French Indochina in 1950 to support the French in the First Indochina War against the communist-led Viet Minh. Most of the funding for the French war effort was provided by the U. S. After the French quit Indochina in 1954, the US assumed financial and military responsibility for the South Vietnamese state.
The Việt Cộng known as Front national de libération du Sud-Viêt Nam or NLF, a South Vietnamese communist common front aided by the North, initiated a guerrilla war against the South Vietnamese government in 1959. U. S. involvement escalated in 1960, continued in 1961 under President John F. Kennedy, with troop levels surging under the MAAG program from just under a thousand in 1959 to 16,000 in 1963. By 1964, there were 23,000 U. S. troops in Vietnam, but this escalated further following the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin incident, in which a U. S. destroyer was alleged to have clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft. In response, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave President Lyndon B. Johnson broad authorization to increase U. S. military presence, deploying ground combat units for the first time and increasing troop levels to 184,000. Past this point, the People's Army of Vietnam known as the North Vietnamese Army engaged in more conventional warfare with US and South Vietnamese forces; every year onward there was significant build-up of US forces despite little progress, with Robert McNamara, one of the principal architects of the war, beginning to express doubts of victory by the end of 1966.
U. S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces and airstrikes. The U. S. conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam. The Tet Offensive of 1968, proved to be the turning point of the war; the Tet Offensive showed that the end of US involvement was not in sight, increasing domestic skepticism of the war. The unconventional and conventional capabilities of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam increased following a period of neglect and became modeled on heavy firepower-focused doctrines like US forces. Operations crossed international borders. S. forces. Gradual withdrawal of U. S. ground forces began as part of "Vietnamization", which aimed to end American involvement in the war while transferring the task of fighting the communists to the South Vietnamese themselves and began the task of modernizing their armed forces. Direct U. S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973 as a result of the Case–Church Amendment passed by the U.
S. Congress; the capture of Saigon by the NVA in April 1975 marked the end of the war, North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities. Estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed vary from 966,000 to 3.8 million. Some 275,000–310,000 Cambodians, 20,000–62,000 Laotians, 58,220 U. S. service members died in the conflict, a further 1,626 remain missing in action. The Sino-Soviet split re-emerged following the lull during the Vietnam War and confllict between North Vietnam and its Cambodian allies in the Royal Government of the National Union of Kampuchea, the newly-formed Democratic Kampuchea begun immediately in a series of border raids by the Khmer Rouge and erupted into the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, with Chinese forces directly intervening in the Sino-Vietnamese War; the end of the war and resumption of the Third Indochina War would precipitate the Vietnamese boat people and the bigger Indochina refugee crisis, which saw an estimated 250,000 people perish at sea.
Within the US the war gave rise to what was referred to as Vietnam Syndrome, a public aversion to American overseas military involvements, which together with Watergate contributed to the crisis of confidence that affected America throughout the 1970s. Various names have been applied to the conflict. Vietnam War is the most used name in English, it has been called the Second Indochina War and the Vietnam Conflict. As there have been several conflicts in Indochina, this particular conflict is known by the names of its primary protagonists to distinguish it from others. In Vietnamese, the war is known as Kháng chiến chống Mỹ, but less formally as'Cuộc chiến tranh Mỹ', it is called Chiến tranh Việt Nam. The primary military organizations involved in the war were as follows: One side consisted of th
Charles Robert Redford Jr. is a retired American actor, director and businessman. He is the founder of the Sundance Film Festival. Redford began acting on television in the late 1950s, including an appearance on The Twilight Zone on January 5, 1962, he earned an Emmy nomination as Best Supporting Actor for his performance in The Voice of Charlie Pont. His greatest Broadway success was as the stuffy newlywed husband of co-star Elizabeth Ashley's character in Neil Simon's Barefoot in the Park. Redford made his film debut in War Hunt, his role in Inside Daisy Clover won him a Golden Globe for best new star. He starred in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, a huge success and made him a major star, he had a critical and box office hit with Jeremiah Johnson, in 1973 he had the greatest hit of his career, the blockbuster crime caper The Sting, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award. The popular and acclaimed All the President's Men was a landmark film for Redford. In the 1980s, Redford began as a director with Ordinary People, one of the most critically and publicly acclaimed films of the decade, winning four Oscars including Best Picture and the Academy Award for Best Director for Redford.
He continued acting and starred in Brubaker, as well as playing the male lead in Out of Africa, an enormous box office success and won seven Oscars including Best Picture. He released his third film as a director, A River Runs Through It, in 1992, he went on to receive Best Picture nominations in 1995 for Quiz Show. He received a second Academy Award—for Lifetime Achievement—in 2002. In 2010, he was made a chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur, he has won BAFTA, Directors Guild of America, Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild awards. In April 2014, Time magazine included Redford in their annual Time 100 as one of the "Most Influential People in the World", declaring him the "Godfather of Indie Film". In 2016, Redford was honored with a Presidential Medal of Freedom. Redford retired from acting after completing the film The Old Man & the Gun, released in October 2018. Redford was born on August 18, 1936, in Santa Monica, California, to Martha W. and Charles Robert Redford Sr. a milkman-turned-accountant.
He has a stepbrother, from his father's remarriage. Redford is of English, Scottish and Scots-Irish ancestry, his paternal great-great grandfather, English-born Elisha Redford, married Irish-Catholic Mary Ann McCreery in Manchester Cathedral. They had a son named the first in line to have been given the name. Redford's family moved to Van Nuys, while his father worked in El Segundo, he attended Van Nuys High School. He has described himself as having been a "bad" student, finding inspiration outside the classroom, being interested in art and sports, he hit tennis balls with Pancho Gonzales at the Los Angeles Tennis Club to warm him up. After graduating from high school in 1954, he attended the University of Colorado Boulder in Boulder, Colorado for a year and a half, where he was a member of the Kappa Sigma fraternity. While there, he worked at the restaurant/bar The Sink. While at Colorado, Redford began drinking and as a result lost his half-scholarship and was kicked out of school, he traveled in Europe, living in France and Italy.
He studied painting at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn and took classes at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City. Redford's career, like that of many major stars who emerged in the 1950s, began in New York City, where an actor could find work both on stage and in television, his Broadway debut was in a small role in Tall Story, followed by parts in The Highest Tree and Sunday in New York. His biggest Broadway success was as the stuffy newlywed husband of Elizabeth Ashley in Neil Simon's Barefoot in the Park. Starting in 1960, Redford appeared as a guest star on numerous television drama programs, including Naked City, The Untouchables, The Americans, Whispering Smith, Perry Mason, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Route 66, Dr. Kildare, Playhouse 90, The Twilight Zone, Captain Brassbound's Conversion with a young Christopher Plummer, among others. In 1960, Redford was cast as Danny Tilford, a mentally disturbed young man trapped in the wreckage of his family garage, in "Breakdown", one of the last episodes of the syndicated adventure series, Rescue 8, starring Jim Davis and Lang Jeffries.
Redford earned an Emmy nomination as Best Supporting Actor for his performance in The Voice of Charlie Pont. One of his last television appearances was on October 7, 1963, on Breaking Point, an ABC medical drama about psychiatry. Redford made his screen debut in Tall Story in a minor role; the film's stars were Anthony Perkins, Jane Fonda, Ray Walston. After his Broadway success, he was cast in larger feature roles in movies. In 1962 Redford got his second film role in War Hunt, was soon after cast alongside screen legend Alec Guinness in the war comedy Situation Hopeless... But Not Serious, in which he played a soldier who spends years of his life hiding behind enemy lines. In Inside Daisy Clover, which won him a Golden Globe for best new star, he played a bisexual movie star who marries starlet Natalie Wood, rejoined her along with Charles Bronson for Sydney Pollack's This Property Is Condemned —again, as her lover, though this time in a film which achieved greater success; the same year saw h
Foxes is a 1980 American coming of age drama film directed by Adrian Lyne from a screenplay written by Gerald Ayres. The film stars Scott Baio, Sally Kellerman, Randy Quaid and Cherie Currie, it revolves around a group of teenage girls coming of age in suburban Los Angeles toward the end of the disco era. Foxes was theatrically released on February 1980 by PolyGram Pictures; the film marked Foster's final major film appearance before she took a sabbatical from acting to attend Yale, marked the acting and directing debuts of Currie and Lyne respectively. Although a box office failure, it received positive critical reception with prominent film critic Roger Ebert stating; the film has attained a cult status and is cited amongst the greatest teenage centric films. A group of four teenage girls in the San Fernando Valley during the end of the 1970s have painful emotional troubles. Deirdre is a disco queen, fascinated by her sexuality, likes boys and has many relationship troubles. Madge is unhappily angry that she is still a virgin.
Her parents are overprotective, she has an annoying younger sister. Annie is a teenage runaway who drinks, uses drugs, runs away from her abusive police officer father. Jeanie feels she has to take care of them all, is fighting with her divorced mother, is yearning for a closer relationship with her distant father, a tour manager for the rock band Angel; the girls believe school is a waste of time, their boyfriends are immature, that they are alienated from the adults in their lives. All four seem immersed in the decadence of the late 1970s; the only way for them to loosen up and forget the bad things happening in their lives is to party and have fun. Annie is the least responsible, while Jeanie is ready to grow up and wants to stop acting like a child. Jeanie continually takes risks to try to keep Annie clean and safe. Annie's unstable behavior keeps everyone on edge, leads to her death in an automobile accident. Annie's death brings changes for the rest of the girls. Madge marries Jay, an older man who deflowered her, Deirdre no longer acts boy-crazy, Jeanie graduates from high school and is about to head off to college.
After Madge and Jay's wedding, Jeanie smokes a cigarette. With a smile, she muses that Annie wanted to be buried under a pear tree, "not in a box or anything", so that each year her friends could come by, have a pear and say, "Annie's tastin' good this year, huh?" Jodie Foster as Jeanie Scott Baio as Brad Randy Quaid as Jay Sally Kellerman as Mary Cherie Currie as Annie Marilyn Kagan as Madge Kandice Stroh as Deirdre Lois Smith as Mrs. Axman Laura Dern as Debbie Robert Romanus as Scott Adam Faith as Bryan The film received several positive reviews but earned less than $10 million on initial release. Foxes was released in a Region 1 DVD by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer on August 5, 2003. A Blu-Ray edition of the film was released by Kino Lorber on January 15, 2015. Young Artist AwardsNominee: Best Young Actress Starring in a Motion Picture - Jodie Foster Foxes on IMDb Foxes at the TCM Movie Database Foxes at AllMovie Foxes at Rotten Tomatoes
Unfaithful (2002 film)
Unfaithful is a 2002 American thriller drama film directed by Adrian Lyne and starring Richard Gere, Diane Lane, Olivier Martinez, Erik Per Sullivan, Chad Lowe and Dominic Chianese. It was adapted by Alvin Sargent and William Broyles Jr. from the 1969 French film The Unfaithful Wife by the noted director Claude Chabrol. It tells the story of a couple living in suburban New York City whose marriage goes dangerously awry when the wife indulges in an adulterous affair with a stranger she encounters by chance. Unfaithful grossed $52 million in a total of $119,137,784 worldwide. Despite mixed reviews overall, Lane received much praise for her performance, she won awards for best actress from the National Society of Film Critics and New York Film Critics, was nominated for a Golden Globe and an Academy Award for Best Actress. Edward and Connie Sumner are a married couple living in the northern suburbs of New York City with their eight-year-old son, Charlie, their relationship is loving, but familiar and lacking excitement.
One afternoon, Connie goes shopping for Charlie's upcoming birthday party. She is caught in a heavy windstorm, runs into a handsome stranger, they both fall, Connie scrapes her knees. He offers to treat her injuries in his Soho apartment, she accepts, he introduces himself as a 27-year-old book dealer. Paul makes small advances toward Connie, which makes her uncomfortable, she decides to leave. Before doing so, Paul gives her a book of Persian poetry as a gift. After returning home, Connie tells Edward what happened, he suggests they buy Paul a thank-you gift. While reading the book Paul gave her, Connie finds his phone number inside. Connie calls Paul from Grand Central Terminal for his address, but he invites her over for coffee instead. Paul reads Connie a book in Braille amidst mild flirting. Connie, despite her feelings of attraction, leaves. Connie is unable to stop thinking about Paul, decides to visit him with a bag of muffins. After Connie and Paul have a dance, she stops, saying she can't continue, leaves.
When she returns to retrieve her coat, Paul sweeps her off her feet and into his bed. While on the train ride home via the Metro-North Railroad, Connie, in tears, recalls their sexual encounter in flashbacks, she is thrilled by the sexual attention she is receiving from a younger man, but feels guilty at the same time. Connie uses her work for a charity event as an excuse to go into the city to visit Paul more frequently. Edward immediately senses something and sees subtle changes in her, confirmed by an inconsistency in an excuse she uses to visit the city one day. One morning he notices that Connie is fixing herself up to go into the city, with brand new shoes and lingerie draped over a chair, he tells Connie he will wait for her so they can go into the city together, she urges him to go without her, that she won't be ready for quite a while, so he tries to get her to agree to meet him for lunch, but she says she has a salon appointment and won't be able to meet him. On, at the office, suspecting Connie is lying, Edward calls the salon she mentioned and it is confirmed that she doesn't have an appointment that day.
Edward hires Frank Wilson, to follow her. Frank returns with pictures of Paul together, which devastates Edward. Connie's visits with Paul become more frequent, to the point that she is late to pick up Charlie from school. Following this incident, she realizes. Unsuccessfully trying to end the affair over the phone, Connie decides it would be best to do so in person, she spots Paul with another woman walking down the street as she approaches his neighborhood in her SUV. After following and confronting Paul, their argument ends in a tryst in the stairwell of his apartment building. At the same time, Edward is standing outside Paul's apartment building, where Edward and Connie narrowly miss each other as she leaves out the backdoor. Edward confronts him, revealing that he is Connie's husband. Edward asks to come into Paul's apartment, after Paul lets him in, he gives Edward some vodka and they talk about Connie. Edward asks how Paul and Connie met, while walking around the apartment, Edward is stunned to see a snow globe by the bed, which he recognizes as a gift he gave to Connie.
Paul reveals. Feeling sick and disoriented, Edward sits down on the bed and Paul asks if he would like some water. Edward has a mental breakdown and hits Paul with the snow globe fracturing his skull and killing him instantly. After wrapping Paul's body in a rug and cleaning up evidence of the murder and of his own presence in the apartment, Edward hears Connie leaving a message on Paul's answering machine, saying she must end the affair. Edward erases all the leaves, putting Paul's body in the trunk of his car. Edward joins his wife at Charlie's school play, late that night while Connie is sleeping, drives to a landfill and dumps Paul's body. In the ensuing days, Paul's murder plagues Edward, unable to stop thinking about what he has done; when two NYPD detectives arrive at the Sumner home while Edward is at work, they explain to Connie that Paul's estranged wife had reported him missing, that they found Connie's name and phone number on his desk. Connie claims she knows him and that she was interested in buying books from him.
A week the detectives return and tell Connie and Edward that Paul's body has been discovered. When police ask Connie how she met Paul, she replies. To Connie's surpris
Highgate School, formally Sir Roger Cholmeley's School at Highgate, is a British co-educational independent day school, founded in 1565 in Highgate, England. It educates over 1,400 pupils in three sections – Highgate Pre-Preparatory School, Highgate Junior School and the Senior School – which together comprise the Highgate Foundation; as part of its wider work the charity was from 2010 a founding partner of the London Academy of Excellence and it is now the principal education sponsor of an associated Academy, the London Academy of Excellence Tottenham, which opened in September 2017. The principal business sponsor is Tottenham Hotspur FC; the charity funds the Chrysalis Partnership, a scheme supporting 26 state schools in six London boroughs. The Foundation is governed in accordance with a Charity Commission Scheme dated 1 September 2005, its governing body consists of 16 members. The Visitor is Her Majesty the Queen; the Head is assisted by Principals of the pre-prep and junior schools, by deputy heads and a Bursar, in managing the Foundation.
The school is one of the twelve schools of the Eton Group. The school was founded in 1565 by a Royal Charter of Elizabeth I whose letters patent, sealed on 29 January, authorised Sir Roger Cholmeley to establish the ‘’’Free Grammar School of Sir Roger Cholmeley, Knight at Highgate’’’. Cholmeley, a former Chief Justice and local landowner, decided to found a charitable school “for the good education and instruction of boys and young men” in Highgate and the local parishes. On 27 April 1565 he was granted by Edmund Grindal, the Bishop of London, some land on the site of the old gatehouse to the Bishop's park and hermit's chapel. A new chapel and buildings for the school and the local curate, expected to be the teacher, were built; the chapel served as a chapel of ease for Highgate residents. However, by the early nineteenth century a dispute arose because the charity was spending more money, the curate more time, on the local chapel than on the pupils. A House of Commons commission visited in 1819 and found the Master, the Rev Samuel Mence, was paying a sexton to teach the boys.
In a long and bitter action brought in the High Court against the Trustees it was contended that this was contrary to its founding charitable deed. Lord Chancellor Eldon, in his 1827 judgment, finding "the charity is for the sustenance and maintenance of a free Grammar school"; the trustees were forced to comply and a separate local church for Highgate, St Michael's, was built in South Grove after a successful local appeal. Mence struggled on at the school until 1838. An expansion of the school occurred under the next headmaster Rev Dr John Bradley Dyne between 1838–1874. Under Dyne, by the 1870s the school had dropped free provision for local parish boys and alongside the day places boarding was encouraged for boys from the upper and upper middle classes. In the period up to this time the school was known as the Free Grammar School at Highgate, the Highgate Grammar School, or the Cholmeley School. Like other public schools, Highgate followed Dr Arnold at Rugby School in introducing the house system.
Like other public schools, Dyne mercilessly flogged the pupils with a birch rod. In the 1860s land was acquired in Bishopswood Road, which provided extensive sports fields and on which several boarding houses and private residences were built. During this period the current chapel and main buildings were erected, designed by Reginald Blomfield. A fragment of the older school building, a gateway with a rusted bell mechanism above between the porter's lodge and the main school building, remained intact until 2006 when the bell was refurbished and the old entrance itself rebuilt in a more modern style; the senior school continues to occupy today the island site in Highgate Village on which it was founded. During the Second World War the school's buildings were commandeered by the British government and the school was evacuated to Westward Ho! in Devon, returning to Highgate in 1943. The poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge was buried in his grandson an Old Cholmeleian. However, in 1965 after a row with the council there was a ceremonial disinterring of Coleridge at which the Poet Laureate John Masefield spoke and the remains were reburied at St Michael's parish church just a few hundred yards away.
Highgate School has the oldest Public School freemasons' lodge, Cholmeley Lodge No 1731, formed in 1878, part of the Public Schools Lodges Council. Until the school had two blocks of Eton Fives courts, one structure with ten courts. Boarding and weekly boarding at Highgate declined in the years up to the early 1990s when the last boarders left. In 1993 one of the former houses was converted to create the coeducational pre-preparatory school. In 2001 the school announced its intention to become co-educational ending over four hundred years of single sex education, girls joined the Senior and Junior schools from 2004. According to the Good Schools Guide "Its decision to go co-ed has helped to put its popularity and academic standards on upward trajectories". In April 2006 the Mills Centre for Art and Technology was opened, incorporating an area commemorating former director of art Sir Kyffin Williams. In J
Timothy Francis Robbins is an American actor, director and musician. He is well known for his portrayal of Andy Dufresne in the prison drama film The Shawshank Redemption, his other roles include Nuke LaLoosh in Bull Durham, Jacob Singer in Jacob's Ladder, Griffin Mill in The Player, Dave Boyle in Mystic River, for which he won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He directed the films Dead Man Walking and Bob Roberts, both of which received critical acclaim, he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Director for Dead Man Walking. In 2015, he played Secretary of State Walter Larson in the HBO comedy The Brink, in 2018, he portrayed Greg Boatwright in Alan Ball's drama series Here and Now. Robbins was born in West Covina and raised in New York City, his parents were Mary Cecelia, an actress, Gilbert Lee Robbins, a singer and manager of The Gaslight Cafe. Robbins has two sisters and Gabrielle, a brother, David, he was raised Catholic. He moved to Greenwich Village with his family at a young age, while his father pursued a career as a member of the folk music group, The Highwaymen.
Robbins started performing in theater at age twelve and joined the drama club at Stuyvesant High School. He spent two years at SUNY Plattsburgh and returned to California to study at the UCLA Film School, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Drama in 1981. Robbins's acting career began at Theater for the New City, where he spent his teenage years in their Annual Summer Street Theater and played the title role in a musical adaptation of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's The Little Prince. After graduation from college in 1981, Robbins founded the Actors' Gang, an experimental theater group, in Los Angeles with actor friends from his college softball team. In 1982, he appeared as domestic terrorist Andrew Reinhardt in three episodes of the television program St. Elsewhere. In 1985, he guest-starred in the second episode of the television series Moonlighting, "Gunfight at the So-So Corral", he took small parts in films, such as the role of frat animal "Mother" in Fraternity Vacation and Lt Sam "Merlin" Wells in the fighter pilot film Top Gun.
He appeared on The Love Boat, as a young version of one of the characters in retrospection about the Second World War. His breakthrough role was as pitcher Ebby Calvin "Nuke" LaLoosh in the 1988 baseball film Bull Durham, in which he co-starred with Susan Sarandon and Kevin Costner, he received critical acclaim and won the Best Actor Award at Cannes for his starring role as an amoral film executive in Robert Altman's 1992 film The Player. He made his directorial and screenwriting debut with 1992's Bob Roberts, a mockumentary about a right-wing senatorial candidate. Robbins starred alongside Morgan Freeman in the critically acclaimed The Shawshank Redemption, based on Stephen King's novella. Robbins has written and directed several films with strong social content, such as the critically acclaimed capital punishment saga Dead Man Walking, starring Sarandon and Sean Penn; the film earned him an Oscar nomination for Best Director. His next directorial effort was 1999's Depression-era musical Cradle Will Rock.
Robbins has appeared in mainstream Hollywood thrillers, such as 1999's Arlington Road and 2001's Antitrust, in comical films such as The Hudsucker Proxy, Nothing to Lose, High Fidelity. Robbins has acted in and directed several Actors' Gang theater productions. Robbins won the Best Supporting Actor Oscar and the SAG Award for his work in Mystic River, as a man traumatized from having been molested as a child. In 2005, he won the 39th annual Man of the Year Pudding Pot Award given by the Hasty Pudding Theatricals of Harvard, his recent acting roles include a temporarily blind man, nursed to health by a psychologically wounded young woman in The Secret Life of Words and an apartheid torturer in Catch a Fire. As of 2006, he was the tallest Academy Award-winning actor at 6 feet 5 inches. In early 2006, Robbins directed an adaptation of George Orwell's novel 1984, written by Michael Gene Sullivan of the Tony Award-winning San Francisco Mime Troupe; the show opened at Actors' Gang, at their new location at The Ivy Substation in Culver City, California.
In addition to venues around the United States, it has played in Athens, the Melbourne International Festival in Australia and the Hong Kong Arts Festival. Robbins is considering adapting the play into a film version. In 2008, Robbins appeared with co-star Rachel McAdams as well as City Of Ember. Robbins next film role was as Senator Hammond, the disapproving father of the film's villain Hector Hammond, in the 2011 superhero film Green Lantern. In 2010 Robbins released the album Tim Robbins & The Rogues Gallery Band, a collection of songs written over the course of 25 years that he took on a world tour, he was offered the chance to record an album in 1992 after the success of his film Bob Roberts, but he declined because he had "too much respect for the process", having seen his father work so hard as a musician, because he felt he had nothing to say at the time. Robbins directed two episodes of the HBO series Treme; the series follows the interconnected lives of a group of New Orleanians in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.
He helmed the episodes "Everything I Do Gonh Be Funky" in Season 2 and "Promised Land" in Season 3. Robbins became interested in the show while staying in New Orleans during the filming of Green Lantern. "I had the unique experience of watching Treme with locals. It resonated for me and it resonated fo