Staffordshire is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England. It borders with Cheshire to the northwest and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to the southeast, West Midlands and Worcestershire to the south, Shropshire to the west; the largest city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent, administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority. Lichfield has city status, although this is a smaller cathedral city. Major towns include Stafford, Burton upon Trent, Newcastle-under-Lyme and Tamworth. Smaller towns include Stone, Uttoxeter, Burntwood/Chasetown, Eccleshall and the large villages of Wombourne, Tutbury, Barton-under-Needwood and Abbots Bromley. Cannock Chase AONB is within the county as well as parts of the National Forest and the Peak District national park. Wolverhampton, West Bromwich and Smethwick are within the historic county boundaries of Staffordshire, but since 1974 have been part of the West Midlands county. Apart from Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire is divided into the districts of Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Newcastle-under-Lyme, South Staffordshire, Staffordshire Moorlands, Tamworth.
Staffordshire was divided into five hundreds: Cuttlestone, Pirehill and Totmonslow. The historic boundaries of Staffordshire cover much of what is now the metropolitan county of West Midlands. An administrative county of Staffordshire was set up in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888 covering the county except the county boroughs of Wolverhampton and West Bromwich in the south, Hanley in the north; the Act saw the towns of Tamworth and Burton upon Trent united in Staffordshire. In 1553 Queen Mary made Lichfield a county corporate, meaning it was administered separately from the rest of Staffordshire, it remained so until 1888. Handsworth and Perry Barr became part of the county borough of Birmingham in the early 20th century, thus associated with Warwickshire. Burton, in the east of the county, became a county borough in 1901, was followed by Smethwick, another town in the Black Country in 1907. In 1910 the six towns of the Staffordshire Potteries, including Hanley, became the single county borough of Stoke-on-Trent.
A significant boundary change occurred in 1926 when the east of Sedgley was transferred to Worcestershire to allow the construction of the new Priory Estate on land purchased by Dudley County Borough council. A major reorganisation in the Black Country in 1966, under the recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England led to the creation of an area of contiguous county boroughs; the County Borough of Warley was formed by the merger of the county borough of Smethwick and municipal borough of Rowley Regis with the Worcestershire borough of Oldbury: the resulting county borough was associated with Worcestershire. Meanwhile, the county borough of Dudley a detached part of Worcestershire and became associated with Staffordshire instead; this reorganisation led to the administrative county of Staffordshire having a thin protrusion passing between the county boroughs and Shropshire, to the west, to form a short border with Worcestershire. Under the Local Government Act 1972, on 1 April 1974 the county boroughs of the Black Country and the Aldridge-Brownhills Urban District of Staffordshire became, along with Birmingham and Coventry and other districts, a new metropolitan county of West Midlands.
County boroughs were abolished, with Stoke becoming a non-metropolitan district in Staffordshire, Burton forming an unparished area in the district of East Staffordshire. On 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, Stoke-on-Trent became a unitary authority independent of Staffordshire once more. In July 2009 the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold found in Britain was discovered in a field near Lichfield; the artefacts, known as The Staffordshire Hoard have tentatively been dated to the 7th or 8th centuries, placing the origin of the items in the time of the Kingdom of Mercia. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of the non-metropolitan county of Staffordshire at current basic prices published by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British pounds sterling; some nationally and internationally known companies have their base in Staffordshire. They include the Britannia Building Society, based in Leek. JCB is based in Rocester near Uttoxeter and Bet365, based in Stoke-on-Trent.
The theme park Alton Towers is in the Staffordshire Moorlands and several of the world's largest pottery manufacturers are based in Stoke-on-Trent. Staffordshire has a comprehensive system with eight independent schools. Most secondary schools are from 11–16 or 18, but two in Staffordshire Moorlands and South Staffordshire are from 13–18. Resources are shared. There are two universities in the county, Keele University in Newcastle-under-Lyme and Staffordshire University, which has campuses in Stoke-on-Trent, Stafford and Shrewsbury; the modern county of Staffordshire has three professional football clubs – Stoke City and Port Vale, both from Stoke-on-Trent, Burton Albion, who play in Burton upon Trent. Stoke City, one of the oldest professional football clubs in existence, were founded in 1863 and played at the Victoria Ground for 119 years from 1878 until their relocation to the Britannia Stadium in 1997, they were among the 12 founder members of the Football League in 1888. By the late 1930s, they were establi
Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963. The programme depicts the adventures of a Time Lord called "the Doctor", an extraterrestrial being, to all appearances human, from the planet Gallifrey; the Doctor explores the universe in a time-travelling space ship called the TARDIS. Its exterior appears as a blue British police box, a common sight in Britain in 1963 when the series first aired. Accompanied by a number of companions, the Doctor combats a variety of foes while working to save civilisations and help people in need; the show is a significant part of British popular culture, elsewhere it has gained a cult following. It has influenced generations of British television professionals, many of whom grew up watching the series; the programme ran from 1963 to 1989. There was an unsuccessful attempt to revive regular production in 1996 with a backdoor pilot, in the form of a television film titled Doctor Who; the programme was relaunched in 2005, since has been produced in-house by BBC Wales in Cardiff.
Doctor Who has spawned numerous spin-offs, including comic books, novels, audio dramas, the television series Torchwood, The Sarah Jane Adventures, K-9, Class, has been the subject of many parodies and references in popular culture. Thirteen actors have headlined the series as the Doctor; the transition from one actor to another is written into the plot of the show with the concept of regeneration into a new incarnation, a plot device in which a Time Lord "transforms" into a new body when the current one is too badly harmed to heal normally. Each actor's portrayal is unique. Together, they form a single lifetime with a single narrative; the time-travelling feature of the plot means that different incarnations of the Doctor meet. The Doctor is portrayed by Jodie Whittaker, who took on the role after Peter Capaldi's exit in the 2017 Christmas special "Twice Upon a Time". Doctor Who follows the adventures of the title character, a rogue Time Lord from the planet Gallifrey who goes by the name "the Doctor".
The Doctor fled Gallifrey in a stolen TARDIS, a time machine that travels by materialising into and dematerialising out of the time vortex. The TARDIS has a vast interior but appears smaller on the outside, is equipped with a "chameleon circuit" intended to make the machine take on the appearance of local objects as a disguise. Across time and space, the Doctor's many incarnations find events that pique their curiosity and try to prevent evil forces from harming innocent people or changing history, using only ingenuity and minimal resources, such as the versatile sonic screwdriver; the Doctor travels alone and brings one or more companions to share these adventures. These companions are humans, owing to the Doctor's fascination with planet Earth, which leads to frequent collaborations with the international military task force UNIT when the Earth is threatened; the Doctor is centuries old and, as a Time Lord, has the ability to regenerate in case of mortal damage to the body, taking on a new appearance and personality.
The Doctor has gained numerous reoccurring enemies during their travels, including the Daleks, the Cybermen, the Master, another renegade Time Lord. Doctor Who first appeared on BBC TV at 17:16:20 GMT on Saturday, 23 November 1963, it was to be each episode 25 minutes of transmission length. Discussions and plans for the programme had been in progress for a year; the head of drama Sydney Newman was responsible for developing the programme, with the first format document for the series being written by Newman along with the head of the script department Donald Wilson and staff writer C. E. Webber. Writer Anthony Coburn, story editor David Whitaker and initial producer Verity Lambert heavily contributed to the development of the series; the programme was intended to appeal to a family audience as an educational programme using time travel as a means to explore scientific ideas and famous moments in history. On 31 July 1963, Whitaker commissioned Terry Nation to write a story under the title The Mutants.
As written, the Daleks and Thals were the victims of an alien neutron bomb attack but Nation dropped the aliens and made the Daleks the aggressors. When the script was presented to Newman and Wilson it was rejected as the programme was not permitted to contain any "bug-eyed monsters". According to producer Verity Lambert. We had a bit of a crisis of confidence. Had we had anything else ready we would have made that." Nation's script became the second Doctor. The serial introduced the eponymous aliens that would become the series' most popular monsters, was responsible for the BBC's first merchandising boom; the BBC drama department's serials division produced the programme for 26 seasons, broadcast on BBC 1. Falling viewing numbers, a decline in the public perception of the show and a less-prominent transmission slot saw production suspended in 1989 by Jonathan Powell, controller of BBC 1. Although it was cancelled with the decision not to commission a planned 27th season, which would have been broadcast in 1990, the BBC affirmed, over several ye
CBeebies is a British free-to-air television channel owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation. It is aimed at young children, was launched on 11 February 2002, it manages an international network supported by subscription services. The CBeebies channel launched on 11 February 2002, with the first show to air being Teletubbies; the domestic CBeebies channel broadcasts from 6:00 a.m. to 7:00 pm each day– a result of the channel sharing bandwidth with the channel BBC Four on the Freeview platform. The station was joined in March 2007 by an audio CBeebies Radio, which broadcast for three hours each day on the radio station BBC Radio 7, however since the station was rebranded as BBC Radio 4 Extra in April 2011, this obligation has ceased. CBeebies Radio, has continued as a feature on the channel's website since 2013. A magazine called CBeebies Weekly was first published in 2006. Since 27 March 2013, CBeebies has been carried by the British Forces Broadcasting Service, sharing a channel with BFBS Extra.
The international CBeebies channel is wholly owned by BBC Studios. The first international launch for the CBeebies channel was in India in May 2007, although the channel was withdrawn at the end of November 2012 due to "commercial considerations"; the channel is available in the Republic of Ireland, Poland, Turkey, MENA, Australia. In March 2011, the on demand version of the network was launched in the US and is available on Xfinity. On 13 May 2011, CBeebies was launched as a programme block on the channel BBC Kids in Canada, available on weekdays between 9:00 am and 3:00 pm, it is serving a similar schedule to the main channel. The block ceased alongside its main channel on 31 December 2018, with some programmes moving to Knowledge Network. In April 2015, BBC Worldwide signed with South Korean broadcaster KBS and Japanese broadcaster Kids Station to launch CBeebies blocks on both channels. On 10 March 2017, CBeebies Asia was launched in Taiwan. CBeebies Asia has launched in Hong Kong, South Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia.
On 13 April 2017, the service ceased its transmissions to Latin America along with BBC Earth and BBC Entertainment. In the UK, CBeebies is operated by the BBC Children's part of BBC North; the division is responsible for CBBC and overall strategic responsibility for all of the BBC's domestic services for children rests with the Director of Children's, Alice Webb. The direction of the domestic CBeebies channel itself rested with Kay Benbow, the last Controller of the channel commissioning all CBeebies content across BBC television, interactive TV, radio, she took over from the first controller Michael Carrington in 2010. In 2017 it was announced that the CBeebies controller post will close in December 2017 and all content for the CBeebies brand would be commissioned by a new, pan BBC Children's role entitled Head of Content. Internationally, CBeebies is owned by BBC Studios; the links between programmes on CBeebies are achieved through the use of in-vision continuity, using presenters to interact with the children.
In the UK, links are pre-recorded rather than broadcast live, as is the case on sister channel CBBC. They were pre recorded from studio TC0 at BBC Television Centre in London, moved out in 2008 to Teddington Studios, returned in 2010. From September 2011, the links have been based at the BBC's Northern base at dock10, MediaCityUK, following the move of the BBC Children's department there. International variants feature broadcast links produced either in the corresponding country or from a central base; as well as hosting some of the shows, a number of presenters fill the gaps between the CBeebies shows, performing little sketches, showing viewers' birthday cards, introducing the shows. Many of the presenters have histories on children's programmes. In the UK, presenters seen on the channel and the stranded service are: Andy Day Katy Ashworth Cat Sandion Rebecca Keatley Ben Cajee Dodge T. Dog Ryan Russell Evie Pickerill Aimee Campbell Former presenters: Sue Monroe Nicole Davis Justin Fletcher Sarah-Jane Honeywell Eva Alexander Chris Jarvis Pui Fan Lee Sidney Sloane Alex Winters Cerrie Burnell The longest serving member is Andy Day who has introduced the programmes, along with most of the other presenters, for just over a decade.
The international variants feature different personalities per broadcast region. The Australian feed is the only non-UK CBeebies to feature more than one presenter, as this feed features 3 presenters. Tara Colegrave has presented since 2008 and when the continuity links moved from the UK CBeebies studio to an made Australian studio, she was joined by Robbie Harding and Duncan Fellows in 2011; the Asian feed shown in countries like Thailand, Hong Kong and Singapore has Nisha Anil is the main presenter. The now-defunct Latin American feed variant had Roser Cabañas as the presenter; the Polish channel has had Aneta Bożena Piotrowska as main presenter since its launch in 2008. On some occasions between November 2014 to 2016 Aneta appeared on the UK channel; the South African feed utilises former UK presenter Sidney Sloane.</ref> Cat Sandion has presented on this feed. In the UK, the CBeebies channel uses stranded segments throughout the day. On 10 March 2003 a segment called. From 3 April to 19 December 2004, each weekend aftern
CBBC is a British children's television brand owned by the BBC and aimed for children aged from 6 to 15 BBC programming aimed at under six-year-old children is broadcast on the CBeebies channel. CBBC broadcasts from 7 am to 9 pm on CBBC Channel; the CBBC brand was used for the broadcast of children's programmes on BBC One on weekday afternoons and on BBC Two mornings until these strands were phased out in 2012 and 2013 as part of the BBC's "Delivering Quality First" cost-cutting initiative.. CBBC programmes were broadcast in high definition alongside other BBC content on BBC HD at afternoons on weekends, unless the channel was covering other events; this ended when BBC HD closed on 26 March 2013, but CBBC HD launched on 10 December 2013. CBBC programming returned to BBC Two on Saturday mornings in September 2017 when Saturday Mash-Up! launched, however this strand continues to use the regular BBC continuity announcers and not the CBBC presenters. BBC-produced children's programming, in native languages of Scotland and Wales airs on BBC Alba and S4C respectively.
The BBC has broadcast television programmes for children since the 1930s. The first children-specific strand on BBC television was For the Children, first broadcast on what was the single'BBC Television Service' on Saturday 24 April 1937, it lasted for two years before being taken off air when the service closed due to the Second World War in September 1939. Following the war, For the Children recommenced on Sunday 7 July 1946, with a twenty-minute slot every Sunday afternoon and the addition of programmes for pre-school children under the banner For The Very Young, over the years they became an established feature of the early afternoons on the BBC's main channel BBC One. In 1952, the "For the Children" /; the 1964 launch of BBC Two allowed additional room for children's programming with an edition of Play School technically being the first official programme. On 1 October 1980, Watch with Mother was replaced by See-Saw, moved to BBC2 in June 1987, before ending in 1990. Meanwhile, weekday afternoon children's programmes on BBC One were introduced by the off-screen continuity announcer, though specially-designed menus and captions would be used.
On 9 September 1985, this long-standing block of children's programming was rebranded as Children's BBC, for the first time the children's block had dedicated idents and an in-vision presenter. The BBC had broadcast children's programming using BBC1's team of regular duty announcers; the launch presenter for this block, thus the first Children's BBC presenter of the current format, was Phillip Schofield. During the 1990s, Children's BBC began to be referred to informally on-air as'CBBC'; the official billing name of Children's BBC remained in place, until the BBC's network-wide branding refresh of October 1997, when the official on-air branding changed to CBBC.. Further changes to the schedule were rolled out during the 1990s and 2000s, including the introduction in the late 1980s of Sunday morning programmes on BBC Two only during the Open University's winter break and subsequently year-round. In the 1990's, BBC Scotland introduced Children's BBC Scotland with a mixture of repeats and local programming such as Megamag and Up for It!, broadcast in the school holidays on BBC One Scotland and subsequently on BBC Two Scotland.
During this time, BBC Scotland opt out of the national presenters to broadcast their local version of the weekday morning breakfast show presented by Grant Stott and Gail Porter. From 1996 to 1999, CBBC programmes were shown on the channel Nickelodeon, as part of the CBBC on Nick programming block; the launch of digital channel BBC Choice in 1998 saw the channel broadcasting children's programming in a Saturday afternoon slot, subsequently replaced by the daily 6 am to 7 pm service CBBC on Choice, which aired archive pre-school programming and was itself the precursor of the current CBBC Channel and CBeebies services. In 2002, the launch of the CBBC Channel and the CBeebies Channel saw a wide variety of programmes, both new and archive, being shown again on the new channels from 6 am or 7 am until 7 pm. In 2005, the Secretary of State for Culture and Sport, Tessa Jowell, was questioned in the House of Commons as to whether a public service broadcaster should be broadcasting "lavatorial" humour.
Ms Jowell responded that it was the government's job to develop a charter for the BBC. In 2009, a report published by the BBC Trust found that scheduling changes which took place in February 2008, where programming ended at 17:15, had led to a decrease in viewers; this was noticeable for Blue Peter and Newsround, two of CBBC's flagship programmes. The changes were made following the BBC's loss of the rights to soap opera Neighbours, wh
The Sydney Morning Herald
The Sydney Morning Herald is a daily compact newspaper owned by Nine in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Founded in 1831 as the Sydney Herald, the SMH is the oldest continuously published newspaper in Australia and a national online news brand; the print version of the newspaper is published six days a week. The Sydney Morning Herald includes a variety including the magazines Good Weekend. There are a variety of lift-outs, some of them co-branded with online classified advertising sites: The Guide on Monday Good Food and Domain on Tuesday Money on Wednesday Drive, Shortlist on Friday News Review, Domain, Drive and MyCareer on SaturdayAs of February 2016, average week-day print circulation of the paper was 104,000; the editor is Lisa Davies. Former editors include Darren Goodsir, Judith Whelan, Sean Aylmer, Peter Fray, Meryl Constance, Amanda Wilson, William Curnow, Andrew Garran, Frederick William Ward, Charles Brunsdon Fletcher, Colin Bingham, Max Prisk, John Alexander, Paul McGeough, Alan Revell and Alan Oakley.
The February 2016 average circulation of the paper was 104,000. In December 2013, the Audit Bureau of Circulations's audit on newspaper circulation states a monthly average of 132,000 copies were sold, Monday to Friday, 228,000 copies on Saturday, both having declined 16% in 12 months. According to Roy Morgan Research Readership Surveys, in the twelve months to March 2011, the paper was read 766,000 times on Monday to Friday, read 1,014,000 times on Saturdays; the newspaper's website smh.com.au was rated by third-party web analytics providers Alexa and SimilarWeb as the 17th and 32nd most visited website in Australia as of July 2015. SimilarWeb rates the site as the fifth most visited news website in Australia and as the 42nd newspaper's website globally, attracting more than 15 million visitors per month, it is available nationally except in the Northern Territory. Limited copies of the newspaper are available at newsagents in New Zealand and at the High Commission of Australia, London. In 1831 three employees of the now-defunct Sydney Gazette, Ward Stephens, Frederick Stokes and William McGarvie, founded The Sydney Herald.
In 1931 a Centenary Supplement was published. The original four-page weekly had a print run of 750. In 1840, the newspaper began to publish daily. In 1841, an Englishman named John Fairfax purchased the operation, renaming it The Sydney Morning Herald the following year. Fairfax, whose family were to control the newspaper for 150 years, based his editorial policies "upon principles of candour and honour. We have no wish to mislead. During the decade 1890, Donald Murray worked there; the SMH was late to the trend of printing news rather than just advertising on the front page, doing so from 15 April 1944. Of the country's metropolitan dailies, only The West Australian was in making the switch. In 1949, the newspaper launched The Sunday Herald. Four years this was merged with the newly acquired Sun newspaper to create The Sun-Herald, which continues to this day. In 1995, the company launched the newspaper's web edition smh.com.au. The site has since grown to include interactive and multimedia features beyond the content in the print edition.
Around the same time, the organisation moved from Jones Street to new offices at Darling Park and built a new printing press at Chullora, in the city's west. The SMH has since moved with other Sydney Fairfax divisions to a building at Darling Island. In May 2007, Fairfax Media announced it would be moving from a broadsheet format to the smaller compact or tabloid-size, in the footsteps of The Times, for both The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age. Fairfax Media dumped these plans in the year. However, in June 2012, Fairfax Media again announced it planned to shift both broadsheet newspapers to tabloid size, in March 2013. Fairfax announced it would cut staff across the entire group by 1,900 over three years and erect paywalls around the papers' websites; the subscription type is to be a freemium model, limiting readers to a number of free stories per month, with a payment required for further access. The announcement was part of an overall "digital first" strategy of digital or on-line content over printed delivery, to "increase sharing of editorial content", to assist the management's wish for "full integration of its online and mobile platforms".
In July 2013 it was announced that the SMH's news director, Darren Goodsir, would become Editor-in-Chief, replacing Sean Aylmer. On 22 February 2014, the final Saturday edition was produced in broadsheet format with this too converted to compact format on 1 March 2014, ahead of the decommissioning of the printing plant at Chullora in June 2014. According to Irial Glynn, the newspaper's editorial stance is centrist, it is seen as the most centrist among the three major Australian non-tabloids. In 2004, the newspaper's editorial page stated: "market libertarianism and social liberalism" were the two "broad themes" that guided the Herald's editorial stance. During the 1999 referendum on whether Australia should become a republic, the Herald supported a "yes" vote; the newspaper did not endorse the Labor Party for federal office in the first six decades of Federation, but did endorse the party in 1961, 1984, 1987. During the 2004 Australian federal election, the Herald annou
Barton-under-Needwood is a large village in Staffordshire, England, a mile from the A38 between Burton upon Trent and Lichfield. It has a population of 5,000 and serves as a commuter centre for many residents working in Lichfield and Burton or further afield in Derby and Birmingham; the Tudor church of St James is a Grade II* listed building. It dates from 1517 and was built by Dr John Taylor, a native of the village, noted ecclesiastic, chaplain to Henry VIII, it is built of stone with embattled parapets. The aisles were widened in the 19th century, it has a clerestory and a polygonal apse. Both nave and chancel retain their original low pitched roofs; the church contains several monuments, notably including a 1691 alabaster mural monumentto Joseph Sanders and a marble tablet to Edmund Antrobus and his wife. The village has several shops and a village hall. Local infant/junior schools, a larger secondary school are located within the village: John Taylor High School, which serves Barton and the surrounding villages.
It has seven pubs. Barton has a large marina complex on the Trent and Mersey Canal, home to some 300 narrow boats, with shops, a pub, a cinema and restaurants; the village sports teams are based at the Holland Sports Club, which has facilities for cricket, rugby, tennis and tug of war. The club is named after the Holland family who were resident in Barton for 600 years from the 14th century to the mid 1900s; the earliest recorded member of the family was Richard de Holland, involved in the Battle of Burton Bridge in 1322. The tug of war team have won many national and international honours since forming in 1970 - including the title'Guinness World Record Holders' for a record in Tug of War Endurance, created in 2000, being selected to represent England at the 2008 World Tug of War Championships in Sweden, winning a World Open Silver Medal at the 2010 Championships in Pretoria, South Africa, see TWIF records'Tug of War International Federation'. Barton has four churches: St James C of E, Roman Catholic and Christadelphian.
The name of the village had "under Needwood" added in 1327 to distinguish it from the other Bartons in England. In 1995 a written history of Barton under Needwood was produced, named "Under the Needwood Tree", by Steve Gardner, with the assistance of a book committee. In 2001 Steve published a sequel, "Life and Times in Barton", in 2007 a further volume: "Memories of Old Barton". Dunstall Hall is a stately home about a mile outside Barton in the hamlet of Dunstall, it is used as a venue for weddings. Barton-under-Needwood Golf Club was founded in 1892; the club and course closed in the mid 1920s. The UK's first Travelodge was opened in 1985 on the A38 just outside the village. Between the 2005 and 2010 General Elections, the Needwood ward of East Staffordshire Borough Council was transferred from the Burton Parliamentary constituency to Lichfield. John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley KG nobleman and councillor of Henry VI, baptised in Barton John Taylor first Master of the Rolls, ambassador to France for King Henry VIII, funded the building of St. James Church between 1517 and 1533 and John Taylor High School was named in his honor.
Thomas Gisborne an English Anglican priest and curate of Barton from 1783 to 1820 George Edward Anson a courtier and British politician from the Anson family. Walter Lyon an English cricketer who played for Cambridge University between 1861 and 1863 Clement Charlton Palmer cathedral organist in Canterbury Cathedral from 1908 to 1936 Sir Stanley Clarke CBE, DL an English businessman, a self-made millionaire property developer, horse racing enthusiast and philanthropist Peter Hart a British military historian who grew up in Barton Ben Salfield an English lutenist and teacher Brian Mills played 23 games for Port Vale and taught Physics and Maths at John Taylor High School The Parish Of Barton Under Needwood In Staffordshire - G. E. Carey Barton's Railway - G. E. Carey History Of Thomas Russell, Draper And Barton Under Needwood School - G. E. Carey Barton in the Domesday Book
The Fourth Doctor is an incarnation of the Doctor, the protagonist of the BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who. He was portrayed by Tom Baker. Within the series' narrative, the Doctor is a centuries-old Time Lord from the planet Gallifrey who travels in time and space in his TARDIS with companions. At the end of life, the Doctor can regenerate his body. Baker portrays the fourth such incarnation, a whimsical and sometimes brooding individual whose enormous personal warmth is at times tempered by his capacity for righteous anger, his initial companion was intrepid journalist Sarah Jane Smith, who had travelled alongside him in his previous incarnation, she is joined by surgeon Harry Sullivan. His companions included robotic dog K9, savage alien warrior Leela, Time Lady Romana, alien teenage aristocrat Nyssa, teen genius Adric, Australian flight attendant Tegan. Baker portrayed the character for seven consecutive seasons, which remains the longest tenure of any actor to portray the lead, counting both the classic and modern series.
He is considered to be the most recognisable and iconic incarnation of the Doctor both in the United Kingdom and internationally. The Fourth Doctor appeared in 172 episodes over a seven-year period, from 1974 to 1981; this makes him the longest running on-screen Doctor of the series. He appeared in the specials The Five Doctors and made his final appearance as the Doctor in the charity special Dimensions in Time. Tom Baker reappeared in the 50th anniversary special as a mysterious curator; this incarnation is regarded as the most recognisable of the Doctors and one of the most popular in the United States. In polls conducted by Doctor Who Magazine, Tom Baker has lost the "Best Doctor" category only three times: once to Sylvester McCoy in 1990, twice to David Tennant in 2006 and 2009; the Fourth Doctor's eccentric style of dress and speech – his trademark long scarf and fondness for Jelly Babies – made him an recognisable figure and he captivated the viewing public's imagination. Producer Philip Hinchcliffe has stated that the Fourth Doctor's Bohemian appearance and anti-establishment views appealed to older, college-age students.
The Fourth Doctor's time enjoyed a significant boost in viewing figures, averaging between 8 and 10 million viewers in just his first year. By 1979, the figures averaged between 9 and 11 million, going as high as 16.1 million for the final episode of City of Death. There are novels and audio plays featuring the Fourth Doctor. Two early audio plays featuring Tom Baker voicing the Fourth Doctor date from Baker's television tenure as he had declined to appear in any further audio plays since leaving the series. In 2009, however, it was announced. After contracting radiation poisoning from the crystals of the planet Metebelis 3, the Third Doctor makes his way back to UNIT headquarters in the TARDIS, where the Time Lord K'Anpo Rimpoche aids him in regenerating. In his new incarnation, the Doctor is eager to leave Earth in favour of exploration, thus drawing back from continuous involvement with UNIT, he has grown tired of working for the Time Lords. Despite attempts to avoid them altogether, the Time Lords continue to send him on occasional missions, including an attempt to prevent the creation of the Daleks, during which he meets Davros.
The Doctor travels with journalist Sarah Jane Smith, whom he had befriended prior to his regeneration, for a time, with UNIT Surgeon-Lieutenant Harry Sullivan. After a battle with Zygons in Scotland, Harry decided that taking the train was safer than the TARDIS, which the Doctor and Sarah chose to try to make an appointment in London. Instead they ended up on the planet Zeta Minor, located at the far edge of the known universe. From this point on the Doctor and Sarah travelled alone; the Doctor's companionship with Sarah Jane came to an end when he received a telepathic summons to Gallifrey, as humans were not allowed on the planet. The summons turns out to be part of a trap set by his enemy the Master; the renegade Time Lord has used up all his regenerations and has degenerated into little more than a withered skeletal husk. The Doctor is framed for the assassination of the President of the High Council of Time Lords and put on trial. To avoid execution, the Doctor invokes an obscure law and declares himself a candidate for the office, giving himself the time he needs to prove his innocence and expose the real culprit.
This results in a climactic battle with the Master. The Doctor is seen to travel alone for the first time, returning to a planet he had visited centuries before. During his previous visit, he had accidentally imprinted his own mind on a human colony ship's powerful computer, leaving it with multiple personalities. On his second visit the Doctor is now remembered as an evil god by the descendants of the colonists, some of whom