The Powerhouse Museum is the major branch of the Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences in Sydney, the other being the historic Sydney Observatory. Although described as a science museum, the Powerhouse has a diverse collection encompassing all sorts of technology including decorative arts, communication, costume, media, computer technology, space technology and steam engines, it has existed in various guises for over 125 years, is home to some 400,000 artifacts, many of which are displayed or housed at the site it has occupied since 1988, for which it is named – a converted electric tram power station in the Inner West suburb of Ultimo constructed in 1902. It is well known, a popular Sydney tourist destination; the Powerhouse Museum may be relocated to Parramatta in the future. The Powerhouse Museum has its origins in a recommendation of the trustees of the Australian Museum in 1878 and the Sydney International Exhibition of 1879 and Melbourne International Exhibition of 1880; some exhibits from these events were kept to constitute the original collection of the new Technological and Sanitary Museum of New South Wales.
The museum was intended to be housed in the exhibition buildings known as the Garden Palace, which were destroyed by a fire in September 1882. A temporary home at the Agricultural Hall in the Domain served until relocated to new, purpose-built premises in Harris Street as the Technological Museum in August 1893, it incorporated the Sydney Observatory in 1982. The museum moved to its present location in March 1988, took its present name from this new location. In February 2015, the State Government controversially announced that the museum would be relocated to Parramatta, however this plan is now under review. On 18 July 2017, the Nine Network reported that the Powerhouse Museum would stay in its current location, an announcement from the NSW government in April 2017 suggested that the Powerhouse Museum may stay in its current location; the Powerhouse Museum houses a number of unique exhibits including the oldest operational rotative steam engine in the world, the Whitbread Engine. Dating from 1785, it is one of only a handful remaining, built by Boulton and Watt and was acquired from Whitbread's London Brewery in 1888.
This engine was named a Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1986. Another important exhibit is Locomotive No. 1, the first steam locomotive to haul a passenger train in New South Wales, built by Robert Stephenson & Company in 1854. The most popular exhibit is arguably "The Strasburg Clock Model", built in 1887 by a 25-year-old Sydney watchmaker named Richard Smith, it is a working model of the famous Strasbourg astronomical clock in Strasbourg Cathedral. Smith had never seen the original when he built it but worked from a pamphlet which described its timekeeping and astronomical functions; the museum hosts a number of permanent exhibitions, including many concerning different modes of transport and communication. The transport exhibition looks at transport through the ages, from horse-drawn carts through steam engines and planes to the latest hybrid technology. On display is Steam Locomotive No. 1243, which served for 87 years, oldest contractor built locomotive in Australia.
It stands beside a mock-up of a railway platform, on the other side of, the Governor of New South Wales's railway carriage, of the 1880s. In this exhibition is the original Central railway station destination board, relocated to the museum in the 1980s when the station was refurbished. Powerhouse Museum restored the locomotives 3830, restored to operational order in 1997 and 3265, restored in 2009 after 40 years off the rails. Sydney's last Hansom Cab was donated to the Museum by its driver, who left it at the gates of the Harris Street building. There is a horse-drawn bus and collection of motorbikes. Suspended aeroplanes, which can be better viewed from balconies, include the Catalina that Sir Patrick Gordon Taylor flew on the first flight from Australia to South America and in which he brought home 29 soldiers from New Guinea in 1945. There is a Queenair Scout, the first Flying Doctor Service plane. Among the cars is a 1913 Sheffield Simplex, one of only 8 in the world. A four-minute film shows old footage of public transport.
The Powerhouse Museum has Sydney trams C11, O805, R1738, steam tram motor 28A, hearse car 27s and Manly horse car 292. This exhibition is remarkable in that nearly all of the engines on display are operational and are demonstrated working on steam power. Together with the Boulton and Watt engine, the Museum's locomotives, steam truck and traction engines, they are a unique working collection tracing the development of steam power from the 1770s to the 1930s. Engines on display include an 1830s Maudslay engine, a Ransom and Jeffries agricultural engine and the Broken Hill Fire Brigade's horse-drawn pump-engine; the museum owns a collection of mechanical musical instruments, of which the fairground barrel organ is located in the steam exhibition, where it is powered by a small fairground engine. The Space exhibition looks at space and discoveries relating to it, it includes a life size model space-shuttle cockpit. It has a feature on Australian satellites and joins the Transport exhibit through an underground temporary exhibit walkway and two side entrances.
The "EcoLogic" exhibition focuses on the challenges facing the environment, human impact, ways and technologies to stop this effect. There is a house setup called Ecohouse where people toggle light variables to see the outcome as well as
Shaun Patrick Micallef is an Australian actor and writer. After ten years of working in insurance law as a solicitor in Adelaide, Micallef moved to Melbourne to pursue a full-time comedy career in 1993, he first gained recognition as a cast member of the sketch comedy show Full Frontal, which led to a number of television roles including his own sketch show, The Micallef Pogram, the sitcom Welcher & Welcher and the variety show Micallef Tonight. He fronted the satirical news comedy series Newstopia on SBS, hosted the game show Talkin"Bout Your Generation on Network Ten for four seasons, Shaun Micallef's Mad as Hell on the ABC, he co-created and starred in Mr & Mrs Murder on Network Ten. In addition to his television work Micallef has appeared on stage, most notably in the Australian production of Boeing Boeing and on radio as the co-host of Melbourne station Vega 91.5 FM's morning program. He is a published author with three books: Smithereens and The President's Desk. Micallef was born in Adelaide, South Australia, is of Maltese and Irish descent.
His father worked for a company that sold parts for Volvos and his mother was employed at the Adelaide Bank. As a child, Micallef lived in Clovelly Park and attended St Bernadette's School in St Marys St Joseph's Catholic School in Mitchell Park before moving on to Sacred Heart Senior College where he was the College Captain. Micallef studied law at the University of Adelaide, where he was involved in comedy revues involving Francis Greenslade and Gary McCaffrie, with whom he continues to work. Shaun Micallef was influenced by The Goons, Peter Sellers, Marx Brothers, S. J. Perelman, James Thurber, Spike Milligan, Barry Humphries, Frank Muir, Monty Python, Woody Allen. In 1972, having three younger sisters taking ballet classes, ten-year-old Micallef was asked to help out when a dance routine required a boy; the following year he auditioned for the Bunyip Children's Theatre and over the next four years participated in plays that they performed in the Scott Theatre during school holidays. In 1976 he doubled for Humphrey B.
Bear for personal appearances. Micallef was a practising solicitor for ten years in the field of insurance law before making the decision to move to Melbourne and pursue a full-time career in comedy in 1993, he relates the story that, while working as a solicitor, he talked so much about making a career change and becoming a comedian that his wife Leandra gave him an ultimatum: she marked a date on a calendar and told him to quit his job and become a comedian by that date or never talk about it again. Following early TV appearances on Theatre Sports and The Big Gig, in early 1993 Micallef was offered a job writing for the Jimeoin show, soon followed by an offer to write for the sketch comedy show Full Frontal where six months he took on the role as co-producer with Gary McCaffrie. In 1994, Micallef became a full-time cast member of Full Frontal, where he became well known for characters such as Milo Kerrigan, Nobby Doldrums and a send-up of Italian male model Fabio. Micallef recalls that the show was a good introduction to television comedy because, with an ensemble cast, its success did not hinge on his performance and he had more freedom to make and learn from mistakes.
However, he was frustrated with the lack of control he had over his work in the series as well as the repetition of characters and gags. Micallef's role on Full Frontal led to a 1996 special Shaun Micallef's World Around Him and three seasons of the two-time Logie Award-winning ABC series The Micallef Program, which he co-wrote and produced with long-time writing partner Gary McCaffrie. Since the series' end he has created and starred in two short-lived television series, the sitcom Welcher & Welcher and the variety show Micallef Tonight, devised a series of telemovies, BlackJack. Micallef has had acting roles in the television series SeaChange, Through My Eyes and Offspring as well as supporting roles in the films Bad Eggs, The Honourable Wally Norman, The Extra and The King. In 2006, he was a recurring guest on the Network Ten Improvisational theatre show Thank God You're Here. In 2007, along with partners McCaffrie and Michael Ward, Micallef developed the satirical comedy program Newstopia, which he hosted.
The show began airing on 10 October 2007 on SBS and in August 2008 it was announced that a third series had been commissioned. In 2009, Micallef joined the Ten Network and hosted Talkin"Bout Your Generation, which aired for four seasons. In 2012, Micallef began hosting ABC1's Shaun Micallef's Mad as Hell, he co-created Mr & Mrs Murder, a crime comedy television series for Channel Ten which aired in 2013, starred in the lead role of Charlie Buchanan alongside Kat Stewart. That year, Micallef signed on to voice the artificially intelligent robot REEF in the Australian feature length science fiction film Arrowhead. In September 2005, Micallef began hosting the breakfast show "Shaun and Denise" on Melbourne radio station Vega 91.5 FM with comedian Denise Scott and television presenter Beverley O'Connor. In July 2006, comedian Dave O'Neil took over as host and the show was renamed "Dave and Denise with Shaun Micallef". Micallef left the network on 23 November 2007. Micallef released a book, published in 2004 and contains a collection of prose and plays.
He describes it as a collection of "all sorts of bits and pieces I have written". His second book, a novella titled Preincarnate, was released in 2010. In October 2014, Micallef released his third book, The Pres
The Sullivans is an Australian drama television series produced by Crawford Productions which ran on the Nine Network from 15 November 1976 until 10 March 1983. The series tells the story of a fictitional average middle-class Melbourne family and the effect that the Second World War and the immediate post-war events had on their lives, it covers the period between 1 September 1939 to 22 August 1948. It was a consistent ratings success in Australia, became popular in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Gibraltar and New Zealand; the show was purchased by Channel Nine without a pilot program being produced. They commissioned 34 hours with a view to extension. Fourteen writers were assigned to the thirteen plot lines, devised; the cast had not been established when they started writing the series and three months they still had only two cast members, Vikki Hammond and Noni Hazlehurst. When researching the time period, the set designer Nick Rossendale said at the time "when you are dealing with a period of time, well within living memory, you have to watch things carefully".
Hence, the painstaking research into the reality of the show. In 1976, the show was regarded as an ambitious project with the biggest budget for a commercial network series, it reputedly cost one million dollars to set up. The story began with the declaration of war against Germany. From the outset the series focused on the Sullivan family of fictitious address 7 Gordon Street, Victoria, along with neighbourhood friends and associates; the majority of show's storylines related to the war, focusing on either the fighting itself or its effect on the Sullivan family. Scenes of battles in North Africa, Crete, New Guinea and Malaya were all filmed in or around Melbourne. However, some of the exterior scenes in the Netherlands were filmed in Amsterdam; the series was renowned for its high production standards. The programme's researchers went to great lengths to ensure both cultural accuracy. Many scenes were timestamped and the scripts referenced actual military developments and events of the time, such as discussion of specific battles, sporting results and cinematic releases.
For instance, this went down to the weather, where the researchers checked through back copies of newspapers. Authentic 1930s furniture was located and used on sets, while kitchen pantries and the corner store were stocked with packaged goods of the era; the set designer Nick Rossendale said. He went on to say that the big companies would say to him they didn't have anything for him but he persisted by asking if he could look through their warehouses. "When I got in, I found something", he said. "It's amazing. The forgotten stuff, lying around was unbelievable. No one knew it was there."For instance, he found "hundreds of old pub mirrors labels clean and unused" with every one of them "for a certain period of time". He said "to reproduce these would have cost a fortune but we can now label any product – can or bottle – with a real label so it won't be a reproduction at all." Grace Sullivan – – born 24 October 1900 was the Sullivan matriarch. The daughter of Dr Edmond Donovan, she married David Sullivan, a young soldier invalided from the battlefront, on 4 April 1919.
She was intelligent and respected by her family. Although opposed to her sons enlisting to fight, she came to terms with this. Grace was a devout Catholic, which sometimes created tension with husband Dave, a non-practising Anglican. In the series she flew to London at the request of the War Office, to assist with the recovery of her son John. There she was killed when a German V-1 flying bomb struck John's flat on 6 July 1944. Dave Sullivan – born 19 February 1898 – was an upright, hard-working and somewhat old-fashioned patriarch, he was a foreman at a small engineering firm and a veteran of the First World War, serving in the light horse in the Middle East. At the outbreak of war in 1939 Dave encouraged his sons to fight. Dave was hit by a car on 20 August 1948 and he died the following day, an event that marked the final scenes of the entire series. John – born 12 October 1919 was Dave and Grace's eldest child. A medical student at Melbourne University in 1939, he was vehemently opposed to the war, leading to many confrontations with his more traditionalist father.
John's relationship with German-born Anna Kaufman caused complications. Anna died on 20 December 1940. After her death, John relented and joined the medical corps, leaving the family on 4 June 1941, he was lost at sea and, for two years, presumed dead. His return to the series prompted Grace Sullivan to fly to England. John featured in "The John Sullivan Story" and intermittently in the series again between episodes 505 and 616. Tom – born 12 June 1921 was the second Sullivan child, an engineering student who, unlike his brother John, was keen to sign up and fight for his country. Tom served the duration of the series in the military, serving in North Africa, Crete, the Netherlands and Malaya and reaching officer rank. Late in the series he returned to civilian life, took up university studies and married an American lawyer, Patti Spencer on 4 September 1946, though it was not a successful marria
The Muppets are an ensemble cast of puppet characters known for their absurdist and self-referential style of variety-sketch comedy. Created by Jim and Jane Henson in 1955, they are the namesake for the Disney media franchise that encompasses television, music and other media associated with the characters; the Muppets originated in the short-form television series Sam and Friends, which aired from 1955 to 1961. Following appearances on late night talk shows and in advertising during the 1960s, the Muppets began appearing on Sesame Street in 1969; the Muppets attained celebrity status and international recognition through The Muppet Show, which garnered four Primetime Emmy Award wins and twenty-one nominations during its five-year run. During the 1970s and 1980s, the Muppets diversified into theatrical feature films, including The Muppet Movie; the Walt Disney Company began involvement with the Muppets in the late 1980s, during which Henson entered negotiations to sell The Jim Henson Company.
The Muppets continued their media presence in the 1990s with television series The Jim Henson Hour and Muppets Tonight, both of which were similar in format to The Muppet Show, three films: The Muppet Christmas Carol, Muppet Treasure Island, Muppets from Space. Disney acquired the Muppets in February 2004, allowing the characters to gain broader public exposure than in previous years. Under Disney, subsequent projects included two films: The Muppets Most Wanted. Throughout their six-decade career, the Muppets have been regarded as a staple of the entertainment industry and popular culture in the United States, receiving recognition from various cultural institutions and organizations, including the American Film Institute, Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, Library of Congress, the Hollywood Walk of Fame; the Muppets were created by puppeteer Jim Henson in the 1950s. Conceived for an adult audience, Henson claimed, recanted, that he coined the term "Muppet" as a portmanteau of the words "marionette" and "puppet".
In 1955, the Muppets were introduced in Sam and Friends, a short-form television series produced for WRC-TV in Washington D. C. Developed by Henson and his future wife Jane Nebel, the series was the first form of puppet media not to incorporate a physical proscenium arch typical of such works, relying instead on the natural framing of the television set through which it was viewed. During the 1960s, the characters—in particular and Rowlf the Dog—appeared in skits on several late-night talk shows and on television commercials, including The Ed Sullivan Show. Rowlf became the first Muppet character to appear on network television when he began appearing with Jimmy Dean on The Jimmy Dean Show. In 1966, Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett began developing a children's educational television program and approached Henson to design a cast of Muppet characters during this stage. Produced by the Children's Television Workshop, the program debuted as Sesame Street in 1969. Henson and his creative team became involved with Sesame Street during the years that followed.
Sesame Street garnered a positive response, the Muppets' involvement in the series was touted to be a vital component of its increasing popularity, providing an "effective and pleasurable viewing" method of presentation for its educational curriculum. In the early 1970s, the Muppets continued their presence in television appearing in The Land of Gorch segments during the first season of Saturday Night Live; as his involvement with Sesame Street continued, Henson mused about the possibility of creating a network television series featuring the Muppets. Two pilot specials, The Muppets Valentine Show and The Muppet Show: Sex and Violence, aired on ABC in 1974 and 1975, respectively. After ABC passed on the pilots and no other major American network expressed interest in backing the project, British producer Lew Grade approached Henson and agreed to co-produce the series for Associated Television. Debuting in 1976, The Muppet Show introduced new characters such as Miss Piggy, Fozzie Bear and Animal alongside existing characters such as Kermit and Rowlf.
Aired in first-run syndication in the United States, The Muppet Show became popular due to its sketch-variety format, unique form of humor, prolific roster of guest stars. The series received twenty-one Primetime Emmy Award nominations during its run and won four, including Outstanding Variety Series in 1978; the success of The Muppet Show allowed Henson Associates to diversify into theatrical films centered on the Muppets, the first of which, The Muppet Movie, was released in 1979. Following The Muppet Movie were The Great Muppet Caper and The Muppets Take Manhattan, released in 1981 and 1984, respectively. Collectively, the three films received four Academy Award nominations. In 1983, Henson debuted Fraggle Rock, which aired on HBO in the United States until 1987. In the late 1980s, Henson entered discussions with Michael Eisner and The Walt Disney Company, in which the latter would acquire Jim Henson Productions and, in turn, the Muppets. Disney expressed interest in purchasing the company for $150 million.
In addition, Eisner expressed a desire to include the Sesam
National Film and Sound Archive
The National Film and Sound Archive of Australia is Australia’s audiovisual archive, responsible for developing, maintaining and providing access to a national collection of copies of film, television and radio audiovisual materials and related items. The collection ranges from works created in the late nineteenth century when the recorded sound and film industries were in their infancy to those made in the present day; the Archive was formally established as the National Historical Film and Speaking Record Library in 1935, becoming an independent cultural organisation in 1984. On 3 October, Prime Minister Bob Hawke opened the NFSA’s headquarters in Canberra; the work of the Archive can be dated to the establishment of the National Historical Film and Speaking Record Library by a Cabinet decision on 11 December 1935. After being part of the National Library of Australia, its predecessors, for nearly 50 years, the National Film and Sound Archive was created as a separate Commonwealth collecting institution through an announcement in Parliament on 5 April 1984 that took immediate effect.
At that time, an Advisory Committee was established to guide the institution. On 21 June 1999, the name was changed to ScreenSound Australia, the National Collection of Screen and Sound, changed again in early 2000 to ScreenSound Australia, National Screen and Sound Archive, it reverted to its original name, National Film and Sound Archive, in December 2004. Meanwhile, consequent on amendments to the Australian Film Commission Act which took effect on 1 July 2003, it ceased to be a semi-autonomous entity within the Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts and became an integrated branch a division, of the Australian Film Commission, a funding and promotional body. In 2007, the Liberal Government announced the creation of a new agency to be called Screen Australia which would incorporate the main functions of the Film Finance Corporation, the Australian Film Commission, Film Australia. Following elections in November 2007, the new Labor Government implemented an election promise to allow the NFSA to become a statutory authority, similar to other major cultural institutions including the National Library of Australia, the National Gallery of Australia and the National Museum of Australia.
The NFSA Act became law on 20 March 2008 and came into effect on 1 July 2008, with celebrations held that day. The Archive's first Board as a Statutory Authority comprised: Professor Chris Puplick AM Associate Professor Deb Verhoeven Professor Jill Matthews Ms Grace Koch Ms Catherine Robinson Mr Andrew Pike OAM Mr Philip Mortlock Ms Gabrielle Trainor Mr Wayne Denning Ms Toni Cody Mr Paul Neville Mr Peter Rose Ms Fiona Scott Mr Kim Ledger Ms Caroline Elliot The National Collection includes more than 2.8 million items, encompassing sound, radio and film. In addition to discs, videos, audio tapes, phonograph cylinders and wire recordings, the Collection includes supporting documents and artefacts, such as personal papers and organisational records, posters, lobby cards, scripts, props and sound, video and film equipment. Notable holdings include: The Cinesound Movietone Australian Newsreel Collection, 1929-1975: comprehensive collection of 4,000 newsreel films and documentaries representing news stories covering all major events in Australian history and entertainment from 1929 to 1975.
Inscribed on the Australian Memory of the World Register in 2003. The Story of the Kelly Gang, 1906: directed by Charles Tait, is the first full-length narrative feature film produced anywhere in the world, was inscribed onto the International Memory of the World Register in 2007; the earliest Australian sound recording,'The Hen Convention', a novelty song by vocalist John James Villiers, with piano accompaniment, recorded by Thomas Rome in 1896. A 2010 study compared the curatorial practices of accessioning and cataloging for NFSA collections and for YouTube with regard to access to older Australian television programs, it found the NFSA to be stronger in current affairs and older programs, YouTube stronger in game shows, lifestyle programs, "human interest" material. YouTube cataloging was found to have fewer broken links than the NFSA collection, YouTube metadata could be searched more intuitively; the NFSA was found to provide more useful reference information about production and broadcast dates.
Film Australia Collection: contains a diverse range of more than 3,000 titles of Australian documentary and educational programs, spanning a century of Commonwealth documentary and docu-drama titles. The Sounds of Australia is the NFSA’s selection of sound recordings with cultural and aesthetic significance and relevance, which inform or reflect life in Australia, it was established in 2007. Each year, the Australian public nominates new sounds to be added with final selections determined by a panel of industry experts. NFSA Restores is the NFSA's program to digitise and preserve, at the highest archival standards and cult Australian films so they can be seen on the big screen in today’s digital cinemas. Oral History Collection Non-Theatrical Lending Collection: Non-theatrical screenings take place on a non-commercial basis and are held by: educational, cultural and religious institutions. Australian Jazz Archive The building to which the Archive mo
Neighbours is an Australian television soap opera. It was first broadcast on the Seven Network on 18 March 1985, it was created by TV executive Reg Watson, who proposed the idea of making a show that focused on realistic stories and portrayed adults and teenagers who talk and solve their problems together. Seven decided to commission the show following the success of Watson's shorter-lived soap Sons and Daughters, which aired on the network. Although successful in Melbourne, Neighbours underperformed in the Sydney market and struggled for months before Seven cancelled it; the show was bought by rival network Ten. After taking over production of the show, the new network had to build replica sets because Seven destroyed the originals to prevent its rival from obtaining them. Ten began screening Neighbours on 20 January 1986, beginning where the previous series left off and commencing with episode 171. Neighbours has since become the longest running drama series in Australian television and in 2005, it was inducted collectively into the Logie Hall of Fame.
The show's storylines concern the domestic and professional lives of the people who live and work in Erinsborough, a fictional suburb of Melbourne, Victoria. The series centres on the residents of Ramsay Street, a short cul-de-sac, its neighbouring area, the Lassiters complex, which includes a bar, cafe, police station, lawyers' office and park. Neighbours began with three families created by Watson -- the Robinsons and the Clarkes. Watson said; the Robinsons and the Ramsays were involved in an ongoing rivalry. Pin Oak Court, in Vermont South, is the real cul-de-sac that has doubled for Ramsay Street since 1985. All of the houses featured are real and the residents allow the production to shoot external scenes in their yards; the interior scenes are filmed at the Global Television studios in Forest Hill. Through its entire run in Australia, Neighbours has been screened as a twenty-two-minute episode each week night in an early-evening slot. Neighbours moved to Ten's digital channel, Eleven on 11 January 2011, it is broadcast each weeknight at 6:30 pm.
The show is produced by FremantleMedia Australia and has been sold to over sixty countries around the world, making it one of Australia's most successful media exports. Neighbours was first screened in the United Kingdom in October 1986 on BBC1 where it achieved huge popularity among British audiences in the late 1980s and 1990s. In 2008, it moved to the UK's Channel 5. From 2018, the show became the first Australian drama to air all year round after securing a new deal with Channel 5. Neighbours was created in the early-to-mid-1980s by Australian TV executive Reg Watson. Watson decided to create a soap opera after working on Crossroads and seeing how successful it and Coronation Street were in Britain, he had created such successful Australian made soap operas as The Young Doctors and Sons and Daughters. Watson proposed the idea of making a show that would focus on more realistic stories and portray teens and adults who talk to each other and solve their problems together. Watson, who worked for the Grundy production company, decided to make his show appeal to both Australia and Britain.
In 2005, Darren Devlyn and Caroline Frost from the Herald Sun reported that Watson took his idea to the Nine Network in 1982, but it was rejected. Former Network Nine chief executive Ian Johnson commented that it was one of the "biggest missed opportunities" in his twenty-four years at the network, he added "I remember it being discussed, but I'm not sure what went against it. It may have had something to do with the fact we'd picked up Sale of the Century with Tony Barber in 1980 and it was doing huge business, so we didn't have a pressing need for a five-night-a-week show." Watson took his idea to the Seven Network, who commissioned the show, following the success of his other Seven Network soap opera and Daughters. Several titles for the show were discussed, including People Like Us, One Way Street, No Through Road and Living Together until the network programmers voted on Neighbours; the first episode was broadcast on 18 March 1985 and reviews for the show were favourable. However, the Melbourne-produced programme underperformed in the Sydney market and after a meeting of the general managers, Seven decided to drop the show in October 1985.
Seven's Melbourne programme boss, Gary Fenton said Sydney chief Ted Thomas told the other general managers that Seven could not afford three dramas and argued that the Sydney-based A Country Practice and Sons and Daughters be retained. Neighbours was bought by Seven's rival Network Ten; the new network had to build replica sets when it took over production after Seven destroyed the original sets to prevent the rival network obtaining them. Ten began screening the series with episode 171 on 20 January 1986. In 1986, the series was bought by the BBC as part of their new daytime schedule in the United Kingdom. Neighbours made its debut on BBC1 on 27 October 1986 starting with the pilot episode, it soon gained a loyal audience and the show became popular with younger viewers, before long was watched by up to 16 million viewers - more than the entire population of Australia at the time. In 1988 Neighbours became the only television show to have its entire cast flown over to the UK to make an appearance at the Royal Variety Performance in front of the Queen.
Neighbours has since become the longest running drama series in Australian television and the seventh longest running serial drama still on the air in the world. In 2005, Neighbours celebrated its 20th anniversary and over twenty former cast members r