Anthony Gerard Richard Cronin was an Irish poet, biographer, commentator and arts activist. Anthony Cronin was born in Enniscorthy, County Wexford in December 1928. After obtaining a B. A. from the National University of Ireland, he entered the King's Inns and was called to the Bar. With Flann O’Brien, Patrick Kavanagh and Con Leventhal, Cronin celebrated the first Bloomsday in 1954, he contributed including Flann O'Brien: Man of Parts and Folio. He had honorary doctorates from several institutions, including Dublin University, the National University of Ireland and the University of Poznan; as an arts activist and adviser on arts and culture to the Taoiseach Charles Haughey, Cronin was the originator of such initiatives as Aosdána, the Irish Museum of Modern Art and the Heritage Council. He was the inspiration for, a founding member of, Aosdána, was elected its first Saoi in 2003. Cronin was a member of the Toscaireacht, until his death, he was a member of the governing bodies of the Irish Museum of Modern Art and the National Gallery of Ireland, of which he was for a time Acting Chairman.
Cronin began his literary career as a contributor to A Review of Literature and Art. He was editor of The Bell in the 1950s and literary editor of Tide, he wrote a weekly column, "Viewpoint", in the Irish Times from 1974 to 1980. He contributed a column on poetry to the Sunday Independent, his first collection of poems, called Poems, was published in 1958. Several collections followed and his Collected Poems was published in 2004; the End of the Modern World, written over several decades, was his final publication. Cronin's first novel, The Life of Riley, is a satire on bohemian life in Ireland in the mid-20th century, while his memoir Dead as Doornails addresses the same subject, he wrote landmark biographies of two Irish writers, No Laughing Matter: The Life and Times of Flann O'Brien and Samuel Beckett: The Last Modernist. From 1966 to 1968 Cronin was a visiting lecturer at the University of Montana and from 1968 to 1970 he was poet in residence at Drake University. Cronin was married to Thérèse Campbell.
She died in 1999. They had two daughters and Sarah. Cronin died on 27 December 2016 at the age of 88, he was survived by his daughter Sarah. Verse: main collections Poems Collected Poems, 1950-73 Reductionist Poem RMS Titanic 41 Sonnet Poems New and Selected Poems Letters to an Englishman The End of the Modern World Relationships Minotaur Collected Poems The Fall Body and Soul Novels The Life of Riley. Identity Papers Literary Criticism and Commentary Botteghe oscure: quaderno XII, Roma, A Question of Modernity, a collection of critical essays Heritage Now: Irish Literature in the English Language An Irish Eye Art for the People?: Letters from the "New Island" Ireland: A Week in the Life of a Nation, text by An Illustrated Historical Map of Ireland, text by Personal Anthology: Selections from his Sunday Independent Feature Plays The Shame of It, printed in The Dublin Magazine, pp.29-67. Memoirs Dead as Doornails Biographies No Laughing Matter: The Life and Times of Flann O'Brien Samuel Beckett: The Last Modernist As Editor New Poems, ed. Anthony Cronin, Jon Silkin & Terence Tiller The Courtship of Phelim O’Toole, Stories by William Carleton About Cronin Where the Poet Has Been, Michael Kane: portraits of Anthony Cronin and paintings inspired by his poems, with an essay by Ulick O'Connor Aosdána Irish Writers Online Ricorso New Island
Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on economic freedom. Related to economic liberalism, it developed in the early 19th century, building on ideas from the previous century as a response to urbanisation and to the Industrial Revolution in Europe and the United States. Notable individuals whose ideas contributed to classical liberalism include John Locke, Jean-Baptiste Say, Thomas Robert Malthus and David Ricardo, it drew on the classical economic ideas espoused by Adam Smith in Book One of The Wealth of Nations and on a belief in natural law and progress. The term classical liberalism has been applied in retrospect to distinguish earlier 19th-century liberalism from social liberalism. Core beliefs of classical liberals included new ideas—which departed from both the older conservative idea of society as a family and from the sociological concept of society as complex set of social networks.
Classical liberals believe that individuals are "egoistic, coldly calculating inert and atomistic" and that society is no more than the sum of its individual members. Classical liberals agreed with Thomas Hobbes that government had been created by individuals to protect themselves from each other and that the purpose of government should be to minimize conflict between individuals that would otherwise arise in a state of nature; these beliefs were complemented by a belief that laborers could be best motivated by financial incentive. This belief led to the passage of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, which limited the provision of social assistance, based on the idea that markets are the mechanism that most efficiently leads to wealth. Adopting Thomas Robert Malthus's population theory, they saw poor urban conditions as inevitable, believed population growth would outstrip food production and thus regarded that consequence desirable because starvation would help limit population growth, they opposed any income or wealth redistribution, believing it would be dissipated by the lowest orders.
Drawing on ideas of Adam Smith, classical liberals believed that it is in the common interest that all individuals be able to secure their own economic self-interest. They were critical of what would come to be the idea of the welfare state as interfering in a free market. Despite Smith’s resolute recognition of the importance and value of labor and of laborers, classical liberals selectively criticized labour's group rights being pursued at the expense of individual rights while accepting corporations' rights, which led to inequality of bargaining power. Classical liberals argued that individuals should be free to obtain work from the highest-paying employers while the profit motive would ensure that products that people desired were produced at prices they would pay. In a free market, both labor and capital would receive the greatest possible reward while production would be organized efficiently to meet consumer demand. Classical liberals argued for what they called a minimal state, limited to the following functions: A government to protect individual rights and to provide services that cannot be provided in a free market.
A common national defense to provide protection against foreign invaders. Laws to provide protection for citizens from wrongs committed against them by other citizens, which included protection of private property, enforcement of contracts and common law. Building and maintaining public institutions. Public works that included a stable currency, standard weights and measures and building and upkeep of roads, harbors, railways and postal services. Classical liberals asserted that rights are of a negative nature and therefore stipulate that other individuals and governments are to refrain from interfering with the free market, opposing social liberals who assert that individuals have positive rights, such as the right to vote, the right to an education, the right to health care and the right to a living wage. For society to guarantee positive rights, it requires taxation over and above the minimum needed to enforce negative rights. Core beliefs of classical liberals did not include democracy or government by a majority vote by citizens because "there is nothing in the bare idea of majority rule to show that majorities will always respect the rights of property or maintain rule of law".
For example, James Madison argued for a constitutional republic with protections for individual liberty over a pure democracy, reasoning that in a pure democracy a "common passion or interest will, in every case, be felt by a majority of the whole and there is nothing to check the inducements to sacrifice the weaker party". In the late 19th century, classical liberalism developed into neo-classical liberalism, which argued for government to be as small as possible to allow the exercise of individual freedom. In its most extreme form, neo-classical liberalism advocated social Darwinism. Right-libertarianism is a modern form of neo-classical liberalism. Friedrich Hayek identified two different traditions within classical liberalism, namely the British tradition and the French tradition. Hayek saw the British philosophers Bernard Mandeville, David Hume, Adam Smith, Adam Ferguson, Josiah Tucker and William Paley as representative of a tradition that articulated beliefs in empiricism, the common law and in traditions and institutions which had spontaneously evolved but were imperfectly understood.
The French tradition included Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Marquis de Condorcet, the Encyclopedists and the Physiocrats. This tradition believed in rationalism and sometimes showed hostility to religion. Hayek conceded that the national labels did not correspond to those belonging to each tradition since he saw the
Gaelic football referred to as football or Gaelic, is an Irish team sport. It is played between two teams of 15 players on a rectangular grass pitch; the objective of the sport is to score by kicking or punching the ball into the other team's goals or between two upright posts above the goals and over a crossbar 2.5 metres above the ground. Players advance the football, a spherical leather ball, up the field with a combination of carrying, kicking, hand-passing, soloing. In the game, two types of scores are possible: goals. A point is awarded for kicking or hand-passing the ball over the crossbar, signalled by the umpire raising a white flag. A goal is awarded for kicking the ball under the crossbar into the net, signalled by the umpire raising a green flag. Positions in Gaelic football are similar to that in other football codes, comprise one goalkeeper, six backs, two midfielders, six forwards, with a variable number of substitutes. Gaelic football is one of four sports controlled by the Gaelic Athletic Association, the largest sporting organisation in Ireland.
Along with hurling and camogie, Gaelic football is one of the few remaining amateur sports in the world, with players and managers prohibited from receiving any form of payment. Gaelic football is played on the island of Ireland, although units of the Association exist in other areas of the British Isles and continents such as North America and Australia; the final of the All-Ireland Senior Championship, held annually at Croke Park, draws crowds of more than 80,000 people. Outside Ireland, football is played among members of the Irish diaspora. Gaelic Park in New York City is the largest purpose-built Gaelic sports venue outside Ireland. Three major football competitions operate throughout the year: the National Football League and the All-Ireland Senior Championship operate on an inter-county basis, while the All-Ireland Club Championship is contested by individual clubs; the All-Ireland Senior Championship is considered the most prestigious event in Gaelic football. Under the auspices of the GAA, Gaelic football is a male-only sport.
Similarities between Gaelic football and Australian rules football have allowed the development of international rules football, a hybrid sport, a series of Test matches has been held since 1998. While Gaelic football as it is known today dates back to the late 19th century, various kinds of football were played in Ireland before this time; the first legal reference to football in Ireland was in 1308, when John McCrocan, a spectator at a football game at Novum Castrum de Leuan was charged with accidentally stabbing a player named William Bernard. A field near Newcastle, South Dublin is still known as the football field; the Statute of Galway of 1527 allowed the playing of "foot balle" and archery but banned "'hokie'—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves" as well as other sports. By the 17th century, the situation had changed considerably; the games had grown in popularity and were played. This was due to the patronage of the gentry. Now instead of opposing the games it was the gentry and the ruling class who were serving as patrons of the games.
Games were organised between landlords with each team comprising 20 or more tenants. Wagers were commonplace with purses of up to 100 guineas; the earliest record of a recognised precursor to the modern game date from a match in County Meath in 1670, in which catching and kicking the ball was permitted. However "foot-ball" was banned by the severe Sunday Observance Act of 1695, which imposed a fine of one shilling for those caught playing sports, it proved difficult, if not impossible, for the authorities to enforce the Act and the earliest recorded inter-county match in Ireland was one between Louth and Meath, at Slane, in 1712, about which the poet James Dall McCuairt wrote a poem of 88 verses beginning "Ba haigeanta". A six-a-side version was played in Dublin in the early 18th century, 100 years there were accounts of games played between County sides. By the early 19th century, various football games, referred to collectively as caid, were popular in Kerry the Dingle Peninsula. Father W. Ferris described two forms of caid: the "field game" in which the object was to put the ball through arch-like goals, formed from the boughs of two trees, and.
"Wrestling", "holding" opposing players, carrying the ball were all allowed. During the 1860s and 1870s, rugby football started to become popular in Ireland. Trinity College, Dublin was an early stronghold of rugby, the rules of the Football Association were codified in 1863 and distributed widely. By this time, according to Gaelic football historian Jack Mahon in the Irish countryside, caid had begun to give way to a "rough-and-tumble game", which allowed tripping. Association football started to take hold in Ulster, in the 1880s. Limerick was the stronghold of the native game around this time, the Commercials Club, founded by employees of Cannock's Drapery Store, was one of the first to impose a set of rules, adapted by other clubs in the city. Of all the Irish pastimes the GAA set out to preserve and promote, it is fair to say that Gaelic football was in the worst sh
Village is a left-wing Irish current affairs and cultural magazine. It was launched in October 2004 and was published weekly, it was founded, edited for a number of years by Vincent Browne. In November 2008, it was relaunched under new editor Michael Smith, a former investor in the magazine; the magazine prints ten issues per year and maintains an online presence. Unusually for an Irish media outlet, Village is avowedly left-wing, with a stated aim to challenge "the endemically complacent and others by the acute promotion of equality and accountability." Journalists who have contributed to the magazine include Sara Burke, Frank Connolly, John Waters, Justine McCarthy, Mary Regan, Naomi Wolfe, Conor Brady, Harry Browne. Other contributors have included Niall Crowley, Constantin Gurdgiev, Germaine Greer, Enda Kenny, Conor Lenihan, John Gormley, Eoghan Carroll; the magazine was sued by anti-Lisbon Treaty campaigner Declan Ganley in 2008 but proceedings were settled. In 2010 Village received legal correspondence from Lord Mayor of Dublin, Oisin Quinn, over allegations he should not have voted on high-rise issues in the city, as he had a stake in property that might benefit from changes.
In the end Smith made a successful complaint to the Standards in Public Office Commission which found in 2011 that there had been a minor breach. It was one of only three successful complaints about politicians, taken at that stage in SIPO's history. In 2012 Village claimed that if the DPP did not pursue named bankers and corrupt individuals for corruption and other named offences it would initiate private prosecutions itself, but it did not do so. It claimed that it was to pursue an initiative with Jonathan Sugarman, former liquidity manager, against Unicredit Bank for breaches of regulations, but could not as his career had collapsed and he could not pursue his commitment. In 2014 Village published the redacted Ansbacher dossier, alleging a long-standing cover-up of ownership of offshore bank accounts by senior public figures and politicians. In 2015, uniquely among Irish-owned print publications Village printed allegations made by Catherine Murphy TD about interest rates paid by Ireland's richest man, Denis O'Brien, to state-owned IBRC bank.
In 2016 former Donegal County Manager, Michael McLoone, initiated High Court proceedings against Village for defamation after it printed what it claimed was an affidavit opened in court detailing multiple allegations made about planning in Donegal by former senior County Planner, Gerard Convie. In March 2017, Village published a controversial cover depicting US President Donald Trump in crosshairs alongside the headline "Why Not", linked to an editorial explaining why it would be wrong to kill Trump; the headline garnered international coverage, being covered by right-wing outlets abroad, including the British Sun, FOX News. Magazine website
Emily O'Reilly is an author and former journalist and broadcaster who became Ireland's first female Ombudsman in 2003, succeeding Kevin Murphy. On 3 July 2013, she was voted European Ombudsman by the European Parliament, she was re-elected on 16 December 2014 for a mandate of five years. She was educated at University College Dublin, Trinity College and Harvard University, where she was awarded a Nieman Fellowship in journalism, she began her career as a journalist in the 1970s. Since she has held senior positions with The Irish Press and the Sunday Tribune, as well as served as a political columnist at The Sunday Times and as the Political Editor of The Sunday Business Post. In 1991 she made an extended appearance on the British television discussion programme After Dark, alongside among others Patrick Cosgrave, J. P. Donleavy, David Norris and Francis Stuart. In 1998, she became the editor of Magill magazine, she resigned in September 1999 when the magazine's sister publication, In Dublin, was banned by the Censorship of Publications Appeal Board for advertising brothels and prostitution services.
O'Reilly was a broadcaster on Raidió Teilifís Éireann and Today FM. In the course of her journalistic career, she won two awards: Journalist of the Year and Woman Journalist of the Year. On 1 June 2003, she received her Warrant of Appointment as Irish Ombudsman and Information Commissioner from the President of Ireland, Mary McAleese, at Áras an Uachtaráin, she has said of her job title, "I will be an ombudswoman but will have no difficulty in being referred to as either". From 2007 O'Reilly was appointed Commissioner for Environmental Information under the Access to Information on the Environment Regulations, she retired from these positions and was succeeded by Peter Tyndall in December 2013. In a speech delivered in Dublin on 20 June 2006 to the Institute of Public Administration, O'Reilly criticised some Irish public bodies for retreating from dealing with the public through the use of call centres and the Internet, she cited the Revenue Commissioners in this context, pointing out that a significant proportion of the clients of these bodies are not computer literate and therefore the level of personal contact is inadequate as a consequence.
She believed that public access to information under the Freedom of Information Act had been "excessively curtailed" in order to protect sectional interests, such as the performance of schools. She advised that the Act should be extended to include a number of public bodies exempted from the law, including the Garda Síochána, the Central Bank of Ireland and the National Asset Management Agency and that fees charged were a further inhibitor. O'Reilly is the author of three books: Candidate: The Truth Behind the Presidential Campaign, about President of Ireland Mary Robinson. Veronica Guerin, Vintage, 1998. ISBN 0-09-976151-3 Candidate: The Truth Behind the Presidential Campaign, Attic Press, 1991. ISBN 1-85594-021-3 Masterminds of the Right, Attic Press, 1992. ISBN 1-85594-044-2 Ombudsman Profile
Eamon Martin Dunphy is an Irish media personality, broadcaster, sports pundit and former professional footballer. He grew up playing football for several youth teams including Stella Maris. Since retiring from the sport, he has become recognisable to Irish television audiences as a football analyst during coverage of the Premier League, UEFA Champions League and international football on RTÉ; as well as his slot with RTÉ, Dunphy has worked for its rival television station, TV3, rival radio stations Today FM and Newstalk. He was the original presenter of The Last Word on Today FM. Between 2004 and 2006, Dunphy presented the breakfast programme on Dublin's local Newstalk 106 radio station before it became a national broadcaster, he moved to RTÉ Radio 1, where he presented a weekly programme, Conversations with Eamon Dunphy until 2009. He returned to Newstalk, now broadcasting nationwide, only to leave again in 2011. Dunphy continues to write a column on football for the Irish Daily Star newspaper.
Dunphy grew up in Drumcondra, Dublin, in what he described as "a one-room tenement flat no electricity, no hot water". He attended Drumcondra. A promising footballer, he left Dublin while still a teenager to join Manchester United as an apprentice. Dunphy did not break into the first team at United, subsequently left to play for York City, Charlton Athletic and Shamrock Rovers, it was at Millwall. Dunphy was a member of "The Class of'71", the Millwall side that failed by just one point to gain promotion to the old Football League Division One, he accompanied Johnny Giles back to Ireland to join Shamrock Rovers F. C. in 1977. Giles wanted to make the club Ireland's first full-time professional club, hoped to make Rovers into a force in European football by developing talented young players at home who would otherwise go to clubs in England. Dunphy was intended to be in charge of youth development. However, despite an FAI Cup winners medal in 1978 and two appearances in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, Dunphy became disillusioned with the Irish game and dropped out of football altogether to concentrate on a career in journalism.
Dunphy played 23 times for the Republic of Ireland and remains Millwall's most capped international footballer along with David Forde. He made his Ireland début in the play-off at the Parc des Princes in Paris for the 1966 FIFA World Cup which Spain won 1–0, thanks to a José Ufarte goal, he went on to become, in his own words, "a good player, not a great player". After retiring from the game, Dunphy first began writing on football for the Sunday Tribune and contributing regular columns on both football and current events for the Sunday Independent, he writes a column on football for the Irish Daily Star. He coined the term "Official Ireland" to refer to the establishment, he has worked for Ireland on Sunday, The Sunday Press, the Irish Examiner. Since the 1980s, Dunphy has written a number of books, his first and most praised book is Only a Game?: Diary of a Professional Footballer, an autobiographical account of his days playing for Millwall. Dunphy wrote a diary of his 1973–4 season, which began well for him at Millwall but subsequently ended in disillusionment.
Written during the season, it recorded events from the dressing room. In 1985, rock band U2 and manager Paul McGuinness commissioned him to write the story of their origins, early years and the time leading up to their successful album The Joshua Tree, his book Unforgettable Fire - Past and Future - The Definitive Biography of U2 was published in 1988. It received some favourable reviews. A verbal war erupted in the press during which Dunphy called lead singer Bono a "pompous git". Dunphy has written a biography of long-serving Manchester United manager Matt Busby and in 2002 ghost wrote the autobiography of Republic of Ireland and Manchester United player Roy Keane. Since the mid-1980s, Dunphy has appeared as an analyst during football coverage on Raidió Teilifís Éireann. Since RTÉ acquired the rights to show English football, Dunphy has been a regular contributor to Premier Soccer Saturday, he contributes to analysis of UEFA Champions League games and, in international football, RTÉ's coverage of FIFA World Cups, UEFA European Football Championships and qualifying matches involving the Republic of Ireland national football team.
He contributed to RTÉ Sport's coverage of the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. Dunphy's earnings from RTÉ for his football analysis include €328,051 in 2008 and €285,915 in 2007. In 2001, Dunphy became the first male host of the quiz show The Weakest Link, which aired on TV3, for just one series. In 2003, Dunphy was hired again by TV3 to host their new Friday night chat show, entitled The Dunphy Show. Pitted head-to-head with RTÉ's long-running flagship programme, The Late Late Show, Dunphy's show lost what was a publicised "ratings war", was cancelled before its original run was to conclude. Dunphy is the first presenter of a made-for-mobile TV show on the 3 mobile network in Ireland. Dunphy's rants and "Spoofer of the Week" are watched by thousands of 3 customers; the shows were awarded "Best Entertainment Show" at Ireland's Digital Media Awards. Dunphy admits he never uses a mobile himself, but enjoys filming for a mobile audience from the comfort of his own living room in Ranelagh. In 2009, he made an emotive outburst on The Late
Sunday Independent (Ireland)
The Sunday Independent is an Irish populist Sunday newspaper broadsheet published by Independent News & Media plc, under the control of Denis O'Brien. It is the Sunday edition of the Irish Independent, maintains an editorial position midway between magazine and tabloid; the Sunday Independent is available on the Irish Newspaper Archives website up to 2004 you will only find "Black-And-White" microfilm pages but since 2005 the pages of the Sunday Independent online in colour. The Sunday Independent was first published in 1905 as the Sunday edition of the Irish Independent. Following the creation of the Irish Free State, the Sunday Independent followed its daily counterpart's political line by supporting Cumann na nGaedheal and its successor Fine Gael. From the 1940s until 1970, the paper was run by Hector Legge. Legge's time at the paper was notable for the Sunday Independent in 1948 leaking the news that the Irish government were going to leave the British Commonwealth by repealing the External Relations Act.
Legge published a series of articles by the writer Frank O'Connor in the paper. In the 1970s, under the editorship of Conor O'Brien, the Sunday Independent became known for a series of investigations by journalist Joe MacAnthony into the activities of the Irish Sweepstakes. O'Brien was succeeded as editor in 1976 by Michael Hand. Aengus Fanning became editor following Hand's departure in 1984. In 1984 the Sunday Independent logo changed from Black to Purple in colour. Anne Harris succeeded her husband Aengus Fanning after his death in January 2012. On 20 December 2014, Harris ended her tenure as the Sunday Independent's editor. Cormac Bourke, the former executive editor of the Irish Independent, became the new editor of the Sunday Independent in January 2015; the newspaper is a general Sunday newspaper. It is published in five sections: News, Business and Living, as well as a magazine section. In terms of news, while the newspaper maintains a broadsheet outlook, it has come in for much criticism due to its increasing emphasis on lifestyle features in the main section.
It has been criticised for tending towards sensationalism, for the opinion-focused, rather than news-focused nature of its articles. It is better described as a middle-of-the-road newspaper, rather than a newspaper of record. In the 1980s and 1990s, the Deputy Editor was Anne Harris; the Sunday Independent has become one of the most controversial publications in Ireland. Noted for its trenchant support for Fianna Fáil, Bertie Ahern and latterly Brian Lenihan, it contains articles focused that party and its policies at the expense of other political groups in the state; the Government's former Minister for Defence, Willie O'Dea writes a weekly column for the newspaper. The former partner of Bertie Ahern, Celia Larkin has started writing as a columnist for the newspaper following the closure of her beauty salon business. Popularly nicknamed The Sindo, the paper has been a zealous critic of the Provisional IRA and Sinn Féin for many years. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Sunday Independent was reproachful toward SDLP politician John Hume, whom the newspaper accused of being insufficiently attentive to the needs of the Ulster Unionists.
Many of the Sunday Independent's columnists criticised Hume for negotiating with Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams, accusing Hume of being naive about Adams. The Editorial policy of the Sunday Independent can be described as support for Laissez-faire policies in economics and strong opposition to armed republicanism, it was supportive of the Progressive Democrats and in favour of income tax reduction and the rolling back of the state. Major issues include big government, the size of the public sector and more the Republic's regime of stamp duty on newly acquired property, it features articles by Alan Ruddock, Jody Corcoran, Brendan O'Connor, Anne Harris, Deputy Editor Willie Kealy and, a more recent addition, economist Marc Coleman. Prior to his death, former editor Aengus Fanning contributed material here; the Sunday Independent is quite hostile to the Irish Labour Party and social democratic policies. The Sunday Independent took a negative tone towards rival media outlets RTÉ and the Irish Times, objecting to perceived left-wing and pro-nationalist bias in these organisations.
The Sunday Independent's editorials came out against Martin McGuinness' campaign to become President of Ireland in 2011, claiming McGuiness' IRA past made him unsuitable for the role: "Those who contemplate voting for... McGuinness should ask if, within the context of the murders committed by the IRA on our security forces, they are prepared to force our soldiers and gardai to salute President McGuinness with heavy hearts.". The newspaper has been the source of many controversies over the years: In 1993, the Sunday Independent advertised what was claimed as a "world exclusive" interview with Bishop Eamon Casey after he had fled Ireland following the revelation of his affair with Annie Murphy. Howeve