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Aes signatum

Aes signatum consisted of cast ingots of bronze of measured quality and weight, embossed with a government stamp, used as currency in Rome and central Italy before the introduction of aes grave in the mid 4th century BC. When they were first made is uncertain. Popular tradition ascribes them to Servius Tullius, but due to the high quality of art found on the earliest specimens, this seems unlikely. A date in the midst of the 5th century BC is agreed on. Designs featured are that of a bull, an eagle, other religious symbols; the earliest aes signatum was not cast in Rome proper, but in central Italy, Etruria and Reggio Emilia. It bore the image of a branch with side branches radiating from it, was called Ramo Secco; the bars did not adhere to a set weight standard, varying from about 600 to 2500 grams when complete. They were broken into subdivisions, few complete specimens survive today; the surviving ramo secco bars are quarter, half or three quarter bars, or minor smaller pieces which could be classified as rough bronze.

The same fragmentation into smaller change applies to aes signatum issued by the city of Rome, which did correspond to the Roman heavy standard for the as. They weighed 5 asses when whole, they could technically be termed a quincussis. The Roman aes signatum conforms more to size and weight standards because they are an official issue, where the ramo secco bars were more of a recognizable item of barter exchange that would be weighed, rather than taken at a face value. Ramo secco bars were not issued by governing bodies, could have been made at any foundry facility. 3. Italo Vecchi, Italian Cast Coinage, A descriptive catalogue of the cast coinage of Rome and Italy, London 2013

Nokia Asha 302

The Nokia Asha 302 is a QWERTY messenger feature phone powered by Nokia's Series 40 operating system. It was announced at Mobile World Congress 2012 in Barcelona along with other Asha phones - the Nokia Asha 202, 203; the 302 is considered to be among the flagship of the Asha family. Its main features are the pentaband 3G radio, SIP VoIP over 3G and Wi-Fi, its design looks a lot like the older Nokia E6 with chrome slidings, giving it a somewhat premium look. A software update adds Mail for Exchange support; the Nokia Asha 302 is powered by the same 1 GHz ARM11 processor found in some Symbian^3 phones such as the Nokia 500, 600 and 700 but lack the dedicated Broadcom GPU, not supported by the Nokia Series 40 operating system. The system has 128 MB of low power single channel RAM; the Nokia Asha 302 has a 2.4-inch transmissive LCD screen with a resolution of 320 × 240 pixel. In contrast with the Nokia Asha 303, the screen of the Asha 302 is wider than taller. According to Nokia it is capable of displaying up to 262 thousands colors.

The device has a backlit 4-row keyboard with regional variant available. The back camera has an extended depth of field feature, no flash and has a 4× digital zoom for both video and camera; the sensor size of the back camera is 3.2-megapixel, has a f/2.8 aperture and a 50 cm to infinity focus range. It is capable of video recording at up to 640 x 480 px at 15 fps with mono sound; the Nokia Asha 302 has one microphone and a loudspeaker, situated on the back of the device. On the top, there is a 3.5 mm AV connector which provides stereo audio output and microphone input. Between the 3.5 mm AV connector and the 2 mm charging connector, there is a High-Speed USB 2.0 USB Micro AB connector provided for data synchronization, battery charging and supports for USB On-The-Go 1.3 using a Nokia Adapter Cable for USB OTG CA-157. The built-in Bluetooth v2.1 +EDR supports stereo audio output with the A2DP profile. Built-in car hands-free kits are supported with the HFP profile. File transfer is supported along with the OPP profile for sending/receiving objects.

It is possible to remote control the device with the AVRCP profile. It supports wireless headphones through the HSP profile; the DUN profile which permits access to the Internet from a laptop by dialing up on a mobile phone wirelessly and PAN profile for networking using Bluetooth are supported. The device functions as a FM Receiver, allowing one to listen to the FM radio by using headphones connected to the 3.5 jack as antenna. The battery life of the BL-5J as claimed by Nokia is from 6 to 9 hours of talk time, from 29 to 34 days of standby and 50 hours of music playback depending on actual usage; the SIM card is located under the battery which can be accessed by removing the back panel of the device. The microSDHC card socket is located under the back cover. No tool is necessary to remove the back panel; the phone has 150 MB of available non-removable storage. Additional storage is available via a hot swappable microSDHC card socket, certified to support up to 32 GB of additional storage. Document Viewer is not available.

The Nokia Asha 302 is powered by Nokia Series 40 operating system with service pack 1 and comes with a variety of applications: Web: Nokia Browser for Series 40,Nokia Xpress Conversations: Nokia Messaging Service 3.2 and SMS, MMS Social: Facebook, Twitter and Orkut Media: Camera, Music player, Nokia Music Store, Flash Lite 3.0, Video player Personal Information Management: Calendar, Detailed contact information Utilities: VoIP, Calculator, To-do list, Alarm clock, Voice recorder, Stopwatch Games: "Bounce Tales", "Brick Breaker Revolution", "Tower Bloxx New York" The Home screen is customizable and allow the user to add, amongst others, favorite contacts, Twitter/Facebook feeds, applications shortcuts, IM/e-mail notifications and calendar alert. Document Viewer is not available, it doesn't contain any HERE maps. List of Nokia products Comparison of smartphones http://www.nokia.com/nokia-asha-smarter-mobile-phones http://europe.nokia.com/find-products/devices/nokia-asha-302/specifications http://www.developer.nokia.com/Devices/Device_specifications/302 https://www.webcitation.org/6B7hfLoMa?url=http://www.developer.nokia.com/Community/Wiki/VoIP_support_in_Nokia_devices#Support_in_Series_40_devices Nokia Asha 302 Review

Shake, Rattle & Roll IV

Shake, Rattle & Roll IV is a Filipino horror movie released in 1992 and the fourth installment of the Shake, Rattle & Roll franchise by Regal Films. It is directed by Lore Reyes; this film is an entry to the 1992 Metro Manila Film Festival. Jodie is a student of Mr. Zerrudo. Mabu told Mr. Zerrudo. One night, Jodie is still on the computer room finishing her project with Mabu. Mabu said that Jodie is in love with Mr. Jodie pranks him. One day, Mr. Zerrudo told the students to finish their exams. Mr. Zerrudo goes to the laboratory room, he drinks a potion. Hyde. Gretch starts seducing Mr. Zerrudo. Jodie became suspicious. Mr. Zerrudo kills Gretch. Jodie gest help to Dean Bautista. Mr. Zerrudo told Jodie that she needs to go to school in the night to take an exam; that night, Jodie went to school. Mabu and Dean Bautista came attacks Dean Bautista. Jodie and Mabu got help from the guards. Mabu got harmed. Jodie and Mabu hid in a room and Mabu started creating something. Mr. Zerrudo breaks the door and starts attacking Jodie.

But Mabu shoots him with the invention he was making earlier. As Jodie and Mabu began celebrating, Mr. Zerrudo pulls Jodie's foot. Mabu kills him. One by one the children who are playing at a neighborhood park are abducted by a Witawit, a monstrous looking creature who lives in the park's trees. Nikkie and Yaya Tising try to rescue the abducted children; the colorful ladies who live in a crowded slum are all convinced that a Manananggal is responsible for a series of horrific murders. They suspect that their new neighbor Aling Iya is the bloodthirsty creature but Teks suspects that the barangay's assigned nun is the creature, which revealed to be the real Manananggal. Shake Rattle and Roll IV was released on VHS by Regal Home Video in 1993. Shake, Rattle & Roll List of ghost films Shake, Rattle & Roll IV on IMDb