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Affiliation (family law)

In law, affiliation was the term to describe legal establishment of paternity. The following description, for the most part, was written in the early 20th century, it should be understood as a historical document. In England a number of statutes on the subject have been passed, the chief being the Bastardy Act of the Parliament of 1845, the Bastardy Laws Amendment Acts of 1872 and 1873; the mother of a bastard may summon the putative father to petty sessions within 12 months of the birth, the justices, after hearing evidence on both sides, may, if the mother's evidence be corroborated in some material particular, adjudge the man to be the putative father of the child, order him to pay a sum not exceeding five shillings a week for its maintenance, together with a sum for expenses incidental to the birth, or the funeral expenses, if it has died before the date of order, the costs of the proceedings. An order ceases to be valid after the child reaches the age of 13, but the justices may in the order direct the payments to be continued until the child is 16 years of age.

An appeal to quarter sessions is open to the defendant, a further appeal on questions of law to the King's Bench by rule nisi or certiorari. Should the child afterwards become chargeable to the parish, the sum due by the father may be received by the parish officer; when a bastard child, whose mother has not obtained an order, becomes chargeable to the parish, the guardians may proceed against the putative father for a contribution. Any woman, single, a widow, or a married woman living apart from her husband, may make an application for a summons, it is immaterial where the child is begotten, provided it is born in England. An application for a summons may be made before the birth of the child, but in this case, the statement of the mother must be in the form of a sworn deposition; the defendant must be over 14 years of age. No agreement on the part of the woman to take a sum down in a discharge of the liability of the father is a bar to the making of an affiliation order. In the case of twins, it is usual to obtain separate summonses.

The Summary Jurisdiction Act makes due provision for the enforcement of an order of affiliation. In the case of soldiers an affiliation order cannot be enforced in the usual way, but by the Army Act, if an order has been made against a soldier of the regular forces, a copy of such order be sent to the secretary of state, he may order a portion of the soldier's pay to be retained. There is no such special legislation with regard to sailors in the Royal Navy. In the British colonies, in the states of the United States, there is some procedure akin to that described above, by means of which a mother can obtain a contribution to the support of her illegitimate child from the putative father; the amount ordered to be paid may subsequently be diminished. On the continent of Europe, the legislation of the various countries differs rather widely. France, the Netherlands, Russia and the canton of Geneva provide no means of inquiry into the paternity of an illegitimate child, all support of the child falls upon the mother.

Affiliation, in France, is a term applied to a species of adoption by which the person adopted succeeds with other heirs to the acquired, but not to the inherited, property of the deceased. In India, affiliation cases are decided by section 125 of Criminal Procedure Code. According to this section - among other things - if a person having sufficient means neglects or refuses to maintain his illegitimate child, a magistrate of the first class may, upon proof of such neglect or refusal, order such person to make a monthly allowance for the maintenance of such child. Adoption Illegitimacy Paternity Poor Laws The dictionary definition of affiliation at Wiktionary

Catullus 64

Catullus 64 is an epyllion or "little epic" poem written by Latin poet Catullus. Catullus' longest poem, it retains his famed linguistic witticisms while employing an appropriately epic tone. Though ostensibly concerning itself with the marriage of Peleus and the sea-nymph Thetis, a sizeable portion of the poem's lines is devoted to the desertion of Ariadne by the legendary Theseus. Although the poem implies that Theseus and Ariadne were in love, in reality the text never explicitly states that Theseus looked at Ariadne. Told through ecphrasis, or the depiction of events on inanimate objects, the bulk of the poem details Ariadne's agonized solace, her impassioned vituperations and eventual discovery by the wine-god Bacchus are some of the included plot events. The poem relies on the theme of nostalgia as Catullus reflects on what he believes are better times in Roman history, he wrote the poem during a time of civil war in Rome referencing brothers' blood being drenched in brothers' blood in line 399.

He looks back on the wedding of Peleus and Thetis as a time where Gods may come to a wedding, unlike the modern times he lived in. The meter of the poem is dactylic hexameter, the meter of epic poetry, such as Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid; the work is cited as Catullus' masterpiece, with Charlotte Higgins considering it one of the greatest literary works written. DeBrohun, J. "Ariadne and the whirlwind of fate: figures of confusion in Catullus 64.149-57". Classical Philology. 94: 419–430. Doi:10.1086/449456. Faber, Riemer. "Vestis...variata and the Language of Poetic Description". Mnemosyne. 51: 210–215. Doi:10.1163/1568525982611641. Tathan, G. "Ariadne's mitra: a note on Catullus 64.1-4". Classical Quarterly. 40: 560–561. Doi:10.1017/S0009838800043196. Thomas, R. "Callimachus, the Victoria Berenices, Roman Poetry". Classical Quarterly. 33: 92–113. Doi:10.1017/S0009838800034327. Duban, Jeffrey. "Verbal Links and Imagistic Undercurrent in Catullus 64". Latomus. 39: 778–800. Doi:10.1086/449456.

Konstan, D. Catullus' Indictment of Rome: The Meaning of Catullus 64. Amsterdam: Adolf M. Hakkert. ISBN 978-90-256-0742-5. Putnam, MCJ. "The Art of C. 64". Harvard Studies in Classical Philology. Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, Vol. 65. 65: 166–205. Doi:10.2307/310836. JSTOR 310836

Nicole Reinhart

Nicole Louise Reinhart was an American professional track and road racing cyclist who twice won gold medals in cycling at the Pan American Games. Reinhart grew up in Pennsylvania in the Lehigh Valley region of the state, she was a nine-time USA Cycling Junior national champion. As a student at Pennsylvania's Emmaus High School in Emmaus, she won three U. S. fitness championships and excelled on Emmaus's cross-country and track teams in the competitive East Penn Conference. After graduating from Emmaus High School in 1994, Reinhart focused on cycling and won two national élite track championships and two gold medals at the Pan American Games. In 1999, she signed for Saturn Women's Professional Cycling Team and won nine races that year, followed by another 13 in 2000. On September 17, 2000, Reinhart was killed during a 42-mile circuit race held on a 3.5-mile course in Arlington, Massachusetts. Her left pedal and foot hit a concrete curb, she was thrown from her bicycle and struck a tree; this event was the last of four races comprising the 2000 BMC Software Cycling Grand Prix.

She had won the previous three. The prize was donated to her family, who established the Nicole Reinhart Foundation in Macungie, Pennsylvania, in her honor. A park or playground at the Cutter School in Arlington, was named in her honor as a memorial, dedicated in 2001. In 2004, Reinhart was inducted posthumously into the Lehigh Valley Velodrome Hall of Fame in Breinigsville, Pennsylvania. 2000 – Saturn Women's Professional Cycling Team 1st Clarendon Cup1st – BMC Software Tour of San Jose 1st – BMC Software Tour of Houston 1st – BMC Software Downtown Criterium 1st, Prologue – Redlands Bicycle Classic 3rd – Women's 25 km points race, U. S. Olympic Track Trials1999 – Saturn Women's Professional Cycling Team 1st Clarendon Cup1st, Stage 3 – Redlands Bicycle Classic 3rd, Prologue – Redlands Bicycle Classic 10th – Sea Otter Classic - Final General Classification 10th – Sea Otter Classic 20th – Sea Otter Classic 38th – Sea Otter Classic 19981st, Prologue – Redlands Bicycle Classic 1st, Women's 3 km Scratch Race – EDS Spring Classic 1st, Women's Miss and Out – EDS Spring Classic 3rd, Women's 500 m Sprint – UCI World Track Cup19971st, Women's 500 m Sprint – EDS Track Cup 1st, Women's Points Race – EDS Track Cup Quarterfinals, Women's Match Sprint – UCI World Track Cup199417-18 2000m TT – United States Junior Women Track Champion 17-18 Criterium – United States Junior Women Road Champion199317-18 Points Race – United States Junior Women Track Champion 17-18 Sprints – United States Junior Women Track Champion 17-18 Criterium – United States Junior Women Road Champion199215-16 Omnium – United States Junior Women Track Champion 15-16 Criterium – United States Junior Women Road Champion 15-16 Road – United States Junior Women Road Champion 11.666 seconds – Junior Women Track Time Trial Flying Start, Ecuador, July 26, 1994.

Nicole Reinhart at Find a Grave. Cycling & Faith

Laurance B. VanMeter

Laurance Browning VanMeter is an Associate Justice of the Kentucky Supreme Court. VanMeter was born in 1958 in Lexington and was raised in Winchester, he earned his undergraduate degree in history from Vanderbilt University in 1980 and his Juris Doctor from the University of Kentucky College of Law in 1983. He practiced law with the firm of Stoll, Keenon & Park from 1983 to 1994. From 1994 to 1999, he was district court judge for Division 1 of the 22nd Judicial District, serving Fayette County. In 1999, he was appointed to the Fayette County Circuit Court bench, where he served until his election to the Kentucky Court of Appeals, he was appointed to the Kentucky Court of Appeals in November 2003 and served there until his elevation to the Supreme Court. He was named as acting Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals in 2010. In 2015 VanMeter announced his candidacy for a spot on the Supreme Court due to the retirement of Mary C. Noble, he faced off against fellow Appeals Court Judge Glenn Acree on November 8, 2016 and won 74% of the vote.

He was sworn in on February 7, 2017. VanMeter and his late wife, are the parents of four children, he is a member of the Federalist Society. He is a registered Republican. Official Biography on Kentucky Supreme Court website Laurance B. VanMeter at Ballotpedia

Lynda Haverstock

The Honourable Lynda Maureen Haverstock, OC, SOM is the former leader of the Saskatchewan Liberal Party, was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan, served as the 19th Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan from 2000 until July 2006. In 2007, she was named President/CEO of Tourism Saskatchewan. Born Lynda Maureen Ham and raised in Swift Current, Haverstock left high school after grade 10 to raise her infant daughter; as an adult, she returned to school to finish her education, earned bachelor's and master's degrees in education, as well as a Ph. D. in psychology from the University of Saskatchewan. Haverstock rose to the forefront of the provincial Liberals in 1989 and was the first woman in Saskatchewan's history to lead a political party, she brought the Liberals to realize a healthy increase in support, taking over 23 per cent of the vote in the 1991 provincial election. However, their numbers were spread too thinly across the province to translate into seats. Haverstock was the only Liberal to win a seat, in Saskatoon Greystone.

Under her leadership, the party grew significantly: in the 1995 provincial election, it increased its caucus in the Legislative Assembly to eleven, becoming the Official Opposition. The Liberals captured one-third of the popular vote. Faced with of a coalition of Regina Liberals and former Tories who had unsuccessfully challenged her leadership, Haverstock resigned as leader in 1995, she spent the remainder of her legislative term as an independent member. In 1999, she retired from politics; the Liberal Party continued to be divided by internal fighting and several members of the Legislative Assembly, including those who had opposed Haverstock, left in 1997 to join the Saskatchewan Party. The 1999 provincial election reduced the Liberals to three seats in the legislature. Since 2003, they have failed to elect any members. After leaving politics, Haverstock worked as a radio host before being appointed Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan in 2000; as the Queen's representative, she was instrumental in organizing the province's centennial celebrations in 2005.

Haverstock's term in office was extended and she remained Lieutenant Governor until July 31, 2006. During her tenure, she granted patronage to over one-hundred community-based organisations. Dr. Lynda Haverstock is a member of the Order of Canada and the Saskatchewan Order of Merit, has honorary doctorate degrees from the University of Regina, Royal Roads University, Queen's University, she is a recipient of the Distinguished Canadian Award and is named among the University of Saskatchewan's 100 Alumni of Influence. In June 2007, she became President/CEO of Tourism Saskatchewan, an arms-length, industry-driven authority responsible, in part, for marketing Saskatchewan as a destination, she has been successful in raising the profile of the organization and broadening awareness of Saskatchewan's tourism sector. Under her direction, the province's first Summit on Tourism was held in September 2007. Between 2006 and 2010, the province's tourism revenues rose from $1.44 billion to $1.68 billion, increase of 13.5 per cent.

Dr. Haverstock sits on the Board of Directors for Shaw Communications, she and her husband Harley Olsen have nine grandchildren. Her brother Dennis Ham sat as a Conservative in the Saskatchewan assembly. "Public Tribute to Lieutenant Governor, 2006". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. "Premier's Farewell Speech to Lieutenant Governor, 2006". "Lynda Haverstock". Canadian Association of Second Language Teachers. Archived from the original on June 13, 2002


Gülablı or Vazgenashen is a village in the province of Khojavend in the occupied Karabakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Its population as of 2005 stood at 226. On September 12, 2011, an UAV was shot down by the air defense arm of the Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army over the airspace of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, near Vazgenashen known as Gulably. Preliminary investigations carried out by the NKDA have determined the model to be a Hermes 450 type; the Azerbaijani Ministry of Defense denied losing any drones. But several days the state news agency APA, citing a Turkish tabloid newspaper, came out with an elaborate explanation that the UAV was operated by Israel and making reconnaissance flights from Armenia to spy on Iran. Gülablı at GEOnet Names Server