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African golden wolf

The African golden wolf known as the Egyptian jackal or gray jackal, is a canid native to North Africa and the Horn of Africa. It is the descendant of a genetically admixed canid of 72% gray wolf and 28% Ethiopian wolf ancestry, it occurs in Senegal Nigeria, Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt, in Tanzania. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. In the Atlas Mountains, it was sighted in elevations as high as 1,800 m, it is a predator, targeting invertebrates and mammals as large as gazelle fawns, though larger animals are sometimes taken. Its diet includes animal carcasses, human refuse, fruit; the African golden wolf is a monogamous and territorial species, offspring remain with the family to assist in raising their parents' younger pups. It was classified as an African variant of the golden jackal, with at least one subspecies having been classified as a wolf. In 2015, a series of analyses on the species' mitochondrial DNA and nuclear genome demonstrated that it was in fact distinct from both the golden jackal and the gray wolf, more related to the gray wolf and the coyote.

It is nonetheless still close enough to the golden jackal to produce hybrid offspring, as indicated through genetic tests on jackals in Israel and a 19th-century captive crossbreeding experiment. It plays a prominent role in some African cultures; the African golden wolf is intermediate in size between the African jackals and the small subspecies of gray wolves, with both sexes weighing 7–15 kg, standing 40 cm in height. There is however a high degree of size variation geographically, with Western and Northern African specimens being larger than their East African cousins, it has a long snout and ears, while the tail is comparatively short, measuring 20 cm in length. Fur color varies individually and geographically, though the typical coloration is yellowish to silvery grey, with reddish limbs and black speckling on the tail and shoulders; the throat and facial markings are white, the eyes are amber-colored. Females bear two to four pairs of teats. Although superficially similar to the golden jackal, the African golden wolf has a more pointed muzzle and sharper, more robust teeth.

The ears are longer in the African golden wolf, the skull has a more elevated forehead. Aristotle wrote of wolves living in Egypt. Georg Ebers wrote of the wolf being among the sacred animals of Egypt, describing it as a "smaller variety" of wolf to those of Europe, noting how the name Lykopolis, the Ancient Egyptian city dedicated to Anubis, means "city of the wolf"; the African golden wolf was first recognised as being a separate species from the golden jackal by Frédéric Cuvier in 1820, who described it as being a more elegant animal, with a more melodic voice and a less strong odour. The binomial name he chose for it was derived from the Arcadian Anthus family described by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History, whose members would draw lots to become werewolves. Eduard Rüppell proposed that the animal was the ancestor of Egyptian sighthounds, named it Wolf's-hund, while Charles Hamilton Smith named it "thoa" or "thous dog". An attempt was made in 1821 to hybridise the two species in captivity, resulting in the birth of five pups, three of which died before weaning.

The two survivors were noted to never play with each other and had contrasting temperaments. English biologist St. George Jackson Mivart emphasized the differences between the African golden wolf and the golden jackal in his writings: it is a nice question whether the Common Jackal of North Africa should or should not be regarded as of the same species... The differences of coloration which exist between these forms is not nearly so great as those which are to be found to occur between the different local varieties of C. lupus. We are keep the North-African and Indian Jackals distinct... The reasons why we prefer to keep them provisionally distinct is that though the difference between the two forms is slight as regards coloration, yet it appears to be a constant one. Out of seventeen skins of the Indian form, we have only found one, wanting in the main characteristic as to difference of hue; the ears are shorter than in the North-African form. But there is another character; however much the different races of Wolves differ in size, we have not succeeded in finding any constant distinctive characters in the form of the skull or the proportions of the lobes of any of the teeth.

So far as we have been able to observe, such differences do exist between the Indian and North-African Jackals. The canids present in Egypt in particular were noted to be so much more gray wolf-like than populations elsewhere in Africa that Hemprich and Ehrenberg gave them the binomial name Canis lupaster in 1832. Thomas Henry Huxley, upon noting the similarities between the skulls of lupaster and Indian wolves, classed the animal as a subspecies of the gray wolf. However, the animal was subsequently synonymised with the golden jackal by Ernst Schwarz in 1926. In 1965, the Finnish paleontologist Björn Kurtén wrote: The taxonomy of the Jackals in the Near East i


Leconfield is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, about 3 miles north-west of Beverley town centre. It lies on the A164 road; the civil parish consists of the hamlet of Scorborough. According to the 2011 UK census, Leconfield parish had a population of 2,127, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 1,990. Leconfield Castle was the home of Dukes of Northumberland. There are extensive Tudor brick remains on the visible mound and the "moat" remains. Among those born there was William Bishop of Carlisle. In 1823, Leconfield was a civil parish in the Wapentake of Harthill; the parish church was under the patronage of 3rd Earl of Egremont. A medieval Lord of the manor had been Lord of Skelton; the population in 1823 was 302, the occupations included ten farmers, one of whom was the landlord of The Roebuck public house, a bricklayer, a shopkeeper, a carpenter, a blacksmith, butcher, the landlady of The Bay Horse public house. Leconfield is home to RAF Leconfield; until 2016 RAF Leconfield was an airfield for Sea King helicopters of the 202 Squadron and the Army School of Mechanical Transport.

The church, dedicated to St Catherine, was designated a Grade I listed building in 1968 and is recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. The village contains a post office. Leconfield Recreation Club, with a football pitch, is located in Miles Lane. Leconfield in the Domesday Book

Need Your Love So Bad

"Need Your Love So Bad", sometimes known as "I Need Your Love So Bad", is a blues song first published and recorded by Little Willie John in 1955. It was written by Mertis John Jr. Little Willie John's older brother; the first recording of the song was by Mertis John's younger brother, Little Willie John, was released by King Records. Willie John's single achieved No. 5 on the Billboard R&B chart in 1956 and the B-side "Home at Last" reached No. 6 in the same chart. While using the AABA form and a harmonic layout typical for the R&B ballad, "Need Your Love So Bad" has been described as "A wound and intense plea for love, quite different from the usual R&B ballad fare"; the songwriting credit has been incorrectly attributed to Little Willie John. An example of this is the 1969 Fleetwood Mac album The Pious Bird of Good Omen, on which the original label gave the credit to Little Willie John; the performing rights organisation BMI credits the song to both John brothers. Little Willie John's version of the song was used in the soundtrack to the film Wonder Boys in 2000.

The song has appeared on various compilation albums, such as The Very Best of Little Willie John, released in 2001 by Collectables Records as a CD. Fleetwood Mac subsequently released a cover of the song as a single, which reached No. 31 in the UK Singles Chart in August 1968, No. 7 in The Netherlands. The song was reissued in the United Kingdom in 1973 as a double A-sided single with the re-release of "Albatross"; this re-release was part of a CBS Records series entitled "Hall of Fame Hits". It went to number 2 on the UK Singles Chart. Gary Moore included the song on Blues for a tribute album to Peter Green; this version was released as a single in June 1995, reaching No. 48 in the UK Singles Chart. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Bulgaria at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Bulgaria competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany. The nation returned to the Olympic Games after having missed the 1932 Summer Olympics due to high travel costs. 26 competitors, all men, took part in 22 events in 7 sports. Track and Road EventsCombined Events - Decathlon Ten cyclists, all male, represented Bulgaria in 1936. Road CyclingTrack CyclingSprint At the 1936 Summer Olympics Bulgaria participated with three competitors only in the Three-Day-Event as at the time the Eventing discipline of Equestrian Sports was a military sports competition, meaning that only military people could participate in it and the Bulgarian military had earned Olympic quotas. Three-Day-Event IndividualTeam One male fencer represented Bulgaria in 1936 - Dimitar Vasilev. Fencing Events At the 1936 Summer Olympics the members of the Bulgarian Gymnastics Men's Team participated in all the Gymnastics Events to be eligible for the team ranking. IndividualTeam Men Official Olympic Reports

Martin M-1

The Martin M-1 was an American Gull winged, single-seat glider, designed and built by Volmer Jensen in 1939. Jim Martin contracted Jensen to design and built him a glider for contest flying just before the Second World War. Jensen completed the aircraft in 1939; the aircraft was covered in doped aircraft fabric covering. The cantilever gull-style wing employed a NACA 4400 series airfoil; the tail was featured strut-bracing. The M-1 was not type certified. Martin flew the aircraft in a number of US Nationals, as did a owner of the M-1, Emil Lehecka. While Lehecka owned it the aircraft picked up the nickname of the Whatsit. By the 1970s the aircraft was owned by Francis Kalinowsky and was based at the Circle X airport in Florida. At that time it was in good repair and was well maintained; the aircraft was removed from the Federal Aviation Administration registry and its whereabouts are unknown. Data from SoaringGeneral characteristics Crew: one Wingspan: 48 ft 0 in Wing area: 180 sq ft Aspect ratio: 12.8:1 Airfoil: NACA 4400 series Empty weight: 438 lb Gross weight: 631 lb Performance Maximum glide ratio: 28 at 50 mph Rate of sink: 132 ft/min at 40 mph Aircraft of comparable role and era Matteson M-1 - glider with the same designation Related lists List of gliders


The Pavillon de l'éducation physique et des sports de l'Université Laval called PEPS for short, is a sports complex located in Quebec City, Quebec, on the Université Laval campus. PEPS opened in 1970 and includes an outdoor stadium, an indoor stadium, two indoor swimming pools and tennis courts, a fitness centre, two hockey arenas. For the 1976 Summer Olympics, it hosted seven men's team handball competitions; the main arena seats 2,000 and was home to the reborn Quebec Remparts of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League from 1997 to 1999 when they moved back to their traditional home at the Colisée Pepsi. Since 2004, PEPS has been home to the WTA Tour Coupe Banque Nationale. From 2009 to 2013 it was home to the Quebec Kebs basketball franchise in the National Basketball League of Canada. A major expansion from 2010 to 2012 added an indoor Olympic size swimming pool, a 3,000-seat gymnasium, a covered soccer stadium, other facilities. Upgrades were made to the outdoor stadium; the outdoor Telus Stadium or Stade TELUS-Université Laval is home of the Laval Rouge et Or of U Sports football.

It is a 12,817-seat Canadian football and soccer stadium. It was built in 1994. 2,000 seats were added to the stadium in preparation for the two events, which were the 45th and 46th Vanier Cup games, bringing seated capacity up to 12,257 from the previous 10,200. In June 2003, a Canadian Football League exhibition game between the Montreal Alouettes and the Ottawa Renegades was held at PEPS. In December 2008, Canadian Interuniversity Sport awarded the 2009 and 2010 Vanier Cup to Quebec City; the 2009 title game was sold out, with 18,628 fans in the stands including standing room. Attendance at the 2010 Vanier Cup was over 16,000. Subsequent championship games were awarded to Laval in 2013, 2015, 2018, 2019. On October 20, 2019, a record 19,381 fans attended the Rouge et Or game against the Montreal Carabins as the program celebrated their 25th anniversary. Profile at ULaval's website Official Website