Agabus

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Agabus
Agabus.JPG
The Prophecy of Agabus by Louis Cheron
Prophet, Disciple, & Martyr
Born1st century AD
Antioch
Diedunknown
Antioch
Venerated inChristianity
FeastFebruary 13 (Roman Catholic)
March 8 (Eastern Orthodox)
Patronageprophets

Agabus /ˈæɡəbəs/ (Greek: Ἄγαβος) was an early follower of Christianity mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles as a prophet. He is traditionally remembered as one of the Seventy Disciples described in Luke 10:1-24.

Biblical and other traditional accounts[edit]

According to extra-biblical tradition, Agabus appears to have been a resident of Jerusalem, he is said to have been one of the seventy disciples, mentioned in the Gospel of Luke, commissioned to preach the gospel.[1] It is said that Agabus was with the twelve apostles in the upper room on the day of Pentecost.[2]

According to Acts 11:27-28, he was one of a group of prophets who travelled from Jerusalem to Antioch. Agabus had received the gift of prophecy, and predicted a severe famine which the author of Acts says occurred during the reign of the Roman Emperor Claudius.[3]

Also, according to Acts 21:10-12, 'a certain prophet', (Greek: τις) named Agabus met Paul the Apostle at Caesarea Maritima in 58 AD. He was, according to the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary, 'no doubt the same' Agabus as had been mentioned in Acts 11:27-28,[4] and Heinrich Meyer stated that 'there is no reason against the assumed identity of this person with the one mentioned in Acts 11:28.[5] Agabus warned Paul of his coming capture; he bound his own hands and feet with Paul's belt to demonstrate what would happen if he continued his journey to Jerusalem, stating the message of the Holy Spirit:

So shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man who owns this belt, and deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles.

Paul, however, would not be persuaded to stay away.[3]

Agabus' symbolic action has been compared [6] with the Jewish prophet Jeremiah:

Thus the LORD said to me, "Go and buy yourself a linen waistband and put it around your waist, but do not put it in water." So I bought the waistband in accordance with the word of the LORD and put it around my waist ... For as a belt is bound around the waist, so I bound all the people of Israel and all the people of Judah to me,' declares the LORD, 'to be my people for my renown and praise and honor.[7]

Tradition says that Agabas went to many countries, teaching and converting many; this moved the Jews of Jerusalem to arrest him, and they tortured him by beating him severely, and putting a rope around his neck. He was dragged outside the city and stoned to death.[2] Maas says he was martyred at Antioch.[3]

Veneration[edit]

The Roman Catholic Church celebrates his feast day on February 13, while the Eastern Christianity celebrates it on March 8.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Miall Edwards, in International Standard Bible Encyclopedia entry: Agabus http://biblehub.com/topical/a/agabus.htm accessed 24 September 2015
  2. ^ a b "The Martyrdom of St. Agabus, One of the Seventy Disciples", Coptic Orthodox Church Network
  3. ^ a b c d Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1907). "Agabus" . Catholic Encyclopedia. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  4. ^ Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary on Acts 21 http://biblehub.com/commentaries/jfb/acts/21.htm accessed 15 October 2015
  5. ^ Meyer's NT Commentary on Acts 21 http://biblehub.com/commentaries/meyer/acts/21.htm accessed 15 October 2015
  6. ^ Expositor's Greek Testament on Acts 21 http://biblehub.com/commentaries/egt/acts/21.htm accessed 15 October 2015
  7. ^ Jeremiah 13:1-2;11