Television, sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome, or in color, in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a television set, a television program, or the medium of television transmission. Television is a mass medium for advertising and news. Television became available in crude experimental forms in the late 1920s, but it would still be several years before the new technology would be marketed to consumers. After World War II, an improved form of black-and-white TV broadcasting became popular in the United States and Britain, television sets became commonplace in homes and institutions. During the 1950s, television was the primary medium for influencing public opinion. In the mid-1960s, color broadcasting was introduced in most other developed countries; the availability of multiple types of archival storage media such as Betamax, VHS tape, local disks, DVDs, flash drives, high-definition Blu-ray Discs, cloud digital video recorders has enabled viewers to watch pre-recorded material—such as movies—at home on their own time schedule.
For many reasons the convenience of remote retrieval, the storage of television and video programming now occurs on the cloud. At the end of the first decade of the 2000s, digital television transmissions increased in popularity. Another development was the move from standard-definition television to high-definition television, which provides a resolution, higher. HDTV may be transmitted in various formats: 1080p, 720p. Since 2010, with the invention of smart television, Internet television has increased the availability of television programs and movies via the Internet through streaming video services such as Netflix, Amazon Video, iPlayer and Hulu. In 2013, 79 % of the world's households owned; the replacement of early bulky, high-voltage cathode ray tube screen displays with compact, energy-efficient, flat-panel alternative technologies such as LCDs, OLED displays, plasma displays was a hardware revolution that began with computer monitors in the late 1990s. Most TV sets sold in the 2000s were flat-panel LEDs.
Major manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s. In the near future, LEDs are expected to be replaced by OLEDs. Major manufacturers have announced that they will produce smart TVs in the mid-2010s. Smart TVs with integrated Internet and Web 2.0 functions became the dominant form of television by the late 2010s. Television signals were distributed only as terrestrial television using high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the signal to individual television receivers. Alternatively television signals are distributed by coaxial cable or optical fiber, satellite systems and, since the 2000s via the Internet; until the early 2000s, these were transmitted as analog signals, but a transition to digital television is expected to be completed worldwide by the late 2010s. A standard television set is composed of multiple internal electronic circuits, including a tuner for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is called a video monitor rather than a television.
The word television comes from Ancient Greek τῆλε, meaning'far', Latin visio, meaning'sight'. The first documented usage of the term dates back to 1900, when the Russian scientist Constantin Perskyi used it in a paper that he presented in French at the 1st International Congress of Electricity, which ran from 18 to 25 August 1900 during the International World Fair in Paris; the Anglicised version of the term is first attested in 1907, when it was still "...a theoretical system to transmit moving images over telegraph or telephone wires". It was "...formed in English or borrowed from French télévision." In the 19th century and early 20th century, other "...proposals for the name of a then-hypothetical technology for sending pictures over distance were telephote and televista." The abbreviation "TV" is from 1948. The use of the term to mean "a television set" dates from 1941; the use of the term to mean "television as a medium" dates from 1927. The slang term "telly" is more common in the UK; the slang term "the tube" or the "boob tube" derives from the bulky cathode ray tube used on most TVs until the advent of flat-screen TVs.
Another slang term for the TV is "idiot box". In the 1940s and throughout the 1950s, during the early rapid growth of television programming and television-set ownership in the United States, another slang term became used in that period and continues to be used today to distinguish productions created for broadcast on television from films developed for presentation in movie theaters; the "small screen", as both a compound adjective and noun, became specific references to television, while the "big screen" was used to identify productions made for theatrical release. Facsimile transmission systems for still photographs pioneered methods of mechanical scanning of images in the early 19th century. Alexander Bain introduced the facsimile machine between 1843 and 1846. Frederick Bakewell demonstrated a working laboratory version in 1851. Willoughby Smith discovered the photoconductivity of the element selenium in 1873; as a 23-year-old German university student, Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow proposed and patented the Nipkow disk in 1884.
This was a spinning disk with a spiral pattern of holes in it, so each hole scanned a line of the image. Although he never built a working model
The Thirteen Problems
The Thirteen Problems is a short story collection by British writer Agatha Christie, first published in the UK by Collins Crime Club in June 1932 and in the US by Dodd and Company in 1933 under the title The Tuesday Club Murders. The UK edition retailed at seven shillings and sixpence and the US edition at $2.00. The thirteen stories feature the amateur detective Miss Marple, her nephew Raymond West, her friend Sir Henry Clithering, they are the earliest stories. As in some of her other short story collections, Christie employs an overarching narrative, making the book more like an episodic novel. There are three sets of narratives; the first set of six are stories told by the Tuesday Night Club, a random gathering of people at the house of Miss Marple. Each week the group tell tales of mystery, always solved by the female amateur detective from the comfort of her armchair. One of the guests is Sir Henry Clithering, an ex-Commissioner of Scotland Yard, this allows Christie to resolve the story, with him pointing out that the criminals were caught.
Sir Henry Clithering invites Miss Marple to a dinner party, where the next set of six stories are told. The group of guests employ a similar guessing game, once more Miss Marple triumphs; the thirteenth story, Death by Drowning, takes place some time after the dinner party when Miss Marple finds out that Clithering is staying in St Mary Mead and asks him to help in the investigation surrounding the death of a local village girl. At the start of the story Miss Marple secretly works out who the murderer is and her solution proves correct. A group of friends are meeting at the house of Miss Marple in St Mary Mead; as well as the old lady herself, there is her nephew – the writer Raymond West – the artist Joyce Lemprière, Sir Henry Clithering, a clergyman called Dr Pender, Mr Petherick, a solicitor. The conversation turns to unsolved mysteries. Joyce suggests. Sir Henry agrees to participate, Miss Marple brightly volunteers herself to round out the group. Sir Henry tells the first story of three people who sat down to a supper after which all of them fell ill of food poisoning, one died as a result.
The three people were a Mr and Mrs Jones and the wife's companion, Miss Clark, it was Mrs Jones who died. Mr Jones was a commercial traveller; the maid read of the death in a paper and, knowing relatives in the same village where Mr and Mrs Jones lived, wrote to them. This started a chain of gossip which led to the exhumation of the body and the discovery that Mrs Jones was poisoned with arsenic. There was further gossip linking Mr Jones to the doctor's daughter, but there was nothing substantive there; the Jones's maid, tearfully confirmed that all three people had been served the same meal of tinned lobster and cheese, trifle. She had prepared a bowl of corn-flour for Mrs Jones to calm her stomach, but Miss Clark ate this, despite the diet she was on for her consistent weight problems. Jones had a plausible explanation for the letter, blotted in the hotel room; the people in the room deliver their various theories as to who the murderer is, but neglect to ask Miss Marple, until Sir Henry politely points out the omission.
Miss Marple witters on about a similar case involving a local family until she asks Sir Henry if Gladys confessed, says that she hopes Mr Jones will hang for what he made the poor girl do. The letter in the hotel room was to Gladys. Hundreds and thousands refers to sweets sprinkled atop the dessert. Miss Clark had not eaten the dessert and Mr Jones scraped off the poisoned sweets. Sir Henry confirms. Mr Jones had got Gladys pregnant and used a promise of marriage after his wife's death to induce the girl to commit murder, he married someone else. The baby died shortly; the group meets the following week and it is the turn of Dr Pender to tell his story. His tale is one in which a man was struck down by "no human agency", it took place at a house on the edge of Dartmoor called "Silent Grove", newly purchased by Sir Richard Haydon, an old college friend of the doctor's. Dr Pender was invited to a house party there, where they were joined by seven other people including a striking society beauty named Diana Ashley.
Sir Richard was much attracted to her, as were most of the other men in the party, she bewitched them all in turn. On the moor outside the house were several relics of the stone age and within the grounds of the house was a grove of trees which Sir Richard fancied was an authentic grove of Astarte, in the centre of which he had built a rough temple in the form of a stone summerhouse. Diana Ashley was enthused enough by the grove and the structure it contained to wildly suggest a moonlit orgy to the goddess of the Moon, a suggestion which, was vetoed by Dr Pender and some of the others, part of their objection being a feeling of evil that the setting provoked in their imaginations. Toned down to a fancy dress party, Diana's suggestion was accepted by the others to take place that night, prep
The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side
The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side is a work of detective fiction by Agatha Christie and first published in the UK by the Collins Crime Club on 12 November 1962 and in the US by Dodd and Company in September 1963 under the shorter title of The Mirror Crack'd and with a copyright date of 1962. The UK edition retailed at fifteen shillings and the US edition at $3.75. It features Miss Marple, it was dedicated by Christie: "To Margaret Rutherford, in admiration." The novel received good reviews on publication, for "the shrewd exposition of what makes a female film star tick", being easy to read, though the plot was not as "taut" as some of Christie's novels. A review found it "one of the best of her books" and liked the way that "the changes in village life and class structure since the war are detailed". While recovering from an illness, Jane Marple takes a fall, she encounters Heather Badcock, who brings her to her home and relates a story of meeting American actress Marina Gregg, who has moved to England to star in a film about Elisabeth of Austria and purchased Gossington Hall from Marple's friend Dolly Bantry.
Gregg and her latest husband, producer Jason Rudd, host a fête at Gossington Hall in honor of St John Ambulance. Among the guests in attendance are Mrs. Bantry, actress Lola Brewster, Gregg's personal friend Ardwyck Fenn, Heather Badcock and her husband Arthur. All five are invited to a private room to have their picture taken. Upon meeting Gregg, Heather shares the story of meeting her in Bermuda and receiving her autograph, during which Mrs. Bantry notices a strange look cross Gregg's face. Mrs. Bantry takes several other women to see the renovations made to the house only to be interrupted upon discovering Heather has collapsed without explanation. Despite all attempts to revive her, Heather is pronounced dead. Mrs. Bantry informs Marple about the events surrounding the fête and the frozen look on Marina's face, comparing it to a phrase from Alfred, Lord Tennyson's poem The Lady of Shalott. Detective-Inspector Dermot Craddock spearheads the investigation, learning that Heather died as a result of ingesting six times the recommended dose of the tranquilizer Calmo.
The drug had been slipped into a daiquiri that belonged to Gregg but was offered to Heather after someone jogged her arm and caused her to spill it. Operating on the assumption that Gregg was the intended target, Craddock proceeds to delve into her complicated past. Desperate to have a child of her own, she was unable to conceive, she adopted three children but became pregnant and gave birth to a mentally disabled son before suffering a nervous breakdown. One of the children, Margot Bence, is revealed to have been present at Gossington Hall on the day of the fête but she denies killing Gregg despite her hatred towards her adoptive mother; as the investigation continues, two more people are killed over the course of twenty-four hours. Rudd's social secretary, Ella Zielinsky, dies first from cyanide poisoning after the atomizer she uses for her hay fever is tainted with prussic acid; that night, Gregg's butler, Giuseppe, is shot twice in the back in his bedroom after spending the day in London and depositing £500 into his bank account.
Ardwyck Fenn informs Craddock he received a phone call several days before, accusing him of killing Heather, he recognized the anonymous caller as Ella when she sneezed. Marple's house cleaner, Cherry Baker, reveals her friend Gladys, a server at Gossington Hall on the day of the fête, told her she believes Heather deliberately spilled the cocktail and that she was going to meet Giuseppe before he died. After sending Gladys on a vacation to Bournemouth and phoning the vicar, she travels to Gossington Hall only to discover Gregg died in her sleep from an overdose. With Craddock and Rudd present, Marple reconstructs the moment when Heather recounted the story of her meeting Gregg in Bermuda revealing that Gregg was the murderer all along. Heather, suffering from German measles at the time, was indirectly responsible for Gregg's son being born disabled and for Gregg herself suffering a nervous breakdown. Overcome with rage, Gregg doctored her own daiquiri before making it, she tried to convince everyone the poisoned drink was meant for her and killed Ella and Giuseppe after they deduced she was the killer.
Marple sent Gladys away to protect her from becoming Gregg's next victim. Marple implies Rudd administered the overdose to protect her and to prevent her from taking another life. Rudd neither confirms nor denies her suspicions, instead commenting on his wife's beauty and the suffering she endured; the title of the novel comes from the poem The Lady of Shalott by Lord Tennyson. The Lady of Shalott lives in a tower near Camelot, sees it only reflected in a glass, she will be doomed. This poem is referred to by name several times in the novel, with these lines quoted: Out flew the web and floated wide- The mirror crack'd from side to side. At the end, Miss Marple quotes the last three lines in referring to the dead actress: He said, "She has a lovely face. Miss Marple: Detective of St Mary Mead, recovering from an illness. Mrs Cherry Baker: Young house cleaner for Miss Marple. Jim Baker: Husband of Cherry. Miss Knight: Works as carer for Miss Marple, sent by Miss Marple's nephew Raymond West, while she is recuperati
The Body in the Library
The Body in the Library is a work of detective fiction by Agatha Christie and first published in the US by Dodd and Company in February 1942 and in UK by the Collins Crime Club in May of the same year. The US edition retailed at the UK edition at seven shillings and sixpence; the novel features Miss Marple. Gossington Hall is the residence of the conventional retired Colonel Arthur Bantry and his wife Dolly. One morning, the maid finds a dead body in the library, it is a young woman, flashily dressed and made up, with platinum blonde hair, unknown to the Bantrys. She was strangled; the Colonel calls the police, Mrs Bantry calls her old friend, Miss Marple. The police investigators include Inspector Slack and the Chief Constable of "Radfordshire", Colonel Melchett. No one can identify the dead girl. Suspicion falls on a neighbour, Basil Blake, an artist who designs movie props for "Lemville Studios", whom Colonel Bantry dislikes. Blake had been dating a platinum blonde, Dinah Lee, but she is much alive.
The autopsy reveals that the girl died between 10 PM and 12 AM the previous evening, had been drugged, was a virgin. Ruby Keene, an 18-year-old dancer at the Majestic Hotel in nearby Danemouth, is reported missing. Josie Turner, Ruby's cousin and bridge hostess at the Majestic, identifies the dead girl as Ruby. Josie had hurt her ankle, had Ruby fill in for her as hostess and exhibition dancer with Raymond Starr, the hotel's tennis and dance instructor. Ruby went missing the previous night. However, Josie had not called the police to say. Several years before, Jefferson lost his wife Margaret, son Frank, daughter Rosamund, both legs in an air crash. Mark and Adelaide are his heirs. Conway is an old friend of the Bantrys. Dolly and Miss Marple move to the Majestic to investigate further; as Danemouth is in the next county, "Glenshire", Superintendent Harper of the Glenshire police joins the investigation. Conway planned to adopt Ruby, to leave her his remaining fortune; this would disinherit Mark and Adelaide.
But they have alibis: they were playing bridge in the hotel ballroom with Josie and Conway, while Ruby danced with guests, until after midnight. Ruby's last partner was guest George Bartlett. Conway asks his old friend, retired Scotland Yard commissioner Sir Henry Clithering, to investigate. Clithering tells him about Miss Marple. Miss Marple fears that if the case is not solved, the Bantrys will be suspected and shunned permanently; the police suspect that Ruby went off to meet a boyfriend, who strangled her and left her in the Gossington library. Conway's valet Edwards saw a snapshot of Basil Blake fall out of Ruby's handbag, which points to Blake. Adelaide is a devoted mother to Peter, Mark loved Rosamund. Conway made large settlements for his children, which passed to their spouses, so they would have no strong motive to do away with Ruby, but Mark has gambled away Rosamund's share, Frank lost his share in bad investments before he died. Thus Conway's adoption of Ruby would leave Adelaide with nothing.
Bartlett's burned-out car is found in a quarry with a charred corpse inside. From clothing and badges, the corpse is identified as 16-year-old Girl Guide Pamela Reeves, missing since she went shopping the day before the other corpse was found. Miss Marple learns from Pamela's friends that Pamela had been approached by a "film producer" and offered a screen test, that she was going for the test, not shopping. Miss Marple tells Dinah Lee that she has discovered that and Basil are married, that Basil will be arrested for killing Ruby. Basil confesses that after quarrelling with Dinah at a studio party, he went home and found Ruby's body. In a panic, he dumped the body in the Bantrys' library; the police arrest him. Miss Marple and the Bantrys return to the Majestic with Melchett and Harper. Miss Marple visits Somerset House, she asks Conway to tell Mark and Adelaide that tomorrow, he will change his will, leaving his money to a hostel for young girl dancers in London. At 3 AM, an intruder tries to murder Conway in his bedroom, is caught in the act by the police, but not named.
Miss Marple provides the dénouement. Although nail clippings were found in Ruby's room, the dead girl in the library had bitten nails, which meant that she was not Ruby. Mark said that Ruby had teeth that ran right down her throat, but the girl in the library had teeth that stuck out; when Dinah mentioned Somerset House and marriage, Miss Marple thought to visit there, discovered that Mark was married to Josie. Upon finding out that Conway planned to adopt Ruby, they decided to frame Basil. Mark and Josie lured Pamela to the hotel for the "screen test". In Josie's room, they dressed her and made her up to resemble Ruby drugged her. During the bridge play, Mark took a break "to write letters", but took Pamela to Blake's house and strangled her, he returned while Ruby was still dancing in the ballroom, remained till after midnight, thus having a perfect alibi for her supposed time of death. Just before midnight, when Ruby left to change for the exhibition dance, Josie followed her and killed her in Josie's room.
She performed the dance with Raymond. She dressed Ruby in Pamela's Girl Guide uniform, clipped d
A Murder Is Announced
A Murder Is Announced is a work of detective fiction by Agatha Christie and first published in the UK by the Collins Crime Club in June 1950 and in the US by Dodd and Company in the same month. The UK edition sold for eight shillings and sixpence and the US edition at $2.50. The novel is considered a crime novel classic; the book was promoted upon publication in 1950 as being Christie's fiftieth book, although in truth this figure could only be arrived at by counting in both UK and US short story collections. The storyline had been explored in Christie's Miss Marple short story "The Companion", where the characters lived in Little Paddocks. A notice appears in the paper of Chipping Cleghorn: "A murder is announced and will take place on Friday, October 29th, at Little Paddocks, at 6.30 pm. Friends accept this, the only intimation." This surprises Letitia Blacklock, owner of Little Paddocks. The villagers are intrigued by the notice, several of them appear with awkward reasons but definite interest.
As the clock strikes 6.30, the lights go out and a door swings open, revealing a man with a blinding torch who demands the guests "Stick'em up!" Most do so, believing it to be part of a game. When the lights turn on, Miss Blacklock's ear is bleeding, from a bullet grazing her earlobe, the gunman is dead on the ground. Dora Bunner recognizes the gunman as Rudi Scherz, a foreigner who works as a receptionist at a local hotel, who had asked Letitia for money a few days ago; the scene suggests to the police that this is a strange suicide or accidental death, but Inspector Craddock is not satisfied. Craddock is advised to involve Miss Marple a guest at the spa hotel where Scherz was employed, in the case, the two work together, they learn that Scherz has a criminal background of petty forgery. Scherz's girlfriend, a waitress at the spa, reveals that he had been paid to appear as the holdup man. Craddock returns to Chipping Cleghorn. Establishing a motive for Scherz's attack on Miss Blacklock is difficult.
She has done well for herself but is not wealthy. However, she may inherit a great deal of money; when Belle dies, Miss Blacklock inherits everything, but if she predeceases Belle, the estate goes to the mysterious "Pip" and "Emma", children of Randall's estranged sister, Sonia. Inspector Craddock discovers oil on the hinges of a door into the parlour, thought to be unused, Bunny mentions that until there had been a table placed against the door. Craddock travels to Scotland to meet Belle, their father, a doctor, tried unsuccessfully to treat Charlotte, but she only withdrew further into herself as her goitre worsened. Their father died shortly before World War II, Letitia gave up her job with Goedler and took her sister to Switzerland for surgery; the two sisters waited out the war in Switzerland, but before it was over, Charlotte died suddenly. Letitia returned to England alone. Miss Marple takes tea with Bunny, Bunny reveals the oiled door she found with the Inspector, she is sure that a young cousin of Letitia's, is not as he appears.
Simmons, with his sister Julia and Phillipa Haymes, a young widow, is staying at Little Paddocks. Bunny is certain there was a different lamp in the room on the night of the murder, but their tête-à-tête is interrupted when Letitia arrives. Letitia arranges a birthday party for Bunny, complete with everyone, at the house when Scherz was killed, she asks Mitzi the cook to make her special cake, which Patrick has nicknamed "Delicious Death". After the party, Bunny has a headeache, but she cannot find her purchased aspirin so takes some from a bottle in Letitia's room; the next day, Bunny is found dead. Miss Marple visits the mourning Miss Blacklock and asks to see photo albums which might contain pictures of Sonia Goedler and Emma's mother, but all photos of Sonia have been removed from the albums; when Miss Blacklock receives a letter from the real Julia Simmons, she confronts the impostor, who reveals herself to be "Emma". Through deduction and re-enactment, Misses Hinchcliffe and Murgatroyd figure out that Miss Murgatroyd, behind the opened door and thus not blinded by the torch, could see, in the room when the torch shone on their faces..
The two women conclude that the person, not in the room could have left the room when the lights went out and come around behind Scherz and shot him and at Miss Blacklock. Just as Miss Murgatroyd remembers the one person not in the room, the phone rings, summoning Miss Hinchcliffe to the veterinarian; as Miss Hinchcliffe drives away, Murgatroyd runs into the driveway, shouting "She wasn't there!". When Miss Hinchcliffe returns, she meets with Miss Marple, together they discover Murgatroyd's body, strangled; the distraught Hinchcliffe informs Miss Marple of Murgatroyd's cryptic statement. When the vicar's cat shorts out a lamp at the vicarage, the final clue falls into place for Miss Marple. Inspector Craddock gathers everyone at Little Paddocks, where Mitzi claims to have seen Miss Blacklock shoot Scherz, but Craddock dismisses her and accuses Edmund Swettenham of
A Pocket Full of Rye
A Pocket Full of Rye is a work of detective fiction by Agatha Christie and first published in the UK by the Collins Crime Club on 9 November 1953, in the US by Dodd, Mead & co. the following year. The UK edition retailed at ten shillings and sixpence and the US edition at $2.75. The book features her detective Miss Marple. Like several of Christie's novels the title and substantial parts of the plot reference a nursery rhyme, in this case "Sing a Song of Sixpence". Miss Marple travels to the Fortescue home to offer information on Gladys Martin, she works with Inspector Neele. Two reviewers at the time of publication felt that "the hidden mechanism of the plot is ingenious at the expense of probability" and that the novel was "Not quite so stunning as some of Mrs Christie's criminal assaults upon her readers". Christie's overall high quality in writing detective novels led one to say "they ought to make her a Dame". Writing another reviewer felt that the characters included an "exceptionally nasty family of suspects" in what was "Still, a good, sour read."
When London businessman Rex Fortescue dies after drinking his morning tea, Scotland Yard Detective Inspector Neele is called in to investigate. An autopsy reveals the cause of death was taxine, an alkaloid poison obtained from the yew tree, that Fortescue ingested it at breakfast. Searching his clothing, the police find one pocket full of rye, a fact not explained. Rex's wife Adele is the main suspect in the murder. Son Lancelot and his wife Pat are travelling from Kenya to London, at the invitation of his father, according to Lance. At Paris, he wires. Police meet him at the airport; the day Lance arrives at Yewtree Lodge, leaving his wife in London, his stepmother, dies of cyanide in her tea, a few hours the maid Gladys Martin is found strangled in the yard, with a clothes pin put on her nose. Inspector Neele is working full-time with the aid of Sergeant Hay on these murders, interviewing all at the office and in the home; the older son, tells the Inspector that his father was erratic and ruining the business.
After the story of the three murders is in the newspapers, Miss Marple arrives at Yewtree Lodge, to shed light on Gladys Martin. Gladys learned cleaning at Miss Marple's home. Miss Ramsbottom invites Miss Marple to stay. Inspector Neele agrees seeing what she can add. Neele learns that the taxine was ingested in marmalade, with a new jar put out at breakfast, used by Rex alone; that jar had been found by police. When Miss Marple and Inspector Neele discuss the case, he shares that information, she asks him if he has asked about blackbirds, having seen the pattern of an old children's rhyme, Sing a Song of Sixpence; when he does ask, he learns of dead blackbirds on Rex's desk at home, a pie whose contents were removed and replaced with dead blackbirds, from Lance, of the Blackbird Mine in east Africa. The Blackbird Mine was suspected of having gold, found by Mr MacKenzie. Rex Fortescue investigated the land after investing capital in it, he left returning alone and owning the land that he felt was of no value.
There had been a scene when Mrs MacKenzie, decades earlier, charged Rex with her husband's death, promising to teach her children to avenge their father's death. Both the Inspector and Miss Marple suspect that the daughter is in the household under another name, as the son died in the war; the Inspector suspects Mary Dove, the housekeeper, tells her so. Jennifer Fortescue, wife of Percy, tells Miss Marple that she was a MacKenzie, the Inspector confirms it. Jennifer put out the dead blackbirds near Rex to remind him of his past offense, she knew. Miss Marple and Inspector Neele realize. Miss Marple explains what Gladys did: put the poison in the marmalade not knowing it was poison, the rye in his pocket, at the direction of her boyfriend, Albert Evans. Dove blackmails Jennifer. Miss Marple explains that Albert Evans is Rex's son. Lance wants money, he arranged the murder of his father to deal only with his brother. He murdered his stepmother because she would inherit a large amount of cash, but only if she lived thirty days after her husband.
The firm could not continue with so much cash going out, between his father's bad decisions and her inheritance. He had killed Gladys, so she could tell no tales, leaving the clothes pin that so offends Miss Marple to match the line in the rhyme, "and pecked off her nose." Gladys was easy to persuade to assist him, never questioning his motives, flattered by his attentions. She believed. Miss Marple deduces this from seeing her things; when Miss Marple returns home, a letter from Gladys awaits her. She explains all she begs Miss Marple's help, as she does not know what to do; the letter was waylaid in the post. Enclosed is a photo of her and her Albert Lance Fortescue. Inspector Neele's case will be strong. Miss Marple: She trained Gladys in the duties of service in a home or at a restaurant, feels responsible when she reads of the murders where Gladys works. Miss Griffith: Head typist at the offices of Rex Fortescue, she calls his doctor. Miss Irene Grosvenor: Competent, beautiful blonde secretary in the offices of Rex Fortescue, his personal secretary.
Miss Somers: Newest secretary in
They Do It with Mirrors
They Do It with Mirrors is a detective fiction novel by Agatha Christie, first published in the US by Dodd and Company in 1952 under the title of Murder with Mirrors and in UK by the Collins Crime Club on 17 November that year under Christie's original title. The US edition retailed at the UK edition at ten shillings and sixpence; the book features her detective Miss Marple. One review at the time of publication praised the essence of the plot but felt the latter half of the novel moved too slowly. A review considered that this novel showed "Definite signs of decline." And felt the author was not comfortable with the setting she described in the novel. While visiting her American school friend Ruth Van Rydock in London, Miss Marple learns that Ruth is concerned for her sister Carrie Louise, she asks Miss Marple to visit Carrie Louise at her home in England. Miss Marple agrees to the visit, she is impressed by the size of the Victorian mansion, which now has a separate building for delinquent boys, the cause which engages Carrie Louise and her third husband, Lewis Serrocold.
Carrie Louise has her family living with her, as her granddaughter Gina has brought her American husband Walter to England to meet her family. Daughter Mildred Strete moved back home. Stepsons Steven and Alexis Restarick, now grown, are frequent visitors, present during Miss Marple's visit. One of the first people Miss Marple encounters is young Edgar Lawson, a juvenile delinquent being shepherded by Serrocold, who seems to have mental issues. Miss Marple learns of Carrie Louie's health problems from old age, but is pleased to see that she is still the sweet and loving person she has known. An unexpected visitor arrives at Stonygates--Christian Gulbrandsen--a trustee of the charitable foundation that his father set up with the wealth he generated in his life. Lewis meets Christian on the terrace. Miss Marple watches them through her bird-watcher's binoculars and tries to learn the reason for Christian's unexpected visit, she hears a few phrases, concerning the importance of keeping a problem from Carrie Louise, that they should call for outside help.
Both men enter for dinner, afterwards, Christian retires to his room to write letters. The rest of the household is held entranced by a scene that plays out in the office of Lewis Serrocold. Lawson enters it with a gun, locks the door, speaks loudly of Lewis, whom he now claims is his father and has treated him badly. Lawson threatens to shoot him. Tension is added to the scene by darkness; the family intervene by trying to open the door. Another shot is heard by some, but not all; when the door is open, Lewis scoffs at any concern for himself, they see that the shots hit the wall. Lawson collapses in apologies. "Jolly" Juliet Believer and companion to Carrie Louise, returns to the room saying she has called the police, because she has found Christian, dead in his room from a gunshot. Lewis proceeds to Christian's room, followed by Miss Marple. Alexis Restarick arrives at the house, his brother Steven was there, playing the piano after dinner. The police arrive. Inspector Curry establishes that none of the people from the facility for the boys are involved, nor any of the servants who live outside Stonygates.
He discovers. Lewis removed it, afraid his wife would read it and discover that the reason for Christian's visit was his fear that someone had been poisoning Carrie Louise. Lewis suggests that the poison is in her medicine, a liquid, shown to contain arsenic. Miss Marple comments that most of the family would be pleased if Walter were found to be the killer, but Christian was not killed by Walter's gun, in Lawson's hand during the interval. Police find the weapon. Alexis explains that his drive to the house was slowed by the fog, that what he saw and heard in the fog, such as someone running and one of the shots, gave him an idea for a stage set. Alexis envisions the house as a stage, which causes Miss Marple to begin thinking differently about the murder; the next evening and the boy Ernie Gregg are killed by stage weights. Miss Marple explains to the police how one person could run from Lewis's study to Christian's room along the terrace in under two minutes--Lewis Serrocold. Lawson spoke as both Lewis, while Lewis killed Christian and returned out of breath.
Lewis was embezzling from the Gulbrandsen Trust. Lawson is the illegitimate son of Lewis; the suspicion of Carrie Louie's poisoning was a ruse created by Lewis. When confronted by the police, Lawson flees the house, jumping into an old boat to cross a lake on the property; the boat begins to sink, so Lewis Serrocold jumps into the lake to rescue his son. Both are caught in the reeds lining the lake, drown before the police can reach them. Carrie Louise walks indoors with her daughter Mildred, Gina and Walter head back to America. Miss Marple: An old woman with detective skills. Ruth Van Rydock: Old school friend of Miss Marple, an American socialite. Carrie Louise Serrocold: Younger sister of Ruth a school friend of Miss Marple. Lewis Serrocold: Third husband of Carrie Louise, once an accountant and now an enthusiast for the charitable treatment of juvenile delinquents. Gina Hudd: Granddaughter of Carrie Louise from her first marriage, she was born in Italy, moved to England as an infant. She spent World War II in the US with her aunt Ruth