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Ageladas or Hagelaedas was a celebrated Greek sculptor, who flourished in the latter part of the 6th and the early part of the 5th century BC. Ageladas' fame is enhanced by his having been the instructor of the three great masters, Phidias and Polykleitos; the determination of the period when Ageladas flourished has given rise to a great deal of discussion, owing to the contradictory statements of the writers who mention his name. Pausanias states that Ageladas cast a statue of Cleosthenes with the chariot and charioteer placed at Olympia. At Olympia, there were statues by Ageladas of Timasitheus of Delphi and Anochus of Tarentum. Timasitheus was put to death by the Athenians for his participation in the attempt to overthrow the tyrant Isagoras during the 68th Olympiad in 507. According to Eusebius, Anochus was a victor in the games of the 65th Olympiad. Therefore, if Ageladas was born about 540, he may well have been the instructor of Phidias. On the other hand, Pliny says that Ageladas, with Polykleitos and Myron, flourished in the 87th Olympiad.

This agrees with the statement of the scholiast on Aristophanes, that at Melite there was a statue of Heracles, the work of Ageladas the Argive, set up during the great pestilence at the 87th Olympiad. To these authorities must be added a passage of Pausanias, where he speaks of a statue of Zeus made by Ageladas for the Messenians of Naupactus; this must have been after the year 455, when the Messenians were allowed by the Athenians to settle at Naupactus. In order to reconcile these conflicting statements, it has been argued that Pliny's date is wrong and that the statue of Heracles had been made by Ageladas long before it was set up at Melite. Other scholars think that Pliny's date is correct, but that Ageladas did not make the statues of the Olympic victors mentioned by Pausanias until many years after their victories. Given that the dates of those individuals' victories are so nearly the same, this could be argued as being a extraordinary coincidence; the most probable solution of the difficulty is that proposed by Friedrich Thiersch, who thinks that there were two artists of this name: one an Argive, the instructor of Phidias, born about 540.

Thiersch supports this hypothesis by an able criticism of a passage of Pausanias. Other scholars assume that there were two artists with the name of Ageladas. Ageladas the Argive executed one of a group of three Muses, representing the presiding geniuses of the diatonic and enharmonic styles of Greek music. Canachus and Aristocles of Sicyon made the other two; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Ageladas". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology

Samuel Houghton

Samuel "Sam" Houghton was an English rugby union and professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1890s and 1900s. He played representative level rugby union for England and Cheshire, at club level for Runcorn RFC, Birkenhead Wanderers, as a fullback, i.e. number 15. and representative level rugby league for Cheshire, at club level for Runcorn RFC, who he rejoined in January 1896, who had switched to professional rugby league in 1895. Sam Houghton was born in Runcorn, England, he died in Runcorn, England. Sam Houghton won first selected to play for England, while representing Runcorn at club level, for the encounter against Ireland in the 1892 Home Nations Championship. Despite England winning 7–0, Houghton was replaced for the next match of the tournament by Thomas Coop, who himself was uncapped before the match, it would take four years for Houghton to win his second cap, when he was chosen for the 1896 Home Nations Championship. This was a key match for England, as it was the first international after the formation of the Northern League, the selectors were now unable to call upon a large number of former players who had now turned professional.

Houghton by this time had switched clubs from Runcorn to Birkenhead Wanderers, on 4 January 1896 he was called upon to face Wales in the opening game of the Championship, the match was a one-sided affair after the talented Welsh three-quarters, Owen Badger, broke his collar bone within the first fifteen minutes and was forced to leave the pitch. England went on to win 25–0. Despite being called back into the England team, being selected for the second match of the 1896 Championship against Ireland, Houghton switched codes before the 1 February fixture, joining his old club Runcorn. Runcorn who were a union team had turned professional in 1895, by signing back to the club, Houghton was now considered a professional footballer, could therefore never represent a rugby union team at club, county, or country level. ESPN states Samuel Houghton's date of birth as 16 August 1870, whereas FreeBMD quotes the birth as being registered during first ¼ 1870

Old Capitol Building

The Old Capitol Building is a building in Olympia, Washington. Designed by Willis A. Ritchie, it was built from 1890 to 1892 as the Thurston County Courthouse, served from 1905 until 1928 as the state capitol, seat of the legislature of Washington, it is now the office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction. The building has survived several disasters. A fire in 1928 resulted in the loss of a central tower. After the 1949 Olympia earthquake, the building was evacuated and suffered severe damage to its masonry exterior that had to be repaired over the following few months at a cost of $1.1 million. 10 of the 12 towers were lost in the earthquake, along with a rotunda, the House chamber, several galleries in the East Wing. National Register of Historic Places listings in Thurston County, Washington About us, Superintendent of Public Instruction: Information on the Old State Capitol Building

Robyn Layton

Robyn Ann Layton is an Australian lawyer, who worked in a diverse range of legal roles, including as a judge of the Supreme Court of South Australia and judge of the South Australian Industrial Court. She was author of the South Australian Child Protection review known as "the Layton report" in 2003, a member and chair of the International Labour Organization's Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations from 1993 to 2008. Layton studied law at the University of Adelaide. Layton had a diverse practice as a solicitor, working in criminal and family law, she did pro bono work for people opposed to the Vietnam war, both conscientious objectors and demonstrators. Her criminal law work included representing Aboriginal people, again pro bono, her work for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people expanded to the Central Aboriginal Land Rights team. Layton was appointed to the South Australian Industrial Court in 1978, before accepting a position as a Deputy President of the Commonwealth Administrative Appeals Tribunal from 1985 until 1989.

In 1992, she was appointed a Queen's Counsel, following her return to the bar. In 1993 she was appointed a member of International Labour Organization's Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations, a position she held until 2008, including time as the first female chair. From 1993 to 2008, Layton served as a member and chair of the Committee of Experts on Application of Conventions of the International Labour Organization in Geneva, since has served as a consultant to the organisation. In 2002 the South Australian government commissioned Layton to review child protection laws to more prevent child neglect and abuse and to improve the outcomes for children, neglected or abused. In 2003 Our best investment: a state plan to protect and advance the interests of children, known as the "Layton Report", was published This work focussed on inter-agency co-ordination. On 14 February 2005 Layton became the fourth woman appointed to the Supreme Court and with Margaret Nyland and Ann Vanstone formed the first all female Court of Criminal Appeal in South Australia.

She retired from the Court on 3 September 2010. Layton has been chair of the South Australian Sex Discrimination Board and the Human Rights Committee of the Law Society of South Australia. Since 2010 Layton has continued to advocate for Indigenous and children's rights, working as the team leader for an Asian Development Bank in Kazakhstan and the Philippines to reduce poverty for women and improve employment opportunities. In 2013 she spent time at Delhi University. From 2013 to 2014, Layton chaired an Independent Review Panel which undertook a review of the APY Land Rights Act 1981, which aimed to improving the governance of the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands; the process included consultation with Anangu by visiting the APY Lands and convening 24 meetings, before presenting a report to the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation in April 2014. The findings of the report led to the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands Rights Amendment Act 2016; as of March 2020, Layton is Chair of the Advisory Council for the University of South Australia’s Australian Centre for Child Protection and Adjunct Professor at the University's School of Law.

She is patron of several organisations, including the Women’s Legal Services SA and the Migrant Resource Centre. Layton was made an Officer of the Order of Australia on 26 January 2012 "For distinguished service to the law and to the judiciary through the Supreme Court of South Australia, as an advocate for Indigenous and children's rights, to the community", she was recognised as the "South Australian of the Year" in 2012. Layton married John Bannon in 1968, they had one daughter before they divorced


In the New Kingdom of Egypt, the Medjay were an elite paramilitary police force, serving as desert scouts and protectors of areas of Pharaonic interest. The Egyptian term mḏꜣ from which the name "Medjay" was derived referred to a region in northern Sudan and southern Egypt inhabited by an ancient nomadic tribe of Beja nomads who were employed by the Egyptians as mercenaries, they formed a complex public administration similar to a national police force. The term came to describe their force itself. During the Middle Kingdom of Egypt, ancient Egyptians were appreciative of their skill in combat, therefore employed them as gauchos, infantry soldiers and explorers to spy on foreigners at the borders. During the Eighteenth Dynasty, the Medjay were referred to as an urban police with a separate hierarchy independent of other authorities; the Medjay are no longer mentioned after the Twentieth Dynasty. The first mention of the Medjay in written records dates back to the Old Kingdom, when they were listed among other Nubian peoples in the Autobiography of Weni, at the time a general serving under Pepi I Meryre.

During this time the term "Medjay" referred to people from the land of Medja, a district thought to be located just east of the Second Nile Cataract in Nubia. A decree from Pepi I's reign, which lists different officials, illustrates that Medja was at least to some extent subjugated by the Egyptian government. During the Middle Kingdom, the definition of "Medjay" started to refer more to a tribe than a land. Written accounts such as the Semna Despatches detail the Medjay as nomadic desert people; as itinerant peoples, they worked in all parts of Egyptian society, as palace attendants, temple employees and more. The Medjay worked in Egyptian fortifications in Nubia and patrolled the desert along with other Egyptian soldiers, like the Akhwty, they were sometimes employed as soldiers. And during the Second Intermediate Period, they were used during Kamose's campaign against the Hyksos and became instrumental in making the Egyptian state into a military power. In the archaeological record, a culture known as the Pan-Grave Culture is considered by experts to represent the Medjay.

This culture is named for its distinctive circular graves, found throughout Lower Nubia and Upper Egypt, which date to the late Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period. The sudden appearance of these graves in the Nile Valley suggests that they represent an immigrant population, while the presence of Nerita shells in many of them suggests their occupants came from the Eastern Desert between the Nile and the Red Sea. Other objects found in these graves include the painted skulls of various horned animals, which are found either arranged in a circle around the burial pit or placed in separate offering pits. By the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom, the Medjay were an elite paramilitary police force. No longer did the term refer to an ethnic group, over time the new meaning became synonymous with policing in general; as an elite force, the Medjay were used to protect valuable areas areas of pharaonic interest like capital cities, royal cemeteries, the borders of Egypt. Though they are best known for their protection of the royal palaces and tombs in Thebes and the surrounding areas, the Medjay were used throughout Upper and Lower Egypt.

Each regional unit had its own captains. Chiefs of the Medjay are known from the New Kingdom, but that title is more to refer to a person in charge of building and building material procurement. At first, the group just consisted of ethnic Medjay and those descended from that ancient tribal group; this changed over time as more Egyptians took up their occupation. Records show that various Medjay captains had Egyptian names and were depicted as such. Why this change occurred is not known, but it is assumed that, because of the Medjay's elite status, Egyptians joined them. After the 20th Dynasty, the term Medjay is no longer found in Egyptian records, it is unknown whether the Medjay as an occupation had been abolished or the name of the force had changed. However, there is speculation that a group of people called the Meded who fought against the Kush during the 5th and 4th centuries B. C. might have been related to the Medjay. In the 1932 film The Mummy, the Medjay are mentioned as Pharaoh Seti I's personal bodyguards in ancient Egypt.

They are mentioned in the 1999 remake The Mummy, the sequel The Mummy Returns. In the 2017 video game Assassin's Creed Origins, the protagonist, Bayek, is considered "the last Medjay", acting as a "sheriff" throughout first century BCE Egypt. Linguistic evidence indicates that the Medjay spoke an ancient Cushitic language related to the Cushitic Beja language and that the Blemmyes were a subdivision of the Medjay. Rilly mentions historical records of a powerful Cushitic speaking group which controlled Lower Nubia and some cities in Upper Egypt. Rilly states: "The Blemmyes are another Cushitic speaking tribe, or more a subdivision of the Medjay/Beja people, attested in Napatan and Egyptian texts from the 6th century BC on." On page 134: "From the end of the 4th century until the 6th century AD, they held parts of Lower Nubia and some cities of Upper Egypt." He mentions the linguistic relationship between the modern Beja language and the ancient Cushitic Blemmyan language which dominated Lower Nubia and that the Blemmyes can be regarded as a particular tribe of the Medjay: "The Blemmyan language is so c

Jorge Simão

António Jorge Rocha Simão is a Portuguese former footballer who played as a midfielder, the manager of Saudi club Al-Fayha FC. Born in Pampilhosa da Serra, Coimbra District, Simão played amateur football, emerging through C. F. Estrela da Amadora's youth system and retiring at the age of 26, he started working as a coach in 2003, going on to act as assistant at several clubs. In February 2014, Simão embarked on his first managerial role by accepting an invitation at Segunda Liga side Atlético Clube de Portugal until the end of the season. Despite claiming 16 points from a possible 36, he was unable to prevent his team from finishing bottom of the league, but they were reinstated as the competition was expanded. Subsequently, Simão joined C. D. Mafra from the third division. In March 2015, however, he moved straight to the Primeira Liga with C. F. Os Belenenses. In the 2015 off-season, Simão succeeded Paulo Fonseca at the helm of F. C. Paços de Ferreira, he left at the end of the campaign, after achieving a seventh-place finish.

Simão started 2016–17 in the top level, with G. D. Chaves. On 17 December 2016, he was appointed at fellow league club S. C. Braga as a replacement for fired José Peseiro. Simão returned to both active and the Portuguese top flight on 14 September 2017, replacing the fired Miguel Leal at the helm of Boavista FC, his first game in charge was two days and his team managed to defeat current champions S. L. Benfica 2–1 at home. On 26 January 2019, with the team one point above the relegation places, he left by mutual consent to be replaced by Lito Vidigal. In June that year, Simão's name was discussed by the board of EFL Championship club Middlesbrough for their vacant managerial position, but instead he took his first foreign job at Al-Fayha FC in the Saudi Professional League; as of match played 29 August 2019 Jorge Simão at ForaDeJogo Jorge Simão manager stats at ForaDeJogo