Tyrnavos is a municipality in the Larissa regional unit, of the Thessaly region of Greece. It is the second largest town of the Larissa regional unit, the town is near the mountains and the Thessalian Plain. The river Titarisios, a tributary of the Pineios, flows through the town, Tyrnavos is bypassed by the GR-3 and has an old road connecting the town to Elassona. It will be linked with a superhighway numbered 3 with an opening date. Tyrnavos is located south-southwest of Thessaloniki and Katerini, northwest of Larissa, east-northeast of Trikala and south-southeast of Elassona, here live an important community of aromanians. Tyrnavos was built by the Slavs as a settlement with huts in the 7th or 8th century AD. In 1423 the Turkish general Turahan Bey conquered the area of Thessaly, Turahan founded Tyrnavos, gathering the local inhabitants and settling them in the new town, which he adorned with several buildings and which he granted extensive privileges. In 1770 there were 16 churches and 6 mosques in the town, Tirnavos was liberated from Ottoman rule on September 1,1881 and by decision of the Berlin Congress, Greece annexed it.
The Turkish bath is the only Muslim building to have saved as well as some other preservable buildings of the town. The city holds an annual carnival, which has its roots in antiquity. It is at least 100 years old, the first written records about its celebration date from 1898. However, the prohibition of the carnival didn’t intimidate the inhabitants of Tirnavos that celebrated it even secretly, after the war, disguised people are incorporated into the carnival chariots. However, the dictatorship prohibited it once more and its celebration was interrupted until 1980 when the custom was revised, in recent years, the carnival of Tirnavos is renowned as the biggest and best carnival in Central Greece. The carnival is celebrated during about a month, but the festivities culminate on the last Sunday of carnival with the big Parade of chariots, the custom of “Burani” takes place on the day of, the first days of Lent. This customs have made Tirnavos famous, shrove Monday is a day of merry moral freedom or laxity of morals during which the rules of decent behavior are temporarily violated.
The use of sexual and love symbols are combined with the traditional folk manifestations, strictly speaking, the “bourani” is a folk fare but in essence, it is a phallus festival that symbolizes the reproduction and fertility. First, the inhabitants of the go to the country church of Prophet Elijah in a free wide area. Each group spread a table with various dishes on the ground, at the same time, they lit a fire on which they prepared the “Bourani”, a spinach soup
Karditsa (regional unit)
Karditsa is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Thessaly and its name is derived from its capital Karditsa, a small city of approximately 40,000 people. Karditsa borders the regional units of Trikala to the north, Larissa to the east, Phthiotis to the southeast, Evrytania to the south, Aetolia-Acarnania to the southwest and Arta to the west. The main rivers are Megdovas in the south, the Pineios in the north, the Plastiras Dam and Lake Plastiras, located to the west of the city of Karditsa, supply water to the plains and the central part of Greece. Located in south-western Thessaly, it is primarily an agricultural area, farmlands dominate the central and the eastern part, which belongs to the Thessalian Plain. The western and southern part of the unit is mountainous. The Agrafa region, straddling the border with Evrytania, is known for its resistance against Ottoman rule. The regional unit Karditsa is subdivided into 6 municipalities and these are, Argithea Karditsa Lake Plastiras Mouzaki Palamas Sofades Karditsa was created as a prefecture in 1899, and again in 1947.
As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Karditsa was created out of the former prefecture Karditsa, the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below and its economy and agriculture boomed during that period, Karditsa was administered as the Trikala–Karditsa prefecture until 1947. It was affected by World War II and the Greek Civil War which saw many buildings destroyed and inhabitants left homeless, the prefecture was rebuilt and received electricity and motorised transport, while emigration began in the 1950s, when construction of Lake Plastiras was added. Television arrived in the 1970s and the 1980s for its villages, the population was 121,775 in 2001. The Public Market of Karditsa is one of UNESCOs protected cultural monuments, There is a Police Academy. Anagennisi Karditsa - Karditsa - second division A. O, Karditsa - Karditsa - fourth division Iraklis Sofades - Sofades Tavropos - Karditsa - fourth division There are a number of highways E75 and the main railway from Volos to Meteora crosses Thessaly.
The region is linked to the rest of Europe through International Airport of Central Greece located in Nea Anchialos in a small distance from Karditsa. Greek National Road 30, NW, Cen
Farsala, known in Antiquity as Pharsalos, is a city in southern Thessaly, in Greece. Farsala is located in the part of Larissa regional unit. Farsala is an economic and agricultural centre of the region and livestock are the main agricultural products, and many inhabitants are employed in the production of textile. Farsala is famous for its distinctive halva, but even more so for its significance in ancient history, Farsala lies at the southern edge of the Thessalian Plain,4 km south of the river Enipeas. The Greek National Road 3 and the Greek National Road 30 pass through the town, the Palaiofarsalos railway station, on the line from Athens to Thessaloniki and head of the branch line to Kalambaka, is located in the village of Stavros,12 km to the west. Farsala is located 38 km south of Larissa,41 km east of Karditsa,44 km north of Lamia and 49 km west of Volos. The municipality Farsala has an area of 739.74 km2, the municipal unit Farsala has an area of 121.433 km2, and the community Farsala has an area of 57.928 km2.
The Homeric Phthia of the Mycenaean period, capital of the Kingdom of the Myrmidons and of Peleus, father of Achilles, has sometimes identified with the city of Pharsalos. A Cyclopean Wall which protected a city still exists today near modern Farsala, the Pharsalos of the historic era was built over a hillside of the Narthacius mountains at an elevation of some 160 m, where modern Farsala stands. It was one of the cities in Thessaly and was the capital of the Phthian tetrarch. In the Persian Wars it sided with the Athenians, a distinctive tribe of the city was that of Echecratidon. In the early 4th century BC, the city was a part of the Thessalian Commons, later, it joined the Macedonian Kingdom under Philip II. The area became a theatre of war where the Aetolians and the Thessalians clashed with the Macedonians, especially during the Second, after the defeat of the Macedonian Kingdom and the whole area became a part of the Roman Republic. The whole area suffered great destruction during the Roman Civil War, the Battle of Pharsalus, where Julius Caesar defeated Pompey and changed the course of the Roman Republic forever, took place in 48 BC in the fields of the Pharsalian Plain.
The geographer Strabo speaks of two towns, Old Pharsalos, Παλαιοφάρσαλος and Pharsalos, existing in historical times. His statement that the Thetideion, the temple to Thetis south of Skotoussa, was both the Pharsaloi, the Old and the New”, seems to imply that Palaeopharsalos was not itself close by Pharsalos. Although the battle of 48 BC is called after Pharsalos, four ancient writers – the author of the Bellum Alexandrinum, Eutropius, if that town had been close to Pharsalos he would have sacked both, and Livy would have written “Pharsalus” instead of “Palaeopharsalus”. The British scholar F. L. Lucas demonstrated that the battle of 48 BC must have been north of the Enipeus
Palamas is a town and a municipality in the Karditsa regional unit, Greece. Palamas is located south-southwest of Larissa, the capital of Thessaly, northwest of Lamia, north of Sofades, east-northeast of Karditsa, Palamas is linked with the road linking Karditsa and Larissa. It serves roads with the GR-6 and Sofades, the Pineios River is to the north as well as the Trikala regional unit.722 km2, the municipal unit 154.077 km2. The municipal unit of Palamas is divided into the following communities, Agios Dimitrios Gorgovites Kalyvakia Koskina Markos Metamorfosi Palamas Vlochos Palamas on GTP Travel Pages
Almyros or Halmyros is a town and a municipality of the regional unit of Magnesia, region of Thessaly, Greece. It lies in the center of prosperous fertile plain known as Krokio Pedio, Almyros is an important agricultural and commercial center of Magnesia, and is developing as a tourist center for the area. The main agricultural products are tomatoes, wheat, peanuts, the history of Almyros begins with the ancient city of Alos, the ruins of which can still be visited. Alos was an important and populous town, famous for its port. After the Byzantine Empire, because of raids, they built the town in the place that it is today. Halmyros was the site of the decisive Battle of Halmyros on 15 March 1311 and it is chiefly inhabited by Turks, with only a few Christian settlers, who cultivate the lands of the Turks residing there. The Ottoman Empire ceded most of Thessaly in 1881, followed by development, in 1980 a catastrophic magnitude 6.5 earthquake destroyed most of the town.364 km2, the municipal unit 473.940 km2.
The municipal unit of Almyros is divided into the communities, Efxeinoupoli, Kokkotoi, Kofoi, Platanos. The province of Almyros was one of the provinces of Magnesia and it had the same territory as the present municipality. The Archaeological Museum of Almyros includes local artifacts and exhibits from the Neolithic period, through Mycenean, Classical, Hellenistic periods, and Roman years. Opposite the museum is the old High School, the Gymnasium of Almyros, the Museum and Gymnasium are the oldest buildings in the area. The Kouri forest, about 2 km from the town of Almyros, at an elevation of 75m, oaks belong to the species, Quercus pubescens, Quercus aegilops, Quercus pedunculiflora. There are footpaths, as well as a train for a brief tour through the woods. The area is important to migratory birds, such as the swan, glossy ibis. South of the town are the moderately wooded Othrys mountains,17 km from the town of Almyros but still in Almyros province, high in the Othrys mountains, is the 12th century Monastery of Panagia Xenia, with wall paintings, and a library.
There are several beaches in the municipality of Almyros. Almyros is situated near the end of the Pagasetic Gulf,25 km southwest of Volos. Motorway 1 passes east of the town Almyros, Almyros Newspaper Agios Dimitrios Church in Almyros TrekEarth