Afidnes is a small town in East Attica, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Oropos, of which it is a municipal unit; the municipal unit has an area of 34.638 km2. It is situated in the eastern foothills of the Parnitha mountains, 3 km southwest of Polydendri, 5 km southeast of Malakasa and 27 km north of Athens city centre. Afidnes has a station on the railway from Athens to Thessaloniki; the Motorway 1 passes east of the town. Ancient Aphidna was one of the twelve ancient towns of Attica. In Greek mythology, Aphidna was the place; the archaeological site of Aphidnae is small. It was excavated in the 19th century. 13 Middle Helladic tumuli have been found. The municipal unit Afidnes consists of the following settlements: Afidnes Agía Triada Drosopigi Kokkinovrachos Kosmothea Stathmos Afidnon Beletsi Lake, a small lake on the east slopes of Parnitha, near Afidnes, it is important place for migratory birds. Monastery of Holy Angels, modern monastery near Afidnes Callistratus of Aphidnae, an ancient Archon of Athens.
Callimachus, the Athenian Polemarch at the Battle of Marathon. List of municipalities of Attica http://plato-dialogues.org/tools/loc/aphidnae.htm http://www.geocities.com/ts_john_2000/, in Greek
Islands (regional unit)
The Islands Regional Unit is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Attica; the regional unit covers the Saronic Islands, a small part of the Peloponnese peninsula, a few islands off the eastern Peloponnese coast. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Islands was created out of part of the former Piraeus Prefecture, it is subdivided into 8 municipalities. These are: Aegina Agistri Cythera Hydra Poros Salamis Spetses Troizinia-Methana List of settlements in Attica
Patroklos or Gaidouronisi is a small, private island located in the Saronic Gulf, Greece. It is part of the Attica region. In ancient times, the island was known as Patroklou Charax or Patroklou Nesos, after the Ptolemaic admiral Patroclus, who established a fortified base there during the Chremonidean War. In the late Middle Ages, the island was notorious as a haven for pirates; the Byzantine emperor John VIII Palaiologos was nearly captured by Catalan pirates in December 1437, when his ship sought shelter from a storm on the island during his journey to the Council of Ferrara. On 12 February 1944, SS Oria sank in a storm on the south east rocks of Patroklos island with 4,074 killed, most Italian military internees, it was the island at the heart of the Israeli political scandal known as the "Greek island affair"
Falkonera or Gerakoulia, anciently known as Hierakia, is a small uninhabited Greek island in the southwestern Aegean Sea, between the island of Milos and the Peloponnese. Although outside the Saronic Gulf, it is included among the Saronic Islands; the islet marks the summit of a horst tending WNW-ESE, which separates the Myrtoon basin to the north from the Cretan basin to the south. The island is administered as part of the Islands regional unit, part of the municipality of Spetses. Located at the crossing of the Piraeus-Chania and Cape Maleas-Izmir shipping lanes, it is considered a significant navigational hazard due to the strong surrounding currents. At the island's eastern cape, named Panaghia ton revmaton, meaning "Panagia of the currents", there is a lighthouse, destroyed by the Germans in 1941 and rebuilt after World War II; the highest point of the island is 183 meters above sea level. The name "Falkonera" derives from the Italian "Falconeria", meaning "place of falcons"; this is the meaning of the alternate Greek name, Gerakoulia.
During the Greek Revolution, the island was served as a unification point for Andreas Miaoulis's and Dimitrios Sachtouris's squadrons before the campaign of Milos. In the early hours of 8 December 1966, the ferry SS Heraklion, en route from Chania to Piraeus, sank off the coast of Falkonera, resulting in 217 lives lost, with 47 survivors found on Falkonera. Known as the "Falkonera Shipwreck", it is considered one of the worst maritime accidents in Greek history. Falkonera is part of the Natura 2000 network with code GR3000011, together with the nearby uninhabited islands of Velopoula and Ananes; the isolated island has two zones of vegetation, a salt-tolerant shore zone and a zone beyond the reach of salt spray of the type called phrygana in Greece, more garrigue. It is one of the few Aegean islands that supports a population of the Milos wall lizard, Podarcis milensis
Dokos is a small Greek island of the Argo-Saronic Gulf, adjacent to Hydra, separated from the Peloponnese by a narrow strait called, on some maps, "the Hydra Gulf." It is part of the municipality of Ýdra in Islands regional unit and reported a population of 18 persons at the 2011 census. The island is populated only by perennial sheep herders; the island is rocky. It has, since the ancient years, considered to be a strategic location. On the east side lie the ruins of a great Byzantine - Venetian Castle. During the Middle Ages, the island served as a refuge for Albanian settlers' animals. Dokos, according to archaeological studies, has been inhabited since the era of copper, 6000 BC. In 1975, Peter Throckmorton discovered a wreck near Dokos, dated to about 2150 BC, may be the oldest shipwreck known. Official website of Municipality of Hydra Hellenic Institute Of Marine Archaeology
Agistri Angistri or Agkistri, is a small island and municipality in the Saronic Gulf in the Islands regional unit, Greece. There are only three settlements on Agistri - Milos and Limenaria. Milos is the main village. Skala is a twenty-minute walk from Milos along the coastal road. Skala is where most of the tourist hotels are. Limenaria is a small village on the other side of the island with little tourism; the island's population is 1,142 inhabitants according to the 2011 Greek census. Its land area is 13.367 km2. Agistri is a pine-covered island in the Saronic Islands group. Agistri is close to the larger Saronic island of Aegina; the island can be reached from Aegina by a number of boats in just ten minutes. These boats include the Agistri Express and a number of small "water taxis"; the island is an hour's boat ride from the large Athenian port of Piraeus. On 18 September 2015, Wall Street investor Brian Kelly announced he would be investing in the Nxt-based platform Drachmae, which has as its aim the revitalisation of the local economy of the Greek Island Agistri.
Official website Tourist website AgistriGreece.com Tourist Guide
The Saronic Gulf or Gulf of Aegina in Greece is formed between the peninsulas of Attica and Argolis and forms part of the Aegean Sea. It defines the eastern side of the isthmus of Corinth, being the eastern terminus of the Corinth Canal, which cuts across the isthmus; the gulf includes the islands of Aegina and Poros along with smaller islands of Patroklos and Fleves. The port of Piraeus, Athens' port, lies on the northeastern edge of the gulf; the site of the former Ellinikon International Airport is in the northeast. Beaches line much of the gulf coast from Poros to Epidaurus, Galataki to Kineta and from Megara to Eleusis and from Piraeus down to Anavyssos. Athens' urban area surrounds the eastern coasts of this gulf. Bays in the gulf include Phaleron Bay, Elefsina Bay to the north, Kechries Bay in the northwest and Sofiko Bay in the east; the volcano of Methana is located to the southwest along with Kromyonia at the Isthmus of Corinth and Poros. Methana is the youngest most active volcano center and forms the northwestern end of the cycladic arch of active volcanoes that includes Milos island, Santorini island and Nisyros island.
A hydropathic institute at Methana makes use of the hot sulphurous water that still surfaces in the area. The most recent eruption was of a submarine volcano north of Methana in the 17th century; the gulf has refineries around the northern part of the gulf including east of Corinth and west of Agioi Theodoroi, Aspropyrgos and Keratsini. These refineries produce most of Greece's refined petroleum products, a large proportion of which are exported. Commercial shipping to the refineries, to and from the canal make the gulf quite a busy area with commercial shipping; the origin of the name comes from the mythological king Saron. The Saronic Gulf was a string of six entrances to the Underworld, each guarded by a chthonic enemy in the shape of a thief or bandit; the Battle of Salamis, just to the west of modern-day Piraeus, was a major turning point in European history which saw the Athenians defeat Xerxes, assuring Athens its place as the cradle of modern European culture. Fault lines dominate in the northwestern part.
The port of Cenchreae used to be situated here. Kechries Bay Saronic Bay Coast Lower Galataki Basin Upper Galataki Basin Examilia Basin Athikia Basin Loutro Basin Megara Bay/Megara Gulf Cephissus River Cephissus between Piraeus and Phaliron. Cape Lomvardi - SW of Vouliagmeni Sailing is popular in the Saronic Gulf which, like the neighbouring Argolic Gulf, benefits from the Attic mainland's partial shelter from the summer Meltemi wind that can reach Force 7 and above further to the east in the Aegean islands; the Gulf boasts two notable archaeological sites: the ancient theatre at Epidaurus and nearby asclepieion and the Temple of Aphaia on Aegina. The Saronic Gulf is one of congregating areas for short-beaked common dolphins in Aegean Sea. On recent occasions, more of large whales such as fin whales have been sighted in the gulf due to improving environmental conditions. Megara Gulf