Agon is a neoclassical ballet for twelve dancers, with music by Igor Stravinsky and choreography by George Balanchine. Stravinsky was interrupted the next year; the music was first performed on June 17, 1957, in Los Angeles conducted by Robert Craft, while the first stage performance was given by the New York City Ballet on December 1, 1957, at the City Center of Music and Drama, New York. The composition's long gestation period covers an interesting juncture in Stravinsky's composing career, in which he moved from a diatonic musical idiom to one based on twelve-tone technique; the ballet has no story, but consists of a series of dance movements in which various groups of dancers interact in pairs, quartets, etc. A number of the movements are based on 17th-century French court dances – saraband and bransle, it was danced as part of City Ballet's 1982 Stravinsky Centennial Celebration. Stravinsky laid out the ballet in a duodecimal form, with four large sections each consisting of three dances.
A Prelude and two Interludes occur between the large sections, but this does not fundamentally affect the twelve-part design because their function is caesural and compensatory: I. Pas-de-quatre Double pas-de-quatre Triple pas-de-quatre Prelude II. Sarabande-step Gaillarde Coda Interlude III. Bransle simple Bransle gay Bransle double Interlude IV. Pas-de-deux Four Duos Four Trios Agon is scored for a large orchestra consisting of piccolo, 3 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns, 4 trumpets, 3 trombones, piano, timpani, tom-tom, xylophone and strings. At no point does the entire orchestra play a tutti; each section is scored for a different combination of instruments. This was not the first composition in which Stravinsky employed serial techniques, but it was the first in which he used a twelve-tone row, introduced in the second coda, at bar 185. Earlier in the work, Stravinsky had employed a seventeen-tone row, in bars 104–107, evidence from the sketches suggests a close relationship between these two rows.
The Bransle Double is based on a different twelve-tone series, the hexachords of which are treated independently. Those hexachords first appear separately in the Bransle Simple and Bransle Gay, are combined to form a twelve-tone row in the Bransle Double; these three dances together constitute the second pas-de-trois. Todd Bolender Barbara Milberg Barbara Walczak Roy Tobias Jonathan Watts Melissa Hayden Diana Adams Arthur Mitchell t.b.a. T.b.a. Wendy Whelan Rebecca Krohn Ashley Laracey Teresa Reichlen Sébastien Marcovici Sean Suozzi Amar Ramasar Adrian Danchig-Waring Maria Kowroski Rebecca Krohn Ashley Laracey Teresa Reichlen Sébastien Marcovici Sean Suozzi Amar Ramasar Adrian Danchig-Waring t.b.a. T.b.a. T.b.a. When Agon was performed in Italy in 1965, Stravinsky was pleased with the performance of mandolinist Giuseppe Anedda: Ma, a consacrare il maestro Anedda come il più grande mandolinista del mondo fu a Roma nell’Aprile del 1965 con l’Orchestra Sinfonica della Rai in occasione del nuovo balletto di Igor Stravinskj.
L’orchestra presentava diverse parti di mandolino solista. Dopo l’esecuzione di Giuseppe Anedda, in platea si sentì un “Bravo Mandolino!”: era il maestro Stravinskj che lo raggiunse per congratularsi e stringergli la mano. La “Stampa Sera ” di Torino diede gran risalto a quest’episodio. Anon. n.d. "Giuseppe Anedda Cagliari 1/3/1912– Cagliari 30/7/1997". Amromana.it. Porceddu, Ennio. 2014. "Giuseppe Anedda, Il virtuoso del mandolino". Ennio Loy Blog. Smyth, David. 1999. "Stravinsky's Second Crisis: Reading the Early Serial Sketches". Perspectives of New Music 37, no. 2: 117–46. Straus, Joseph N. 2001. Stravinsky's Late Music. Cambridge Studies in Music Theory and Analysis. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-80220-2. White, Eric Walter. 1979. Stravinsky: The Composer and His Works, second edition. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03985-8. Joseph, Charles M. 2002. Stravinsky and Balanchine: A Journey of Invention. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300087128.
Macaulay, Alastair. 2007. "50 Years Ago, Modernism Was Given a Name:'Agon'". New York Times. Balanchine Foundation website Balanchine Trust website NYCB website The Bransles of Stravinsky's Agon: A Transition to Serial Composition By Bonnie S. Jacobi
A review bomb is an Internet phenomenon in which large groups of people leave negative user reviews online for a published work, most a video game or a theatrical film, in an attempt to harm the sales and/or popularity of a product to draw attention to an issue with the product or its vendor. While a review bomb may be a result of consumers criticizing the poor quality of the product, it is more associated with perceived political and cultural issues around the product, its vendor, or related works; this is done to draw wider and mainstream attention to that issue if the vendor does not have an open communications channel or seems unresponsive to direct feedback, but may as a means of mass-driven coercion or a result of trolling. Review bombing is a similar practice to and shares characteristics of vote brigading; the term is associated with online media review aggregates and storefronts such as Steam, Metacritic, or Rotten Tomatoes. Justifications for these campaigns can include unpopular changes to an established franchise, controversies related to the product, or the behavior of developers or publishers.
In response, some of these aggregate systems have devised means to prevent review bombing. The increasing prevalence of review bombing was precipitated by the increase in influence of online user reviews in the main storefronts where games are sold, combined with little to no oversight of the content of these reviews; this is true in the case of Steam, the predominant seller of PC games, where user reviews are the only way for indie games to gain traction on the service. According to Steam Spy, review bombing has little effect on a game's sales, may in fact increase them due to the resulting wave of publicity. However, it may be a symptom of decreased consumer goodwill, which can have a more long-lasting effect on the publisher, developers or game series being criticized. Depending on how such situations are resolved, the effects of a review bomb may be reversed by the removal of negative reviews as in the case of Titan Souls. Spore was review bombed on Amazon in 2008 after publisher Electronic Arts incorporated a DRM system that limited buyers' ability to install the game more than three times.
This system was meant to prevent piracy of the game, but led to a coordinated backlash with buyers feeling like they were "renting a broken game."The website Metacritic was criticized in 2011 for poor oversight of their user reviews, leading to rampant review bombing on popular games such as Bastion and Toy Soldiers: Cold War that brought their user rating to low levels. The game Mass Effect 3 was review bombed on the site in 2012. Titan Souls was review bombed in April 2015 by supporters of the YouTuber John "TotalBiscuit" Bain after the indie game's artist Andrew Gleeson mocked a statement that Bain made saying the game was "absolutely not for ". Bain, in a following podcast, stated that the developer "has it out for ", leading several of his followers to review bomb the game, though Bain expressed that he did not endorse that behavior; the Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim was review bombed in 2015 by customers angry about the game's introduction of paid mods, leading Valve to reverse their decision and remove the paid mod functionality.
Additional review bombs for Skyrim as well as fellow Bethesda game Fallout 4, occurred following the launch of Bethesda Softworks' Creation Club in September 2017, which reintroduced the potential for paid mods. Nier: Automata was review bombed in April 2017 by Chinese players demanding a translation of the game to Chinese, whom PC Gamer called "a powerful new voice". Grand Theft Auto V was review bombed throughout June and July 2017 after publisher Take-Two Interactive issued a cease-and-desist against the used game modification tool OpenIV, as an attempt to stop single player and multiplayer mods for GTA V and GTA Online; the review bombing reduced GTA V's overall Steam review rating from "positive" to "mixed". Crusader Kings II and other Paradox games were review bombed in the same month by customers angry that they had raised the prices in some regions, because of ongoing frustration about Paradox's DLC policy. In 2017, Valve changed their policies to make unpaid games of any kind not count towards the game's review scores.
The developer of Defender's Quest, Lars Doucet, stated that this policy prevented low priced games from being review bombed. Dota 2 was review bombed in August 2017 after Marc Laidlaw, a former Valve writer for the Half-Life series, posted a "fanfic" on his personal blog that several journalists deduced was the plot for Half-Life 2: Episode 3, planned for release in 2007, but appeared to have become vaporware within Valve. Players were upset that the episode has not been released, review bombed Dota 2 believing that Valve's backing of the game led them to drop work on the Half-Life series; that same month, Steam users review bombed Sonic Mania in protest of its use of Denuvo DRM, not disclosed by Sega on the game's store page on launch day. Sega responded by claiming the ‘offline play bug’ had been patched, a Denuvo warning was added to the game's Steam page. Firewatch was review bombed on Steam in September 2017 after its developer, Campo Santo, filed a DMCA takedown against a video PewDiePie made of their game, following an incident where PewDiePie uttered a racial slur during an unrelated livestream.
Campo Santo justified the takedown by stating they did not want someone with PewDiePie's ideology supporting their games. A large number of users issues negative reviews of Firewatch, claiming that Campo Santo were "social justice warriors" or were supporting "censorship". Sean Vanaman of Campo Santo expressed ‘regret’ over using the takedown notice
Aaron Lubarsky is a documentary filmmaker known for his work on the HBO documentary Journeys with George, the PBS documentary Seoul Train and Sportsfan. After graduation from Stanford University's Documentary Film Program, he worked as a documentarian at Lucasfilm on The Making Of Star Wars: Episode One. In 2005, he founded Flicker Flacker Films, he works in New York. In 1997, while at Stanford University's Documentary Film Program, Aaron's thesis film Wayne Freedman's Notebook won him a Student Academy Award and a Student Emmy Award, his short documentary, 2000's Uncle Eugene, won him a Golden Gate Award for his work as Writer/Director/Producer/Cinematographer. He wrote the film's score. In 2002, Aaron served as Co-Director and Editor of the documentary Journeys with George that followed George W. Bush on the campaign trail; the film was nominated for five Emmy Awards, Aaron took home a statue for "Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming" in 2003. He was a director and the editor of "Seoul Train", which screened at more than 90 international film festivals, was broadcast in 20 countries and won the 2007 Alfred I. duPont–Columbia University Award.
He served as editor on such movies as Speedo, Matthew Barney: No Restraint, Assault in the Ring and was the cinematographer and producer on Sportsfan and director and producer on Lookalike. Aaron Lubarsky on IMDb Aaron Lubarsky at YouTube Aaron Lubarsky WebSite
Dorothy Barnes Pelote was a member of the Georgia State House of Representatives. Born on December 30, 1929 in Lancaster, South Carolina, the daughter of Abraham Barnes and Ethel Green, she married Maceo R. Pelote by whom she had two daughters and Miriam. Before entering politics, Barnes Pelote, who has African-American heritage and is African Methodist Episcopalian, was a school teacher, she died on January 18, 2015 surrounded by her family at her Savannah, Georgia home at the age of 85. A Democrat, she served as Chatham County Commissioner. In 1992, she was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives for a two-year term and was re-elected four times, she represented the Savannah-based 149th Representative District. Dorothy Barnes Pelote was noted for her efforts to promote public awareness of the dangers of ovarian cancer, as well as for proposing more unusual legislative proposals, she introduced a bill that would make it a crime for anyone to answer the door naked."Former Savannah Georgia, legislator Dorothy Pelote became a fierce advocate for black Florida and Georgia residents whose communities were visited by swarms of disease-carrying mosquitoes released by the CIA during the 1950s and 1960s.
CIA documents suggest that scientists in the MK-ULTRA Project experimented with such biological exposures in black communities in order to determine whether such releases would be effective against foreign enemies." She died on January 18, 2015 surrounded by her family at her Savannah, Georgia home, aged 85. A widow, she was survived by extended family. In 2006, the Georgia Legislature passed a resolution to designate the Dorothy Barnes Pelote Bridge to honor her. Carver Heights Community Service Award, 1981-82. Special Achievements: First Female elected County Commissioner Chairman Pro Tem.
Carmen L. Rivera-Medina is a Puerto Rican psychologist and methodologist, she is an instructor at University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus where she works as a statistician and methodologist in the Institute for Psychological Research. Rivera-Medina completed a B. A. in psychology, cum laude, at University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus in 1985. In 1991, she earned a M. S. in evaluation research with a minor in biostatistics from the Graduate School of Public Health at the University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus. From August 1999 to July 2000, she was a predoctoral intern in the mental health division of the head start program at the New York Foundling of Puerto Rico. While there, she performed psychometric evaluations, psychotherapeutic interventions, planned workshops for clients and employees of the head start program. In this same time period, she was a predoctoral intern in the department of psychology at the Veteran Hospital of Puerto Rico where she conducted psychotherapeutic interventions with veterans and their families.
In 2001, Rivera-Medina completed a Ph. D. in clinical psychology from UPRRP. Her dissertation was titled Predictive and discriminant value of the Child Depression Inventory for Major Depression Disorder. From January 2002 to June 2004, she was a postdoc in the mental health and HIV cluster at the UPRRP Biomedical Research Infrastructure Network Program. Starting in January 2016, Rivera-Medina is a postdoc specialized in bioneuroemotion at the Enric Corbera Institute in Barcelona in conjunction with the Iberoamerican University Torreón. In 2007, Rivera-Medina became an instructor at UPRRP of graduate studies in advanced statistics, design methods, inferential statistics applied to psychology, the theory and methods for the evaluation of intervention and research programs. Starting in September 2008, she works as a statistician and methodologist at the Institute for Psychological Research in the faculty of social sciences at UPRRP, she advises and directs faculty, graduate and undergraduate students in their statistical strategy analysis.
In 2015, she was an invited professor of quantitative research and applied psychology at Universidad del Valle de Guatemala. At UPRRP from September 2005 to August 2008, Rivera-Medina was the principal investigator a study on major depressive disorder among a Puerto Rican low-income probability statistic using an existing dataset, it was funded by an R24 NIH grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. Carmen L. Rivera-Medina publications indexed by Google Scholar
Cara Buono is an American actress. Her roles include Dr. Faye Miller in the fourth season of the AMC drama series Mad Men, Kelli Moltisanti in the sixth season of The Sopranos, Linda Salvo in the 2006 comedy Artie Lange's Beer League, Karen Wheeler in the horror sci-fi Netflix original series Stranger Things, she Let Me In. Buono was born and raised in The Bronx, New York City, New York, in a blue-collar family with two brothers and a sister, she is of Italian descent. Buono attended Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School and is a 1995 graduate of Columbia University with a double major in English and political science, she earned her degree in three years. She made her acting debut in Harvey Fierstein's play Spookhouse at the age of 12. Buono continued stage work both on Broadway and Off Broadway, started her film career opposite Ethan Hawke and Jeremy Irons in Waterland. Much of her work has been in indie films such as Chutney Popcorn, Happy Accidents, Next Stop Wonderland and Two Ninas, which she co-produced.
In 1999, she played a small role as a young Gerry Cummins in Deep in My Heart. She starred in the final season of the NBC drama Third Watch as paramedic Grace Foster, Ang Lee's adaptation of Marvel Comics' Hulk in 2003 as the mother of the title character's alter ego, Bruce Banner, she appeared as Kelli, the wife of Christopher Moltisanti, in the two-part final season of the HBO drama series The Sopranos, which aired in 2006 and 2007. Additionally, she appeared as Dr. Faye Miller in the fourth season of the AMC drama series Mad Men, for which she received an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series in 2011; as of August 2010, Buono lives in New York City's Greenwich Village with her husband Peter Thum, founder of Ethos Water, their daughter. Cara Buono on IMDb Cara Buono at the Internet Broadway Database Cara Buono at the Internet Off-Broadway Database