Beniatjar is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain
Montaverner is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Ontinyent is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain. It is situated on the right bank of the Clariano or Ontinyent, a tributary of the Xúquer, on the Xàtiva–Alcoi railway. Ontinyent has a parish church remarkable for its lofty square tower, a palace of the dukes of Almodòver. By 1910 there was a large modern suburb outside the old town, a walled city. In 1910 linen and woolen cloth, brandy and earthenware were manufactured. Juan Carlos Ferrero, former world no. 1 tennis player, was born in Ontinyent Joaquín Lloréns Fernández de Cordoba, a Carlist soldier and politician, lived in Ontinyent 1879 to 1930. Comparsa Saudites d'Ontinyent Ontinyent Tourist Information Weather in Ontinyent: Weather information for Ontinyent, as well as prior weather information and weather-related graphics
Provinces of Spain
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces. Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833. Ceuta and the Plazas de soberanía are not part of any provinces; the layout of Spain's provinces follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833. The only major change of provincial borders since that time has been the subdivision of the Canary Islands into two provinces rather than one; the provinces served as transmission belts for policies enacted in Madrid, as Spain was a centralised state for most of its modern history. The importance of the provinces has declined since the adoption of the system of autonomous communities in the period of the Spanish transition to democracy, they remain electoral districts for national elections and as geographical references: for instance in postal addresses and telephone codes. A small town would be identified as being in, Valladolid province rather than the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The provinces were the "building-blocks". No province is divided between more than one of these communities. Most of the provinces—with the exception of Álava, Biscay, Guipúzcoa, Balearic Islands, La Rioja, Navarra — are named after their principal town. Only two capitals of autonomous communities — Mérida in Extremadura and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia — are not the capitals of provinces. Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid and Navarra; these are sometimes referred to as "uniprovincial" communities. The table below lists the provinces of Spain. For each, the capital city is given, together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province; the names of the provinces and their capitals are ordered alphabetically according to the form in which they appear in the main Wikipedia articles describing them. Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish language names are the same.
List of Spanish provinces by population List of Spanish provinces by area Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces Autonomous communities of Spain Comarcas of Spain ISO 3166-2:ESGeneral: Political divisions of Spain Maps of the provinces of Spain Maps of Spain's Provinces List of municipalities of Spain listed by province from the Spanish INE
Vall d'Albaida is a comarca in the province of Valencia, Valencian Community, Spain. Reconquered by the Aragonese king James I of Aragon in the first half of the 13th Century it was populated by Muslims until the Expulsion of the Moriscos from the Kingdom of Valencia in 1609; the name of the comarca is derived from the Hispano-Arabic word albáyḍa, which in turn is derived from the classical Arabic البيضاء, in reference to the flowering plant Anthyllis cystoides. Lying 70 km south of the city of Valencia and covering an area of some 722 square kilometers, Vall d'Albaida borders on the north with the comarca of Costera, to the east with Safor, to the south with Comtat and Alcoià, to the west with Alto Vinalopó, the latter three of which belong to the province of Alicante; the River Albaida runs through the comarca from south to north. The area enjoys a Mediterranean climate, characterised by hot summers and cold winters, with an average of two snowfalls per year. Vall d'Albaida has a population of around 90,000 inhabitants.
The Vall d'Albaida comarca is composed of 34 municipalities. The Route of the Monasteries of Valencia is a monumental and cultural route that connects five monasteries located in the south of the Province of Valencia. Of the four different itineraries available, three cross various comarques within Vall d'Albaida, following signposted riding trails, mountain trails, old roads and railroad tracks, include the Monastery of the Corpus Christi and Xio Castle, both in the municipality of Luchente. By foot, the route takes 3-4 days; the Route was inaugurated in 2008. Comarques of the Valencian Community Commonwealth of Municipalities of the Vall d'Albaida Comparsa Saudites d'Ontinyent La Vall d’Albaida Mancomunitat de Municipis de la Vall d'Albaida http://palomatorrijos.blogspot.com/2009/12/los-marqueses-de-albaida-pleito-por-el.html http://palomatorrijos.blogspot.com/2009/12/los-marqueses-de-albaida-valencia.html Amelias GOMEZ MARTINEZ: "Propiedad señorial en el marquesado de Albaida perspectivas socieconómicas del señorío en la segunda mitad del s.
XVIII". Published 1988 by Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Albaida in. 1988. 288 pages. Library of Congress HD779. A375 G66. ISBN 84-505-8276-8
Pinet is a municipality located in the north-east of the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the south of the province of Valencia, Valencian Community and some 82.6 km from the regional capital, Valencia. Pinet borders with the following municipalities: Barx, Quatretonda and Llutxent, all of which lie within the province of Valencia; the name of the municipality is derived from the Valencian term “pi”, meaning “pine tree”. The village belonged to the barony of Llutxent, under the authority of the Maza family, subsequently the houses of Mandas and Dos Aguas. In 1530, Pope Clement VII created the Vicariate of Pinet, run under the authority of the Dominicans of Llutxent until 1835. By 1646, only 20 inhabitants were recorded as living in the municipality following the expulsion of the Moriscos, implemented was particular intensity in Valencia. Towards the end of the 18th century, the population had risen to around 150 inhabitants, before reaching some 300 hundred at the beginning of the 20th century. By 1920, the population had reached 434 inhabitants, from which point it entered a progressive decline in consonance with the rural flight experienced in many areas throughout Spain during the 20th century.
The local economy was traditionally based on a combination of dryland and irrigation agriculture, dry stone walling and the production of baskets, espadrilles and other articles made from esparto and palm leaves. In common with other rural areas throughout Spain, these activities have been in decline since the mid-20th century, their place having been taken by livestock farming, services and tourism. Pinet is located in the north-east of the Valle de Albaida comarca and covers an area of 11.9 km2. It is situated at the head of a horse-shoe shaped valley, the surface of, composed of reddish marl deposited by water erosion originating in the mountains that lie at its north-easterly and northern extremes; the municipality’s altitude ranges from 466 metres above sea level in its most southerly point, to 700 metres above sea leval in the area known as Alto del Collado dels Caragols, located in its north east. The village of Pinet lies at an altitude of 348 metres. Pinet is located on the poorly-defined Pinet Syncline, which runs from North-North West to South-South East.
This structure would appear to have been formed by two vertical faults. The River Pinet runs through the municipality from north to south, running into the River Vernisa, in turn an affluent of the River Serpis; as is characteristic with the rivers and streams in the comarque, the River Pinet is a wash, that is, a stream bed, dry during the summer months and which carries abundant water following the typical heavy rains known as cold drop which fall in autumn and spring. The municipality enjoys a Mediterranean climate, characterised by hot summers and cold winters, with an average of two snowfalls per year; the climate is rated Csa in accordance with the Köppen climate classification system. The average annual temperature is around 17 °C, with maximums in summer of 45 °C and minimum in winter of -7 °C. Rainfall averages around 600 mm per year, although recent years have seen volumes of more than 1000 mm due to the large downpours to which the area is subject during the autumn as a result of the weather phenomenon known as cold drop.
The predominant vegetation in the lower valley is that associated with dryland fruit farming, whilst the surrounding mountains host pine and cork forests and shrubland, interspersed with holly oak and wild herbs and plants such as silene diclinis, snapdragon, rosemary, oregano, etc. The forested areas are home to such animal species as Bonelli's eagle, golden eagle, short-toed snake eagle, common bent-wing bat and greenfinch, whilst the fruit trees are host to such species as titmice, blackbird, golden oriole, nightingale, Cetti's warbler and wagtail, among others. There are wild boar and rabbit present in the area. El Surar, the southernmost cork oak forest in Valencia, is a Municipal Natural Park located in the municipalities of Pinet and Llutxent. Declared a Municipal Natural Park by Generalitat Valenciana on March 4, 2005, it can be accessed on foot, by bicycle, on horseback or by car via signposted roads and tracks from the village of Pinet. Pinet lies on the Route of the Monasteries of Valencia, a religious and cultural route that connects five monasteries located in central region of the Province of Valencia.
Of the Route’s four different itineraries, three cross through Pinet, with a separate variant passing through El Surar. The 18th-century parish church of St. Peter the Apostle has a single nave with chapels set between masonry buttresses. Pinet celebrates its main festivities during the last weekend of June in honour St. Peter and the Christ of the Mountain. A fair held in late summer in celebration of Pinet’s traditional craft of manufacturing products from esparto and palm leaves. Includes practical demonstrations, workshops and a culinary fair with local gastronomic dishes; the only road within the municipality is the CV-608, which connects the village of Pinet with the village of Llutxent, which lies on the CV-610 regional road, joining the towns of Gandia and Xàtiva. Route of the Monasteries of Valencia El Surar