Pablo Berger Uranga is a Spanish film director born in Bilbao, Spain. Pablo Berger attended primary and secondary school in Artxanda Trueba, located on the outskirts of Bilbao, Spain. In 1988 he directed his first short film, Mamá with artistic director Álex de la Iglesia and Ramon Barea. With the financial winnings from a grant from the Provincial Council of Biscay, he went to study for a masters in film at New York University. After getting his Ph. D. he worked as a professor of management at the New York Film Academy. Thereafter, he began a parallel career as a publicist and producer of music, culminating in 2003 with his film Torremolinos 73, with Javier Cámara, Fernando Tejero and Candela Peña. In 2012 he premiered his third film Blancanieves, the Spanish representative of the Academy Awards in 2013, in the category of Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Blancanieves won ten Goya Awards, including Best Original Screenplay, it received the trophy of the 9th edition of Bucharest International Film Festival Mamá Torremolinos 73 Blancanieves Herederos de la bestia Abracadabra
Fernando Rodríguez Trueba, known as Fernando Trueba, is a book editor, film director and producer. Between 1974 and 1979 he worked as a film critic for Spain's leading daily newspaper El País. In 1980, he founded the monthly film magazine Casablanca, which he edited and directed during its first two years, he is the editor of Diccionario del Jazz Latino. Among other awards, he has won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film with Belle Époque in 1994, the Goya Award as Best Director three times and a Silver Bear for Year of Enlightment at the 37th Berlin International Film Festival. Miracle of Candeal won the Goya for Best Documentary, Chico and Rita won the Goya for Best Feature Animation. In 1999, The Girl of Your Dreams was nominated for the Golden Bear at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival. In 2011 he won the Award of the Hungarian National Student Jury for Chico and Rita at the 7th Festival of European Animated Feature Films and TV Specials; as a music producer he has won two Grammy Awards and four Latin Grammy Awards.
He is the father of Jonás Trueba. 1980: Ópera prima 1982: Mientras el cuerpo aguante 1983: Sal gorda 1985: Sé infiel y no mires con quién 1986: El año de las luces 1989: La mujer de tu vida: La mujer inesperada 1989: The Mad Monkey / aka Twisted Obsession 1992: Belle Epoque 1995: Two Much 1998: The Girl of Your Dreams 2000: Calle 54 2002: The Shanghai Spell 2004: El milagro de Candeal 2009: El baile de la victoria 2010: Chico and Rita 2012: The Artist and the Model 2016: La reina de España 2000: Calle 54 2002: Lágrimas Negras 2003: We Could Make Such Beautiful Music Together 2004: Bebo de Cuba 2005: Bebo 2006: Paz 2007: Live at the Village Vanguard 2008: Juntos para siempre 2009: Caribe - Michel Camilo Big Band 2010: Española Fernando Trueba on IMDb Official web by Trueba Fernando Trueba Productions web
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, smaller than only London and Berlin, its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris; the municipality covers 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the Community of Madrid; as the capital city of Spain, seat of government, residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from the party Ahora Madrid; the Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influence in politics, entertainment, media, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Madrid is home to Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, market size, Madrid is considered the leading economic hub of the Iberian Peninsula and of Southern Europe.
It hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, IAG or Repsol. Madrid is the 10th most liveable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2017 index. Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization, belonging to the United Nations Organization, the Ibero-American General Secretariat, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Public Interest Oversight Board, it hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy, the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish. Madrid organises fairs such as ARCO, SIMO TCI and the Madrid Fashion Week. While Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets, its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city.
مجريط Majrīṭ is the first documented reference to the city. It is recorded in Andalusi Arabic during the al-Andalus period; the name Magerit was retained in Medieval Spanish. The most ancient recorded name of the city "Magerit" comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, means "Place of abundant water" in Arabic. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins. According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria", because of the many bears that were to be found in the nearby forests, together with the strawberry tree, have been the emblem of the city since the Middle Ages, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river; the name of this first village was "Matrice". Following the invasions carried out by the Germanic Sueves and Vandals, as well as the Sarmatic Alans during the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire no longer had the military presence required to defend its territories on the Iberian Peninsula, as a consequence, these territories were soon occupied by the Vandals, who were in turn dispelled by the Visigoths, who ruled Hispania in the name of the Roman emperor taking control of "Matrice".
In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the name changed to "Mayrit", from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra and the Ibero-Roman suffix it that means'place'. The modern "Madrid" evolved from the Mozarabic "Matrit", still in the Madrilenian gentilic. Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times, there are archaeological remains of Carpetani settlement, Roman villas, a Visigoth basilica near the church of Santa María de la Almudena and three Visigoth necropoleis near Casa de Campo, Tetúan and Vicálvaro, the first historical document about the existence of an established settlement in Madrid dates from the Muslim age. At the second half of the 9th century, Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba built a fortress on a headland near the river Manzanares, as one of the many fortresses he ordered to be built on the border between Al-Andalus and the kingdoms of León and Castile, with the objective of protecting Toledo from the Christian invasions and as a starting point for Muslim offensives.
After the disintegration of t
Montxo Armendariz is an award-winning Spanish film director and screenwriter. His film Las cartas, his next film, Historias del Kronen, was entered into the 1995 Cannes Film Festival. Secretos del corazón won several Goya Award, Berlin Film Festival and received the Academy Award nomination for Best Foreign Film. Born on 27 January 1949 in Olleta, Navarra, he was the last hope for his parents, who had lost three baby sons. His father was a farmhand and blacksmith and Armendáriz spent his first year in rural Basque Country, a landscape that would reappear in his filmography, he was six years old when, in 1955, he moved with his parents to Pamplona in search of a better life. At age eighteen, he discovered existentialism in the works of foreign authors. After completing his mandatory military service, he studied electronics, a subject he taught as university professor at the Instituto politecnico de Pamplona. Interested in filmmaking, he joined a film club, studied folklore and performed protest songs and bought a Super 8 camera to make his own short films.
In 1975 he was arrested for protesting the killing of a Basque activist and faced trial on charges of conspiracy. Armendáriz left his teaching profession behind to follow a career as film director, he joined Euskal Zinegille Elkartea, a new association of Basque filmmakers and made a series of documentary shorts on Basque topics including: Barregwrien Dantza and Ikusmena. Ikusmena presents a ten-year-old girl winning a prize in a school painting competition in a narrative disruptive by flashbacks that reveal how her artistic creativity had been stifled by censorship and social pressures. Ikusmena was a success at festivals, but it suffered the inevitability limited distribution of short films. Armendáriz turned towards the more relevant documentary genre and made the eleventh episode in the Ikuska series: La ribera de Navarra; this he followed with Nafarrako Ikazkinack in a portrait of the hard life of charcoal burners. It was while making this project that the director met Tasio Ochoa, who inspired his first feature-length film.
Tasio, Armendáriz's debut as full-length feature film director, traces the generational history of the title character, a charcoal burner in the Urbasa mountains, whose threaten way of life is detail in a series of elliptical sequences in a visual style that approximates ethnographic cinema. Produced by Elias Querejeta, who worked on the screenplay, Tasio is played by three actors at different ages. Tasio's realism demanded a three months shoot that involved the actors living and working in primitive conditions. Tasio placed Armendáriz as an emerging talented director to be considered. Two year he made his second film 27 horas which center in a group of youngsters in San Sebastián involved with by drug addiction and delinquency, it was part of a popular trend of Spanish films focused in youth problems that it was falling out of favor by the time this film was released. 27 hours won the Silver Shell at the San Sebastián International Film Festival. In 1990, Armendáriz returned to the ethnographic style of his first film with: Las Cartas de Alao, a narrative that follows a Senegalese black young man who arrives in Spain as an illegal immigrant and has to confront personal and institutional discrimination.
Well received by film critics, Las Cartas de Alou won the Golden Shell as best film at the San Sebastian film festival and Armendáriz received a Goya Award and the Spanish guild award of film writers in the original screenplay category. Armendáriz reached wide popular success with his third film Historias del Kronen Stories from the Kronen, about alienated upper class young friends in Madrid, who meet at the bar that gives the film its title, it was adapted from a novel by José Angel Mañas in an Elias Querejeta's production. The film, starring Juan Diego Botto and Jordi Mollà, follows two close friends filling their summer vacation with sex and rock; the film became emblematic of the Spanish young generation of the 1990s. Armendáriz subsequent film became his best regarded artistic success Secretos del Corazon. An intimist drama that centers on Javi, a nine-year-old boy who while visiting relatives in rural Navarre during the early 1960s discovers the world of the adults; the film reflected the director's own nostalgic views of his childhood in the Navarrese countryside, portraying with sensibility the growing up of the child.
Secretos del Corazon received a number of awards and was Spain's candidate to the Academy Awards in the foreign language film category that year. In 1999 Armendáriz founded his own production company Oria films with Pui Oria. Two years he directed his next film Silencio Roto, a story about Maquis, the guerilla fighters that confronted the Francoist forces in the aftermath of the Spanish civil war; the director's subsequent project was a return to his origins as a documentarist, making Escenario Movil which follows the itinerant life of a musician through different musical venues. A year Armendáriz directed Obaba, a fragmented tale based on the compilation of short stories book Obabakoak written by Bernardo Atxaga. Armendáriz most recent film No tengas miedo stars Michelle Jenner as Silvia a young woman confronting her past as an abused child. At Gijón International Film Festiv
Icíar Bollaín Pérez-Mínguez is a Spanish actress and screenwriter. Icíar Bollaín Pérez-Mínguez was born in 1967 as one of twin girls in Madrid to a father, an aeronautical engineer and a mother, a music teacher, she grew up in a liberal household. Icíar and her twin sister Marina showed an early interest in the arts. At the age of sixteen, Icíar was cast in Víctor Erice's El Sur. Since Icíar Bollaín has acted in fourteen films. At age 18, with her twin sister Marina, she was cast by their uncle Juan Sebastián Bollaín in two films: Las dos orillas. Icíar Bollaín took roles in films directed by Felipe Vega, Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón and José Luis Borau, her red hair was what led Ken Loach to choose her for his film and Freedom, about the Spanish Civil War. Her experience working with Loach led her to write the book: Ken Loach: un observador solitario. Bollain at age 23 formed a production company which she named La Iguana, made two short films: Baja Corazón and Los Amigos del muerto. With support from Fernando Colomo, she made her first feature film as director: Hola, ¿estás sola?, a story about two young girls who dream of finding an earthly paradise and undertake a long trip towards the sea.
Her second feature film was Flores de otro mundo. It is the story of three women, her film Te Doy Mis Ojos won seven Goya Awards, including Best Director. Starring Luis Tosar and Laia Marull, the movie is about a man's abuse of his wife during their marriage, their struggles to change the pattern of their lives, her 2010 film Even the Rain was selected as the Spanish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 83rd Academy Awards. In January 2011, the film made the final nine shortlist. A film within a film, it is set in the Bolivian highlands in 2000. A Spanish film company's work on Columbus' arrival in the New World gets caught up in local violence related to current exploitation of peasants, it stars Gael García Bernal as Luis Tosar as the film producer. Carlos Aduviri, an Aymara who plays a native leader in the "film," takes the lead in organizing a resistance to water privatization. Bollaín has won other awards for script-writing, as well as for directing; this movie can be seen as a means of instruction for foreign students.
It shows several key aspects of both the history of Spain and the socio-cultural evolution of the country. It tells the story of three women, from Cuba, from the Dominican Republic and Marirrosi, from Bilbao, they have several existential concerns regarding their future. These problems are similar to those suffered by three young men from Santa Eulalia, a village from the Province of Guadalajara, an unimportant small town without marriageable women. Damian and Carmelo come into contact with the three women at a party organized by single people of the village. There they got to know each other and this gives place to a bittersweet story; this cinematographic work is useful from an academic point of view, not only for its historical value, but because it is presented as an open window that allows the viewer to take the place of the characters, suffering with them the same surprises and impressions, since the point of arrival of the women to Santa Eulalia. Other essential aspects of the film are that it offers the opportunity to understand one of the main points of the novel: the problems of the Spanish countryside.
At the same time, Icíar Bollaín preserves the classic stereotypes of the typical Spanish town, where the bar is the most important forum for meetings and ideological defenses. But Bollaín doesn't leave behind the important issue of the leading sexism of the time, she is concerned to mitigate it by introducing characters like Doña Gregoria, the mother of one of the young men and the reflection of the rural matriarchy. Foreignness is another key point in this story. At the beginning of the film, with the arrival of the three women to the village, the feeling of strangeness and rejection towards the foreigners appears; however it starts disappearing with the development of loving relationships between them and the young men of Santa Eulalia. This is a clear solution to the problem of foreignness. Icíar Bollaín doesn't present a problem without the corresponding solution, introducing an integrative ideology that breaks with cultural and racial barriers, another important pillar of the film, a recognized pedagogical intention.
Bollaín sets the film during the Spanish property bubble to reflect the issues and consequences that today directly affect Spanish society. Flowers from Another World analyses not only the racial issue but the role of women at that time; this can be compared to other similar cases in which women start a movement for social integration, as in the case of the Mexican immigrant women in the United States. Everything is portrayed through the figures of the three women; this film is characterized for introducing a new element: the Painting. The use of pictorial art enriches the staging and the story itself, analyzing the narrative function that the works of this style can have within the Cinematography. While the painting does not carry a major rol
Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro Gómez is a Mexican filmmaker, author and former special effects makeup artist. He is best known for the Academy Award-winning fantasy films Pan's Labyrinth and The Shape of Water, winning the Academy Award for Best Director and the Academy Award for Best Picture for the latter. Throughout his career, del Toro has shifted between personal, lower-budget Spanish language films, such as Cronos and The Devil's Backbone, Hollywood tentpoles, including Mimic, Blade II, Hellboy II: The Golden Army, Pacific Rim, he directed the gothic romance film Crimson Peak. As a producer, he worked on the films The Orphanage, Don't Be Afraid of the Dark, The Hobbit film series, The Book of Life, Pacific Rim: Uprising. With Chuck Hogan, he co-authored The Strain trilogy of novels adapted into a comic-book series and a live-action television series. With DreamWorks Animation, he created the Netflix animated series Trollhunters, the first installment of the Tales of Arcadia trilogy, based on the 2015 novel he co-wrote with Daniel Kraus.
Working with DreamWorks he executive produced Kung Fu Panda 2, Puss in Boots, Rise of the Guardians, Kung Fu Panda 3. Del Toro's work has been characterized by a strong connection to fairy tales and horror, with an effort to infuse visual or poetic beauty in the grotesque, he has had a lifelong fascination with monsters. He is known for his use of insectile and religious imagery, the themes of Catholicism and celebrating imperfection and clockwork motifs, practical special effects, dominant amber lighting and his frequent collaborations with actors Ron Perlman and Doug Jones, he is good friends with fellow Mexican filmmakers Alfonso Cuarón and Alejandro G. Iñárritu, collectively known as "The Three Amigos of Cinema". Del Toro was born in Guadalajara, Mexico, the son of Guadalupe Gómez and Federico del Toro Torres, an automotive entrepreneur, he was raised in a strict Catholic household. Del Toro studied at the Centro de Investigación y Estudios Cinematográficos, at the University of Guadalajara.
When del Toro was about eight years old, he began experimenting with his father's Super 8 camera, making short films with Planet of the Apes toys and other objects. One short focused on a "serial killer potato" with ambitions of world domination. Del Toro made about 10 short films before his first feature, including one titled Matilde, but only the last two, Doña Lupe and Geometria, have been made available, he wrote four episodes and directed five episodes of the cult series La Hora Marcada, along with other Mexican filmmakers such as Emmanuel Lubezki and Alfonso Cuarón. Del Toro studied special make-up with special-effects artist Dick Smith, he formed his own company, Necropia. He co-founded the Guadalajara International Film Festival. In his directing career, he formed his own production company, the Tequila Gang. In 1997, at the age of 33, Guillermo was given a $30 million budget from Miramax Films to shoot another film, Mimic, he was unhappy with the way Miramax had treated him during production, which led to his friend James Cameron coming to blows with Miramax co-founder and owner Harvey Weinstein during the 70th Academy Awards.
Del Toro has directed a wide variety of films, from comic book adaptations to historical fantasy and horror films, two of which are set in Spain in the context of the Spanish Civil War under the authoritarian rule of Francisco Franco. These two films, The Devil's Backbone and Pan's Labyrinth, are among his most critically acclaimed works, they share similar settings and themes with the 1973 Spanish film The Spirit of the Beehive considered to be the finest Spanish film of the 1970s. Del Toro views the horror genre as inherently political, explaining, "Much like fairy tales, there are two facets of horror. One is pro-institution, the most reprehensible type of fairy tale: Don't wander into the woods, always obey your parents; the other type of fairy tale is anarchic and antiestablishment."He is close friends with two other prominent and critically praised Mexican filmmakers Alfonso Cuarón and Alejandro González Iñárritu. The three influence each other's directorial decisions, have been interviewed together by Charlie Rose.
Cuarón was one of the producers of Pan's Labyrinth. The three filmmakers, referred to as the "Three Amigos" founded the production company Cha Cha Cha Films, whose first release was 2008's Rudo y Cursi. Del Toro has contributed to the web series Trailers from Hell. In April 2008, del Toro was hired by Peter Jackson to direct the live-action film adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit. On May 30, 2010, del Toro left the project due to extended delays brought on by MGM's financial troubles. Although he did not direct the films, he is credited as co-writer in An Unexpected Journey, The Desolation of Smaug and The Battle of the Five Armies. On December 1, 2008, del Toro expressed interest in a stop-motion remake to Roald Dahl's novel The Witches, collaborating with Alfonso Cuarón. On June 19, 2018 it was announced that Del Toro and Cuarón would instead be attached as Executive Producers on the remake with Robert Zemeckis helming the project as Director and Screenwriter. On June 2, 2009, del Toro's first novel, The Strain, was released.
It is the first par
Sergio G. Sánchez
Sergio Gutiérrez Sánchez is a Spanish film director and screenwriter. Sánchez has written and directed his own screenplays for short films such as Temporada baja and 7337. Sánchez's first film script was for The Orphanage in 1996. Sánchez wanted to direct the script but he was turned down by various Spanish production companies. While Sánchez was working on the short film 7337, he met with director Juan Antonio Bayona and offered him the script to direct; the Orphanage was a large hit and Sánchez was nominated for Best Screenplay at the 2008 Goya Awards in Spain. In May 2009, Variety reported that Sánchez would re-team up with The Orphanage director Juan Antonio Bayona, on a production by Madrid-based Apaches Entertainment, Telecinco Cinema, Spongeman, Bayona's own Barcelona-based label. Sánchez completed a first-draft screenplay in late April; the film, called The Impossible, was filmed in 2010. The Orphanage The End The Impossible Palm Trees in the Snow Marrowbone Sergio G. Sánchez at Allmovie Sergio G. Sánchez on IMDb