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Ahimaaz

Ahimaaz was son of the high priest Zadok. He first appears in the reign of King David. During Absalom's revolt he remained faithful to David, assisted him by giving him news about the proceedings of Absalom in Jerusalem, he was a swift runner, was the first to bring David news of the defeat of Absalom, although he refrained from mentioning his death. Under King Solomon, Ahimaaz's father Zadok became high priest; when Zadok died, Ahimaaz succeeded him in that position. He may have been the same Ahimaaz who took as one of Solomon's daughters. Subsequent kings of Israel, Ahaz married daughters of the high priest. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George. "Ahimaaz". Easton's Bible Dictionary. T. Nelson and Sons

Harold Oldroyd

Harold Oldroyd was a British entomologist, born in 1914. He specialised in the biology of flies, wrote many books popular science that helped entomology to reach a broader public, his The Natural History of Flies is considered to be the "fly Bible". Although his speciality was the Diptera, he acknowledged that they are not a popular topic: "Breeding in dung, carrion and living flesh, flies are a subject of disgust...not to be discussed in polite society". It was Oldroyd who proposed the idea of hyphenating the names of true flies to distinguish them from other insects with "fly" in their names. Thus, the "house-fly", "crane-fly" and "blow-fly" would be true flies, while the "dragonfly", "scorpion fly" and so on belong to other orders, he debunked the calculation that a single pair of house-flies, if allowed to reproduce without inhibitions could, within nine months, number 5.6×1012 individuals, enough to cover the Earth to a thickness of 14.3 m. Oldroyd calculated that such a layer would only cover Germany, but remarked "that is still a lot of flies".

All the following lists are incomplete. Please add to them if you know of more. Cookson H. A. and Oldroyd H. 1937: Intestinal infestation by larvae of a drone fly. Lancet 2: 804. Oldroyd, H. 1940: The genus Hoplistomerus Macquart. 5 figs. 12 pp. Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. Oldroyd, H. 1947a: Results of Armstrong College expedition to Siwa Oasis, 1935. - Bulletin de la Société Fouad Ier d'Entomologie Kairo. Oldroyd, H. 1947b: The Diptera of the Territory of New Guinea. XIV. Family Tabanidae. Part II. Pangoniinae, except the genus Chrysops. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 72: 125-42. Oldroyd, H. 1949a. A wingless empid from Tasmania. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 84: 278-79. Oldroyd, H. 1949b. The Diptera of the Territory of New Guinea. XIV. Family Tabanidae. Part III. Tabaninae. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 73: 304-61. Oldroyd, H. 1952: A new Chrysops from the British Cameroons. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1952 Sep. Oldroyd, H. 1952. The horseflies of the Ethiopian Region. Volume I. Haematopota and Hippocentrum. British Museum, London. Ix + 226 pp. Oldroyd, H. 1954.

The horseflies of the Ethiopian Region. Volume II. Tabanus and related genera. British Museum, London. X + 341 pp. Oldroyd, H. 1955. The Diptera of Auckland and Campbell islands. Part 4. A wingless dolichopodid from Campbell Island. Rec. Dominion Mus. 2: 243-46. Oldroyd, H. 1956. A new genus and species of Dolichopodidae from Malaya. Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 25: 210-11. Oldroyd, H. 1957: The horseflies of the Ethiopian Region. Volume III. Subfamilies Oldroyd, H. 1958, Some Asilidae from Iran. Stuttg. Beitr. Naturk. No. 9:1–10 Oldroyd, H. 1963: The Tribes and genera of the African Asilidae. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde aus dem Staatlichen Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart. Nr. 107. Oldroyd, H. 1964: Diptera from Nepal. Asilidae. Bull. Br. Mus. Entomol. 15: 237-54. Oldroyd, H. 1969: The family Leptogastridae. Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 38: 27-31. Oldroyd, H. 1970: Studies of African Asilidae. Bulletin of the British Museum. Oldroyd, H. 1972. Robber flies of the Philippine Islands. Pac. Insects 14: 201-37. Oldroyd, H. 1972: Two robber flies of unusual structure.

- Journal of Natural History 6: 635-642. Oldroyd, H. 1974. An introduction to the robber flies of South Africa. Annals of the Natal Museum 22: 1-171. 1939: Edwards and Smart: British Blood-sucking flies. 156 pp 1965: The Natural History of Flies. New York: W. W. Norton. 1968: Elements of entomology. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-76453-5 1969: Handbook for the identification of British Insects. Diptera Brachycera. Sections Tabanoidea and Asiloidea. Royal Entomological Society of London. 132 pp. January 1970: Collecting and Studying Insects. Hutchinson. ISBN 0-09-023663-7 1970: Elements of entomology: An introduction to the study of insects. Universe Books. ISBN 0-87663-127-8 1970: Diptera: Introduction and Key to Families. In the "Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects Series" June 1973: Insects and Their World. Paperback. Univ of Chicago Pr. ISBN 0-226-62636-9 Insects and Their World. ISBN 0-565-05394-9. British Museum. September 1976: Insects in Your Garden. Paperback. Puffin Books. ISBN 0-14-030874-1 date unknown: Ladybirds 1964: Hippoboscidae.

In Lindner, E.: Die Fliegen der paläarktischen Region - Stuttgart, 12: 1-70. 1973: Diptera: Eggs and larvae of flies. In Smith KGV Insects and other arthropods of medical importance. 1st ed. The trustees of the British Museum London, 1973. 1975: Family Asilidae. In "A catalogue of the Diptera of the Oriental Region, Vol. II, Suborder Brachycera through Division Aschiza, Suborder Cyclorrhapha". University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu. 459 pp Insects In Flight: A Glimpse Behind The Scenes In Biophysical Research / by Werner Nachtigall. Translated from the French. World Univ. Library/Mcgraw, New York, 1967, Trade Paperback, pp256. Andrenosoma cornuta Oldroyd, 1972 Apterachalcus borboroides Apterodromia Oldroyd Betrequia ocellata Oldroyd Dipseliopoda biannulata Entisia tarsata Oldroyd, 1968 Heteropogon asiaticus Oldroyd, 1963 Lamyra greatheadi Oldroyd Lamyra rossi Oldroyd Melanothereva blackmani Oldroyd, 1968 O

Orthodox Church in America Parishes in Australia

The Parishes in Australia refer to a former administrative district of the Orthodox Church in America that existed within two states in AustraliaNew South Wales and Queensland. In 1971, in a split from the ROCOR, a group of Orthodox faithful applied to the Orthodox Church in America for acceptance. A parish was formed in Bankstown, NSW, in 1971, under the rectorship of Archimandrite Veniamin and under the patronage of St. Nicholas. A second parish in Brisbane, Holy Annunciation Church, was formed under the rectorship of Fr. Gregory Malisheff. In 1977, a third grouping named the Australian Orthodox Fraternity of St Michael, was formed in Sydney for the purpose of purchasing and organizing another parish, under the rectorship of Fr. Michael Mersher. Fr. Michael was the rector from 1978-80, Fr Theodore Michaluk from Fr. Leopold in 1986, Fr. Igor Chlabicz, beginning in 1987. Following Archim. Veniamin's death in 1994, the Orthodox Church in America was unable to supply a replacement priest for the Bankstown parish.

The parish council of St. Nicholas approached the Antiochian Orthodox Bishop Gibran of Australia and New Zealand and asked if he was able to supply a priest who could celebrate in Slavonic. Hieromonk Andrija Vujisić and Fr. Nicholas Gan assisted on a temporary basis until Fr. Mitko Machevski was appointed and commenced services at St Nicholas on 10 August 1996; the parish formally changed jurisdictions to the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand. Fr. Mitko was appointed rector of the parish, which continues to use Church Slavonic and follows the Julian calendar. Holy Annunciation Church in Brisbane had a succession of rectors and interim priests, including Igumen Dimitry Obukhoff until 1982, Fr. John Jillions and Fr. Ian Bojko. After health problems forced Fr. Ian out of active ministry in c.2005, the parish was without a rector for some years, until 2009 when the parish formally requested acceptance into ROCOR, accepted with the mutual consent of both OCA and ROCOR. The final parish remaining in the Orthodox Church in America - Parishes in Australia was the Australian Orthodox Fraternity of St Michael, until its canonical transfer in 2011.

Fr. John Vesic, a priest of the Serbian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Australia and New Zealand, was assigned as their rector, the parish is now the first English-language parish in the Serbian Orthodox Metropolitanate. With the 2013 repose of Fr. Ian Bojko, there is no longer an OCA presence in Australia. Parish History of Holy Annunciation Orthodox Church

Black snub-nosed monkey

The black snub-nosed monkey known as the Yunnan snub-nosed monkey, is a large black and white primate that lives only in the southern Chinese province of Yunnan, where it is known to the locals as the Yunnan golden hair monkey and the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey. The common name, black snub-nosed monkey, is issued to Rhinopithecus strykeri, inhabiting in Northern Sino-Myanmar border. Coniferous and deciduous forests in the mountainous regions of Yunnan are the ideal terrain for these primates, it is threatened by habitat loss, is considered an endangered species. With their unique adaptations to their environment, these monkeys thrive at extreme altitudes despite the below freezing temperatures and thin air; this primate's diet is made up of the large amounts of lichens available in their region. Recent studies have provided more information on the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey, but there is still much to learn about them. Male and female black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys have no colorization differences, but do differ in sizes.

Females weigh 20 lbs. Adult black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys are identifiable by white fur; the underbelly and central facial zone are all white, while the rest of the body is a grayish black color. Their fur is thick to protect them against below freezing temperatures; the monkeys are born with white fur. Another distinctive feature shared by both adults and babies, is their hairless and vibrant pink lips; these primates get the "snub-nosed" part of their name from the absence of nasal bones. This is considered their most distinctive feature. Unlike many primates, the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey's diet consists of lichen found on trees. Lichen grows in abundance in mountainous regions, makes for a reliable, year-round food supply; these primates will eat bamboo leaves and other more seasonal plants if the opportunity presents itself. Many food items vary depending on the geographical location of each troop including rhododendron flower's nectar in the spring. Lichens are toxic to most animals, but the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey has specialized digestive enzymes similar to those of a cow that remove the harmful bacteria.

The reproduction cycles of black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys are similar to those of golden snub-nosed monkeys, except the time of birth is two to three months due to a colder climate. Like most primates, the snub-nosed monkey gives birth at night, making it difficult for researchers to observe. A rare observation of a daytime birth found a multiparous female assisting another female in the birthing process, similar to human midwifery practice; the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey lives at the highest altitude of any known non-human primate. The highest recorded altitude of a group of this species is 4700 m. Surviving in such extreme conditions is only made possible by a mutation in the primate's genomic DNA sequence that allows increased resistance to oxygen deprivation. Other mutations in the DNA sequence have been found to be harmful to the monkeys, as there is evidence of inbreeding and low genetic diversity among populations; this species has a restricted distribution in the bio-diverse Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests of the Yun Range, part of the greater Hengduan Mountains.

Only 17 groups with a total population of less than 1,700 animals survive in northwest Yunnan and neighboring regions in the Autonomous Prefecture of Tibet. The territory of each group varies from 20 to 135 square km. Deciduous and coniferous forests are their preferred habitat, where lichen grows in abundance year-round; the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey was completely unknown until the 1990s. The fact that no single zoo outside China has kept the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey in captivity has contributed to the enigmatic status of this species. List of endangered and protected species of China Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas ARKive - images and movies of the Yunnan snub-nosed monkey

Congewai Creek

Congewai Creek, a watercourse of the Hunter River catchment, is located in the Hunter district of New South Wales, Australia. The Congewai Creek rises below Myall Range, about 3 kilometres southeast of Quorrobolong trig station within the Watagans National Park; the river flows west by south north by west northwest by north west by north west southwest, south, joined by four tributaries including the Cedar Creek, before reaching its confluence with the Wollombi Brook near Wollombi. The river descends 106 metres over its 45 kilometres course. List of rivers of Australia List of rivers of New South Wales Rivers of New South Wales "Hunter River catchment". Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales

Standard-Model Extension

Standard-Model Extension is an effective field theory that contains the Standard Model, general relativity, all possible operators that break Lorentz symmetry. Violations of this fundamental symmetry can be studied within this general framework. CPT violation implies the breaking of Lorentz symmetry, the SME includes operators that both break and preserve CPT symmetry. In 1989, Alan Kostelecký and Stuart Samuel proved that interactions in string theories could lead to the spontaneous breaking of Lorentz symmetry. Studies have indicated that loop-quantum gravity, non-commutative field theories, brane-world scenarios, random dynamics models involve the breakdown of Lorentz invariance. Interest in Lorentz violation has grown in the last decades because it can arise in these and other candidate theories for quantum gravity. In the early 1990s, it was shown in the context of bosonic superstrings that string interactions can spontaneously break CPT symmetry; this work suggested that experiments with kaon interferometry would be promising for seeking possible signals of CPT violation due to their high sensitivity.

The SME was conceived to facilitate experimental investigations of Lorentz and CPT symmetry, given the theoretical motivation for violation of these symmetries. An initial step, in 1995, was the introduction of effective interactions. Although Lorentz-breaking interactions are motivated by constructs such as string theory, the low-energy effective action appearing in the SME is independent of the underlying theory; each term in the effective theory involves the expectation of a tensor field in the underlying theory. These coefficients are small due to Planck-scale suppression, in principle are measurable in experiments; the first case considered the mixing of neutral mesons, because their interferometric nature makes them sensitive to suppressed effects. In 1997 and 1998, two papers by Don Colladay and Alan Kostelecký gave birth to the minimal SME in flat spacetime; this provided a framework for Lorentz violation across the spectrum of standard-model particles, provided information about types of signals for potential new experimental searches.

In 2004, the leading Lorentz-breaking terms in curved spacetimes were published, thereby completing the picture for the minimal SME. In 1999, Sidney Coleman and Sheldon Glashow presented a special isotropic limit of the SME. Higher-order Lorentz violating terms have been studied in various contexts, including electrodynamics; the distinction between particle and observer transformations is essential to understanding Lorentz violation in physics because Lorentz violation implies a measurable difference between two systems differing only by a particle Lorentz transformation. In special relativity, observer Lorentz transformations relate measurements made in reference frames with differing velocities and orientations; the coordinates in the one system are related to those in the other by an observer Lorentz transformation—a rotation, a boost, or a combination of both. Each observer will agree on the laws of physics, since this transformation is a change of coordinates. On the other hand, identical experiments can be rotated or boosted relative to each other, while being studied by the same inertial observer.

These transformations are called particle transformations, because the matter and fields of the experiment are physically transformed into the new configuration. In a conventional vacuum and particle transformations can be related to each other in a simple way—basically one is the inverse of the other; this apparent equivalence is expressed using the terminology of active and passive transformations. The equivalence fails in Lorentz-violating theories, because fixed background fields are the source of the symmetry breaking; these background fields are tensor-like quantities, creating preferred directions and boost-dependent effects. The fields extend over all space and time, are frozen; when an experiment sensitive to one of the background fields is rotated or boosted, i.e. particle transformed, the background fields remain unchanged, measurable effects are possible. Observer Lorentz symmetry is expected for all theories, including Lorentz violating ones, since a change in the coordinates cannot affect the physics.

This invariance is implemented in field theories by writing a scalar lagrangian, with properly contracted spacetime indices. Particle Lorentz breaking enters if the theory includes fixed SME background fields filling the universe; the SME can be expressed as a Lagrangian with various terms. Each Lorentz-violating term is an observer scalar constructed by contracting standard field operators with controlling coefficients called coefficients for Lorentz violation; these are not parameters, but rather predictions of the theory, since they can in principle be measured by appropriate experiments. The coefficients are expected to be small because of the Planck-scale suppression, so perturbative methods are appropriate. In some cases, other suppression mechanisms could mask large Lorentz violations. For instance, large violations that may exist in gravity could have gone undetected so far because of couplings with weak gravitational fields. Stability and causality of the theory have been studied in detail.

In field theory, there are two possible ways to implement the breaking of a symmetry: explicit and spontaneous. A key result in the formal theory of Lorentz violation, published by Kostelecký in 2004, is that explicit Lorentz violation leads to incompatibility of the Bianchi identities with the covariant conservation laws for the energy-momentum and spin-density tensors, whereas spontaneous Lorentz breaking evades this difficulty; this theorem requires. Formal studies of the po