Gard is a department in Southern France, located in the Occitanie region. It had a population of 742,006 as of 2016; the department is named after the Gardon River. The Gard area was settled by the Romans in classical times, it was crossed by the Via Domitia, constructed in 118 BC. Gard is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790, it was created from the ancient province of Languedoc. It was intended to include the canton of Ganges in the department which would have been geographically logical, but Ganges was transferred to the neighbouring department of Hérault at the outset. In return, Gard received from Hérault the fishing port of Aigues Mortes which gave the department its own outlet to the Gulf of Lion. During the middle of the nineteenth century the prefecture, traditionally a centre of commerce with a manufacturing sector focused on textiles, was an early beneficiary of railway development, becoming an important railway junction. Several luxurious hotels were built, the improved market access provided by the railways encouraged a rapid growth in wine growing: however, many of the department's viticulturalists were ruined by the arrival in 1872 of phylloxera.
Gard is part of the region of Occitanie and is surrounded by the departments of Hérault, Lozère, Bouches-du-Rhône, Vaucluse and Ardèche. The highest point in the department is the Mont Aigoual. Serious flooding has occurred in the department in recent years. In the contested first round of the 2012 presidential election, Gard was the only department to vote for the National Front candidate Marine Le Pen by a slim plurality, with 25.51% of the vote. The incumbent President Nicolas Sarkozy of the Union for a Popular Movement party received 24.86% of the vote, while Socialist candidate François Hollande received 24.11% of the vote share. The President of the Departmental Council has been Denis Bouad of the Socialist Party since 2015. In the 2017 legislative election, Gard elected the following representatives to the National Assembly: The inhabitants of Gard are called "Gardois". In 2012, the population of Gard was 694,323 with 8 towns having more than 10,000 inhabitants: Gard contains a part of the Cévennes National Park.
There are important Roman architectural remains in Nîmes, as well as the famous Roman aqueduct, the Pont du Gard. Gard is home to the source of Perrier, a carbonated mineral water sold both in France and internationally on a large scale; the spring and facility are located just south-east of the commune of Vergèze. Arrondissements of the Gard department Cantons of the Gard department Communes of the Gard department "Gard". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11. 1911. Prefecture website General Council website Welcome to the Gard Welcome to the Gard The Regordane Way or St Gilles Trail Map of the department Guide Gard
Arrigas is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. The village is above the D999 road between Le Vigan and Alzon. Arrigas possesses a number of Megalithic remains including the dolmen of Arrigas on the route to Peyraube, the dolmen of Peyre Cabussélado near the border with the commune of Arre. There are three knocked-over menhirs at the mountain pass de Vernes, more lower down at the place called Troulhas; the village itself was founded in the 12th century by a colony of Benedictine monks under the dependency of St Victor of Marseille. By the 14th century, during the Hundred Years' War, the church was fortified. During the French Wars of Religion the d'Albignac family, lords of Arrigas, embraced the Reformation, alongside part of the population, but their loyalty to the Crown led the d'Albignacs to change camp. In 1625, when Henri, duc de Rohan led the uprising of the Protestants of Languedoc, Charles d'Albignac took up the Catholic cause of the King, Louis XIII, his castle at the Pont d'Arre was taken by the Protestant zealots, while the fortified church of Arrigas was completely destroyed.
Some months at the Siege of Creissels, Charles d'Albignac stopped the advance of the troops of Rohan, afterwards he was elevated by the King to become the Baron d'Arre. After the destruction of the Pont d'Arre, the d'Albignac family built the château of Arrigas. Louis-Alexandre d'Albignac was born here in 1739 and became a Lieutenant-General in the armies of the King a général de division in the Revolutionary and Imperial armies, decorated with the royal Order of Saint Louis and the Imperial Légion d'honneur. After a remarkable career under the Ancien Régime, d'Albignac put himself in the service of the French Revolution and accepted becoming the first mayor of Le Vigan in 1790, he took up service against the enemies of the Revolution in the Camp of Jales, served in the army, either the armies of the Alps or the Rhine. He is the most illustrious of the children of Arrigas, although he died in his own house in Le Vigan in 1825. Arrigas is lively village from July to August when home owners from all over France and Canada descend to spend the summer holidays.
There are communal fetes at the end of August. A little cooler because of its mountain location it provides a welcome break from the fierce heat of the coastal regions of Languedoc. Estelle, a hamlet located on the territory of the commune Communes of the Gard department INSEE
Barjac is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. The valley of the river Cèze lies to the south, the river Ardèche is 10 km to the north. Barjac is a Renaissance town; the old city centre retains ancient narrow streets and houses of that time. The chateau of the Counts of the Roure, with its stone courtyard, once called the "Citadel", has been rebuilt several times from the twelfth century; this imposing edifice now features a library in the former stables, a cinema in the old kitchens. The chateau is the venue for the festival "Chansons de Paroles" held annually in late July; the contemporary German artist Anselm Kiefer has had his studio, called the Ribaute, in Barjac since 1993 in a former industrial wasteland of 35 hectares. Côtes du Vivarais AOC Communes of the Gard department Le Gard provençal Location of Barjac on a map of France with its neighbouring villages
Aiguèze is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Since 2005, Aiguèze has been a member of Les Plus Beaux Villages de France, the first such location in Gard. Aiguèze is a medieval village; the 14th century fort has a watchpath which provides fine views of the entrance to the Ardèche Gorges. The origins of the parish church are Romanesque; the interior was restored at the beginning of the 20th century with decor donated in 1910 by the Archbishop of Rouen, primate of Normandy, a native of the village. The church has been a listed monument historique since 1993. Including the church, the commune has five sites recorded in the French Ministry of Culture list of historic sites. Communes of the Gard department INSEE
Departments of France
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, five are overseas departments, which are classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council. From 1800 to April 2015, these were called general councils; each council has a president. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school buildings and technical staff, local roads and school and rural buses, a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; the departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity.
All of them were named after physical geographical features, rather than after historical or cultural territories which could have their own loyalties. The division of France into departments was a project identified with the French revolutionary leader the Abbé Sieyès, although it had been discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers; the earliest known suggestion of it is from 1764 in the writings of d'Argenson. They have inspired similar divisions in some of them former French colonies. Most French departments are assigned a two-digit number, the "Official Geographical Code", allocated by the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Overseas departments have a three-digit number; the number is used, for example, in the postal code, was until used for all vehicle registration plates. While residents use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, more distant departments are referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments.
For example, inhabitants of Loiret might refer to their department as "the 45". In 2014, President François Hollande proposed to abolish departmental councils by 2020, which would have maintained the departments as administrative divisions, to transfer their powers to other levels of governance; this reform project has since been abandoned. The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-René d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et Chaussées infrastructure administration. Before the French Revolution, France gained territory through the annexation of a mosaic of independent entities. By the close of the Ancien Régime, it was organised into provinces. During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved in order to weaken old loyalties; the modern departments, as all-purpose units of the government, were created on 4 March 1790 by the National Constituent Assembly to replace the provinces with what the Assembly deemed a more rational structure.
Their boundaries served two purposes: Boundaries were chosen to break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department; this was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. This measure was directly inspired by the Great Terror, during which the government had lost control of many rural areas far from any centre of government; the old nomenclature was avoided in naming the new departments. Most were named after other physical features. Paris was in the department of Seine. Savoy became the department of Mont-Blanc; the number of departments 83, had been increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the First French Empire. Following Napoleon's defeats in 1814–1815, the Congress of Vienna returned France to its pre-war size and the number of departments was reduced to 86.
In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Two were added from the new Savoyard territory, while the department of Alpes-Maritimes was created from Nice and a portion of the Var department; the 89 departments were given numbers based on the alphabetical order of their names. The department of Bas-Rhin and parts of Meurthe, Moselle and Haut-Rhin were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. A small part of Haut-Rhin became known as the Territoire de Belfort; when France regained the ceded departments after World War I, the Territoire de Belfort was not re-integrated into Haut-Rhin. In 1922, it became France's 90th department; the Lorraine departments were not changed back to their original boundaries, a new Moselle department was created in the regaine
Aujargues is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Communes of the Gard department INSEE
Argilliers is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Communes of the Gard department INSEE