Argenton is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in southwestern France. Communes of the Lot-et-Garonne department INSEE statistics
Andiran is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in southwestern France. Communes of the Lot-et-Garonne department INSEE statistics
Bertrand du Guesclin
Bertrand du Guesclin, nicknamed "The Eagle of Brittany" or "The Black Dog of Brocéliande", was a Breton knight and an important military commander in the French side during the Hundred Years' War. From 1370 to his death, he was Constable of France for King Charles V. Well known for his Fabian strategy, he took part in six pitched battles and won the four in which he held command. Bertrand du Guesclin was born at Motte-Broons near Dinan, in Brittany, first-born son of Robert du Guesclin and Jeanne de Malmaines, his date of birth is unknown but is thought to have been sometime in 1320. His family was of minor Breton nobility, the seigneurs of Broons. Bertrand's family may have claimed descent from Aquin, the legendary Muslim king of Bougie in Africa, a conceit derived from the Roman d'Aquin, a thirteenth-century French chanson de geste from Brittany, he served Charles of Blois in the Breton War of Succession. Charles was supported by the French crown, while his rival, Jean de Montfort, was allied with England.
Du Guesclin was knighted in 1354 while serving Arnoul d'Audrehem, after countering a raid by Hugh Calveley on the Castle of Montmuran. In 1356–57, Du Guesclin defended Rennes against an English siege by Henry of Grosmont, using guerrilla tactics. During the siege, he killed the English knight William Bamborough; the resistance of du Guesclin helped restore French morale after Poitiers, du Guesclin came to the attention of the Dauphin Charles. When he became King in 1364, Charles sent Du Guesclin to deal with Charles II of Navarre, who hoped to claim the Duchy of Burgundy, which Charles hoped to give to his brother, Philip. On 16 May, he met an Anglo-Navarrese army under the command of Jean de Grailly, Captal de Buch at Cocherel and proved his ability in pitched battle by routing the enemy; the victory forced Charles II into a new peace with the French king, secured Burgundy for Philip. On 29 September 1364, at the Battle of Auray, the army of Charles of Blois was defeated by John IV, Duke of Brittany and the English forces under Sir John Chandos.
De Blois was killed in action. After chivalric resistance, Du Guesclin broke his weapons to signify his surrender, he was ransomed by Charles V for 100,000 francs. In 1366, Bertrand persuaded the leaders of the "free companies", pillaging France after the Treaty of Brétigny, to join him in an expedition to Spain to aid Count Henry of Trastámara against Pedro I of Castile. In 1366, du Guesclin, with Guillaume Boitel, his faithful companion, leader of his vanguard, captured many fortresses. After Henry's coronation at Burgos, he proclaimed Bertrand his successor as Count of Trastámara and had him crowned as King of Granada, although that kingdom was yet to be reconquered from the Nasrids. Bertrand's elevation must have taken place at Burgos between 16 March and 5 April 1366, but Henry's army was defeated in 1367 by Pedro's forces, now commanded by Edward, the Black Prince, at Nájera. Du Guesclin was again captured, again ransomed by Charles V, who considered him invaluable. However, the English army suffered badly in the battle as four English soldiers out of five died during the Castilian Campaign.
The Black Prince, affected by dysentery, soon withdrew his support from Pedro. Du Guesclin and Henry of Trastámara renewed the attack, defeating him at the decisive Battle of Montiel. After the battle, Pedro fled to the castle at Montiel, from whence he made contact with du Guesclin, whose army were camped outside. Pedro bribed du Guesclin to obtain escape. Du Guesclin agreed, but told it to Henry who promised him more money and land if he would only lead Pedro to Henry's tent. Once there, after crossed accusations of bastardy, the two half-brothers started a fight to death, using daggers because of the narrow space. At a moment when they fought on the floor, Pedro was about to finish Henry, but Du Guesclin, who had stayed inactive for he was compromised to both, made his final choice. He grabbed Pedro's ankle and turned him belly-up, thus allowing Henry to stab Pedro to death and gain the throne of Castile. While turning Pedro down, du Guesclin is claimed to have said "Ni quito ni pongo rey, pero ayudo a mi señor", which has since that moment become a common phrase in Spanish, to be used by anyone of lesser rank who does what he is ordered or expected to do, avoiding any concern about the justice or injustice of such action, declining any responsibility.
Bertrand was made Duke of Molina, the Franco-Castilian alliance was sealed. War with England was renewed in 1369, Du Guesclin was recalled from Castile in 1370 by Charles V, who had decided to make him Constable of France, the country's chief military leader. By tradition this post was always given to a great nobleman, not to someone like the comparatively low-born Du Guesclin, but Charles needed someone, an outstanding professional soldier. In practice du Guesclin had continual difficulties in getting aristocratic leaders to serve under him, the core of his armies were always his personal retinue, he was formally invested with the rank of Constable by the King on 2 October 1370. He defeated an English army led by Robert Knolles at the Battle of Pontvallain and reconquered Poitou and Saintonge forcing the Black Prince to leave France. In 1372, the Franco-Castillan fleet destroyed the English fleet at the Battle of La Rochelle where more than 400 English knights and 8000 soldiers were captured.
Master of the Channel, du Guesclin organized destructive raids on the English coasts in retaliation for the English chev
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes, it covers 84,061 km2 – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015, it is the largest region in France by area, with a territory larger than that of Austria. Its largest city, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants; the region has 25 major urban areas, among which the most important after Bordeaux are Bayonne, Poitiers, La Rochelle, as well as 11 major clusters. The growth of its population marked on the coast, makes this one of the most attractive areas economically in France. After Île-de-France, New Aquitaine is the premier French region in research and innovation, with five universities and several Grandes Ecoles.
The agricultural region of Europe with the greatest turnover, it is the French region with the most tourism jobs, as it has three of the four historic resorts on the French Atlantic coast:, as well as several ski resorts, is the fifth French region for business creation. Its economy is based on agriculture and viticulture, tourism, a powerful aerospace industry, digital economy and design and pharmaceutical industries, financial sector, industrial ceramics. Many companies specializing in surfing and related sports have located along the coast; the new region includes major parts of Southern France, marked by Basque, Oïl cultures. It is the "indirect successor" to medieval Aquitaine, extends over a large part of the former Duchy of Eleanor of Aquitaine; the region's interim name Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes was a hyphenated placename, known as ALPC, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names – Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes – in alphabetical order. In June 2016, a working group headed by historian Anne-Marie Cocula, a former vice president of Aquitaine, proposed the name "Nouvelle Aquitaine".
The decision came after the popular favorite, "Aquitaine", faced resistance by regional politicians from Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The other popular favorite, "Grande Aquitaine," was rejected for its connotation with a feeling of superiority. Alain Rousset, president of the region, concurred with the working group's conclusion, reaffirming that he considered the acronym "ALPC" no choice at all. For those deploring the loss of "Limousin" and "Poitou-Charentes", he noted that the predecessor region of Aquitaine subsumed the identities of the Périgord or the Pays Basque, which did not disappear during its 40 years of operation. On 27 June 2016, just a few days ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council unanimously adopted Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the region's permanent name. France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later. For the recent history of each former administrative regions and departments before 2016, For the history of past entities covering much of the area of the region before the French revolution, At 84,061 square kilometers, the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine is larger than French Guiana, which makes it the largest region in France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is delimited by four other French regions, three autonomous communities in Spain to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Nouvelle-Aquitaine comprises twelve departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Dordogne, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres and Haute-Vienne, its largest city and only metropolis is Bordeaux, in the heart of an urban agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. Taking into consideration the urban area, the new region is home to six of the fifty largest metropolitan areas of French territory: Bordeaux Bayonne Limoges Poitiers Pau La Rochelle. In addition, the region has a network of medium towns scattered throughout its territory, including: Angoulême Agen Brive-la-Gaillarde Niort Périgueux Bergerac Villeneuve-sur-Lot Dax Mont-de-Marsan The region covers a large part of the Aquitaine Basin and a small portion of the Paris Basin and the Limousin plate and the western part of the Pyrenees, it is part of five watersheds facing the Atlantic Ocean: Loire, Charente and Dordogne (and their extension, the
The commune of Agen is the prefecture of the Lot-et-Garonne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It lies on the river Garonne 135 kilometres southeast of Bordeaux; the city of Agen lies in the southern department Lot-et-Garonne in the Aquitaine region. The city centre lies on the east bank of the Garonne river close to the Canal de Garonne halfway between Bordeaux and Toulouse. Agen features an oceanic climate, in the Köppen climate classification. Winters feature cool to cold temperatures while summers are mild and warm. Rainfall is spread throughout the year； however, most sunshine hours are from March–September. From Occitan Agen, itself from Latin Aginnum, from a Celtic root agin- meaning "rock or height"; the town has a higher level of unemployment than the national average. Major employers include the pharmaceutical factory UPSA; the old centre of town contains a number of medieval buildings. The twelfth century Agen Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Caprasius, is one of the few large churches in France with a double nave, a regional trait found in the Church of the Jacobins in nearby Toulouse.
The Saint Hilaire church, dedicated to the theme of the Holy Trinity which the Saint in question did a lot to defend, is notable for its unusual statues in front of the Church – Moses on the right, St Peter on the left. The Fine Arts museum, Musée des Beaux Arts contains artefacts and sculptures from prehistoric times onwards; the art gallery contains several hundred works, including several by Goya, others by Bonnard and Seurat. The collection contains a large number of works by artists who lived locally; the museum is made up of twenty or so rooms. The Canal des Deux Mers, which joins the Mediterranean with the Atlantic, crosses the river Garonne at Agen via the town's famous canal bridge; the municipal theatre "Théâtre Ducourneau" presents theatre, classical concerts. The smaller "Théâtre du jour" has a resident theatre company presenting a variety of recent or older plays. There are two cinemas, one a commercial multiscreened affair, the other an arts cinema run by a voluntary organization.
The latter organizes film festivals every year. Rugby is popular in the town, the local team, SU Agen, is enthusiastically supported; the town serves as the base for the Team Lot-et-Garonne cycling team. The Gare d'Agen connects Agen with Bordeaux as well as Périgueux, it is around an hour around an hour from Bordeaux. The TGV train to Paris take three hours and thirteen minutes with a stop in Bordeaux. Agen is connected, to both Toulouse and Bordeaux; the Agen Airport is serviced by Airlinair service to Paris Orly 6 days a week. It is used for business and leisure flying. Agen close to Bordeaux. Agen is the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese that comprises the Département of Garonne, it is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Bordeaux. Agen is twinned with: Tuapse, Russia Dinslaken, Germany Llanelli, United Kingdom Toledo, Spain Corpus Christi, United States As place of birthBernard Palissy, potter – according to some accounts, he may have been born in Saintes Joseph Justus Scaliger, scholar Pierre Dupuy, scholar Joseph Barsalou, physician Godefroi, comte d'Estrades and marshal Bernard Germain Étienne comte de La Ville-sur-Illon La Cépède, naturalist Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, naturalist Jacques Jasmin, Provençal poet Victor Rabu, architect who built many important churches in Montevideo, Uruguay Joseph Chaumié, politician William Grover-Williams racer and SOE agent Michel Serres and author Jacques Sadoul, author Jean Cruguet, jockey who won the U.
S. Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing. Alain Aspect, physicist Francis Cabrel, singer-songwriter and guitarist Bernard Campan and film director Emmanuel Flipo, artist Stéphane Rideau, actor Aymeric Laporte, footballerAs residenceNostradamus lived in Agen from 1531 until at least 1534, he was married to a local woman with. Agen is the "capital of the prune", a local product consumed as a sweet, either stuffed with prune purée or in pastries, or as a dessert, e.g. prunes soaked in Armagnac, a type of brandy. On the last weekend of August, a prune festival comprises rock concerts, circuse performances and prune tastings; the first Jews settled in the town in the twelfth century AD. They were expelled from the town in 1306. A number of Jews returned to the town in 1315, a "Rue des Juifs" is documented since this period. In 1968, about 600 Jews lived in the town, though most of them emigrated to the town from North Africa. A Jewish synagogue still exists in the town. SU Agen Lot-et-Garonne, a French rugby union club based in Agen Agenais, or Agenois, a former province of France INSEE statisticsNotes site de la ville office de tourisme Diocese of Agen – Catholic Encyclopædia article
Beauville is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in southwestern France. Communes of the Lot-et-Garonne department INSEE statistics
Bazens is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in southwestern France. Communes of the Lot-et-Garonne department INSEE statistics