click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Ainulindalë

Ainulindalë is creation account in the J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium, published as the first part of the posthumously published The Silmarillion. In many ways central to Tolkien's "sub creative" cosmology, the Ainulindalë gives an account of the Ainur, a class of angelic beings, who perform a great music prefiguring the creation of the material universe. Ilúvatar introduces the theme of the sentient races of Elves and Men, not anticipated by the Ainur, gives physical being to the prefigured universe; some of the Ainur decide to enter the physical world to prepare for their arrival, becoming the Valar and Maiar. Tolkien wrote the initial version of "Ainulindalë" from November 1919 to the spring of 1920 as "Music of the Ainur" rewriting it in 1930. After further revisions by the author, it was published by his son Christopher in The Book of Lost Tales. "Ainulindalë" recounts the creation of Arda by the deity Eru Ilúvatar. The story begins with a description of the Ainur as "children of Ilúvatar's thought".

They are taught the art of music. The Ainur sing alone or in small groups about themes given to each of them by Ilúvatar, who proposes a "great" plan for them all: a collaborative symphony where they would sing together in harmony. Although the Ainur embody Ilúvatar's thoughts, they are expected to use their freedom to assist the development of the "great" plan; the most powerful of the Ainur, Melkor, is introduced to the music. Although his "loud, vain" music disrupts the harmony, Ilúvatar stands and raises his left hand to begin a new theme; when Melkor again spoils the second theme, Ilúvatar rises sternly and raises his right hand to begin a third. Melkor tries to corrupt this theme with the volume of his music, but it is powerful enough to prevent him from succeeding. Ilúvatar chastises Melkor and leaves the Ainur to their thoughts; the deity takes the Ainur to see. When the third theme results in the arrival of the Children of Ilúvatar, the Elves and the Men, many Ainur want to go into the world to visit them.

Although Melkor was the first of the Ainur to be named, Ulmo was the first to take action in Arda. Despite Melkor's efforts, Ulmo's water can not be ruined by cold; some Ainur remains in the Timeless Halls with Ilúvatar, others go into Arda as the Valar and Maiar. The Ainur begin to prepare for the arrival of the Children of Ilúvatar. Manwë summons the Ainur to resist Melkor; when the Valar assume bodily form, the first war of Eä begins, but Manwë's efforts make the Earth habitable for Elves and Men. The first version of "Ainulindalë" was intended to be part of Tolkien's The Book of Lost Tales, written in the 1910s and 1920s and published by Christopher Tolkien in the first two volumes of The History of Middle-earth. According to a 16 July 1964 letter to Christopher Bretherton, Tolkien wrote the first version of "Ainulindalë" from November 1918 to the spring of 1920 while he worked on the Oxford English Dictionary; the first draft of the story, written in pencil, does not vary from the published version.

The narrator in the earlier version is the elf Rúmil of Tirion and the language differs from that of the Silmarillion version. "Melkor" is spelt "Melko", Ilúvatar weeps before he creates the third theme. At the end is a section about the Valar, moved to the "Valaquenta". Tolkien abandoned Ainulindalë for many years. Although it did not appear in the "Sketch of Mythology", in which he summarized his legendarium in 1926 to a professor in Birmingham, the subject was mentioned in "Annals of Valinor" and "Quenta Silmarillion". Tolkien rewrote "The Music of the Ainur" during the 1930s. In 1946, while drafting The Lord of the Rings, he wrote a new version of "Ainulindalë" of which only half a torn page survives, his legendarium changed radically. Tolkien's Lamps of the Valar concept was abandoned in favour of a more coherent creation myth, with scientific elements; the idea of a spherical world was abandoned after a reader said she preferred a flat one. In 1948 Tolkien began a new version, eliminating mentions of the Sun and the Moon and introducing the concept that Ilúvatar created the world after the visions of the Ainur died away.

In this version, which added several new details, the narrator is the elf Pengoloð. Although commentary about The Silmarillion has focused on the work as a whole, the reaction to "Ainulindalë" has been positive. British writer Joseph Pearce called it "the most important part of The Silmarillion" and said, "The myth of creation is the most significant and most beautiful of Tolkien's works." Brian Rosebury considered "Ainulindalë" a success, with "appropriately'scriptural'" prose. Several Jesuits have praised the story.

Grand Isle County Courthouse

The Grand Isle County Courthouse is located at 3677 United States Route 2 in the center of North Hero, the county seat of Grand Isle County, Vermont. Built in 1824, it is one of the oldest surviving courthouses in the state, the only surviving one built out of stone, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. The Grand Isle County Courthouse is prominently sited in the linear town center of North Hero, placed on a rise on the west side of US 2 overlooking City Bay, its main block is a two-story stone structure, built out of locally quarried limestone and covered by a hip roof. An octagonal belfry rises from the center of the roof, is covered by a gold octagonal onion dome; the main facade is five bays wide, with the entrance at the center, sheltered by a gabled portico with Tuscan columns. Above the entrance is a round-arched sash window. A shed-roof addition extends to the rear, a second ell connects the main block to a two-story wood frame house to the left. Grand Isle County was organized in 1802, with North Hero named its county seat in 1804.

Its early court sessions were held in private facilities such as the hotel and tavern of Jed Ladd, built in North Hero in 1803. With the county rising in population and prosperity, the matter of a permanent courthouse arose in 1823, resulting in the construction of this courthouse's main block the following year. Although there is no documentary support, it may have been designed by Scottish mason James Ritchie, credited with building most of the area's few surviving stone buildings of the period; the courthouse served as a court, town hall, church. In 1865 the town hall and church functions were removed to the newly built meeting house next door. In the early 20th century the building underwent further alteration, including construction of the adjacent jailer's house. National Register of Historic Places listings in Grand Isle County, Vermont

List of Adelaide United FC records and statistics

Adelaide United Football Club is an Australian professional association football club based in Hindmarsh, Adelaide. The club was formed in 2003. Adelaide United became the first southern member admitted into the A-League in 2005. Adelaide United's first silverware was won in 2006; the A-League Premiership, won by the club was Adelaide United's first trophy. Adelaide United's honours and achievements include the following: A-LeagueWinners: 2005–06, 2015–16 Runners-up: 2006–07, 2008–09A-League Grand FinalWinners: 2016 Runners-up: 2007, 2009 FFA CupWinners: 2014, 2018, 2019 Runners-up: 2017 AFC Champions LeagueRunners-up: 2008 FIFA Club World CupFifth place: 2008 Pre-Season Challenge CupWinners: 2006, 2007 Most league appearances: Eugene Galekovic, 238 Most FFA Cup appearances: Michael Marrone, 16 Most Asian appearances: Younget first-team player: Teeboy Kamara, 15 years, 212 days Oldest first-team player: Romário, 40 years, 294 days As of 27 December 2019Competitive matches only, includes appearances as substitute.

Numbers in brackets indicate. Most goals in a season: Sergio van Dijk, 17 goals Most league goals in season: Sergio van Dijk, 16 goals in the A-League, 2010–11 Youngest goalscorer: Nathan Burns, 18 years, 148 days Youngest hat-trick scorer: Nathan Burns Oldest goalscorer: Romário, 40 years, 294 days As of 27 December 2019Bruce Djite is the all-time top goalscorer for Adelaide United. Competitive matches only. Numbers in brackets indicate. First full-time manager: John Kosmina managed Adelaide United from 1 July 2003 to 22 February 2007. Longest-serving manager: John Kosmina – 3 years, 236 days Shortest tenure as manager: Michael Valkanis – 5 months, 2 weeks Highest win percentage: Marco Kurz, 49.25% Lowest win percentage: Michael Valkanis, 20.00% First match: Adelaide United 1–0 Brisbane Strikers, National Soccer League, 17 October 2003 First A-League match: Newcastle Jets 0–1 Adelaide United, 26 August 2005 First FFA Cup match: Adelaide United 1–0 Wellington Phoenix, 5 August 2014 First Asian match: Adelaide United 0–1 Shandong Luneng Taishan, 7 March 2007 First home match at Coopers Stadium: Adelaide United 1–0 Brisbane Strikers, National Soccer League, 17 October 2003 First home match at Adelaide Oval: Adelaide United 1–3 Sydney FC, A-League, 28 December 2007 Record league win: 8–1 against North Queensland Fury, A-League, 21 January 2011 7–0 against Newcastle Jets, A-League, 24 January 2015 Record FFA Cup win: 6–1 against Darwin Olympic, Round of 32, 5 August 2015 Record Asian win: 3–0 against Gach Dong Tam Long An, Group stage, 23 May 2007 4–1 against Bình Dương, Group stage, 23 April 2008 3–0 against Persipura Jayapura, Qualifying round, 16 February 2012 Record league defeat: 1–7 against Brisbane Roar, A-League, 28 October 2011 Record FFA Cup defeat: 1–3 against Melbourne Victory, Quarter-finals, 22 September 2015 Record Asian defeat: 0–3 against Gamba Osaka, Group stage, 22 February 2017 Most league goals scored in a season: 51 in 30 matches, A-League, 2010–11 Fewest league goals scored in a season: 24 in 27 matches, A-League, 2009–10 Most league goals conceded in a season: 46 in 27 matches, A-League, 2016–17 Fewest league goals conceded in a season: 10 in 21 matches, A-League, 2008–09 Most points in a season: 50 in 30 matches, A-League, 2010–11 Fewest points in a season: 23 in 27 matches, A-League, 2016–17 Highest attendance at Hindmarsh: 17,000, against Gamba Osaka, AFC Champions League, 12 November 2008 Lowest attendance at Hindmarsh: 3,513 against Perth Glory, Pre-Season Challenge Cup, 20 July 2007 Highest attendance at Adelaide Oval: 50,119 against Western Sydney Wanderers, A-League Finals, 1 May 2016 Lowest attendance at Adelaide Oval: 16,429 against Sydney FC, A-League, 29 December 2010 Adelaide United FC A-League A-League all-time records General "Adelaide United Stats".

A-LeagueStats.com. Official website

Robert-Émile Fortin

Robert-Émile Fortin was a Quebec painter. He was born in Hull, the son of Émile Fortin and Aline Boisvert, his mother died before he was two years old and Fortin was raised at the Sainte-Thérèse Orphanage in Aylmer and the Saint-Joseph Orphanage in Ottawa. Fortin spent his summers at the farm of his grandmother Aldéa located near Lac Leamy. After he completed primary school at the age of twelve, he attended secondary school in Sainte-Rose-de-Lima and Gatineau, living at first with his grandmother but in foster homes. Fortin worked at a number of jobs: as a cleaner and bartender at a bar and at a paper mill, before securing a job as a graphic artist with the federal Department of Energy and Resources. In 1968, he married Monique Lemieux; that year, he entered the Arts faculty at the University of Ottawa. In 1970, he returned to work with the federal Department of the Environment. In 1973, he held his first exhibition of paintings in Hull with L'Amicale Artistique de l'Outaouais. In 1974, he enrolled in night courses with the Ottawa School of Art.

Facing a conflict between his growing interest in drawing and painting and his career as a civil servant, Fortin resigned after he was offered a promotion to department head in 1974. His work non-figurative evolved into a naïve folk art style. During this period, Fortin moved to a farm in Quebec; the wood stove of the farm house there became an important element in his future work. He taught art courses in the Ottawa region from 1979 to 1981. In 1983, he embarked on a tour of Europe where he studied art and sold his art to galleries and private collectors. On his return to Canada, Fortin began to produce limited edition silkscreen prints of his works. In 1984, he moved from his farm to the town of Buckingham. In the following year, he opened a gallery nearby; that year, he travelled to Zaire where he gave courses in silkscreening. In 1988, Fortin returned to acrylic paintings on canvas and left Buckingham, establishing himself in downtown Hull. In 1997, he moved to a gallery in the Mont-Tremblant area.

Fortin died in the Laurentians at the age of 58. Therrien, Gaston. Robert-Émile Fortin. Éditions Marcel Broquet. ISBN 2-89000-261-6

Free (Dara Maclean song)

"Free" is a song by contemporary Christian/soul musician Dara Maclean from her debut album, You Got My Attention. It was released on July 5, 2011 on iTunes and nationwide on July 12, 2011 as the second single from the album; the song was written as a ballad about a bad relationship that Maclean was in at the time, which has since ended. Maclean now says the song is about how God showed her abundance in life and not to be weighted down with "stuff," her "stuff" being that she was feeling like a failure. Now, she feels the complete opposite; this has been called a hopeful song about the freedom in Jesus Christ that we all can have, which due to that fact it is a uplifting song by the reviews standards. "Free" was digitally released as the lead single from You Got My Attention on July 5, 2011 and July 12, 2011 nationwide on CDs. CCM Magazine's Grace S. Aspinwall noted how the song "exudes hopefulness on the exceptional, "Free," where comparisons to powerhouse Natasha Bedingfield ring true." CCM Magazine's song they chose as "We Like" was "Free" off of the album.

New Release Tuesday's Kevin Davis echoed a similar vibe when he said it is a "surefire hit with great dance floor like "Unwritten" by Natasha Bedingfield, both in music and message. They are great anthems about the freedom we have in Christ and that’s there's nothing He won't do to find us if we were the only one on the planet, he loves us that much." Gospel Music Channel's Lindsay Wright stated "the best pop selection comes mid-way through the album with “Free” – a song about embracing life unencumbered and fulfilling God-given dreams." "Free" has had a music video made of it called Live

Friends of Newin Group

The Friends of Newin Group was a faction of MPs in the People's Power Party led by Newin Chidchob, former Thai Rak Thai cabinet minister, in the House of Representatives of Thailand. After the 2008 political crisis and Constitutional Court decision, these MPs defected from the People's Power Party to the Bhumjaithai Party; the Friends of Newin Group was formed as a faction of the PPP in after the 2007 election in which the pro-Thaksin People's Power Party under Samak Sundaravej won the plurality of seats in the National Assembly. The faction had the highest number of PPP MPs. After the indictment and resignation of Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej in September 2008, Somchai Wongsawat gained the faction's votes, the group voted for Somchai for Prime Minister. Somchai had to resign as the Constitutional court dissolved the People's Power Party and two other coalition partners for election fraud on December 2, 2008; the Friends of Newin Group's MPs were given 60 days to register to a new party or to join an existing one.

On 9 December 2008, the group's leader Newin Chidchob caused a breakthrough in Thai politics by announcing his support for Democrat Party leader Abhisit Vejjajiva, of the party, in opposition to the PPP-led government, as the next Prime Minister of Thailand. He assured Abhisit and Suthep Thaugsuban that he and his group would vote for Abhisit for Prime Minister, thereby crossing the aisle, it is alleged that Army commander and co-leader of the 2006 coup, General Anupong Paochinda, coerced the MPs of the Friends of Newin Group to endorse a Democrat Party-led coalition, which would secure enough parliamentary votes to allow Abhisit to be elected Prime Minister On December 13, Thaksin Shinawatra, Newin's former boss and benefactor, in a recorded message played at a National United Front of Democracy Against Dictatorship rally, blasted the group as'traitors and betrayers of the people.' On December 15, 235 MPs in the House of Representatives voted for Abhisit versus 198 votes for Pracha Promnok endorsed by the pro-Thaksin party, Pheu Thai Party.

Abhisit, leader of the Democrat Party, became the new prime minister. Thereafter, the MPs of the Friends of Newin group founded the Bhumjaithai Party. Newin supports the Bhumjaithai Party; the Bhumjaithai Party has 5 Cabinet posts including the Interior Ministry. The Bhumjaithai Party, where the former Friends of Newin MPs are now, has about 32 members in the House of Representatives in 2011