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Aion (deity)

Aion is a Hellenistic deity associated with time, the orb or circle encompassing the universe, the zodiac. The "time" represented by Aion is unbounded, in contrast to Chronos as empirical time divided into past and future, he is thus a god of the ages, associated with mystery religions concerned with the afterlife, such as the mysteries of Cybele, Dionysus and Mithras. In Latin the concept of the deity may appear as Saeculum, he is in the company of an earth or mother goddess such as Tellus or Cybele, as on the Parabiago plate. Aion is identified as the nude or seminude young man within a circle representing the zodiac, or eternal and cyclical time. Examples include two Roman mosaics from Sentinum and Hippo Regius in Roman Africa, the Parabiago plate, but because he represents time as a cycle, he may be imagined as an old man. In the Dionysiaca, Nonnus associates Aion with the Horae and says that he:changes the burden of old age like a snake who sloughs off the coils of the useless old scales, rejuvenescing while washing in the swells of the laws.

The imagery of the twining serpent is connected to the hoop or wheel through the ouroboros, a ring formed by a snake holding the tip of its tail in its mouth. The 4th-century AD Latin commentator Servius notes that the image of a snake biting its tail represents the cyclical nature of the year. In his 5th-century work on hieroglyphics, Horapollo makes a further distinction between a serpent that hides its tail under the rest of its body, which represents Aion, the ouroboros that represents the kosmos, the serpent devouring its tail. Martianus Capella identified Aion with Cronus, whose name caused him to be theologically conflated with Chronos, in the way that the Greek ruler of the underworld Plouton was conflated with Ploutos. Martianus presents Cronus-Aion as the consort of Rhea. In his speculative reconstruction of Mithraic cosmogony, Franz Cumont positioned Aion as Unlimited Time as the god who emerged from primordial Chaos, who in turn generated Heaven and Earth; this deity is represented as the leontocephaline, the winged lion-headed male figure whose nude torso is entwined by a serpent.

He holds a sceptre, keys, or a thunderbolt. The figure of Time "played a considerable, though to us obscure, role" in Mithraic theology. Aion is identified with Dionysus in Christian and Neoplatonic writers, but there are no references to Dionysus as Aion before the Christian era. Euripides, calls Aion the son of Zeus; the Suda identifies Aion with Osiris. In Ptolemaic Alexandria, at the site of a dream oracle, the Hellenistic syncretic god Serapis was identified as Aion Plutonius; the epithet Plutonius marks functional aspects shared with Pluto, consort of Persephone and ruler of the underworld in the Eleusinian tradition. Epiphanius says that at Alexandria Aion's birth from Kore the Virgin was celebrated January 6: "On this day and at this hour the Virgin gave birth to Aion." The date, which coincides with Epiphany, brought new year's celebrations to a close, completing the cycle of time that Aion embodies. The Alexandrian Aion may be a form of Osiris-Dionysus, reborn annually, his image was marked with crosses on his hands and forehead.

Gilles Quispel conjectured that the figure resulted from integrating the Orphic Phanes, who like Aion is associated with a coiling serpent, into Mithraic religion at Alexandria, that he "assures the eternity of the city." This syncretic Aion became a symbol and guarantor of the perpetuity of Roman rule, emperors such as Antoninus Pius issued coins with the legend Aion, whose female Roman counterpart was Aeternitas. Roman coins associate both Aion and Aeternitas with the phoenix as a symbol of rebirth and cyclical renewal. Aion was among the virtues and divine personifications that were part of late Hellenic discourse, in which they figure as "creative agents in grand cosmological schemes." The significance of Aion lies in his malleability: he is a "fluid conception" through which various ideas about time and divinity converge in the Hellenistic era, in the context of monotheistic tendencies. Kákosy, László. "Osiris-Aion". Oriens Antiquus 3. Nock, Arthur Darby. "A Vision of Mandulis Aion". The Harvard Theological Review 27.

Zuntz, Günther. Aion, Gott des Römerreichs. Carl Winter Universitatsverlag. ISBN 3533041700. Zuntz, Günther. AIΩN in der Literatur der Kaiserzeit. Verlag der Osterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. ISBN 3700119666. Suda On Line, entries naming Aion Views of the Aion mosaic at Munich Glyptothek Images of Aion in the Warburg Institute Iconographic Database

Chicago Maroons

The Maroons are the intercollegiate sports teams of the University of Chicago. They are named after the color maroon. Team colors are maroon and gray, the Phoenix is their mascot, they now compete in the NCAA Division III as members of the University Athletic Association. The University of Chicago helped found the Big Ten Conference in 1895. Football returned as a club sport in 1963, as a varsity sport in 1969, began competing independently in Division III in 1973; the school was part of the Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference from 1976 to 1987, its football team joined the Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference's successor, the Midwest Conference, in 2017. In the 2018–19 school year, Chicago added baseball to its MWC membership, elevated its club team in women's lacrosse to full varsity status, with that sport competing in the College Conference of Illinois and Wisconsin. Stagg Field is the home stadium for the re-instated football team. Baseball Basketball – see: Chicago Maroons men's basketball Cross Country Football – see: Chicago Maroons football Soccer Swimming & Diving Tennis Indoor and Outdoor Track & Field – considered two separate sports by the NCAA Wrestling Basketball – see: Chicago Maroons women's basketball Cross Country Soccer Lacrosse Softball Swimming & Diving Tennis Indoor and Outdoor Track & Field – considered two separate sports by the NCAA Volleyball The Maroons helped establish the Big Ten Conference at a follow-up meeting on February 8, 1896.

The league consisted of Chicago, Michigan, Minnesota and Northwestern. Jay Berwanger was awarded the first Heisman trophy in 1935. Hall of Fame coach Amos Alonzo Stagg coached the football team from 1892-1932, the basketball team from 1920-1921, the baseball team from 1893-1905 and 1907-1913, he encouraged players to adopt vegetarianism, believing it supported both athleticism and a "gentle and gentlemanly" sportsmanship. The football team was dropped following the 1939 season. In explaining the reason to drop football, Robert Maynard Hutchins, the university’s president, had written acidly in The Saturday Evening Post “In many colleges, it is possible for a boy to win 12 letters without learning how to write one.” On March 7, 1946 the University of Chicago withdrew from the Big Ten Conference. On May 31, 1946 the resignation was formally accepted by the Big Ten Conference. Basketball: 1906–07, 1907–08, 1908–09 Football: 1905, 1913 Men's Gymnastics: 1938, 9 individual champions Men's Track & Field: 7 individual champions Kris Alden: 1989 Men's Swimming Individual Champion Rhaina Echols: 1999 Women's Cross Country Individual Champion, 2000 Women's Indoor and 2000 Women's Outdoor Individual Track Champion Tom Haxton: 2004 Men's Outdoor Track & Field Individual Champion Adeoye Mabogunje: 2004 Men's Outdoor Track & Field Individual Champion Peter Wang: 1991 & 1992 Wrestling Individual Champion Liz Lawton: 2010 Women's Outdoor Track & Field Individual Champion Michael Bennett: 2014 Men's Indoor Track & Field Individual Champion Michelle Dobbs: 2016 Women's Indoor Track & Field Individual Champion Khia Kurtenbach: 2017 Women's Cross Country Individual Champion Men's Basketball: 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2007, 2008 Women's Basketball: 1989, 2008, 2011, 2012 Men's Cross Country: 2002, 2004 Women's Cross Country: 1992, 1993, 2012, 2013 Football: 1998, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2014 Men's Soccer: 2001, 2009, 2014, 2016 Women's Soccer: 1994, 1996, 1999, 2010 Softball: 1996 Men's Track & Field: 2002, 2008 Women's Track & Field: 2008, 2010, 2014, 2015, 2018 Women's Track & Field: 2015 Wrestling: 1989, 1990, 1992, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011 Women's Tennis: 2010, 2012 All championships listed here were won when the league was known as the Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference, only sponsored men's sports.

The Midwest Conference was established in its current form in 1994 with the merger of the MCAC and Midwest Athletic Conference for Women. Men's Soccer: 1978 Men's Tennis: 1984 Women's Tennis: 1983 Men's Track & Field: 1980 Women's Track & Field: 1983, 1984 Baseball: 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1913 Men's Basketball: 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1920, 1924 Men's Fencing: 1927-28, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1936–37, 1937–38, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1940–41 Football: 1899, 1905, 1907, 1908, 1913, 1922, 1924 Men's Golf: 1922, 1924, 1926 Men's Gymnastics: 1909, 1914, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1924, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934 Men's Swimming: 1916, 1919, 1921 Men's Tennis: 1910, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1918, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939 Men's Track & Field: 1911, 1915, 1917 Men's Track & Field: 1905, 1908, 1917 The Chicago Pile Was constructed out of graphite blocks underneath the football stands in the Racquetball and tennis court during World War II for the Manhattan Project.

It was the first Nuclear reactor to hit critical mass. Wave the Flag is the fight song for the Maroons. Gordon Erickson wrote the lyrics in 1929; the tune was adapted from Miami University's "Marching Song" written in 1908 by Raymond H. Burke, a University of Chicago graduate who joined Miami's faculty in 1906; the song is traditionally sung by the players at midfield after all home victories. The University of Chicago B

Big Brother: Over the Top

Big Brother: Over the Top is a spin-off American reality television series of the show Big Brother that aired online. The show premiered on September 28, 2016 and ended after 65 days with a season finale on December 1, 2016 only on CBS All Access, an over-the-top subscription streaming service; the spin-off was announced by CBS on August 3, 2016, while Big Brother 18 was still in progress. As with the televised series, the group of contestants—referred to as HouseGuests—are enclosed in the Big Brother House under constant surveillance of cameras and microphones; each week a HouseGuest was evicted until the final three HouseGuests remain on finale night. Unlike in Big Brother, the viewers voted to crown a winner. Julie Chen hosted the season premiere and finale, conduct weekly eviction interviews. In the season finale, the voting public awarded Morgan Willett with the $250,000 grand prize over Jason Roy and Kryssie Ridolfi. What separated this from the televised series was the fact that the live feed from the house saw less blockage.

For example, the live feed showed the house guests moving in and meeting one another, something that's never been shown live or unedited. While more simplistic than on the televised version, viewers got to see competitions from start to finish, which are shown on the live feed, save for occasional Endurance competitions; the season was announced on August 3, 2016 by CBS while the eighteenth season was still in progress. The series continued to air on the CBS television network during the summer while the fall edition aired on the over-the-top streaming service CBS All Access, the broadcaster of the live Internet feeds since the seventeenth season; the season would utilize the same production team from past seasons with executive producers Allison Grodner and Rich Meehan for Fly on the Wall Entertainment in association with Endemol Shine North America. Julie Chen, the host of the series since its inception, would be part of this season. However, Robyn Kass, who has cast the program since the second season, would not cast this season.

The shortest season since Big Brother 10, the season only lasted nine weeks. This was the first edition of the Big Brother franchise to air live online around the world and the second season overall to air only online after the first Chinese season, pre-recorded and aired at a date in 2015. There was no television coverage for this season. There were weekday replays that would be scheduled to transmit on Mondays, Tuesdays and Fridays at 10:00pm ET/7:00pm PT that summarized the events of the previous day in the House. On Wednesdays starting at 10:00pm ET/7:00pm PT, there was a weekly recap episode followed by the live eviction with the Head of Household competition shortly after the eviction. On Thursdays, Julie had a live Q&A with the HouseGuests and interview the evicted HouseGuest. Special episodes aired on Tuesdays and Fridays at 10:30pm ET/7:30pm PT after the weekday replay where viewers can watch live diary room sessions. Have Nots for the week were shown on Saturdays at 4:00pm ET/1:00pm PT with the weekly safety ceremonies shown on Saturdays and Sundays at 10:00pm ET/7:00pm PT with the weekly nominations revealed live on Sundays.

While the live Internet feeds did not have any scheduled blackouts, slanderous statements and singing of copyrighted music would be blocked for legal reasons. For the first time in the history of the program the HouseGuests entered the house one by one live on the Internet feeds after host Julie Chen introduced the audience to the program and short introductory videos were shown; the format of this season varied from previous seasons that have aired on CBS. The contestants referred to as "HouseGuests" are sequestered in the Big Brother House with no contact to or from the outside world; each week, the HouseGuests take part in several compulsory challenges that determine who will win food and power in the house. At the start of each week, the HouseGuests compete in the Head of Household competition; the winner of the HoH competition is immune from eviction and will select two HouseGuests to be nominated for eviction. Each week, six HouseGuests are selected to compete in the Power of Veto competition: the reigning HoH and the nominees are guaranteed to play with the remaining slots being given to other HouseGuests selected by random draw.

The winner of the PoV competition wins the right to either revoke the nomination of one of the nominated HouseGuests or leave them as is. If the veto winner uses this power, the HoH must nominate another HouseGuest for eviction; the PoV winner is immune from being named as the replacement nominee. On eviction night, all HouseGuests must vote to evict one of the nominees, with the exception of the nominees and the Head of Household; this compulsory vote is conducted in the privacy of the Diary Room. In the event of a tie, the HoH must break the tie publicly; the nominee with the most votes is evicted from the house. The Nomination Ceremony from the broadcast edition was replaced with the new Safety Ceremony; this ceremony took place over two days with two separate ceremonies. During the ceremony, the HoH was sequestered in the HoH room while the other HouseGuests were downstairs with their "Block Pass"; when instructed by Big Brother, the HoH activated the "Block Pass" of a HouseGuest of their choosing.

This made the pass indicate that the HouseGuest is safe from nominations. The first ceremony takes place on Saturday night with the HoH being instructed to save a predetermined number of HouseGuests; the second ceremony takes place on Sunday night with the HoH