The Air-Sol Moyenne Portée is a French nuclear air-launched cruise missile. In French nuclear doctrine it is called a "pre-strategic" weapon, the last-resort "warning shot" prior to a full-scale employment of strategic nuclear weapons; the missile's construction was contracted to Aérospatiale's Tactical Missile Division, now part of MBDA. The missile cost $600 million to develop. ASMP entered service in May 1986, replacing the earlier free-fall AN-22 bomb on France's Dassault Mirage IV aircraft and the AN-52 bomb on Dassault Super Étendard. About 84 weapons are stockpiled. Carrier aircraft are Rafale and Super Étendard; the Mirage IVP carried the ASMP until retired in 1996. In 1991, 90 missiles and 80 warheads were reported to have been produced. By 2001, 60 were operational. An advanced version known as Air-Sol Moyenne Portée-Amélioré ASMP-A has a range of about 500 kilometres at a speed of up to Mach 3 with the new TNA 300kt thermonuclear warhead, it entered service in October 2009 with the Mirage 2000NK3 of squadron EC 3/4 at Istres and on July 2010 with the Rafales of squadron EC 1/91 at Saint Dizier.
54 ASMP-A have been delivered to French army. ASMP and ASMP-A weighs 860 kg, it is a supersonic standoff missile powered by a liquid fuel ramjet. It flies at Mach 2 to Mach 3, with a range between 80 km and 300 km / 500 km depending on flight profile. Warhead was a single variable-yield 100 to 300 kiloton TN 81 for ASMP, a single variable-yield 100 to 300 kiloton TNA for ASMP-A; the studies for the successor to the ASMP-A, dubbed ASN4G, have begun. ASN4G refers to Air-Sol Nucléaire Fourth-Generation; the aim is to design a missile capable of either high hypersonic speeds. The ASN4G could be fitted to the Rafale fighter jet and the requirement is for a missile range much greater than 1,000 kilometers. FranceFrench Air Force French Navy ASMP on FAS.org L’ASMP-A, nouvelle arme de la dissuasion, Ministère de la Defense
The United Service Club was a London gentlemen's club founded in 1815 for the use of senior officers in the British Army and Royal Navy – those above the rank of Major or Commander – and the club was accordingly known to its members as "The Senior". The club closed in 1978; because of its emphasis on senior officers, it was considered the most prestigious of London's military clubs – reflected in its entry fees, which were the highest of any London club in the 1880s, although there has been some speculation this was a device to limit the number of new members. The year after it was founded, in 1816, the Club moved into its first premises in Albermarle Street. Three years in 1819, it moved to Charles Street and in 1828 to a purpose-built clubhouse at 116 Pall Mall, designed by the noted architect John Nash; the club house, on the corner with Waterloo Place, was built between 1826 and 1828. Its style, displaying military friezes along the top of the building, was mirrored by the Athenaeum opposite.
Both buildings had a stone step outside. These were for the use of the Duke of Wellington, a member of both clubs and rode everywhere, rather than use a carriage; these steps still stand today. The building was altered and extended by Decimus Burton in 1858–9, again by the firm of Thompson and Walford, in the years 1912–13 and 1929–30, it was built on the site of the former Carlton House. In 1892 members were concerned that the club was facing financial difficulties and elected to allow lesser ranks – down to Army Captains and Naval Lieutenants – as members; this led to a significant increase in membership and in 1910 the Club expanded its premises into the existing Nos. 118 and 119 Pall Mall. Despite the club's prestige, like many other clubs it ran into serious financial difficulties in the 1970s, was forced to close in 1978; the building was bought by the Institute of Directors, a condition of the sale was that the IoD would retain all of the club's original fixtures and fittings, which it still does today.
However, although the building survives intact, the old club building makes up only part of the IoD headquarters on Pall Mall, whose complex encompasses several neighbouring buildings which were never part of the club. List of London's gentlemen's clubs Jackson, Maj. Gen. Sir Louis C.. IoD webpage about the former United Service Club building 116 Pall Mall – website for the building today
The Illini Media Company is a nonprofit, student media company based in Champaign, Illinois. The company owns several student-run media outlets associated with the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign: the general newspaper, the Daily Illini; the Illini Publishing Company was chartered by the State of Illinois in 1911. In 1984, it became the Illini Media Company; the company helps students prepare for and careers in print media and broadcasting and to inform and entertain the University of Illinois community. Revenues exceed $2.5 million. In 2012, the Illini Media sought support to keep its business running. Prominent alumni, such as film critic Roger Ebert, urged alumni to donate to the corporation. Additionally, a referendum passed to allow a fee on student's tuition to go towards the company; the Illini Media Company is housed at what was the Illini Media Building, located at 512 East Green Street in Champaign. Illini Media moved all of its units to the third floor; the Daily Illini is a student-run newspaper, published for the community of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign since 1871.
Weekday circulation during fall and spring semesters is 20,000. Although the Daily Illini claims to be "The independent student newspaper...since 1871," questions about the independence of Illini Media arose after the student fee was imposed – it is estimated that revenue from mandatory student fees accounts for "10-12% of Illini Media's annual budget." WPGU 107.1 is a commercial student-run radio station located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. It is operational 24-7, broadcasting alternative music and other programming throughout Champaign-Urbana and surrounding communities. Buzz is a weekly entertainment magazine published every Friday by the Illini Media Company; the magazine was included as a weekly insert in The Daily Illini, but is now considered a stand-alone publication. Buzz is the only alt-weekly print publication in Champaign-Urbana. Covering film, television and theatre reviews, local events, Buzz contains feature stories on the local entertainment scene. Illio is the official yearbook of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Since 1894, Illio has been preserving the campus through yearbooks. Today's yearbook has many different sections, including Groups & Greeks, Campus Life, Senior Pictures, more. Technograph is an engineering quarterly at the University of Illinois, it began in 1855 as the Selected Papers of the Civil Engineers' Club of the University of Illinois. The magazine features profiles of leaders in the field. Technograph is available as a quarterly insert in the Daily Illini. Additionally, more than 1,000 copies are sent to high school libraries across the state of Illinois. Iris Chang, author of the international best-seller, The Rape of Nanking, was a features writer for the Daily Illini from 1987-89. Roger Ebert, film critic, was editor-in-chief of the Daily Illini in 1963–64, when he attended the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, he worked for Illini Media's terrestrial radio station WPGU. Hugh Hefner, editor in chief and chief creative officer of Playboy Enterprises, worked as a cartoonist for the Daily Illini from 1946 to 1949.
Will Leitch, editor of the online magazine Deadspin and author of God Save The Fan, was the managing editor of the Daily Illini in 1996. The Hub, published between April 2004 and October 2006, was the last of a series of non-university affiliated alternative weeklies that competed with Illini Media. Previous alternative weeklies include The Paper, closed in 2004; the friendly rivalry between The Hub and the Buzz was best exemplified by a short-running "feud" between columnists Seth Fein and Don Gerard. Illini Media – official site Daily Illini newspaper WPGU 107.1 FM Buzz Magazine Illio Yearbook Technograph engineering magazine
The Great Synagogue of Rome is the largest synagogue in Rome. The Jewish community of Rome goes back to the 2nd century B. C when the Roman Republic had an alliance of sorts with Judea under the leadership of Judah Maccabeus. At that time, many Jews came to Rome from Judea, their numbers increased during the following centuries due to the settlement that came with Mediterranean trade. Large numbers of Jews were brought to Rome as slaves following the Jewish–Roman wars in Judea from 63 to 135 CE; the present Synagogue was constructed shortly after the unification of Italy in 1870, when the Kingdom of Italy captured Rome and the Papal States ceased to exist. The Roman Ghetto was demolished and the Jews were granted citizenship; the building which had housed the ghetto synagogue (a complicated structure housing five scolas in a single building was demolished, the Jewish community began making plans for a new and impressive building. Commemorative plates have been affixed to honour the local Jewish victims of Nazi Germany and of a Palestine Liberation Organization attack in 1982.
On 13 April 1986, Pope John Paul II made an unexpected visit to the Great Synagogue. This event marked the first known visit by a pope to a synagogue since the early history of the Roman Catholic Church, he prayed with Rabbi Elio Toaff, the Chief Rabbi of Rome. In 2010 Rabbi Riccardo Di Segni hosted a visit from Pope Benedict XVI, while Pope Francis visited the synagogue on 17 January 2016; the synagogue celebrated its centenary in 2004. In addition to serving as a house of worship, it is serves a cultural and organizational centre for la Comunità Ebraica di Roma, it houses the offices of the Chief Rabbi of Rome, as well as the Jewish Museum of Rome. On 17 January 2005, thirteen cantors, in conjunction with the Jewish Ministers Cantors Association of America, performed in a cantorial concert for the first time in the synagogue's history. Pope Francis visited the Great Synagogue on 17 January, 2016. During his visit, the pope denounced all violence committed in the name of God, joined in the diaspora as a sign of interfaith friendship.
Pope Francis repeated several times the words first spoken by Pope John Paul, saying that Jews were the "elder brothers" of Christians. Pope Francis added Christian "elder sisters" of the Jewish faith to his words; the synagogue was attacked on 9 October 1982 by 5 armed Palestinian terrorists at the close of the morning Sabbath service. One person, Gadiel Gaj Taché, was killed. Designed by Vincenzo Costa and Osvaldo Armanni, the synagogue was built from 1901 to 1904 on the banks of the Tiber, overlooking the former ghetto, it contains elements of Assyrian-Babylonian and Greco-Roman architecture. The eclectic style of the building makes it stand out in a city known for notable buildings and structures; this attention-grabbing design was a deliberate choice made by the community at the time who wanted the building to be a visible celebration of their freedom and to be seen from many vantage points in the city. The aluminium dome is the only square dome in the city and makes the building identifiable from a distance.
The interior of the synagogue is lavishly decorated in the Art Nouveau style. “Tempio Maggiore di Roma ” Great Synagogue of Rome Museum adjacent to Synagogue
Jürgen Pinter is an Austrian cross-country skier. He competed in cross-country skiing at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, he participated at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2011. In November 2008 he was handed a four-year ban from sports for doping. Pinter was banned by the International Olympic Committee for life from the Olympic Games for his involvement in a doping scandal at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin; the International Ski Federation cleared him in their anti-doping hearing of the case while three other Austrian cross-country skiers were handed doping bans. The World Anti-Doping Agency appealed Pinters case to the Court of Arbitration for Sport, in November 2008 he was handed a four-year ban from sports. All results are sourced from the International Ski Federation. Jürgen Pinter at the International Ski Federation
MV Dartmouth Castle is a passenger ship operating on the River Dart for the Dartmouth Steam Railway and River Boat Company. She is listed on the National Register of Historic Ships MV Dartmouth Castle was built to a classic motor passenger vessel design, with open decks forward and aft of a lower deck saloon, an open promenade deck above, with the wheelhouse at its forward end; this wheelhouse was older than the ship, having been fitted to the previous Dartmouth Castle - a 1907 vintage paddle steamer. The promenade deck featured a number of tall ventilators, a canopy above, a rather ugly landing deck - a raised deck allowing passengers to board from a high quayside at low tide. MV Dartmouth Castle's appearance was changed in the late 1970s when, in common with many similar vessels, her promenade deck was covered over. While many of these conversions resulted in rather ungainly looking vessels, MV Dartmouth Castle was, if anything improved; the new deckhouse covers around two-thirds of the former promenade deck, is open at its aft end, has an open passenger deck, along with a new wheelhouse above.
She has gained a small funnel behind the wheelhouse. The new arrangement emphasises the terraced arrangement of the aft decks; the bar and toilets remain in the lower saloon. The MV Dartmouth Castle was ordered by the River Dart Steamboat Co Ltd to replace a former paddle steamer of the same name, laid up for the whole of the Second World War and was deemed to be beyond economic repair, she was built for service on the River Dart, running on services between Dartmouth and Totnes, as well as on circular cruises from Dartmouth. She was the first of four post-war steel-hulled motor vessels, that replaced the company's paddle steamers; the pleasure boat operations declined during the late 1960s and early 1970s, after the 1974 season the fleet was laid up for sale, with the MV Dartmouth Castle having a book value of just £685. The Millbrook Steamboat & Trading Co Ltd purchased MV Dartmouth Castle in 1975, transferred her to their Plymouth-based fleet, where she was by far the largest vessel, but just two seasons she was replaced by the larger MV Cardiff Castle purchased from the River Dart Steamboat Company, was sold to Dart Pleasure Craft Ltd, returning to her old services on the River Dart, under the'River Link' Brand.
In 1980, the owners of Dart Pleasure Craft purchased the Millbrook company, for the next few years there were numerous transfers of vessels between the two operators, until the Millbrook operation was closed in 1985. MV Dartmouth Castle remained in service on the Dart, principally on the Dartmouth-Totnes run, but operating most of the coastal cruises from Dartmouth. In 2002, she was replaced by the MV Plymouth Venturer, a similar sized and similar looking vessel, acquired from Plymouth Boat Cruises, renamed MV Dart Venturer, was laid up, she was sold to Devon Princess Cruises, received a thorough refit, but was little used. In 2010, Dart Pleaure Craft was merged with the Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway, under the name Dartmouth Steam Railway and River Boat Company; the company began operating a new boat service from Torquay to Dartmouth, as part of a circular "Sea Train" service in connection with its trains, earmarked the MV Dart Venturer to operate this trip. The MV Dartmouth Castle therefore returned to the Dart, once again took up operations on the Dartmouth-Totnes route.