Air Force Space Command
Air Force Space Command is a major command of the United States Air Force, with its headquarters at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. AFSPC supports U. S. military operations worldwide through the use of many different types of space operations. Operationally, AFSPC is an Air Force major command subordinate to U. S. Strategic Command, a unified combatant command; as of 2019 it is the primary space force for the U. S. Armed Forces. More than 38,000 people perform AFSPC missions at 88 locations worldwide. Composition consists of 22,000 military personnel and 9,000 civilian employees, although their missions overlap. On 1 December 2009, the strategic nuclear intercontinental ballistic missile mission that AFSPC inherited from Air Combat Command in 1993, which ACC had inherited following the inactivation of Strategic Air Command in 1992, was transferred to the newly established Air Force Global Strike Command. According to AFSPC, its mission is to "Provide resilient and affordable space capabilities for the Joint Force and the Nation."AFSPC's primary mission areas are: Space forces support, involving the launching of satellites and other high-value payloads into space using a variety of expendable launch vehicles and operating those satellites once in space Space control, ensuring the friendly use of space through the conduct of counterspace operations encompassing surveillance, negation and space intelligence analysis Force enhancement, providing satellite-based weather, intelligence, missile warning, navigation.
Missile warning operations from the former Aerospace Defense Command, assumed by Tactical Air Command in the late 1970s, space and spacelift/space launch operations, resident in the Air Force Systems Command, were combined to form a new Air Force major command in 1982 known as Space Command. Following the creation of United States Space Command as a Unified Combatant Command, in 1985, Space Command was renamed Air Force Space Command and assigned to USSPACECOM as its USAF component command. In 1991, Operation Desert Storm provided emphasis for AFPSC's new focus on support to the warfighter. ICBM forces assigned to the inactivated Strategic Air Command were merged into AFSPC in 1993 until moved into Air Force Global Strike Command in 2009. In August 2009, Air Force Space Command became the lead MAJCOM for all Air Force cyberspace operations with the stand-up of 24th Air Force, gaining Air Force cyber operations and combat communications units, the Air Force Network Integration Center, the Air Force Spectrum Management Office.
On 1 April 2013, Air Force Space Command announced that the Space Innovation and Development Center's missions had been realigned under Headquarters, Air Force Space Command, the Air Force Warfare Center of the Air Combat Command. The Space Command was the subject of a 60 Minutes News segment on CBS in April 2015; when speaking with 60 Minutes reporter David Martin, commanding General John E. Hyten was not able to respond to many of the questions, claiming the information was classified but that the program was doing its part in keeping the global world of GPS satellites and other important global satellite usage peaceful. To ensure satellite safety, General Hyten confirmed the belief that other countries were developing anti-satellite technology, but that the Space Command Program was developing technologies of their own, including telescopic lasers to better track the paths of satellites. Reporter David Martin asked about the new Boeing X-37 spaceplane the US Air Force had been testing. General Hyten confirmed that it could bring satellites into orbit and bring them back, that the US Air Force would do everything they could to protect the country and its satellites from the danger posed by anti-satellite technology from China and Russia in the future.
In 2016 Space Command began their Space Mission Force concept of operations to respond to attacks in space. Each Space Wing undergoes special training serves a four to six-month rotation. In 2016, the US Congress authorized the Air Force to "sign deals with the space industry to co-finance the development of new rocket propulsion systems; the program known as the Launch Service Agreement fits the Air Force’s broader goal to get out of the business of'buying rockets' and instead acquire end-to-end services from companies. The Air Force signed cost-sharing partnerships with ULA, SpaceX Orbital ATK, Aerojet Rocketdyne; the original request for proposals noted the Air Force wants to'leverage commercial launch solutions in order to have at least two domestic, commercial launch service providers.'" As of March 2018, the Air Force intended to select three companies by mid-year 2018 so that the Space and Missile Systems Center could contract for launch system prototypes. On July 17, 2018, 24th Air Force, along with the cyber mission, was moved from Air Force Space Command to Air Combat Command.
Air Force Space Command has one active Numbered Air Force. The Fourteenth Air Force provides space warfighting forces to U. S. Strategic Command in its capacity as Air Forces Strategic-Space, is located at Vandenberg AFB, California. I
Pacific Air Forces
Pacific Air Forces is a Major Command of the United States Air Force and is the air component command of the United States Indo-Pacific Command. PACAF is headquartered at Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam, is one of two USAF MAJCOMs assigned outside the Continental United States, the other being the United States Air Forces in Europe - Air Forces Africa. Over the past sixty-five plus years, PACAF has been engaged in combat during the Korean and Vietnam Wars and Operations Desert Storm, Southern Watch, Northern Watch, Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom; the mission of Pacific Air Forces is to provide ready air and space power to promote U. S. interests in the Asia-Pacific region during peacetime, through crisis, in war. PACAF organizes and equips the 45,000 Total Force personnel of the Regular Air Force, the Air Force Reserve and the Air National Guard with the tools necessary to support the Commander of United States Indo-Pacific Command. PACAF comprises nine main bases and nearly 375 aircraft.
The command's area of responsibility extends from the west coast of the United States to the east coast of Asia and from the Arctic to the Antarctic, more than 100,000,000 square miles. The area is home to nearly two billion people. Not to be confused with Far East Air Force, the military aviation organization of the United States Army in the Philippine Islands from 1941 to 1942; the beginnings of PACAF can be traced back to June 1944, when Major General St. Clair Streett's Thirteenth Air Force was added to Allied Air Forces, South West Pacific Area. At the same time, Lieutenant General George Kenney created the Far East Air Forces from his Fifth Air Force headquarters, while the Advanced Echelon became the Fifth Air Force under Major General Ennis Whitehead, Sr; the RAAF formed the Australian First Tactical Air Force under Air Commodore Harry Cobby in October 1944, when General Douglas MacArthur became commander of all Army forces in the Pacific, the Seventh Air Force was added as well. Far East Air Forces was activated on 3 August 1944, at Brisbane, Australia.
FEAF had been created on 15 June 1944, Fifth Air Force assigned to it. FEAF was subordinate to the U. S. Army served as the headquarters of Allied Air Forces Southwest Pacific Area; the creation of FEAF consolidated the command and control authority over United States Army Air Forces units deployed throughout the southwest Pacific in World War II. On 15 June 1945, Fifth Air Force, Clark Field, Philippines. With the end of World War II in September 1945, the USAAF found its units deployed throughout the Pacific, from Hawaii to India, from Japan to Australia, based on a hundred island airstrips, along with bases in China and Burma. A realignment of these forces was needed by the USAAF to better organize its forces in the Pacific for peacetime. On 6 December 1945, Far East Air Forces was redesignated Pacific Air Command, United States Army, its Air Forces were redeployed as follows: Fifth Air Force: Assigned to Tokyo, JapanPrimary mission performing allied occupational assistance on the Japanese Home Islands and the Korean peninsula.
Seventh Air Force: Assigned to Hickam Field, HawaiiReturning to its prewar mission for the defense of the Hawaiian Islands, including Midway Island. In November 1945, the 509th Composite Group left North Field on the island of Tinian and was reassigned to Roswell Army Air Field, New Mexico, taking the atomic bomb delivery capability of PACUSA to the United States. Shortly afterwards, Eighth Air Force was reassigned to the newly established Strategic Air Command on 7 June 1946 and its strategic units reassigned to the 1st Bombardment Division; the major mission of PACUSA in the postwar years was occupation duty in Japan and the demilitarization of the Japanese society in conjunction with the United States Army. In addition, PACUSA helped to support atomic bomb testing in the Pacific Proving Grounds beginning with the Operation Crossroads test on Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands in 1946. With the impending establishment of the United States Air Force as an independent service that year, PACUSA was redesignated Far East Air Forces on 1 January 1947.
On that same date, Seventh Air Force in Hawaii was inactivated with its organization absorbed by HQ, FEAF. Coinciding with the establishment of the United States Air Force as an independent service in September 1947, PACUSA/FEAF deployments to Korea prior to the 1948 partition of the country helped in the establishment of the Republic of Korea, along with the transfer of surplus military equipment and other aid to French Indochina as well as aid to the Nationalist Chinese during the Chinese Civil War which resumed after the end of World War II. On 25 June 19
Surgeon General of the United States Air Force
The Surgeon General of the Air Force is the senior-most Medical Service officer in the United States Department of the Air Force. In recent times, this has been a Lieutenant General who serves as head of the United States Air Force Medical Service; the Surgeon General is the senior Medical Corps officer, but acting surgeons general have been from other branches of the medical service. In September 1947 the combat elements of the Army Air Forces separated from the U. S. Army, forming the United States Air Force, but a few Air Force support functions, such as medical care, remained U. S. Army responsibilities for the next two years. Starting in 1948, the Air Force and the Air Surgeon, Maj. Gen. Malcolm C. Grow, began to convince the U. S. Army and the administration of President Harry S. Truman that the Air Force needed its own medical service. In the summer of 1949, Air Force General Order No. 35 established a medical service with the following officer personnel components: Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Veterinary Corps, Medical Service Corps, Air Force Nurse Corps, Women’s Medical Specialist Corps.
Surgeon General of the United States Surgeon General of the United States Army Surgeon General of the United States Navy Official website Chronology Of The Air Force Surgeons General
United States Air Force Judge Advocate General's Corps
The Judge Advocate General's Corps known as the "JAG Corps" or "JAG" is the legal arm of the United States Air Force. The United States Air Force became a separate military service in September 1947. On June 25, 1948, the Congress established an office of The Judge Advocate General in the United States Air Force. On July 8, 1949, the Air Force Chief of Staff designated 205 attorneys Air Force Judge Advocates, thus there were Air Force judge advocates three months before there was an Air Force Judge Advocate General. Following the promulgation of enabling legislation, the Air Force Judge Advocate General's Department was established on January 25, 1949 by Department of the Air Force General Order No. 7. While this event was the birth of the department, it represented an interim step, providing the Air Force authority to administer its military justice system within the existing Air Force structure of the time until other legislation could be developed and enacted; the department was a part of the Air Force Personnel Branch, but became a separate entity reporting directly to the Air Force Chief of Staff in February 1950.
The first Air Force judge advocate general, Major General Reginald C. Harmon, believed it important for Air Force JAGs to remain a part of a functionally interconnected military department. For that reason, the concept of a separate corps was discarded in favor of the department that existed until 2003. In 2003, the Judge Advocate General's Department was renamed to the Judge Advocate General's Corps by order of the Secretary of the Air Force, Dr. James G. Roche. In December 2004, the Air Force Judge Advocate General, Thomas J. Fiscus, accepted non-judicial punishment under Article 15 of the UCMJ, for conduct unbecoming of an officer and obstruction of justice related to numerous unprofessional sexual relationships with subordinates. Upon his retirement, Fiscus was reduced two grades, to colonel. Major General Jack Rives, the Deputy Judge Advocate General, became the Air Force Judge Advocate General as of February 2006. On July 23, 2008, General Rives was confirmed as a lieutenant general, becoming the first TJAG to hold that rank.
On December 15, 2009, the President nominated Brigadier General Richard C. Harding to serve as the 16th Judge Advocate General. On February 2, 2010, the Senate Armed Services Committee endorsed the nomination and the Senate voted to confirm the nomination. Lieutenant General Rives retired on February 5, 2010, accepting the position of Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer of the American Bar Association, now-Lieutenant General Richard Harding became The 16th Judge Advocate General of the Air Force, his formal investiture and promotion ceremony occurred on February 23, 2010. General Harding's term as The Judge Advocate General ended on January 31, 2014. On May 22, 2014, the Senate confirmed Brigadier General Christopher F. Burne to serve as the 17th Judge Advocate General in the grade of lieutenant general, he began duties as The Judge Advocate General on the following day. Lieutenant General Burne's term as The Judge Advocate General ended on May 18, 2018. On January 30, 2018, the Senate confirmed Major General Jeffrey A. Rockwell, serving as Deputy Judge Advocate General, to serve as the 18th Judge Advocate General in the grade of lieutenant general.
That same day, the Senate confirmed Brigadier General Charles L. Plummer to serve as Deputy Judge Advocate General in the grade of major general. Lieutenant General Rockwell's formal investiture ceremony occurred on May 21, 2018; the Air Force Judge Advocate General's School was founded in 1950 and has been located in the William Louis Dickinson Law Center, at Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery, Alabama since 1993. The school provides instruction to new judge advocates and paralegals, in addition to offering 30 continuing legal education courses; the school publishes scholarly legal journals such as The Air Force Law Review and The Reporter online. The school produces The Military Commander and the Law, a publication, invaluable not only to judge advocates, but commanders and first sergeants in handling the myriad of legal issues that arise with a squadron or wing, for the continued enforcement of good order and discipline. Major General Reginald C. Harmon Major General Albert M. Kuhfeld Major General Robert W. Manss Major General James S. Cheney Major General Harold R. Vague Major General Walter D. Reed Major General Thomas B.
Bruton Major General Robert W. Norris Major General Keithe E. Nelson Major General David C. Morehouse Major General Nolan Sklute Major General Bryan G. Hawley Major General William A. Moorman Major General Thomas J. Fiscus. Rockwell General Counsel of the Air Force Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals U. S. Army Judge Advocate General's Corps U. S. Navy Judge Advocate General's Corps U. S. Marine Corps Judge Advocate Division U. S. Coast Guard Legal Division Judge Advocate General's Corps Judge Advocate General Military justice Air Force Office of Special Investigations United Kingdom Judge Advocate of the Fleet Judge Advocate General Canada Judge Advocate General Air Force JAG Corps Air Force Co
Air Force Global Strike Command
Air Force Global Strike Command is a Major Command of the United States Air Force, headquartered at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana. AFGSC provides combat-ready forces to conduct strategic nuclear deterrence and global strike operations in support of combatant commanders, it is subordinated to the USSTRATCOM. Air Force Global Strike Command is the direct descendant unit of the Cold War-era Strategic Air Command, it holds the lineage and honors of SAC. Air Force Global Strike Command was established for the improvement of the management of the USAF portion of the United States' nuclear arsenal, which accounts for two-thirds of America's nuclear deterrent, it assumed responsibility for the nuclear-capable assets of Air Force Space Command on 1 December 2009 and the nuclear-capable assets of Air Combat Command on 1 February 2010. The creation of Air Force Global Strike Command was outlined in the recommendations of the investigation following the 2007 United States Air Force nuclear weapons incident.
The command was activated 7 August 2009, at Louisiana. The mission of Air Force Global Strike Command is to "Develop and provide combat-ready forces for nuclear deterrence and global strike operations --Safe --Secure --Effective to support the President of the United States and combatant commanders."AFGSC consists of over 31,000 personnel assigned to nine wings, two geographically-separated squadrons and one detachment in the continental United States and deployed to locations around the globe. Changes to the AFGSC units began with the announcement of the 377th Air Base Wing's realignment in December 2014. In mid-April 2015, Air Force Times reported that "B-1 bombers from Ellsworth Air Force Base in South Dakota and Dyess Air Force Base in Texas joining their long-range B-2 and B-52 bomber counterparts under a single Air Force command as part of a leadership shift announced Monday." This means that two bomb wings under Air Combat Command will shift into AFGSC. The units came under the command on 1 October 2015.
On October 6, 2016, the 595th Command and Control Group was activated at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska to assume the responsibility for the Boeing E-4 NAOC mission. The command has a worldwide area of responsibility as a subordinate component command of United States Strategic Command. AFGSC is one of two USAF component commands in the other being Air Force Space Command. Installations assigned to AFGSC include Barksdale Air Force Base, Malmstrom Air Force Base, Minot Air Force Base, F. E. Warren Air Force Base, Dyess Air Force Base, Ellsworth Air Force Base, Kirtland Air Force Base, Whiteman Air Force Base. Headquarters, Eighth Air Force – Barksdale Air Force Base, LouisianaEighth Air Force is designated as U. S. Strategic Command's Task Force 204, providing on-alert, combat-ready forces to the President of the United States; the mission of "The Mighty Eighth" is to safeguard America's interests through strategic deterrence and global combat power. Eighth Air Force controls long-range nuclear-capable bomber assets throughout the United States and overseas locations.
Its flexible and nuclear deterrence mission provides the capability to deploy forces and engage enemy threats from home station or forward positioned, any time. The 8th Air Force motto is "Deterrence through strength, global strike on demand." The Missouri Air National Guard's 131st Bomb Wing is an associate unit of the 509th Bomb Wing at Whiteman AFB, flying the B-2A Spirit. If federalized, it is gained by Eighth Air Force; the Air Force Reserve Command's 307th Bomb Wing is an associate unit of the 2d Bomb Wing at Barksdale AFB, flying the B-52H Stratofortress. In addition, its geographically separated 489th Bomb Group is an associate unit of the 7th Bomb Wing at Dyess AFB, flying the B-1B Lancer. If activated, it is gained by Eighth Air ForceOffensive aircraft assets include the Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit, Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Boeing B-1B Lancer. Headquarters, Twentieth Air Force – Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, WyomingTwentieth Air Force is responsible for maintaining and operating the Air Force's intercontinental ballistic missile force.
Designated as USSTRATCOM's Task Force 214, 20th Air Force provides on-alert, combat-ready ICBMs to the President of the United States. The ICBMs are ready to launch on any given day. AFGSC's Twentieth Air Force is the Air Force's lead command for and largest operator of UH-1N Huey helicopters; the UH-1N supports ICBM operations in missile fields controlled by F. E. Warren and Minot Air Force Bases. In 2015, the 582d Helicopter Group was activated to supervise the three UH-1 squadrons. See: Strategic Air Command for history prior to 2009 Following the 2007 United States Air Force nuclear weapons incident when six AGM-129 Air-Launched Cruise Missiles, each loaded with a W80-1 variable yield nuclear warhead, were mistakenly loaded onto a B-52H at Minot AFB and transported to Barksdale AFB and the 2008 incident in which four MK-12 forward-section reentry vehicle assemblies were mistakenly shipped to Taiwan, former Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger led an investigation into the status of U.
S. Air Force nuclear surety. Secretary Schlesinger's recommendation was the creation of a single major command under which all Air Force nuclear assets should be placed for better accountability. On 24 October 2008, the Secretary of the United States Air Force, Michael Donley, announced the creation of the Air Force Global Strike Command as a new Air Force major command. Along with Air Force Space Command at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado, AFGSC is one of two Air Force component commands reporting to United States Strategic Command (USSTRAT
Air Force Materiel Command
Air Force Materiel Command is a major command of the United States Air Force. AFMC was created on July 1, 1992, through the amalgamation of the former Air Force Logistics Command and the former Air Force Systems Command. AFMC is headquartered at Ohio. AFMC is one of ten Air Force Major Commands and has a workforce of 80,000 military and civilian personnel, it is the Air Force's largest command in terms of second in terms of personnel. AFMC's operating budget represents 31 percent of the total Air Force budget and AFMC employs more than 40 percent of the Air Force's total civilian workforce; the command conducts research, development and evaluation, provides the acquisition and life cycle management services and logistics support. The command develops and sustains the aerospace power needed to defend the United States and its interests; this is accomplished through research, testing, acquisition and program management of existing and future USAF weapon systems and their components. The United States Armed Forces procurement of military aircraft began when the United States Army's Aeronautical Division of the Signal Corps, acquired several examples of the Wright Military Flyer of 1909.
USAAF/USAF aircraft Research and Development was merged with aircraft procurement twice in the 20th Century. Air Materiel Command was established on March 9, 1946, in November 1946, AMC's History Office published Materiel Research and Development in the Army Air Arm, 1914-1945. In 1947, AMC bases were transferred to the newly established United States Air Force, with facilities such as the storage depot in Maywood, being renamed Cheli Air Force Station. On April 1, 1961, as part of the DoD reorganization under President John F. Kennedy and his Secretary of Defense, Robert S. McNamara, the Air Force Logistics Command was established at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, replacing the Air Materiel Command and assuming the latter's supply and maintenance roles; the material procurement role was transferred. On the same date, Air Force Systems Command was established at Andrews Air Force Base, assuming the R&D role of the former Air Research and Development Command while inheriting AMC's materiel procurement role.
Air Force Materiel Command was activated on July 1, 1992, as part of a post-Cold War, USAF-wide reorganization that resulted in the merger of AFLC and AFSC into a single major command. After AFMC was established, the command's infrastructure saw significant reductions through Base Realignment and Closure actions; this included the BRAC-directed closure/privatization of the San Antonio Air Logistics Center at Kelly Air Force Base and the closure of Kelly Air Force Base as an independent installation, with incorporation of its runways and remaining military flight line areas as the Kelly Field Annex to adjacent Lackland Air Force Base. The Sacramento Air Logistics Center at McClellan Air Force Base was closed/privatized and McClellan Air Force Base closed. McClellan became a civilian airport with the exception of Coast Guard Air Station Sacramento and the Air Force Recruiting Service's 364th Recruiting Squadron. General Ronald W. Yates, 1992–1995 General Henry Viccellio Jr. June 1995 – May/June 1997 General George T. Babbitt, Jr.
May 1997 – 2000 General Lester Lyles, May 2000 – October 2003 General Gregory S. Martin, 2003–2005 General Bruce A. Carlson, 2005–2008 General Donald J. Hoffman, 2008–2012 General Janet C. Wolfenbarger, 2012–2015 General Ellen M. Pawlikowski, 2015–2018 Air Force Materiel Command conducts research, development and evaluation, provides acquisition management services and logistics support. AFMC headquarters is the major unit located at Ohio. There are nine additional AFMC host bases: In addition, the command operates associate units and tenant activities on several non-AFMC bases, including the Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico. In 2012, there was a major reorganization and several new centers were organized. Among them, the Air Force Sustainment Center at Tinker Air Force Base now directs the Oklahoma City Air Logistics Complex at Tinker Air Force Base, the Ogden Air Logistics Complex at Hill Air Force Base, the Warner Robins Air Logistics Complex at Robins Air Force Base.
The mission of the Air Force Sustainment Center is to Sustain Weapon System Readiness to generate Air power for America. The center provides war-winning expeditionary capabilities to the war fighter through world-class depot maintenance, supply chain management and installation support. In 2015, the command activated its sixth center, the Air Force Installation and Mission Support Center, which provides centralized management of installation and mission support capabilities across the Air Force; the center is located at Texas. Comparable organizations Marine Corps Logistics Command Marine Corps Systems Command Naval Air Systems Command Naval Facilities Engineering Command Naval Sea Systems Command Naval Supply Systems Command Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command United States Army Materiel Command Media related to Air Force Materiel Command at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Air Force Special Operations Command
Air Force Special Operations Command, headquartered at Hurlburt Field, Florida, is the special operations component of the United States Air Force. An Air Force major command, AFSOC is the U. S. Air Force component command to United States Special Operations Command, a unified combatant command located at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida. AFSOC provides all Air Force Special Operations Forces for worldwide deployment and assignment to regional unified combatant commands. Before 1983, Air Force special operations forces were assigned to the Tactical Air Command and were deployed under the control of U. S. Air Forces in Europe or, as had been the case during Pacific Air Forces. Just as it had relinquished control of the C-130 theater airlift fleet to Military Airlift Command in 1975, TAC relinquished control of Air Force SOF to MAC in December 1982. AFSOC was established on 10 February 1983 as Twenty-Third Air Force, a subordinate numbered air force of MAC, with 23 AF headquarters established at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois.
On 1 August 1987, 23 AF headquarters moved to Florida. 1st Air Commando Group: Late 1943 – November 1945 Operation Carpetbagger: Early 1944 – July 1945 Air Resupply and Communications Service: 23 February 1951 – 12 October 1956 Combined Command Reconnaissance Activities, Korea: December 1951 – December 1953 B Flight, 6167th Operations Squadron: 1 April 1952 – 31 December 1953 6004th Air Intelligence Service Squadron: c. March 1951 – 1955 6006th Air Intelligence Service Squadron: c. 1953 – 1955 22nd Crash Rescue Boat Squadron: c. July 1952 – 1954 581st Air Supply and Communications Wing: July 1951 – September 1955 582nd Air Supply and Communications Wing 580th Air Supply and Communications Wing 129th Air Resupply Group: April 1955 – c. 1975 130th Air Resupply Group: October 1955 – c. 1960 135th Air Resupply Group: August 1955 – c. 1971 143rd Special Operations Group: November 1955 – 1975 1045th Observation and Training Group: 23 February 1951 – 1 January 1954 Jungle Jim / 4400th Combat Crew Training Squadron Farm Gate Operation Waterpump Raven Forward Air Controllers Project 404 Palace Dog 56th Air Commando Wing 4400th Combat Crew Training Group 1st Special Operations Wing Twenty-Third Air Force Established as Twenty-Third Air Force on 10 February 1983Activated on 1 March 1983 Redesignated Air Force Special Operations Command and made a major command on 22 May 1990 Military Airlift Command, 1 March 1983 United States Air Force, 22 May 1990 – present Scott AFB, Illinois, 1 March 1983 Hurlburt Field, Florida, 1 August 1987 – present Air Forces Special Operations Center: 13 Dec 2005 – 1 Jan 2008 Twenty-Third Air Force: 1 Jan 2008 – 4 April 2013 AFSOC Operations Center: 4 April 2013 – present 2d Air Division, 1 March 1983 – 1 February 1987 Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service, 1 March 1983 – 1 August 1989 Air Rescue Service, 1 August 1989 - 1993 1st Special Operations Wing, 1 February 1987 – present 24th Special Operations Wing, 12 June 2012 – present 27th Special Operations Wing, 1 Oct 2007 – present 41st Rescue and Weather Reconnaissance Wing, 1 October 1983 – 1 August 1989 352d Special Operations Wing, 1 October 1983 – present 353d Special Operations Group, 6 April 1989 – present 375th Aeromedical Airlift Wing: 1 January 1984 – 1 February 1990 492d Special Operations Wing: 10 May 2017 – present 720th Special Tactics Group: 1 October 1987 – 12 June 2012 724th Special Tactics Group: 29 Apr 2011 – 12 June 2012 1550th Aircrew Training and Test Wing: 1 October 1983 – 21 May 1990 USAF Special Operations School, 1 February 1987 – 22 May 1990 Air Force Special Operations Training Center, 8 October 2008 – 11 February 2013 Air Force Special Operations Air Warfare Center, 11 February 2013 – 10 May 2017 1st Special Operations Wing,Hurlburt Field, Florida4th Special Operations Squadron, AC-130U Spooky 8th Special Operations Squadron, CV-22B Osprey 11th Special Operations Intelligence Squadron 15th Special Operations Squadron, MC-130H Combat Talon II 23rd Special Operations Weather Squadron 34th Special Operations Squadron, U-28A 65th Special Operations Squadron, MQ-9 73d Special Operations Squadron, AC-130J Ghostrider 319th Special Operations Squadron, U-28A24th Special Operations Wing, Hurlburt Field, Florida720th Special Tactics Group, Hurlburt Field, Florida17th Special Tactics Squadron, Fort Benning, Georgia 21st Special Tactics Squadron, Pope Field, North Carolina 22d Special Tactics Squadron, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington 23d Special Tactics Squadron, 26th Special Tactics Squadron, Cannon AFB, New Mexico724th Special Tactics Group, Pope Field, North Carolina24th Special Tactics Squadron27th Special Operations Wing, Cannon AFB, New Mexico3d Special Operations Squadron, MQ-9 Reaper 9th Special Operations Squadron, MC-130J Commando II 12th Special Operations Squadron, MQ-9 Reaper and Control 16th Special Operations Squadron, AC-130W Stinger II 20th Special Operations Squadron, CV-22B Osprey 33d Special Operations Squadron, MQ-9 Reaper 318th Special Operations Squadron, U-28A352d Special Operations Wing, RAF Mildenhall, United Kingdom 7th Special Operations Squadron, CV-22B Osprey 67th Special Operations Squadron, MC-130J Commando II 321st Special Tactics Squadron353d Special Operations Group, Kadena Air Base, Japan 1st Special Operations Squadron MC-130H Combat Talon II 17th Special Operations Squadron MC-130P Combat Shadow 320th Special Tactics Squadron492d Special Operations Wing, Hurlburt Field, Florida6th Special Operations Squadron, UH-1N Iroquois, Mi-8, C-130E Hercules, An-26, C-4