Third Air Force
The Third Air Force is a numbered air force of the United States Air Forces in Europe - Air Forces Africa. Its headquarters is Germany, it is responsible for all U. S. Air Forces in Europe and Africa operations and support activities in the U. S. European Command and U. S. Africa Command's areas of responsibility. One of the four original pre–World War II numbered air forces, it was established on 26 March 1941, at Tampa, Florida with a mission of air defense of the Southeastern United States and Gulf Coast regions. During the war, its primary mission became the organization and training of combat units prior to their deployment to the overseas combat air forces, its Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Phillip L. Easton; the command directs all USAFE and AFAFRICA forces engaged in contingency and wartime operations in the United States European Command and United States Africa Command areas of responsibility. It has a unique mission as the U. S. military's primary liaison to the British government, conducted through the command's 3 AF-UK headquarters at RAF Mildenhall, England.
As an integral part of America's commitment to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Third Air Force's area of responsibility includes Air Force missions and personnel in Europe and Africa. The Third Air Force oversees host nation support agreements for all U. S. military forces based in the United Kingdom through the command's 3 AF-UK headquarters at RAF Mildenhall. Through the NATO Partnership for Peace program, Third Air Force manages military contact and assistance programs for a number of countries in Eastern Europe. Third Air Force is responsible for contingency planning and support of American security interests in Africa, it is composed of more than 25,000 Airmen. Third Air Force is assigned more than 200 aircraft, while tasked to provide support servicing to thousands of other transient aircraft that visit its bases each year. Major operational units under Third Air Force are: 31st Fighter Wing, Aviano Air Base, Italy 48th Fighter Wing, RAF Lakenheath, United Kingdom 52d Fighter Wing, Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany 86th Airlift Wing, Ramstein Air Base, Germany 100th Air Refueling Wing, RAF Mildenhall, United Kingdom 435th Air Ground Operations Wing, Ramstein Air Base, Germany 501st Combat Support Wing, RAF Alconbury, United KingdomIn addition, there are numerous minor units assigned to Third Air Force by HQ USAFE.
603d Air and Space Operations Center 603d Air Communications Squadron 4th Air Support Operations Group One of the four original numbered air forces, Third Air Force was activated as the Southeast Air District of the GHQ Air Force on 18 December 1940, at MacDill Field, Florida. It was redesignated Third Air Force on 26 March 1941 with a mission for the defense of the Southeast and Gulf of Mexico regions of the United States, it moved to offices in downtown Tampa on 8 January 1941. MacDill Field was one of two major Army Air Corps bases established in the Tampa Bay area in the buildup prior to World War II. Tampa's Drew Field Municipal Airport, established in 1928 was leased by the Air Corps in 1940. A major expansion of the airport was initiated and Drew Army Airfield was opened in 1941. Two secondary Army Airfields, Brooksville Army Airfield and Hillsborough Army Airfield were built and opened in early 1942 to support the flight operations of MacDill and Drew Fields; the Bonita Springs Auxiliary Field, located near Fort Myers provided an additional emergency landing field for MacDill.
All of these airfields came under the jurisdiction of Third Air Force. III Fighter Command, the fighter arm, was headquartered at Drew Field. Third Air Force provided air defense for the southeastern United States and flew antisubmarine patrols along coastal areas of the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico from after Pearl Harbor. In January 1942, the command was withdrawn by Air Force Combat Command from the Eastern Defense Command and assigned operational training of units and replacements for medium bombardment and reconnaissance operations. In 1942, the antisubmarine patrols were turned over to the Coast Guard and other agencies and the command was engaged in training replacements for combat units and operational training of units and individuals for bombardment and reconnaissance operations, it received graduates of Army Air Forces Training Command flight schools. Third Air Force trained B-25 Mitchell and B-26 Marauder medium bomber groups and A-20 Havoc and A-36 Apache light bomber groups.
It trained replacement fighter pilots using P-39 Airacobra and P-40 Warhawks in 1942 with P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs beginning in 1943 and 1944 as they became available. Third Air Force provided support to the Army Air Forces School of Applied Tactics in Florida. By 1944, most of the Operational Training of groups ended, with the command concentrating on RTU training using Army Air Force Base Units as training organizations at the airfields controlled by Third Air Force. By 1944, the majority of the Numbered Air Forces of the AAF were fighting in various parts of the world, such as the Eighth Air Force in Europe and the Twentieth Air Force in the Pacific, they were supported by four numbered air forces located within the United States (know
Air Force District of Washington
The Air Force District of Washington is a Direct Reporting Unit of the United States Air Force. AFDW oversees Air Force operations in the Washington, D. C. region. As a Direct Reporting Unit, AFDW is directly subordinate to the Chief of Staff, United States Air Force, serves as the Air Force service component to the JFHQ-NCR. AFDW was headquartered on Bolling Air Force Base, but changed to Joint Base Andrews-Naval Air Facility Washington. AFDW originates back to the post-World War II era when Bolling Field Command was established on 15 December 1946. Bolling Field Command absorbed functions from various support organizations in the Washington, D. C. vicinity. It was redesignated Headquarters Command, USAF, on 17 March 1958; when Headquarters Command, USAF, inactivated on 1 July 1976, many of its functions passed to Military Airlift Command. The Air Force District of Washington was constituted and activated, on 1 October 1985, it was inactivated on 15 due to declining defense budgets. AFDW was reactivated on 7 July 2005, to realign the Air Force command structure in the NCR with the other military services, improve Air Force support to Joint Force Headquarters - National Capital Region.
AFDW oversees two wings and one group on JBA-NAFW: the 11th Wing, the 79th Medical Wing and the 844th Communication Group. The 79th Medical Wing and 844th Communications Group both have specialized missions and serve as a single Air Force voice in the National Capital Region for their respective fields of expertise; the 11th Wing fulfills duties as the host base organization of JBA-NAFW, while supporting AFDW requirements. AFDW supports airmen in more than 2,000 Air Force Elements in more than 500 locations in 108 countries. AFDW serves as the Air Force service component for coordination purposes to JFHQ-NCR and the supporting command to Joint Task Force-National Capital Region/Medical. JFHQ-NCR has an emergency or major event operation'mobilization' function as Joint Task Force-National Capital Region; when the JFHQ-NCR transitions to the Joint Task Force NCR, the 320th Air Expeditionary Wing activates and becomes the Air Force service component of JTF-NCR. The Commander of AFDW serves as the Commander, 320 AEW.
Air Force Mission Directive 13 delineates missions and assigned duties applicable to AFDW in both its worldwide Air Force service role and its JTF-NCR Air Force service component role. AFDW oversees the following installations: Joint Base Andrews—Naval Air Facility Washington, Maryland—The 11th Wing, the 11th Medical Group, 844th Communications Group Joint Base Anacostia–Bolling, District of Columbia—Support operations and USAF Honor Guard and USAF Band; the Pentagon—Support operations United States Air Force portal Military of the United States portal Attribution: This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Official AFDW website
T. Michael Moseley
Teed Michael "Buzz" Moseley is a retired United States Air Force general who served as the 18th Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. He is a fighter pilot with more than 3,000 flight hours in fighters and trainers, most in the F-15 Eagle. On 2 September 2005, Moseley assumed his final Air Force assignment as Chief of Staff of the Air Force—the senior uniformed Air Force officer responsible for the organization and equipage of more than 700,000 active-duty, Guard and civilian forces serving in the United States and overseas; as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the general and other service chiefs function as military advisers to the Secretary of Defense, National Security Council, the President. General Moseley and Secretary of the Air Force Michael Wynne resigned from the Air Force to accept full responsibility for the Air Force's failure to adhere to established procedures and the mishandling of security of nuclear weapons at Minot Air Force Base despite having directed over 120 actions to focus directly on the service's adherence to policy guidance and operational processes relative to nuclear assurance.
At the time there were multiple media reports suggesting the rationale for the "forced retirements" of both the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff was disagreements between the Air Force and the Secretary of Defense on the path of Air Force budgets and recapitalization. That General Moseley continued to aggressively support the full procurement of the F-22, larger numbers of the F-35, Next-Generation Bomber, enhanced unmanned aerial vehicles, a new tanker aircraft, a new combat search and rescue helicopter, an upgrade of Department of Defense space systems, an operational focus on cyberwarfare capability and the beginning of nuclear systems modernization. On 11 July 2008, a formal retirement ceremony was held for Moseley. Moseley was born in 1949 in Texas, he graduated from Texas A&M University in 1971 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science. He earned a Master of Arts degree from Texas A&M University in 1972 in political science, he commanded the F-15 Division of the Air Force Fighter Weapons School at Nellis AFB, the 33rd Operations Group at Eglin AFB, the 57th Wing, the Air Force's largest, most diverse flying wing at Nellis.
The general has served as the combat Director of Operations for Joint Task Force-Southwest Asia. General Moseley commanded 9th Air Force and U. S. Central Command Air Forces while serving as Combined Forces Air Component Commander for Operations in Operation Southern Watch, Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom; the general is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He has been awarded the Order of National Merit and the Order of National Merit by the president of the French Republic; the Order of National Merit is the second highest French military award. He has been awarded the United Arab Emirates' Military Medal, 1st Class, by the president of the U. A. E. Moseley's staff assignments have been a mix of operational and personnel duties; these include serving in Washington, D. C. as Director for Legislative Liaison for the Secretary of the Air Force. S. Air Force. Moseley assumed the position of Chief of Staff of the Air Force during a ceremony at Andrews Air Force Base on September 2, 2005.
Moseley "adopted" the United States Air Force Academy Class of 2009 as his own, has gone out of his way to address the future leaders of the U. S. Air Force. On March 8, 2007, the Grand Prairie ISD school board unanimously voted to name an elementary school opening in the 2007–2008 school year Mike Moseley Elementary School in honor of his achievements and as a native of Grand Prairie; as a result of a series of high-profile scandals and his resistance to the new drone programs, along with the Secretary of the Air Force, was forced to resign. His resignation was on 5 June 2008, in the wake of a report that criticized the service's handling of nuclear-weapons security related to the 2007 United States Air Force nuclear weapons incident and a misshipment of nuclear missile components to Taiwan. Following his resignation, Moseley continued to serve as Chief of Staff of the Air Force until his official retirement ceremony at Bolling AFB, Washington, D. C. on 11 July 2008. On 11 July 2008, Moseley had his formal retirement ceremony at Bolling Air Force Base in Washington, D.
C. Former Secretary of the Air Force, the Honorable Michael Wynne presided over the ceremony. Moseley retired from the Air Force on August 1, 2008. 1971 Bachelor of Arts degree in political science, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 1972 Master of Arts degree in political science, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 1977 Squadron Officer School, Maxwell AFB, Alabama 1981 Fighter Weapons Instructor Course, U. S. Air Force Fighter Weapons School, Nellis AFB, Nevada 1984 Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell AFB, Alabama 1988 U. S. Air Force Joint Senior Battle Commander's Course, Hurlburt Field, Florida 1990 National War College, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D. C. 2000 Combined Forces Air Component Commander Course, Maxwell AFB, Hurlburt Field, Florida June 1972 – May 1973, student
Air Force Special Operations Command
Air Force Special Operations Command, headquartered at Hurlburt Field, Florida, is the special operations component of the United States Air Force. An Air Force major command, AFSOC is the U. S. Air Force component command to United States Special Operations Command, a unified combatant command located at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida. AFSOC provides all Air Force Special Operations Forces for worldwide deployment and assignment to regional unified combatant commands. Before 1983, Air Force special operations forces were assigned to the Tactical Air Command and were deployed under the control of U. S. Air Forces in Europe or, as had been the case during Pacific Air Forces. Just as it had relinquished control of the C-130 theater airlift fleet to Military Airlift Command in 1975, TAC relinquished control of Air Force SOF to MAC in December 1982. AFSOC was established on 10 February 1983 as Twenty-Third Air Force, a subordinate numbered air force of MAC, with 23 AF headquarters established at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois.
On 1 August 1987, 23 AF headquarters moved to Florida. 1st Air Commando Group: Late 1943 – November 1945 Operation Carpetbagger: Early 1944 – July 1945 Air Resupply and Communications Service: 23 February 1951 – 12 October 1956 Combined Command Reconnaissance Activities, Korea: December 1951 – December 1953 B Flight, 6167th Operations Squadron: 1 April 1952 – 31 December 1953 6004th Air Intelligence Service Squadron: c. March 1951 – 1955 6006th Air Intelligence Service Squadron: c. 1953 – 1955 22nd Crash Rescue Boat Squadron: c. July 1952 – 1954 581st Air Supply and Communications Wing: July 1951 – September 1955 582nd Air Supply and Communications Wing 580th Air Supply and Communications Wing 129th Air Resupply Group: April 1955 – c. 1975 130th Air Resupply Group: October 1955 – c. 1960 135th Air Resupply Group: August 1955 – c. 1971 143rd Special Operations Group: November 1955 – 1975 1045th Observation and Training Group: 23 February 1951 – 1 January 1954 Jungle Jim / 4400th Combat Crew Training Squadron Farm Gate Operation Waterpump Raven Forward Air Controllers Project 404 Palace Dog 56th Air Commando Wing 4400th Combat Crew Training Group 1st Special Operations Wing Twenty-Third Air Force Established as Twenty-Third Air Force on 10 February 1983Activated on 1 March 1983 Redesignated Air Force Special Operations Command and made a major command on 22 May 1990 Military Airlift Command, 1 March 1983 United States Air Force, 22 May 1990 – present Scott AFB, Illinois, 1 March 1983 Hurlburt Field, Florida, 1 August 1987 – present Air Forces Special Operations Center: 13 Dec 2005 – 1 Jan 2008 Twenty-Third Air Force: 1 Jan 2008 – 4 April 2013 AFSOC Operations Center: 4 April 2013 – present 2d Air Division, 1 March 1983 – 1 February 1987 Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service, 1 March 1983 – 1 August 1989 Air Rescue Service, 1 August 1989 - 1993 1st Special Operations Wing, 1 February 1987 – present 24th Special Operations Wing, 12 June 2012 – present 27th Special Operations Wing, 1 Oct 2007 – present 41st Rescue and Weather Reconnaissance Wing, 1 October 1983 – 1 August 1989 352d Special Operations Wing, 1 October 1983 – present 353d Special Operations Group, 6 April 1989 – present 375th Aeromedical Airlift Wing: 1 January 1984 – 1 February 1990 492d Special Operations Wing: 10 May 2017 – present 720th Special Tactics Group: 1 October 1987 – 12 June 2012 724th Special Tactics Group: 29 Apr 2011 – 12 June 2012 1550th Aircrew Training and Test Wing: 1 October 1983 – 21 May 1990 USAF Special Operations School, 1 February 1987 – 22 May 1990 Air Force Special Operations Training Center, 8 October 2008 – 11 February 2013 Air Force Special Operations Air Warfare Center, 11 February 2013 – 10 May 2017 1st Special Operations Wing,Hurlburt Field, Florida4th Special Operations Squadron, AC-130U Spooky 8th Special Operations Squadron, CV-22B Osprey 11th Special Operations Intelligence Squadron 15th Special Operations Squadron, MC-130H Combat Talon II 23rd Special Operations Weather Squadron 34th Special Operations Squadron, U-28A 65th Special Operations Squadron, MQ-9 73d Special Operations Squadron, AC-130J Ghostrider 319th Special Operations Squadron, U-28A24th Special Operations Wing, Hurlburt Field, Florida720th Special Tactics Group, Hurlburt Field, Florida17th Special Tactics Squadron, Fort Benning, Georgia 21st Special Tactics Squadron, Pope Field, North Carolina 22d Special Tactics Squadron, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington 23d Special Tactics Squadron, 26th Special Tactics Squadron, Cannon AFB, New Mexico724th Special Tactics Group, Pope Field, North Carolina24th Special Tactics Squadron27th Special Operations Wing, Cannon AFB, New Mexico3d Special Operations Squadron, MQ-9 Reaper 9th Special Operations Squadron, MC-130J Commando II 12th Special Operations Squadron, MQ-9 Reaper and Control 16th Special Operations Squadron, AC-130W Stinger II 20th Special Operations Squadron, CV-22B Osprey 33d Special Operations Squadron, MQ-9 Reaper 318th Special Operations Squadron, U-28A352d Special Operations Wing, RAF Mildenhall, United Kingdom 7th Special Operations Squadron, CV-22B Osprey 67th Special Operations Squadron, MC-130J Commando II 321st Special Tactics Squadron353d Special Operations Group, Kadena Air Base, Japan 1st Special Operations Squadron MC-130H Combat Talon II 17th Special Operations Squadron MC-130P Combat Shadow 320th Special Tactics Squadron492d Special Operations Wing, Hurlburt Field, Florida6th Special Operations Squadron, UH-1N Iroquois, Mi-8, C-130E Hercules, An-26, C-4
United States Secretary of the Air Force
The Secretary of the Air Force is the head of the Department of the Air Force, a component organization within the United States Department of Defense. The Secretary of the Air Force is appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; the Secretary reports to the Secretary of Defense and/or the Deputy Secretary of Defense, is by statute responsible for and has the authority to conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Air Force. The Secretary works with his or her civilian deputy, the Under Secretary of the Air Force; the first Secretary of the Air Force, Stuart Symington, was sworn in on 18 September 1947 upon the re-organization of the Army Air Forces into a military department and a military service of its own, independent of the War Department/Army, with the enactment of the National Security Act. On 16 May 2017, Heather Wilson was sworn in as the next Secretary of the Air Force. Wilson was nominated by President Donald Trump on 23 January 2017, confirmed by the U.
S. Senate on 8 May 2017. On 9 March 2019, Secretary Wilson announced her resignation which will take effect on 31 May 2019; the Secretary is the head of the Department of the Air Force, analogous to that of a chief executive officer of a corporation. The Department of the Air Force is defined as a Military Department, it is not limited to the Washington headquarter staffs, rather it is an entity which includes all the components of the United States Air Force and the Air National Guard: The term'department', when used with respect to a military department, means the executive part of the department and all field headquarters, reserve components, installations and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the department. The exclusive responsibilities of the Secretary of the Air Force are enumerated in Title 10 Section 9013 of the United States Code, they are not limited to: Recruiting. Organizing. Supplying. Equipping. Training. Servicing. Mobilizing. Demobilizing. Administering.
Maintaining. The construction and repair of military equipment; the construction and repair of buildings and utilities and the acquisition of real property and interests in real property necessary to carry out the responsibilities specified in this section. By direction of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Air Force assigns military units of the Department of the Air Force, other than those who carry out the functions listed in 10 USC 8013, to the Unified and Specified Combatant Commands to perform missions assigned to those commands. Air Force units while assigned to Combatant Commands may only be reassigned by authority of the Secretary of Defense. However, the chain of command for Air Force units for other purposes than the operational direction goes from the President to the Secretary of Defense to the Secretary of the Air Force to the Commanders of Air Force Commands. Air Force Officers have to report on any matter to the Secretary, or the Secretary's designate, when requested.
The Secretary has the authority to detail, prescribe the duties, to assign air force service members and civilian employees, may change the title of any activity not statutorily designated. The Secretary has several responsibilities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice with respect to Air Force service members, including to authority to convene General Courts Martial and to commute sentences; the Secretary of the Air Force may be assigned additional responsibilities by the President or the Secretary of Defense, e.g. the Secretary is designated as the "DoD Executive Agent for Space", as such:... shall develop and integrate plans and programs for space systems and the acquisition of DoD Space Major Defense Acquisition Programs to provide operational space force capabilities to ensure the United States has the space power to achieve its national security objectives. The Secretary of the Air Force's principal staff element, the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, has responsibility for acquisition and auditing, comptroller issues, inspector general matters, legislative affairs, public affairs within the Department of the Air Force.
The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force is one of the Department of the Air Force's two headquarter staffs at the seat of government, the other one is the Air Staff. The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force is composed of: Under Secretary of the Air Force The Deputy Under Secretary of the Air Force for International Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of the Air Force for Space Programs Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Financial Management and Comptroller Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Installations and Logistics Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Manpower and Reserve Affairs General Counsel of the Department of the Air Force Inspector General of the Air Force Chief of Legislative Liaison Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force Auditor General of the Department of the Air Force Air Reserve Forces Policy Committee Air Force Cross Department of the Air Force Decoration for Exceptional Civilian Service Title 10 United States Code Subtitle A – General Military Law CHAPTER 1 – DEFINITIONS § 101.
Definitions Subtitle D – Air Force CHAPTER 6 – COMBATANT COMMANDERS § 162. Combatant command: assigned forces.
United States Air Forces in Europe – Air Forces Africa
The United States Air Forces in Europe – Air Forces Africa is a United States Air Force major command and a component command of both United States European Command and United States Africa Command. As part of its mission, USAFE-AFAFRICA commands U. S. Air Force units pledged to NATO, maintaining combat-ready wings based from Great Britain to Turkey. USAFE-AFAFRICA plans, controls and supports air and space operations in Europe, parts of Asia and all of Africa with the exception of Egypt to achieve U. S. national and NATO objectives based on taskings by the two combatant commanders. USAFE-AFAFRICA is headquartered at Germany, it is the oldest continuously active USAF major command activated on 1 February 1942 at Langley Field, Virginia, as the Eighth Air Force of the United States Army Air Forces. Two years it was designated as United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe and on 7 August 1945 it was designated as United States Air Forces in Europe. On 20 April 2012 it formally assumed its current designation.
The command has more than 35,000 active duty personnel, Air Reserve Component personnel, civilian employees assigned. On 7 August 1945, United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe was redesignated as United States Air Forces in Europe, its headquarters was relocated from Saint Germain-en-Laye, France, to Lindsey Air Station, Germany, on 28 September 1945. Within 18 months of VE-Day all U. S. armed forces personnel had left Europe except for the Occupation Forces in Germany, a small number of Army troops in Trieste. USAFE had been reduced from a force of 17,000 aircraft and about 500,000 personnel to about 2,000 aircraft and 75,000 personnel. USAFE's four wartime Air Forces were demobilized or reassigned between August and December 1945. In March 1946 USAFE was given the status of a Major Command. A major postwar mission for USAFE was Operation Lusty, in which former Luftwaffe jet aircraft, such as the Messerschmitt Me 262A and Heinkel He 162A were located on various airfields around Munich and shipped to the United States for inspection and evaluation.
At Lechfeld Air Base near Augsburg, large numbers of Me 262s were discovered, valuable German air-to-air rockets. At the Oberpfaffenhofen air base near Munich — the former Dornier factory airfield, today the home of Germany's DLR aerospace research facility — USAFE found a high-speed Dornier Do 335; this propeller-driven aircraft could reach a speed of 760 km/h, about 100 km slower than the Me 262 jet fighter. Other former Luftwaffe aircraft were collected and sent to blast furnaces for metal recycling. In March 1947, General Joseph T. McNarney, Commanding General, U. S. Forces, European Theatre, told the War Department all he needed was "an Air Force of about 7,500 to provide air transport and communications." He had no need for combat units, which he described as an "administrative burden," and he wanted them withdrawn. Nobody in Washington objected. Thus, the XII Tactical Air Command, the now USAFE combat organization after the inactivation of the four Air Forces, was inactivated on 10 May 1947.
By this time, USAFE's fighting force appears to have dropped to a single unit, the 86th Fighter Group, shuffled around three separate stations in Germany in 1946–47 as it absorbed the inactivating personnel and equipment of first the 406th Fighter Group and the 33rd Fighter Group. In 1945 IX Air Force Service Command was reassigned from Ninth Air Force to USSTAF. On 7 October 1946, IX ASC was redesignated European Air Materiel Command; this command administered USAFE's maintenance depots. EAMC was headquartered at Erlangen Air Depot. At Erding Air Depot, it had Detachment B, 4th Air Vehicle Repair Squadron, the 43d Air Depot; the 10th Air Depot was located at Oberpfaffenhofen Air Depot. The 862d Engineer Aviation Battalion and 837th Engineer Aviation Battalion were located at Landsberg. At Industriehafen Air Depot was Detachment A, 42d Air Repair Squadron. Minor EAMC facilities were located at Bad Wiesse, Munich, Bruck and Bremerhaven. EAMC controlled ammunition depots at Landesberg and Zepplenheim.
EAMC remained assigned to USAFE until it was inactivated on 15 September 1947. The European Air Transport Service controlled C-46, C-47 and C-54 transport aircraft and provided passenger and cargo transport within Western Europe, its headquarters was at Wiesbaden. It controlled the former IX Troop Carrier Command squadrons which remained after the war. EATS operated both cargo and personnel transport routes in non-Communist controlled areas to support the American and French occupation forces, along with units in Greece and Italy. Known EATS facilities were: There were EATS terminals and detachments at Tempelhof Airport, West Berlin, RAF Bovingdon, Hertfordshire, UK, Paris-Orly Airfield, France. Concerned about the massive drawdown of USAFE and the United States Army Europe, the U. S. member of the Allied High Commission for Germany, John J. McCloy, had grave concerns that the troops available would be insufficient to ensure a peaceful transition in the American Zone; the United States' European wartime allies and France, had rapidly demobilized.
In preparation for the future, the RAF and USAFE began a series of mapping flights over Soviet-controlled territory in Germany that led to numerous skirmishes and high tensions. Between the autumn of 1945 and 1947, mapped areas in west and central Europe, North Africa and the Atlantic Islands on a large scale in Operation Casey Jones. Casey Jones flights were made by reconnaissance v
United States Senate Committee on Armed Services
The Committee on Armed Services is a committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of the nation’s military, including the Department of Defense, military research and development, nuclear energy, benefits for members of the military, the Selective Service System and other matters related to defense policy. The Armed Services Committee was created as a result of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 following U. S. victory in the Second World War. It merged the responsibilities of the Committee on Naval Affairs and the Committee on Military Affairs. Considered one of the most powerful Senate committees, its broad mandate allowed it to report some of the most extensive and revolutionary legislation during the Cold War years, including the National Security Act of 1947; the committee tends to take a more bipartisan approach than other committees, as many of its members served in the military or have major defense interests located in the states they come from.
According to the Standing Rules of the United States Senate, all proposed legislation, petitions and other matters relating to the following subjects are referred to the Armed Services Committee: Aeronautical and space activities pertaining to or associated with the development of weapons systems or military operations. Common defense. Department of Defense, the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, the Department of the Air Force, generally. Maintenance and operation of the Panama Canal, including administration and government of the Canal Zone. Military research and development. National security aspects of nuclear energy. Naval petroleum reserves, except those in Alaska. Pay, promotion and other benefits and privileges of members of the Armed Forces, including overseas education of civilian and military dependents. Selective service system. Strategic and critical materials necessary for the common defense. Source: Source: 2010 Congressional Record, Vol. 156, Page S6226 Source: 2011 Congressional Record, Vol. 157, Page S557 Source: 2013 Congressional Record, Vol. 159, Page S296 United States House Committee on Armed Services List of current United States Senate committees Official website Senate Armed Services Committee Report on Torture released November 20, 2008.
Historic archives at Internet Archive: Works by or about Committee on Armed Services at Internet Archive Works by or about Committee on Naval Affairs at Internet Archive Works by or about Committee on Military Affairs at Internet Archive