Lebanon (2009 film)
Lebanon is a 2009 internationally co-produced war film directed by Samuel Maoz. It won the Leone d'Oro at the 66th Venice International Film Festival, becoming the first Israeli-produced film to have won that honour. In Israel itself the film has caused some controversy; the film was nominated including Best Film. The film won the 14th Annual Satyajit Ray Award. Maoz based the film on his experience as a young Israeli conscript during the 1982 Lebanon War; the British newspaper The Guardian has described it as an anti-war film. The film depicts warfare as witnessed from the inside of a Centurion main battle tank; the crew's window to the outside world is a gunsight. As a way of adding realism to the effect, every change in the horizontal and vertical viewing directions is accompanied by the hydraulic whine of the traversing gun turret; the film is set during the 1982 Lebanon War. There are four Israeli soldiers inside: the driver in the tank's hull, the loader, the gunner and the commander in the turret.
For part of the time there is the body of a dead Israeli soldier, a Syrian POW, a visiting higher officer, a visiting Phalangist who threatens the POW with torture and a gruesome death. The soldiers are ordered to clear an area of Lebanese personnel, they are instructed to include the use of phosphorus grenades that are forbidden by international treaty. The gunner is hesitant at first; as a result, a fellow Israeli soldier is killed along with an innocent man in a subsequent incident involving poor judgment. The soldiers have to cope with the deteriorating state of the tank, smoke, stench, cramped quarters, equipment failure, navigational problems, conflicting information and recurring quarrels. Oshri Cohen as Hertzel Zohar Strauss as Jamil Michael Moshonov as Yigal Itay Tiran as Assi Yoav Donat as Shmulik Reymonde Amsellem as Lebanese Mother Dudu Tassa as the Syrian Captive Ashraf Barhum as 1st Phalangist The film received universal acclaim from film critics. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 90% out of 97 professional critics gave the film a positive review, with a rating average of 7.7/10 and the site consensus being: "A powerful and personal account of war on the front line, writer-director Samuel Maoz takes the viewer inside an Israeli tank to deliver an exhausting, original film."After winning the Golden Lion at the 66th Venice International Film Festival, Maoz said: "I dedicate this award to the thousands of people all over the world who, like me, come back from war safe and sound.
They are fine, they work, get married, have children. But inside the memory will remain stabbed in their soul."Maoz, when speaking to The Observer stated that he opposes the Israel-related protest call at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival: "The point of a film like mine is to open a dialogue, to get people talking to each other about important issues. This is something, it makes no sense to boycott art. Maybe I wouldn't have won if Jane Fonda was on the jury, but she wasn't." The Guardian described it as a "controversial choice", noting that some commentators in Israel have "raised concerns that the film will deter young men from volunteering for the army." The Golden Lion is the highest award given to an Israeli film to date. Maoz says many Israeli figures were against Lebanon being featured at the Venice International Film Festival; the Venice jury was chaired by Ang Lee, who had won the Golden Lion award in Venice in 2005 with Brokeback Mountain and in 2007 with Lust, Caution. Lebanon competed against 24 other entries.
The win in Venice caused a boost in the film's popularity at the Toronto International Film Festival. The New York Times described Lebanon as "an astonishing piece of cinema". Variety magazine said Lebanon is "the boldest and best" of recent Israeli films based upon the Lebanon wars. Lebanon on IMDb Lebanon at Rotten Tomatoes
Thessaloniki International Film Festival
The Thessaloniki International Film Festival has become one of the Southeast Europe's primary showcases for the work of new and emerging filmmakers. The event features the International Section, a panorama of Greek films, the New Horizons program, the Balkan Survey, numerous retrospectives and tributes to leading figures in the world of film; the Festival is competitive with the International Section jury awarding several prizes each year, most notably the "Golden Alexander" for Best Feature-Length Film. The last event was the 59th TIFF and took place from Nov 1st to Nov 11th 2018. Since 1992, the International Thessaloniki Film Festival has striven to present the most innovative independent films from around the world. Components of the Festival include: The International Competition section consists of new directors' first or second films; the non-competitive panorama of Greek films, an overview of the recent local production is followed by the presentation of the State Film Awards by the Greek Ministry of Culture.
The Independence Days non-competitive section is the cutting-edge showcase for the latest trends in independent film production. The Balkan Survey, created in 1994, stands as a unique program which offers audiences a window on the cinema of this region of the world. In March 2016, French film producer Élise Jalladeau was appointed as director of the Thessaloniki International Film Festival. In May 2016, film critic Orestis Andreadakis was named artistic director. Cinematographer Giorgos Arvanitis serves as president of the TIFF Board. Retrospectives and tributes look at both historic masters, emerging artists. Since 1993, numerous directors have been represented in the retrospective/tribute programs, including: In addition to the rich film offerings, the Festival hosts panels and other artistic events such as: The Nam June Paik Video & Television Art exhibition The Strange Objects of Desire of David Cronenberg Ingrid Caven's concert Paintings & Collages by Sergei Paradjanov Periplanissis Photo Exhibit by Josef Koudelka "Peter Greenaway's Paintings, Drawings & Collages" exhibit Jazz master Gato Barbieri in concertOver the last five years the Festival has spotlighted significant, leading directors and promoted the work of emerging young filmmakers from all over the world.
The first period of Thessaloniki Film Festival starts in 1960 and finished in 1991. During this period the festival showed Greek films; the festival was first held in 1960 as a modest "Week of Greek Cinema". From 1965 to 1991 the festival was named "Festival of Greek Cinema". During these years the festival passed through various phases; the first years the festival was an important social event with flashy appearances of local showbiz stars. During the military junta, censorship made its appearance. During the Metapolitefsi the new generation of Greek directors dominated the awards, but at the same time the festival became politicized and two opposing groups of spectators appeared; the tension between these two groups reached a peak in 1977, when the festival split in two different festivals. The split lasted only one year. During the 80s the importance of the festival declined until in 1992, when it was decided to upgrade the event to an international film festival. In 1992 the festival became an international film festival, acknowledged by the International Federation of Film Producers Associations.
The Greek movies competed in a different section of the festival with the name Greek State Film Awards, until 2008. Nowadays Thessaloniki International Film Festival is an annual event focused on the discovery and promotion of new directors from all over the world. For ten days in mid-November, audiences numbering 70,000, as well as hundreds of Greek and foreign Festival guests, attend screenings of more than 150 films in the city's cinemas. Thessaloniki Video Dance Festival Thessaloniki Documentary Festival List of film festivals Greek Film Critics Association Awards Greek State Film Awards Thessaloniki International Film Festival - official website Photos - Thessaloniki International Film Festival Flickr Group's Pool
Jerusalem Film Festival
The Jerusalem Film Festival is an international film festival held annually in Jerusalem. The festival was the brainchild of Lia van Leer, who inaugurated it on May 17, 1984. Feature films and documentaries from all over the world are screened, awards are presented in many categories. After serving as a judge at the Cannes film festival, Lia van Leer decided to organize a similar event in Israel. Jeanne Moreau, Lillian Gish, Warren Beatty and John Schlesinger arrived in Israel to attend the debut. In 1989, van Leer persuaded American philanthropist Jack Wolgin to set up a competition bearing his name for the best Israeli films; the Wolgin Prize has become the country's most prestigious feature film award. In 2008, van Leer, 84, stepped down as director of the festival and turned the job over to a new CEO, Ilan de Vries. Competitions at the festival include the Wolgin Award for Israeli Cinema, the Anat Pirchi Drama Award, the Spirit of Freedom Awards, the Forum for the Preservation of Audio-Visual Memory in Israel Award for the Creative use of Archival Footage and the FIPRESCII competition for first time filmmakers.
Culture of Israel Cinema of Israel Official site
Paris Belongs to Us
Paris Belongs to Us is a 1961 French mystery film directed by Jacques Rivette. Set in Paris in 1957 and referencing Shakespeare's play Pericles, the title is ironic because the characters are immigrants or alienated and do not feel that they belong at all; the story centres on an innocent young university student called Anne who through her older brother meets a group of friends haunted by mysterious tensions and fears that lead two of them to commit suicide. Among them is her opposite, a femme fatale called Terry; the source of the malaise affecting the group is never explained, leaving viewers to ponder how far it might be an amalgam of individual imbalances, general existentialist anxiety, or the more specific paranoia of the Cold War as the world faced the possibility of nuclear annihilation. The film opens with the literature student Anne, reading Shakespeare when she hears sounds of distress in the next room. There she finds a Spanish girl. Anne meets up with her own brother Pierre, who takes her to a party held by some of his friends.
Bored and knowing nobody, she becomes fascinated by mysterious interactions around her. Juan, an anti-Franco refugee from Spain, has died from a knife wound, some think suicide. Philip, an unsteady American refugee from McCarthyism, gets drunk and slaps a smartly-dressed woman called Terry, accusing her of causing Juan's death by breaking up with him. Next day Anne meets up with a friend, an aspiring actor and he takes her to a rehearsal of Shakespeare's Pericles, the director of which proves to be Gérard, the host of last night's party. Since the actress for the part of Marina has not turned up, Anne is asked to read it and performs well. Afterwards she runs into Philip, who recounts long tales in veiled language about sinister interests that have destroyed Juan and may now get Gérard too. From there on, Anne becomes determined to resolve the mystery, obsessing the lives of these people and to save Gérard but in neither project does she succeed, for Gérard kills himself and by the end she is little wiser.
It seems. Betty Schneider as Anne Goupil François Maistre as Pierre Goupil Giani Esposito as Gérard Lenz Françoise Prévost as Terry Yordan Daniel Crohem as Philip Kaufman Jean-Claude Brialy as Jean-Marc Jean-Marie Robain as Dr. de Georges Written in 1957, shot from July to November 1958, but not released until 13 December 1961, it was the critic Rivette's first full-length film as a director and one of the first works of the French New Wave. Like his fellow Cahiers du cinéma critic Éric Rohmer, Rivette did not find popularity with his early films and, unlike many of the New Wave directors, he remained at Cahiers for most of the core New Wave era from 1958 to 1968, only completing two more full-length films in that time; as a New Wave characteristic, the film includes cameos for fellow directors Claude Chabrol, Jean-Luc Godard, Jacques Demy and Rivette himself. Film Critic Jonathan Rosenbaum liked the film: "Jacques Rivette’s troubled and troubling 1960 account of Parisians in the late 50s remains the most intellectually and philosophically mature, one of the most beautiful....
Few films have more captured a period and milieu. Richard Brody of the New Yorker reviewed the film positively: "Rivette’s wound images turn the ornate architecture of Paris into a labyrinth of intimate entanglements and apocalyptic menace. If the first work of a long career should, at least in the oeuvre-charting rear-vision mirror, offer an appropriately characteristic or perhaps idiosyncratic entry point into a distinct film-world Paris nous appartient is indeed a perfect'first' Rivette in its combination of formal daring and conceptual elusiveness." Rivette, Jacques. Jacques Rivette. Il Castoro. ISBN 88-8033-256-2. Paris Belongs to Us on IMDb Criterion Collection essay by Luc Sante
Il Posto is a 1961 Italian film directed by Ermanno Olmi. It is an example of Italian Neorealism. In July 2018, it was selected to be screened in the Venice Classics section at the 75th Venice International Film Festival; the film tells the story of Domenico, a young man who forgoes the latter part of his education when his family is in need of money. Applying for a job at a big city corporation, he goes through a bizarre series of exams, physical tests and interviews. During a brief respite from the tests, he meets Antonietta, a young girl who has forgone her schooling when in need of money to support herself and her mother. Through the course of this meeting, they have coffee at a local cafe, discussing the issues of their lives and their ambitions. Becoming attracted to her, they are separated when they land jobs in different departments. Meeting with a superior, he is informed that no clerical positions are available, subsequently taking a job as a messenger while awaiting a better position stripping him of his individuality.
While on an errand for his job, he meets Antonietta again. She invites him to a party, which he attends in the evening. Arriving at the party alone, he befriends an older couple despite being depressed at the prospect of Antonietta not showing up; when an older woman asks him to dance, he reluctantly agrees after a few drinks and finds himself having fun, forgetting the sorrows of his job and Antonietta. Returning to work the following day, he is offered a vacated desk of an employee since departed. Before obtaining the seat, he is moved to the back in a dimly lit corner when the other employees complain of his relative youth in acquiring this'prestigious' seat; as the film ends, Domenico has obtained this'job for life', committing himself to the desperation of a banal career. Loredana Detto as Antonietta Masetti Sandro Panseri as Domenico Cantoni Tullio Kezich as Psychologist Mara Revel as Old Woman Guido Spadea as Portioli Wins British Film Institute Awards: Sutherland Trophy, Ermanno Olmi.
Venice Film Festival: Italian Film Critics Award, Ermanno Olmi. David di Donatello Awards: David, Best Director, Ermanno Olmi. Il Posto on IMDb Il Posto at AllMovie Il posto: Handcrafted Cinema an essay by Kent Jones at the Criterion Collection
Israel the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west and Egypt to the southwest; the country contains geographically diverse features within its small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition. Israel has evidence of the earliest migration of hominids out of Africa. Canaanite tribes are archaeologically attested since the Middle Bronze Age, while the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah emerged during the Iron Age; the Neo-Assyrian Empire destroyed Israel around 720 BCE. Judah was conquered by the Babylonian and Hellenistic empires and had existed as Jewish autonomous provinces.
The successful Maccabean Revolt led to an independent Hasmonean kingdom by 110 BCE, which in 63 BCE however became a client state of the Roman Republic that subsequently installed the Herodian dynasty in 37 BCE, in 6 CE created the Roman province of Judea. Judea lasted as a Roman province until the failed Jewish revolts resulted in widespread destruction, expulsion of Jewish population and the renaming of the region from Iudaea to Syria Palaestina. Jewish presence in the region has persisted to a certain extent over the centuries. In the 7th century CE, the Levant was taken from the Byzantine Empire by the Arabs and remained in Muslim control until the First Crusade of 1099, followed by the Ayyubid conquest of 1187; the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt extended its control over the Levant in the 13th century until its defeat by the Ottoman Empire in 1517. During the 19th century, national awakening among Jews led to the establishment of the Zionist movement in the diaspora followed by waves of immigration to Ottoman Syria and British Mandate Palestine.
In 1947, the United Nations adopted a Partition Plan for Palestine recommending the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states and an internationalized Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by the Jewish Agency, rejected by Arab leaders; the following year, the Jewish Agency declared the independence of the State of Israel, the subsequent 1948 Arab–Israeli War saw Israel's establishment over most of the former Mandate territory, while the West Bank and Gaza were held by neighboring Arab states. Israel has since fought several wars with Arab countries, since the Six-Day War in 1967 held occupied territories including the West Bank, Golan Heights and the Gaza Strip, it extended its laws to the Golan East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank. Israel's occupation of the Palestinian territories is the world's longest military occupation in modern times. Efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in a final peace agreement. However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have been signed.
In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a democratic state. The country has a liberal democracy, with a parliamentary system, proportional representation, universal suffrage; the prime minister is head of government and the Knesset is the legislature. Israel is a developed country and an Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development member, with the 32nd-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of 2017; the country benefits from a skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Israel has the highest standard of living in the Middle East, has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. Furthermore, Israel ranked 11th in the UN's 2018 World Happiness Report. Upon independence in 1948, the country formally adopted the name "State of Israel" after other proposed historical and religious names including Eretz Israel and Judea, were considered but rejected.
In the early weeks of independence, the government chose the term "Israeli" to denote a citizen of Israel, with the formal announcement made by Minister of Foreign Affairs Moshe Sharett. The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have been used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Israel and the entire Jewish people respectively; the name "Israel" in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, according to the Hebrew Bible, was given the name after he wrestled with the angel of the Lord. Jacob's twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. Jacob and his sons had lived in Canaan but were forced by famine to go into Egypt for four generations, lasting 430 years, until Moses, a great-great grandson of Jacob, led the Israelites back into Canaan during the "Exodus"; the earliest known archaeological artifact to mention the word "Israel" as a collective is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt. The area is known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity and the Bahá'í Faith.
Under British Mandate, the whole region was known as Palestine (Hebre
The Golden Lion is the highest prize given to a film at the Venice Film Festival. The prize was introduced in 1949 by the organizing committee and is now regarded as one of the film industry's most prestigious and distinguished prizes. In 1970, a second Golden Lion was introduced; the prize was introduced in 1949 as the Golden Lion of Saint Mark. The equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia, awarded in 1947 and 1948. Before that, from 1934 until 1942, the highest awards were the Coppa Mussolini for Best Italian Film and Best Foreign Film; the prize was first awarded in 1949. The equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia, awarded in 1947 and 1948. No Golden Lions were awarded between 1969 and 1979. According to the Biennale's official website, this hiatus was a result of the 1968 Lion being awarded to the radically experimental Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos. Sixty-eight produced a dramatic fracture with the past". Fourteen French films have been awarded the Golden Lion, more than that of any other nation.
However, there is considerable geographical diversity in the winners. Five American filmmakers have won the Golden Lion, with awards for John Cassavetes and Robert Altman, as well as Ang Lee, Darren Aronofsky and Sofia Coppola. Although prior to 1980, only three of 21 winners were of non-European origin, since the 1980s, the Golden Lion has been presented to a number of Asian filmmakers in comparison to the Cannes Film Festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, which has only been awarded to five Asian filmmakers since 1980; the Golden Lion, by contrast, has been awarded to ten Asians during the same time period, with two of these filmmakers winning it twice. Ang Lee won the Golden Lion twice within three years during the 2000s, once for an American film and once for a Chinese-language film. Zhang Yimou has won twice. Other Asians to win the Golden Lion since 1980 include Jia Zhangke, Hou Hsiao-hsien, Tsai Ming-liang, Trần Anh Hùng, Takeshi Kitano, Kim Ki-duk, Jafar Panahi, Mira Nair, Lav Diaz. Russian filmmakers have won the Golden Lion several times, including since the end of the USSR.
Still, to date 33 of the 54 winners were European men. Since 1949, only four women have won the Golden Lion for directing: Mira Nair, Sofia Coppola, German Margarethe von Trotta and Belgium's Agnès Varda; the following films received the Golden Lions or the major awards of the Venice Film Festival: André Cayatte France Louis Malle France Zhang Yimou China Ang Lee Taiwan Leone d’Argento Palme d’Or, the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival Golden Bear, the highest prize awarded at the Berlin Film Festival La Biennale di Venezia official website / Cinema history