Akshardham (Delhi)

Akshardham or Swaminarayan Akshardham complex is a Hindu temple, a spiritual-cultural campus in Delhi, India. Referred to as Akshardham Temple or Swaminarayan Akshardham, the complex displays millennia of traditional Hindu and Indian culture and architecture. Inspired by Yogiji Maharaj and created by Pramukh Swami Maharaj, it was constructed by BAPS; the temple was opened on 6 November 2005 by Pramukh Swami Maharaj in the presence of Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Manmohan Singh, L. K Advani and B. L Joshi; the temple, at the centre of the complex, was built according to the Vastu shastra and Pancharatra shastra. In Akshardham Delhi, similar to its predecessor Akshardham Gandhinagar, the main shrine is the focal point and maintains the central position of the entire complex. There are various exhibition halls which provide information about the life and work of Swaminarayan; the designers of the complex have adopted contemporary modes of communication and technology to create the various exhibition halls.

The complex features an Abhisheka Mandap, Sahaj Anand water show, a thematic garden and three exhibitions namely Sahajanand Darshan, Neelkanth Darshan, Sanskruti Darshan. According to Swaminarayan Hinduism, the word Akshardham means the abode of almighty Lord Swaminarayan and believed by followers as a temporal home of God on earth; the main attraction of the Swaminarayan Akshardham complex is the Akshardham Mandir. It rises 141-foot high, spans 316-foot wide, extends 356-foot long, it is intricately carved with flora, dancers and deities. Designed in accordance with the standards of Maharishi Vastu Architecture, it features a blend of architectural styles across India, it is constructed from Rajasthani pink sandstone and Italian Carrara marble. Based on traditional Hindu architectural guidelines on maximum temple life span, it makes no use of ferrous metal. Thus, it has no support from concrete; the mandir consists of 234 ornately carved pillars, nine domes, 20,000 murtis of sadhus and acharyas.

The mandir features the Gajendra Pith at its base, a plinth paying tribute to the elephant for its importance in Hindu culture and India's history. It contains. Under the temple's central dome lies the 11-foot high murti of Swaminarayan seated in abhayamudra to whom the temple is dedicated. Swaminarayan is surrounded by images of the faith's lineage of Gurus depicted either in a devotional posture or in a posture of service; each murti is made of five metals in accordance to Hindu tradition. The temple houses the murtis of Sita Ram, Radha Krishna, Shiv Parvati, Lakshmi Narayan; the Hall of Values features lifelike robotics and dioramas which display incidents from Swaminarayan's life, portraying his message about the importance of peace, humility, service to others and devotion to God. Set in 18th century India, the audience experiences eternal messages gleaned from ancient Hindu culture such as non‐violence, perseverance, prayers and family harmony through 15 3-D dioramas which make use of state of the art robotics, fibre optics and sound effects and music.

The hall features the world's smallest animatronic robot in the form of Ghanshyam Maharaj, the child form of Swaminarayan. The theatre houses Delhi's only large format screen, measuring 85-foot by 65-foot; the theatre shows a 40-minute film specially commissioned for the complex, Neelkanth Yatra, to recount a seven-year pilgrimage made by Swaminarayan made during his teenage years throughout India. Mystic India, an international version of the film produced by BAPS Charities, was released in 2005 at IMAX theatres and giant screen cinemas worldwide. A 27-foot tall bronze murti of Neelkanth Varni is located outside the theatre; the Boat Ride is a 12-minute journey through 10,000 years glorious heritage, using life size figures and robotics to depict life in Vedic India, from family life to bazaars and teaching. It shows the contributions of Vedic Indians to various fields such as science, arts, yoga, etc. by eminent persons like mathematician-astronomers Aryabhata and Brahmagupta, grammarian Pāṇini, contributors to the ancient art and science of Ayurveda like Sushruta and Charaka, Classical Sanskrit writer Kālidāsa, philosopher and royal advisor Chanakya, among others.

It shows the world's first university and the subjects taught there such as horse riding and warfare. It moves on to the Middle Ages to Sufi saints like Kabir and saints from the Bhakti movement such as Meera and Ramananda and to recent times highlighting the contributions of modern Indian mathematicians such as Jagadish Chandra Bose, Srinivasa Ramanujan, C. V. Raman and Satyendra Nath Bose and philosophers like Swami Vivekananda. Musical fountain known as the Yagnapurush Kund, is India's largest step well, it features a large series of steps down to a traditional'yagna kund'. During the day, these steps provide rest for the visitors to the complex and at night, a musical fountain show named Sahaj Anand - Multi-Media Water Show is shown. Sahaj Anand Water Show is a breathtaking 24-minute presentation which unites a variety of intriguing media to bring to life a story from the Kena Upanishad. Multi-color lasers, video projections, underwater flames, water jets and surround sound in symphony with lights and live actors produce a captivating and inspiring presentation.

International experts contributed their expertise with BAPS volunteers and sadhus to produce

Kadavu (film)

Kadavu is a 1991 Indian Malayalam film scripted and produced by M. T. Vasudevan Nair based on S. K. Pottekkatt's story Kadathuthoni; the film won numerous awards at state and international levels, including awards at the Singapore International Film Festival and Tokyo International Film Festival. Deserted by his mother, teenaged Raju is adopted by a Muslim ferryman. Raju soon starts accompanying Beeranikka in ferrying people. One day, he meets a young girl, returning to her native town Kozhikode after the death of her mother; the girl invites Raju to Kozhikode where she would be staying with her uncle. Not interested in leaving the ferrying job, Raju rejects the invitation. A few days he finds himself in possession of an ornament which he thinks belongs to the girl, he finds the girl after many days of search. The girl says the ornament does not belong to her. Disheartened, Raju returns to the ferry. Santhosh Antony as Raju; the lead character Raju was portrayed by Santhosh Antony. A native of Koodaranhi in Kozhikode district, this was Santhosh's only film.

Balan K. Nair as Beeran Monisha as Devi Sreedevi Unni as Amina Murali as Rahman Thilakan as Krishnettan Ravi Vallathol as Maash Nedumudi Venu as the anchorite Jagathy Sreekumar as the hawker Savithri Sreedharan R. K. Nair as the goon Kunjandi as Taxi driver Bhagya Roopa as the girl Biyon as Appu International awardsSpecial Jury Award at Singapore International Film Festival Asia Future Prize at Tokyo International Film FestivalNational Film AwardsBest Screenplay Best Feature Film in MalayalamKerala State Film AwardsBest Film Best Screenplay Best Child Artist - Santhosh Antony Kadavu on IMDb Kadavu at the Malayalam Movie Database


Woolwich is a district of southeast London, within the Royal Borough of Greenwich. It has been part of the London metropolitan area since the 19th century. In 1965, most of the former Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich became part of Greenwich Borough, of which it remains the administrative centre; the population of Woolwich was 84,959 in the 2011 census. The town is a river crossing point, with the Woolwich Ferry and the Woolwich foot tunnel crossing to North Woolwich in the London Docklands. Throughout the 17th, 18th, 19th and most of the 20th century, Woolwich was an important naval and industrial town. After several decades of economic hardship and social deprivation, large-scale urban renewal projects have turned its fortunes around, it is expected that the town, identified in the London Plan as "opportunity area", will evolve from "major centre" to "metropolitan centre" within Greater London in the next few decades. Woolwich is situated 13.7 km from Charing Cross. It has a 2.5 km long frontage to the south bank of the Thames river.

From the riverside it rises up along the northern slopes of Shooter's Hill towards the common and the ancient London-Dover Road. The ancient parish of Woolwich, more or less the present-day wards Woolwich Riverside and Woolwich Common, comprises 297 ha; this included North Woolwich, now part of the London Borough of Newham. The ancient parishes of Plumstead and Eltham became part of the civil parish of Woolwich in 1930. Parts of the wards Glyndon and Shooter's Hill are referred to as Woolwich, although this definition is not accepted by all; the nearest areas are Abbey Wood, Charlton, Greenwich, Lewisham, North Woolwich, Shooter's Hill, Thamesmead and Well Hall. Woolwich is made up of the Woolwich Common and Riverside wards as well as the ward of Glyndon to the east of the town centre, they had a combined population of 54,790 at the time of the 2011 census. Woolwich has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age. Remains of a Celtic oppidum, established sometime between the 3rd and 1st century BCE, in the late Roman period re-used as a fort, were found at the current Waterfront development site between Beresford Street and the Thames.

According to the Survey of London, "this defensive earthwork encircled the landward sides of a riverside settlement, the only one of its kind so far located in the London area, that may have been a significant port, anterior to London". A path connected the riverside settlement with Watling Street also of Iron Age origin. Sandy Hill Road may be a remnant of this early path, it is believed that the name Woolwich derives from an Anglo-Saxon word meaning "trading place for wool". It is not clear whether Woolwich was a proper -wich town, since there are no traces of extensive artisanal activity from the Early Middle Ages. However, in 2015 Oxford Archaeology discovered a Saxon burial site near the riverside with 76 skeletons from the late 7th or early 8th century; the absence of grave deposits indicates. The first church, which stood to the north of the present parish church, was certainly pre-Norman and dedicated to Saint Lawrence, it was rebuilt in stone around 1100. From the 10th till the mid-12th century Woolwich was controlled by the abbots of St. Peter's Abbey in Ghent.

This may have been a result of a gift of 918 from Ælfthryth, daughter of King Alfred and Countess of Flanders, in that case the first recorded grant of English lands to a foreign ecclesiastic institution. As a result of this tenure Woolwich is not mentioned in the Domesday Book; some of the Ghent lands passed to the royal manors of Dartford and Eltham as early as 1100. Not included were a riverside quay held by Holy Trinity Priory, Aldgate, a wharf held by St Mary's Priory and land around Plumstead owned by Bartholomew de Burghersh, 2nd Baron Burghersh referred to as the Burrage Estate. Medieval Woolwich was susceptible to flooding. In 1236 many were killed by a flood. Woolwich Ferry may be older. Around Bell Water Gate some private shipbuilding or repair may have existed in the 15th century. A windmill was mentioned around 1450. Several pottery kilns have been discovered north of Woolwich High Street and Beresford Street, testifying of a unbroken tradition of pottery production from at least the 14th century until the 17th century.

Woolwich remained a small Kentish settlement until the beginning of the 16th century, when it began to develop into a maritime and industrial centre. In 1512 it became home to Woolwich Dockyard known as "The King's Yard", founded by Henry VIII to built his flagship Henry Grace à Dieu. Many great ships were built here, such as the Prince Royal, the Sovereign of the Seas, the Royal Charles, the Dolphin and the Beagle; the dockyard went through many ups and downs but survived for three and a half centuries, closing down in 1869. Following the establishment of the dockyard, Martin Bowes who had gathered a fortune at the Royal Mint, bought riverside holdings in Woolwich and Plumstead in the 1530s, some of it former church land that had become available after the Dissolution of the Monasteries, his mansion was Tower Place, closed in by a ropeyard and warehouses with open-air storage known as Gun Wharf or Gun Yard The Warren, later