Kwara is a state in Western Nigeria. Its capital is Ilorin. Kwara is located within the North Central geopolitical zone referred to as the Middle Belt; the primary ethnic group is Yoruba, with significant Nupe and Fulani minorities. Kwara State was created on 27 May 1967, when the Federal Military Government of General Yakubu Gowon broke the four regions that constituted the Federation of Nigeria into 12 states. At its creation, the state was made up of the former Ilorin and Kabba provinces of the Northern Region and was named the West Central State but changed to "Kwara", a local name for the River Niger. Kwara State has since 1976 reduced in size as a result of further state creation exercises in Nigeria. On 13 February 1976, the Idah/Dekina part of the state was carved out and merged with a part of the Benue/Plateau State to form Benue State. On 27 August 1991, five local government areas, namely Oyi, Okene and Kogi were excised to form part of the new Kogi State, while a sixth, Borgu Local Government Area, was merged with Niger State.
Kwara state has numerous mineral resources such as tamaline and lots of mineral deposit in the northern part Ndeji and Lema Community. Cocoa and Kolanut in the Southern parts Oke - Ero and Isin LGA As of 2006, the population of Kwarans was 2.37 million based on the Nigeria 2006 Census. This population size constitutes about 1.69% of the Nation's total population having relied upon immigration for population growth and socioeconomic development. Residents of the state are sometimes referred to as Kwarans. Kwara State consists of sixteen Local Government Areas, they are: Important tourist attractions in Kwara State include Esie Museum, Owu waterfalls, Imoleboja Rock Shelter, Kainji Lake National Parks and Agbonna Hill Awon Mass Wedding in Shao. There is Sobi Hill amongst others, the largest landform in Ilorin, the state capital; the Nigerian Railway Corporation extends services from Lagos through the state to the northern part of the country. The Ilorin Airport is a major center for both domestic and international flights and has now been built up into a hub for transportation of cargoes.
Agriculture is the main source of the economy and the principal cash crops are: cotton, coffee, tobacco and palm produce. Mineral resources in the state are Gold, marble, clay, kaolin and granite rocks. Industries in the state include Dangote Flour Mill, Lubcon Lubricant Company, Kam Industries Nigeria Ltd, Tuyil Pharmacy Nig Ltd, Padson Industries NiG Ltd, Kwara Breweries, Ijagbo Global Soap and Detergent Industry, United Match Company and Lyle Company, Resinoplast Plastic Industry, Phamatech Nigeria Limited, Kwara Textile and Kwara Furniture Company all in Ilorin. Others are Paper Manufacturing Industry, Okin Foam and Okin Biscuits, Kay Plastic and Kwara Paper Converters Limited, Erin-ile. Others are Sugar Producing Company, Kwara animal Feed Mall and the Agricultural Products Company. Kwara has a federal university, the University of Ilorin, a state university, Kwara State University, two polytechnics, Kwara State Polytechnic and Federal Polytechnic Offa, three colleges: the college of education, school of Health technology and college of Nursing, Ilorin.
It is home to three Private universities. There is a navy school and aviation college. Schools include Emmanuel Baptist College in Ilorin. Sporting activities are managed by the State Sports Council; the importance attached to sports led to the construction of a stadium complex. The facilities available at the stadium complex are mainbowl, indoor sports hall, recreational press center as well as an Olympic size swimming pool; the state is represented both in football and basketball. The state is the home to the Kwara United Football Club and Kwara Falcons Basketball Club Kwara State Executive Council
Ilorin is the state capital of Kwara in North central Nigeria. As of the 2006 census, it had a population of 777,667, making it the 6th largest city by population in Nigeria. Ilorin was founded by the Yoruba, one of the three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria, in 1450, it became a provincial military headquarters of the ancient Oyo Empire, became a Northern Nigeria protectorate when Shehu Alimi, an itinerary Islamic preacher and teacher, took control of the city through the spread of Islam. The capital was occupied by the Royal Niger Company in 1897 and its lands were incorporated into the British colony of Northern Nigeria in 1900, although the emirate continued to perform ceremonial functions. Although the city retains a strong Islamic influence, Christianity is now practised in the cosmopolitan part of the city due to the significant immigration of people from other parts of Kwara State and the rest of Nigeria. Ilorin has an 18,000-capacity stadium and two professional football teams, Kwara United F. C.
Playing in the top tier league, Nigeria Professional Football League, run by the League Management Company. And ABS F. C. in the second division, Bet9ja Nigeria National league. The city has the only standard baseball court in west Africa, it has hosted several national handball competitions. The political economy of Kwara State can be traced to 1967. Since the state has undergone various developmental efforts initiated by the federal government given the nature of the Nigerian state, a centralized federal system where development policies and programmes originate from the centre; the state has a large area of rich agricultural land. The limestone and dolomite of Oreke and clay at Idofian near Ilorin and other parts of the state, pure gold in Kaiama and the Patigi area, the exportable rich tantalite deposit of Iporin make Kwara State rich in primary resources. Kwara State had only a few major industrial companies, notably Global Soap and Detergent Industries Nigeria Limited and the International Tobacco Company.
Successive administrations have attempted to attract industrialists to the state. Several meetings were held with Kwarans across the federation. Former Governor Bukola Saraki made some progress in his efforts to lure more investors, demonstrated by successes in the fields of finance, health and rural development and industrial development. With such efforts, Ilorin has become the hub for cashew processing in Nigeria and Olam International has set up Africa's biggest cashew processing plant; the plant provides employment to over 2000 workers. Established industries include Dangote Flour Mills, Tuyil Pharmaceutical company, KAMWIL, Golden Confectionate Food Industries, Chellaram Motor-Cycle Assembly plants, Rajrab Pharmaceuticals. To encourage both local and foreign investors, the state government provides various incentives, such as a 100% waiver on statutory payments on land, made available to the Dangote Industries Limited for the flour mill complex. Ilorin has a tropical savanna climate. Ilorin operates a well-developed intra-city public transportation, the major roads within the metropolis are good.
There are three modes of transiting from place to place in the city – the most popular being the conventional taxis. Car-hire services are available in major hotels. Furthermore, there are commercial motorbikes called "Okada", the more recent arrival on Ilorin's roads of commercial tricycles, popularly called "Keke NAPEP" or "Keke", some of which are given on loan to beneficiaries of the National Poverty Eradication Programme. Ilorin taxis are painted green. Ilorin's central location makes it accessible to all parts of the country by air and rail; the state has a good network of roads and air transportation facilities linking it with Nigeria's other industrial and commercial centres. Transportation is quite affordable in Ilorin with movement from one place to another less than 100 naira. There are scheduled daily commercial flights to and from Ilorin International Airport by Arik Air and Overland Airways; the now defunct Capital Airlines operated from Ilorin. Current destinations include all of the major cities in Nigeria.
The airport has been re-designed and equipped as an international cargo airport. Ilorin offers reliable road transport services to Lagos, Osun, Oyo, Kogi, Niger and Plateau States. Similar services are available to and from Onitsha, Port Harcourt, Abuja and others. A major expressway to Ibadan, numbered E1, is under construction by P. W. International; the city is a confluence of cultures, populated by the Yoruba, Hausa, Nupe, Bariba and Malian tribes, as well as other Nigerians and foreign nationals. There are large Christian and Islamic populations, many ceremonial activities with religious aspects, take place in the city throughout the year. Ilorin has a friendly environment and hence hosts different religious practices and training institutions. Located on the city's GRA, the degree-awarding United Missionary Theological College produces many church ministers and theologians of all denominations; the College of Arabic and Islamic Legal Studies in the Adeta area trains Muslims in various Islamic and social science disciplines.
Alfa Alimi's Mosque and residence is said to have been built in 1831. It was the first Juma'at Mosque in Ilorin; the city has a range of tourist attractions such as the impo
A chancellor is a leader of a college or university either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system. In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is a ceremonial non-resident head of the university. In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the vice-chancellor, who may carry an additional title, such as "president & vice-chancellor"; the chancellor may serve as chairman of the governing body. In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector. In the United States, the head of a university is most a university president. In U. S. university systems that have more than one affiliated university or campus, the executive head of a specific campus may have the title of chancellor and report to the overall system's president, or vice versa. In both Australia and New Zealand, a chancellor is the chairman of a university's governing body.
The chancellor is assisted by a deputy chancellor. The chancellor and deputy chancellor are drawn from the senior ranks of business or the judiciary; some universities have a visitor, senior to the chancellor. University disputes can be appealed from the governing board to the visitor, but nowadays, such appeals are prohibited by legislation, the position has only ceremonial functions; the vice-chancellor serves as the chief executive of the university. Macquarie University in Sydney is a noteworthy anomaly as it once had the unique position of Emeritus Deputy Chancellor, a post created for John Lincoln upon his retirement from his long-held post of deputy chancellor in 2000; the position was not an honorary title, as it retained for Lincoln a place in the University Council until his death in 2011. Canadian universities and British universities in Scotland have a titular chancellor similar to those in England and Wales, with day-to-day operations handled by a principal. In Scotland, for example, the chancellor of the University of Edinburgh is Anne, Princess Royal, whilst the current chancellor of the University of Aberdeen is Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay.
In Canada, the vice-chancellor carries the joint title of "president and vice-chancellor" or "rector and vice-chancellor." Scottish principals carry the title of "principal and vice-chancellor." In Scotland, the title and post of rector is reserved to the third ranked official of university governance. The position exists in common throughout the five ancient universities of Scotland with rectorships in existence at the universities of St Andrews, Aberdeen and Dundee, considered to have ancient status as a result of its early connections to the University of St Andrews; the position of Lord Rector was given legal standing by virtue of the Universities Act 1889. Rectors appoint a rector's assessor a deputy or stand-in, who may carry out their functions when they are absent from the university; the Rector chairs meetings of the university court, the governing body of the university, is elected by the matriculated student body at regular intervals. An exception exists at Edinburgh, where the Rector is elected by staff.
In Finland, if the university has a chancellor, he is the leading official in the university. The duties of the chancellor are to promote sciences and to look after the best interests of the university; as the rector of the university remains the de facto administrative leader and chief executive official, the role of the chancellor is more of a social and historical nature. However some administrative duties still belong to the chancellor's jurisdiction despite their arguably ceremonial nature. Examples of these include the appointment of new docents; the chancellor of University of Helsinki has the notable right to be present and to speak in the plenary meetings of the Council of State when matters regarding the university are discussed. Despite his role as the chancellor of only one university, he is regarded as the political representative of Finland's entire university institution when he exercises his rights in the Council of State. In the history of Finland the office of the chancellor dates all the way back to the Swedish Empire, the Russian Empire.
The chancellor's duty was to function as the official representative of the monarch in the autonomous university. The number of chancellors in Finnish universities has declined over the years, in vast majority of Finnish universities the highest official is the rector; the remaining universities with chancellors are University of Åbo Akademi University. In France, chancellor is one of the titles of the rector, a senior civil servant of the Ministry of Education serving as manager of a regional educational district. In his capacity as chancellor, the rector awards academic degrees to the university's gradua
Al-Hikma University (Baghdad)
Al-Hikma University colllge was a university in Baghdad founded in 1956 by members of the New England Province of the Society of Jesus.. Re-opening in 2010 in Baghdad, Iraq. Located in Yarmouk. Al “hikma” name mean in English "wisdom" Four American Jesuits were sent to Iraq in 1932 at the request of Pope Pius XI, upon the urging of the Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church, as the Kingdom of Iraq prepared for its independence from Great Britain. There they founded Baghdad College, which soon became known as an institution of academic excellence. In 1952 the decision was made to provide a university-level facility for the city; the buildings were built by the Jesuits on a 195-acre campus. When it opened in The University's initial student body numbered 45 students, but, by the time that the university was closed, it was admitting about 150 each year, there were 656 students in total. In 1960, the construction of a new library building for Al-Hikma University commenced, it was funded by the Ford Foundation, but the Foundation expected the University to find the money for furnishing it.
The building was completed in 1962. Although the library was not architecturally commendable, it was reported to have attracted some imitators; the Library had a collection of 327 manuscripts, a private collection donated in 1965, which were catalogued with support funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation. In the late 1960s, Gurgis Awad donated his private collection to the Al-Hikma University Library. Al-Hikma University's student body was diverse in ethnicity and gender. Students were 40 percent Muslim, 32 percent Catholic, 21 percent Orthodox Christian, about 7 percent Jewish; the staff was mixed: half of them were Jesuits, while Iraqi lay teachers, both Christian and Muslim, Fulbright professors, a small group of volunteer teachers from abroad made up the rest. In 1966, a law was passed under which the private universities were converted into public universities, but continued to charge tuition fees. In 1968, a new law nationalised Al-Hikma University. In autumn 1968, an Iraqi was imposed as president of the university.
The University became the object of protests by groups of nationalist students. In November, the American faculty of the university were expelled by the Baathist government, the institution was integrated into Baghdad University; the college was seized, along with all the Jesuit's property, by the government the following year, the foreign faculty was expelled. Reunions of graduates of both Baghdad College and Al-Hikma University continue to be held bi-annually; the most recent one was organised in Chicago in July 2006. The history of the Jesuit mission in Iraq has been chronicled by the Rev. Joseph MacDonnell, S. J. late of Fairfield University, in his book Jesuits by the Tigris. Qazanchi, F. Y. M. Academic libraries in Iraq. 1970. Al-Mustansiriya University Review, 1, 158-167 Qubain, F. I. Education and Science in the Arab World.1966. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press Zado, V. Y; the General Information Programme and developing countries: a case study of Iraq. 1990. PhD thesis, Loughborough University