Al-Na'ani

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Al-Na'ani
Al-Na'ani is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Na'ani
Al-Na'ani
Arabic النعاني
Name meaning The plant "mint"[1]
Also spelled en-Ni'aneh[2]
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°52′20″N 34°52′24″E / 31.87222°N 34.87333°E / 31.87222; 34.87333Coordinates: 31°52′20″N 34°52′24″E / 31.87222°N 34.87333°E / 31.87222; 34.87333
Palestine grid 138/142
Population 1,470[3][4] (1945)
Area 9,768[4] dunams
Date of depopulation May 14, 1948[5]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting
Current localities Na'an,[6] Ramot Me'ir[6]

Al-Na'ani, also called Al-Ni'ana, was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict of Mandatory Palestine. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War on May 14, 1948, by the Givati Brigade during Operation Barak. It was located 6 km south of Ramle.

History[edit]

In 1838, it was noted as a Muslim village in Er-Ramleh district.[2]

An Ottoman village list from about 1870 counted 92 houses and a population of 265, though the population count included men, only.[7][8]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the place as: "A small mud village on low ground, identified with Naamah (near Makkedah), by Captain Warren."[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Na'ani had a population of 1,004 inhabitants; 1,002 Muslims[10] and 2 Orthodox Christians,[11] increasing in the 1931 census to 1,142; 1,133 Muslims and 9 Christians, in a total of 300 houses.[12]

A British anthropologist, writing in 1932, reported that there was a group of "Sidr" trees (see Ziziphus spina-christi and Sidrat al-Muntaha) south of the village believed to be protected by spirits.[13]

In 1944/45 the village had a population of 1,470; 1,450 Muslims and 20 Christians[3] with a total of 9,768 dunums of land.[4] Arabs used 335 dunums of land for plantations and irrigable land, 9,277 dunums for cereals,[14] while 51 dunams were classified as built-up public areas.[15]

The village had an elementary school which was founded in 1923, and by 1947 it had 208 students enrolled.[6]

The Jewish kibbutz of Na'an was established in 1930, on a land purchased from Al-Na'ani. Kibbutz buildings are now on former Al-Na'ani land.[6]

Al-Na'ani became depopulated on May 14, 1948.[5]

Israeli period[edit]

In 1949 Ramot Me'ir was established on village land, west of the village site.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 272
  2. ^ a b Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 120
  3. ^ a b Department of Statistics, p. 30
  4. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 67
  5. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xix village #247. Also gives cause of depopulation
  6. ^ a b c d e Khalidi, 1992, p. 400
  7. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 158
  8. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 140 also noted 92 houses
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 408
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XIV, p. 46
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 22.
  13. ^ Crowfoot and Baldensperger, 1932, p. 112
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 116
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 166

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]