From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
House of Al-Qassimi
Al Qawasem.png
Al Qassimi dynasty emblem and flag
Country United Arab Emirates
Ethnicity Arabs
Founded 1708; 310 years ago (1708)
Founder Sheikh Rahma bin Matar Al-Qasimi
Current head

Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi

Saud bin Saqr Al-Qasimi
Style(s) His/Her Highness
Religion Islam

The Al-Qasimi royal family (spelled sometimes as Al Qassimi or Al Qassemi; plural: Al Qawasem القواسم) are one of the six ruling families of the United Arab Emirates and rule two of the seven emirates: Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah.


The dynasty claim to be descended from the Prophet Muhammad.However, other resources identify them in accordance to their original flag that relates to the Qajari dynasty hence, identifying them as of persian ethnicity which is more relevant and in accordance to british intelligence documents. [1]

After the dissolution of the Yaruba dynasty in the first half of the 18th century CE, the Al Qassimi dynasty backed by the qajari dynasty who were their allies began their leadership and formed a large emirate of Ras al-Khaimah, previously known as Julfar, later the capital moving to Sharjah. The Lengeh branch was among the first ones to secede.[citation needed]

Maritime Power[edit]

The Al Qwasim, based at Ras al-Khaimah, emerged as a major maritime power during the eighteenth century. They ruled some of the shores and islands of Persia, like Bandar Lengeh, that were opposite to today's U.A.E in different eras between (1800—1890). Their acts of piracy in the Persian Gulf area on the behalf of the qajar dynasty led to conflict with Oman and eventually with Britain. As britain acted in safeguarding the maritime trade in the persian gulf

British naval fleet attack Ras Al Khaimah in November 1809
British and Omani forces attack Ras Al Khaimah in the Fourth British Campaign against Ras Al Khaimah

In 1819, the British defeated Al Qwasim and their qajari allies after several naval battles. The Qwasim were also principal leaders of the Persian Gulf pirates from the early 18th century.[2]

It is believed that the progenitor of the Al Qassimi family known as Qasim I came to Julfar in the seventeenth century as an emissary of the qajari dynasty from persia that ruled the area and later seceded making it the dynasty's capital once the qajari dynasty weekend .[citation needed] Today, two branches of the Al Qasimi royal family rule the Emirates of Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah in the United Arab Emirates. Each Emirate is ruled by an emir (colloquially called "sheikh" as with other emirs in the region).[citation needed]

The Al Qasimi rulers of Ras Al-Khaimah (capital to 1819) and Sharjah (capital from 1820)[edit]

  1. Sheikh Rahma bin Matar Al Qasimi (1727 - 1760)
  2. Sheikh Rashid bin Matar Al Qasimi (1760 - 1777)
  3. Sheikh Saqr bin Rashid Al Qasimi (1777 - 1803)
  4. Sheikh Sultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi (1803 - 1808)-first time ruling
  5. Sheikh Hassan bin Ali Al Qasimi (1808 - 1814)
  6. Sheikh Hassan bin Rahma Al Qasimi (1814 - 1820)
  7. Sheikh Sultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi (1820 - 1866)-second time ruling
  8. Sheikh Saqr bin Sultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi (1840)

List of Ras Al-Khaimah rulers[edit]

Ae rak-escudo.png

  1. Sheikh Ibrahim bin Sultan Al Qasimi (1866 - May 1867)
  2. Sheikh Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi (May 1867 - 14 April 1868)
  3. Sheikh Salem bin Sultan Al Qasimi (14 April 1868 - 1869)
  4. Sheikh Humaid bin Abdullah Al Qasimi (1869 - August 1900)
  5. Sheikh Sultan bin Salem Al Qasimi (19 July 1921 - February 1948)
  6. Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (February 1948 - 27 October 2010)
  7. Sheikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi (27 October 2010 – present)

List of Sharjah rulers[edit]

Ae sharjah-escudo.png

  1. Sheikh Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi (1866 - 14 April 1868)
  2. Sheikh Salem bin Sultan Al Qasimi (14 April 1868 - March 1883)
  3. Sheikh Ibrahim bin Sultan Al Qasimi (1869 - 1871)
  4. Sheikh Saqer bin Khalid Al Qasimi (March 1883 - 1914)
  5. Sheikh Khalid bin Ahmed Al Qasimi (13 April 1914 - 21 November 1924)
  6. Sheikh Sultan bin Saqer Al Qasimi (21 November 1924 - 1951)
  7. Sheikh Mohammed bin Saqer Al Qasimi ( 1951- May 1951)
  8. Sheikh Saqr bin Sultan Al Qasimi (May 1951 - 24 June 1965) - first time ruling
  9. Sheikh Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (24 June 1965 - 24 January 1972)
  10. Sheikh Saqr bin Sultan Al Qasimi (25 January 1972 - 1972) - second time ruling
  11. Sheikh Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi (1972 - 17 June 1987) - first time ruling
  12. Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (17–23 June 1987)
  13. Sheikh Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi (23 June 1987 – present) - second time ruling

Current Al Qasimi rulers[edit]

Here is a recent photo of them:

See also[edit]