Alameda Central is a public urban park in downtown Mexico City. Created in 1592, the Alameda Central is the oldest public park in the Americas, it is located in Cuauhtémoc borough, adjacent to the Palacio de Bellas Artes, between Juarez Avenue and Hidalgo Avenue. The Alameda Central park is a green garden with paved paths and decorative fountains and statues, is the center of civic events; the area used to be an Aztec marketplace. On 11 January 1592, Viceroy Luis de Velasco II ordered the creation of a public green space for the city's residents; the name comes from the Spanish word álamo. This park was part of the viceroy's plan to develop what was, at that time, the western edge of the city, it has become a symbol of a traditional Mexican park and many other parks in the country take on the name "Alameda" as well. Fountains and statues in the park include: Beethoven Monument Benito Juárez Hemicycle Désespoire Fountain of Mercury Fountain of Neptune Fountain of Venus La Primavera Las Danaides Malgré Tout Statue of Alexander von Humboldt The original park was less than half the size of the current one, reaching only from where the Palacio de Bellas Artes is now to the location of the Hemiciclo de Juárez.
What is now the western section of the park was a plain plaza built during the Inquisition in Mexico and known as El Quemadero or The Burning Place. Here witches and others convicted by the Inquisitors were publicly burned at the stake. By the 1760s, the Inquisition had nearly come to an end and in 1770, viceroy Marqués de Croix had this plaza torn up to expand the park; the park was expanded again in 1791, when the Count of Revillagigedo built a wooden fence around the park to make it exclusive for the nobility. However, when Mexican Independence was won in 1821, the Alameda was the center of popular celebrations. In 1846, when President Santa Anna rode triumphantly into Mexico City, he ordered the fountains in the park be filled with alcohol; the five classical fountains are of French design and inspired by Greco-Roman mythology. More statues were added to the park in the 19th century. Gas lamps were installed in 1868, which were replaced by electrical lighting 1892. By the end of the 19th century, the park had become popular with all social classes in Mexico.
Much of the current layout of the park, with its starburst pattern of paths around fountains and the central kiosk dates from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. By the late 19th century, the park included a gas lamps. On the south side of the park, facing toward the street is the Hemiciclo a Juárez, a large white semi-circular monument to Benito Juárez, one of Mexico's most beloved presidents; the park's statues include Désespoire and Malgré Tout, by Jesús Fructuoso Contreras, a monument donated by the German community, dedicated to Beethoven in commemoration of the centenary of his 9th Symphony. In 2012, the park went through a rehabilitation, completed in December; the renewal included replacing the damaged pavement with marble, the improvement of the vegetation, new light posts, improvement of existing park features. As part of the rehabilitation, the once ubiquitous street vendors are no longer allowed to operate within the park. Alameda Central can be accessed by Metro Bellas Artes.
Media related to Alameda Central at Wikimedia Commons
Gibraltar Botanic Gardens
The Gibraltar Botanic Gardens or La Alameda Gardens are a botanical garden in Gibraltar, spanning around 6 hectares. The Rock Hotel lies above the park. In 1816 the gardens were commissioned by the British Governor of Gibraltar General George Don, it was his intention that the soldiers stationed in the fortress would have a pleasant recreational area to enjoy when off duty, so inhabitants could enjoy the air protected from the extreme heat of the sun. The gardens were resurrected in 1991 by an external company when it was realised that since the 1970s they had fallen into a poor state. Three years the gardens had the addition of a zoo: the Alameda Wildlife Conservation Park. In 2001 a bronze sculpture of James Joyce's Molly Bloom was installed in the gardens; this running figure was commissioned from Jon Searle to celebrate the bicentenary of the Gibraltar Chronicle in 2001. General Don had commissioned a memorial of George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield in 1815, which did not materialise in the form requested.
A colossal statue of General Eliot, carved from the bowsprit of the Spanish ship San Juan Nepomuceno, taken at the Battle of Trafalgar was first created. That statue was taken to the Governor's residence, The Convent, where it stands today, being replaced by the present bronze bust in 1858; this statue is guarded for four 18th-century howitzers. The plants of the Alameda Gardens are a combination of native species and others brought in from abroad: Dracaena draco, a subtropical Dragon Tree native to the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira and locally in western Morocco; the oldest dragon tree in the gardens is about 300 years old. Stone pine, a species of pine native of southern Europe the Iberian Peninsula. Wild Olive, a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae. Celtis australis, a deciduous tree that can be among 20 to 25 metres of height. Grevillea robusta, the largest species in the genus Grevillea. There is only one specimen of this tree in the gardens. Canary Island Date Palm, a large palm native to the Canary Islands off the Atlantic coast of north Africa.
Washingtonia filifera, a palm native to the desert oases of Central and southwestern Arizona, southern Nevada, extreme northwest Mexico and inland deserts of southern California. Howea forsteriana, endemic to Lord Howe Island. Solitaire Palm Ptychosperma elegans an evergreen shrub native to East Asia. Bougainvillea, a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to Peru and south to southern Argentina. Asteraceae, the second largest family of flowering plants. Pelargonium, a genus of flowering plants. Succulent plant, water-retaining plants adapted to arid soil conditions; the Alameda Open Air Theatre was inaugurated once again on 12 April 1996 at four o'clock with three bands of music playing - the same number of bands as had attended 180 years before to the hour at the opening of the Alameda Gardens in 1816. In order to extend its use from just theatre to general use, a number of new features were introduced, like the waterfall and lake - the largest area of open fresh water on the Rock, with Koi Carp and a collection of exotic lilies.
Since its opening, this venue has been used for a variety of purposes, from beauty contests to band concerts weddings, dinner dances and variety shows. It is the main venue for the GIB Fringe; the theater is available for hire and all proceeds will go directly into continued improvements in the theatre and in the rest of Gibraltar's historic and improving Alameda Gardens. Useful information about the theater and its facilities: Seating Capacity: 435 Stage Area: 120 m2 Lighting Equipment: 34 Wide and Beams with colored filters if required. 3 stage and 3 public entrances. Bar, changing rooms and toilet facilities. Seating with table maximum capacity: 300 List of plants in the Gibraltar Botanic Gardens Gibraltar candytuft Alameda Wildlife Conservation Park Grove Poplar avenue "Gibraltar Botanical Gardens "The Alameda"". Government of Gibraltar. Retrieved 2007-11-27. Official website Alameda Gardens in the site of the Government of Gibraltar
College of Alameda
College of Alameda is a two-year community college located in Alameda, California. The college is part of the Peralta Community College District and was opened in 1968. Since 1970 College of Alameda has held classes on a 62-acre campus, located at the intersection of Webster Street and Ralph Appezzato Memorial Parkway in Alameda. College of Alameda is accredited by the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges, an institutional accrediting body recognized by the Council on Postsecondary Accreditation and the U. S. Department of Education; the College first was accredited in 1973, with the most recent affirmation in 2012. Individual College of Alameda occupational programs are accredited or certified by the American Dental Association Council on Dental Education for Dental Assistants, the Federal Aviation Administration, the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence. College of Alameda’ s first classes were held in 1968 in temporary facilities at Historic Alameda High School on Central Avenue in downtown Alameda.
Its present 59-acre campus, located at the intersection of Webster Street and Ralph Appezzato Memorial Parkway in Alameda, opened in June 1970. With its buildings surrounding a central courtyard, the campus is designed to encourage the interaction between students and staff essential to an effective learning environment; the campus is accessible by auto or AC Transit bus through the Webster Street Tube from downtown Oakland. The College’s Aviation Maintenance programs are located on a 2.5-acre site on Harbor Bay Parkway, adjacent to Oakland International Airport’s North Field. College of Alameda offers its courses on the semester calendar, as do the other three colleges of the Peralta Community College District; the college offers basic skills courses in English and Math, as well as individualized labs and tutoring. English as a Second Language courses provide second language learners with proficiency in English through practice in writing, speaking and reading at various levels. Associate in Arts or Associate in Science degrees may be earned in many areas of liberal arts and science, with most credits earned transferable to the University of California, California State colleges and universities, to other public and private four-year colleges and universities.
Occupational and technical training programs lead to employment opportunities in a variety of fields. College of Alameda offers vocational programs leading to an Associate in Arts or Science degree or a Certificate of Achievement in the fields of: Apparel Design and Merchandising Auto Body and Paint Automotive Technology Aviation Maintenance Technology Business Computer Information Systems Dental Assisting Diesel and Truck Mechanics The College of Alameda is a member of the Bay Valley Conference of the California Community College Athletic Association; the intercollegiate athletic program at the college provides students the opportunity to participate in men's basketball and women's volleyball. Students enrolled at College of Alameda may participate in athletic programs at other colleges in the Peralta Community College District if a particular sport is not offered at CoA; the college offers a variety of services to students to support their academic experience, some of which are: The Alameda One-Stop Career Center is a collaboration between the California Employment Development Department and the College of Alameda.
Located on the College of Alameda campus, the One-Stop provides a variety of free job seeker and employer services, including vocational counseling, a resource library, job fairs, onsite recruitment, resume writing and job search strategies workshops. The college’s Assessment Center helps students choose classes to match their skill levels in English and reading, English as a second language. Students receive course recommendations based on the assessment test results, meet with a counselor to choose the classes that are most appropriate. Free group or individual tutoring is provided to all students in most subjects taught at the college; the campus Children’s Center serves children of students and community members. The center is open from 7:45 a.m. to 5:15 p.m. during the spring semesters. It serves children between five years of age, on a sliding fee scale; the Transfer Center provides a variety of services to assist students interested in transferring to four-year colleges and universities.
Through the Transfer Center, College of Alameda students have the opportunity to enroll concurrently in one class per semester/quarter at the University of California, Berkeley. High school students are able to enroll concurrently as special part-time students at the college and earn college credits while still in high school; this is arranged through the student’s high school principal. College of Alameda students enrolled in nine or more semester units are eligible to receive an AC Transit EasyPass; the program provides a semester long, unlimited rides Clipper card for a deep discount to students at the Peralta Colleges. COA is serviced including one Transbay route. College of Alameda offers an Extended Opportunity Programs and Services program for students who have educational, social, cultural, or language problems that interfere with their educational careers. Supportive services provided to EOPS students include professional counseling and peer advising, priority registration, tutorial services and academic guidance and book purchase assistance, transfer assistance and fee waivers for CSU and University of California.
Alameda College's DSPS program provides educational and vocational support
San Francisco Bay Ferry
San Francisco Bay Ferry is a public transit passenger ferry service in the San Francisco Bay, administered by the San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority. San Francisco Bay Ferry is a different system from Golden Gate Ferry, which provides passenger ferry service from San Francisco to Marin County. San Francisco Bay Ferry operates six commuter ferry routes: Alameda Harbor Bay: Weekday peak-hour-only service between the Harbor Bay Ferry Terminal on Bay Farm Island and the San Francisco Ferry Building Alameda/Oakland: All-day weekday and weekend service between Oakland Ferry Terminal in Oakland, Main Street Terminal in Alameda, the Ferry Building, with some service operated to Pier 41 in San Francisco Richmond: Weekday peak-hour service between Richmond Ferry Terminal in Richmond and the Ferry Building South San Francisco: Weekday peak-hour-only service between South San Francisco Ferry Terminal in South San Francisco, Main Street Terminal, Oakland Ferry Terminal South San Francisco–Harbor Bay: Weekday peak-hour-only service between South San Francisco Ferry Terminal and Harbor Bay Ferry Terminal Vallejo/Mare Island: All-day weekday and weekend service between Mare Island Ferry Terminal on Mare Island, Vallejo Ferry Terminal in Vallejo, the Ferry Building, with some service operated to Pier 41.
Additional special service is operated to China Basin Ferry Terminal adjacent to Oracle Park for all San Francisco Giants home games. These gameday services operate on the Oakland/Alameda routes. In the days and weeks following the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, ferry service was hastily restored between San Francisco and the East Bay while the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge was closed for repairs; the popularity of the revived ferries and the need for a robust ferry system in the event that the region's roads and tunnels become impassable in an emergency led to the creation of the San Francisco Bay Ferry system. The San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority is a government entity created by the California state legislature in 2007 by Senate Bill 976; the organization was the San Francisco Bay Water Transit Authority, which the legislature established in 1999. Commuter service to Vallejo began in September 1986, it operated by Red & White Fleet without subsidy, though Vallejo funded the simultaneously-opened ferry terminal.
The company lost money on the commuter service. The passage of Regional Measure 1 the next month provided additional funding. After the 1989 earthquake, service was temporarily increased using three ferries rented from the Washington State Ferries system; the 1990 passage of Proposition 116 provided $10 million for the purchase of new vessels, with an additional $17 million from the 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act. A new vessel and a new operator began operations on July 1, 1994. Two high-speed catamarans were put into service in May 1997 under a new Baylink brand; the MV Solano was added in 2004. WETA has assumed ferry service operated by the City of Alameda and Port of Oakland; the ferry lines operated under the Alameda/Oakland Alameda Harbor Bay Ferry names. Service to the city of South San Francisco began on 4 June 2012, which coincided with use of the new San Francisco Bay Ferry name. WETA assumed control of Baylink service on July 1, 2012. Ferry service from Vallejo to San Francisco dates back to 1986.
Half of the agency's operating funds come from Regional Measure 2, a $1 toll increase on Bay Area bridges approved in 2004, the other half comes from fares. Since 2011, the private Blue & Gold Fleet has been under contract to operate the ferries on behalf of WETA. On April 29, 2013, a third evening trip from South San Francisco to Oakland was added, as well as a midday leisure-oriented round trip on Wednesdays and Fridays between South San Francisco and Pier 41 via the Ferry Building. San Francisco service was expanded to Monday through Friday on November 3, 2014, with the Pier 41 segment dropped; the single reverse commute trip on the South San Francisco–Oakland/Alameda route was dropped on May 4, 2015, leaving only three peak-direction round trips. South San Francisco–Ferry Building service ended on July 2, 2018. Seasonal direct service between Oakland/Alameda and Angel Island ended on October 26, 2014. On January 2, 2017, WETA increased weekday Vallejo service to 14 southbound and 13 northbound trips, with route 200 bus service discontinued.
SolTrans began operating a single northbound route 82 bus trip via the Ferry Building in the late evening, intended for passengers who miss the last ferry to Vallejo. On March 6, 2017, service to Mare Island began as a short extension of Vallejo service. Seven weekday round trips and four weekend round trips were extended to Mare Island. Weekday commuter service from a remodeled Richmond Ferry Terminal, in Richmond's Marina Bay District, to San Francisco was approved for funding and planning in 2015 to become operational by 2018. Service commenced on January 2019 with commute and limited reverse commute services. On January 7, 2019, WETA began a three-month pilot of weekday peak-hour service between South San Francisco and Harbor Bay; the single round trip runs to South San Francisco in the evening. The pilot program allowed the addition of a morning Harbor Bay-to-San Francisco trip. WETA plans to establish new service from Redwood City to San Francisco, its lo
The Alameda, San Jose
The Alameda is an alameda and historic district in San Jose, west of Downtown San Jose. The road was built beginning around 1795 by Native American neophytes at Mission Santa Clara de Asís on the orders of Father Magin de Catalá to link the mission with El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, it had irrigation ditches on either side, bringing water from the Guadalupe River and Mission Creek to the fields and feeding a pond near the mission. Willow trees were planted in multiple rows along the road in 1799; the residents of the pueblo used the tree-lined path to attend Sunday Mass at the mission chapel prior to the construction of St. Joseph's Church; the first stagecoach line in California ran between San Jose and San Francisco via the Alameda beginning in 1849. The San Jose and Santa Clara Railroad along the Alameda was the first interurban railroad in California when it opened with horsecars in 1868, the second electric streetcar line in California and the first interurban electric streetcar in the West when it reopened in 1888 with an underground third rail.
It was converted to an overhead trolley in 1889. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Alameda attracted many wealthy residents who built mansions along it; the Dunne mansion on the corner of Emory Street, built in the 1890s, may be the oldest building on the street. Coachella Valley Church, lies north on the Alameda, it was built in the 1920s, was owned by former San Jose mayor Dan W. Gray; the Alameda ran through the middle of the Santa Clara University campus, but the portion of the road through campus has been turned into a pedestrian path. El Camino Real branches off of the Alameda southeast of Santa Clara University. At its southeastern end, the Alameda continues as Santa Clara Street towards downtown San Jose. Brooke Hart, whose murder led to San Jose's most well-known lynching, lived with his family at 1717 The Alameda; the Billy DeFrank Lesbian, Gay and Transgender Community Center is on the Alameda. There are straight-oriented businesses nearby. In 2006 the book The Alameda: The Beautiful Way by Shannon Clark was published that details the history of The Alameda.
The Rose Garden, Shasta-Hanchett Park and St Leo's neighborhoods lie to the west of the Alameda and the College Park and Garden Alameda neighborhoods to the east. The portion from El Camino Real to I-880 is designated as a part of California State Route 82; the Alameda Business Association
Either/Or is the third studio album by American singer-songwriter Elliott Smith. Recorded in several locations in Portland, Oregon while Smith was still in Heatmiser and produced by Smith, Tom Rothrock and Rob Schnapf, Either/Or was released on February 25, 1997 through record label Kill Rock Stars following the demise of Heatmiser. Book-ended by the two singles "Speed Trials" and "Ballad of Big Nothing", Either/Or did not chart in the US but was acclaimed by critics. Director Gus Van Sant was impressed with the album and incorporated three of its songs, along with new Elliott Smith material, into the Good Will Hunting soundtrack, propelling Smith into the international spotlight. Either/Or was recorded at several locations: Joanna Bolme's house, Smith's own house, Inc. Laundry Rules Recording, "Heatmiser House", all in Portland, Oregon as well as The Shop in Arcata, California; the album was produced by Tom Rothrock and Rob Schnapf. Smith wrote and recorded a song entitled "Either/Or" during the sessions for this album, but it was not included on the final release.
The song "Either/Or" was included on the Elliott Smith record New Moon, a posthumous compilation of unreleased material. The album's title derives from the Søren Kierkegaard book of the same name, in which Either/Or refers to the contrast between aesthetic/subjective experience and ethical/objective being; this existential title is reflective of Smith's interest in philosophy, which he studied at Hampshire College in Massachusetts. The album's style has been described as "a bridge between the lo-fi darkness of Roman Candle and Elliott Smith and the studio sheen of XO and Figure 8." The album's first single, "Speed Trials", was released on October 1, 1996. Either/Or was released on February 25, 1997, it did not chart in the US. The album's second and final single, "Ballad of Big Nothing", was released on June 29, 1998. Smith would be cast into the international spotlight early the following year when he performed his song, the 1997 standalone single "Miss Misery", at the 1998 Academy Awards, following the song's appearance in the major motion picture Good Will Hunting.
Following this appearance, Smith was signed to major label DreamWorks and started work on his fourth studio album, XO. As of March, 2017 Either/Or is Elliott Smith's best selling release and it has sold 429,000 copies in United States according to Nielsen SoundScan. Either/Or was acclaimed by critics upon its release, placing at number 20 in the 1997 end-of-year Pazz & Jop poll. Stephen Thompson of The A. V. Club wrote that the album "marks something of a thematic transition" for Smith, noting "brightness and a pop feel" on Either/Or in contrast to the "stark, guy-with-acoustic-guitar confessionals about drug abuse and darkness" on Elliott Smith. In its retrospective review, Tiny Mix Tapes opined: "Simply put, the songs on Either/Or are Elliott Smith's best". Trouser Press called it "even more realized" than Elliott Smith; the album inspired Gus Van Sant to invite Smith to contribute to the soundtrack of the film Good Will Hunting. Three Either/Or tracks were incorporated into the soundtrack, as well as a new song, "Miss Misery."
Smith was pushed to the forefront of popular culture after performing "Miss Misery" from Good Will Hunting at the 1998 Academy Awards. Online magazine Pitchfork Media ranked Either/Or 59th in its list of the 100 greatest albums of the 1990s. Spin magazine ranked Either/Or at number 48 on its list of the best albums from 1987 to 2012. Blender ranked it thirty-sixth in its "100 Greatest Indie Rock Albums Ever" list. In 2013, NME placed Either/Or at number 149 on its list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Consequence of Sound ranked the album #97 on their list of best albums ever. All tracks written by Elliott Smith. Elliott Smith – All instruments, mixing TechnicalJoanna Bolme – mixing, back cover photography Rob Schnapf – mixing Tom Rothrock – mixing Larry Crane – recording Don – mastering Neil Gust – sleeve layout Debbie Pastor – front cover photography Either/Or at Discogs
Alameda Creek is a large perennial stream in the San Francisco Bay Area. The creek runs for 45 miles from a lake northeast of Packard Ridge to the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay by way of Niles Canyon and a flood control channel. Five Spanish expeditions led by de Portolà, Fages, de Anza and Amador passed over Alameda Creek between 1769 and 1795. El Camino Viejo between Pleasanton and Mission Pass crossed it near Sunol. Mission San José, in Fremont, was dedicated in 1797; the Mission thrived for 49 years until the Mexican Government's Secularization Order liquidated mission lands in 1834. Alameda Creek was the boundary of the mission lands and the 17,000-acre Rancho Arroyo de la Alameda granted to Jose de Jesus Vallejo, who built a flour mill near the mouth of Niles Canyon; the mill and the importance of the canyon as a passage through the hills led to growth of Niles in the 1850s. A favorable climate, excellent soils, a fast-growing population helped agriculture to boom. Early roads led to landings where small ships would load grain and other foodstuffs for transport to market.
Completion of the Central Pacific Railroad through Niles Canyon in 1869 was essential to completion of First Transcontinental Railroad that terminated in Alameda, California that same year. The Western Pacific was routed through Niles Canyon, connecting Sacramento and San Jose, California in 1906; the creek bed had once been used as a gravel quarry. When the gravel pits were flooded by water purchased by the public for groundwater recharge of the Niles Cone, the gravel harvesters began to daily pump out enough water to meet the needs of 30,000 people down the creek into San Francisco Bay. After the pumping was declared to be an illegal waste the Alameda County Water District acquired the quarry in 1975. In May 2015, vandals damaged an inflatable dam across the creek in Fremont, releasing 50 million gallons of drinking water into San Francisco Bay. Alameda Creek is the largest watershed within the southern San Francisco Bay, draining 700 square miles, or about 20% of the total drainage area for the south Bay.
Two-thirds of the watershed is in Alameda County including the reach through the Sunol Valley, the rest is in Santa Clara County. The tributaries of Alameda creek include Arroyo de la Laguna, Arroyo Valle, San Antonio Creek and Calaveras Creek, whose main tributary is Arroyo Hondo; the watershed includes three man-made reservoirs: Lake Del Valle, San Antonio Reservoir and Calaveras Reservoir. The Alameda Creek Watershed can be divided into six major reaches: Alameda Creek Flood Control Channel – the channelized, trapezoidal section extending from the Bay upstream to the Niles Canyon area Niles Canyon – the area above the flood control section to the confluence of the Alameda Creek mainstem and Arroyo de la Laguna Upper Alameda Creek – the reach extending up the mainstem of Alameda Creek into the canyons of the Sunol-Ohlone Regional Wilderness Area and beyond Arroyo de la Laguna – the reach paralleling Interstate 680 upstream of the confluence with the mainstem Alameda Creek, including the Alamo Canal, to its source at the confluence of South San Ramon Creek and Arroyo Mocho Arroyo Valle – the reach extending from the confluence with Arroyo de la Laguna upstream through Shadow Cliffs Regional Park to Del Valle Regional Park Arroyo Mocho – the reach extending upstream from the confluence with Arroyo de la Laguna through the Livermore-Amador Valley and into unincorporated ranch and agricultural landsA more comprehensive list inclusive of minor as well as major named tributaries includes Valpe Creek, Bear Gulch, Whitlock Creek, Calaveras Creek, Leyden Creek, Indian Joe Creek, Welch Creek, Haynes Gulch, Pirate Creek, San Antonio Creek, Arroyo de la Laguna, Stonybrook Canyon and Dry Creek.
Alameda Creek now runs through the man-made Alameda Creek flood channel near the Bay, the latter is parallel to and south of the old Alameda Creek channel. Ward Creek is tributary to old Alameda Creek. Alameda Creek supported steelhead, coho salmon and chinook salmon. Confirmation that adult steelhead captured attempting to migrate into the Alameda Creek watershed, the rainbow trout sampled in the upper watershed, are native fish that have their closest genetic associations with other populations within the federally threatened steelhead Central California Coast Evolutionarily Significant Unit has spurred a major effort to restore this important steelhead stream by removing barriers to migration and improving habitat quality. Since steelhead in the Bay Area and California's Central Coast were listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act in 1997, numerous organizations, including the Alameda Creek Alliance, governmental agencies have cooperated on restoration projects to allow migratory fish from the Bay to reach spawning habitat in upper Alameda Creek, beginning in 1999.
Alameda Creek is considered a potential ‘anchor watershed’ for steelhead, regionally significant for restoration of the threatened trout to the entire Bay Area, although by the late 1950s the California Department of Fish and Game decided the steelhead run was no longer viable due to numerous man-made barriers to fish runs. By the early 1970s the Army Corps of Engineers channeled and rip-rapped the lower 12 miles of the creek; the last steelhead and coho salmon runs wer